Baja California Sur

What is Baja California Sur known for?


water tradition

Camino Real (Spanish (Spanish language) for "The Royal Highway," though often referred to in the later embellished English translation, "The King's Highway"), and also known as the ''California Mission Trail''. Heavy freight movement was practical only via water. Tradition has it that the padres sprinkled mustard (mustard plant) seeds along the trail in order to mark it with bright yellow flowers. *Texas antelope squirrel, ''A. interpres'' (Texas, New Mexico) *Insular antelope squirrel, ''A. insularis'' Espiritu Santo Island (Espiritu Santo) Baja California Sur (some authorities treat this as a subspecies of ''A. leucurus''). The Phainopepla ranges as far north as central California with the San Joaquin Valley and southern Utah, and south to central Mexico, the interior Mexican Plateau region; the southern edge of the plateau, the transverse mountains (Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt) is its non-breeding home. It is found in hot areas, including desert oases, and is readily seen in the deserts of Arizona, southern Nevada, and southern California; also the Baja Peninsula, both Baja California-(north), and Baja California Sur where they are only breeding resident birds. The '''California Towhee''', ''Melozone crissalis'', is a bird of the family Emberizidae, native to the coastal regions of western Oregon and California in the United States and Baja California Sur in Mexico. '''La Paz''' ( Commons:Category:Baja California Sur


art traditional

;ref name actividad Traditional handcrafts (Mexican handcrafts and folk art) can be found throughout the state and include articles made with seashells, palo chino, choya and cardon cactus. Baskets and other items are woven from palm fronds especially in el Triunfo Los Planes and the Sierra de los Dolores as well as fishing nets. Another important craft is leatherwork, especially the making of gear for horseback riding such as saddles, holsters and chaps along with belts and carrying bags


including images

, with the term “Sur” meaning “south.” The name California applied to this peninsula along with the area now known as the state of California in the United States, and came from the name of an island from European myth. The coat of arms emphasizes the state’s connection to the sea, including images of silver fish, a silver shell and a blue background. Pre Hispanic period File:Baja California Sur.jpg thumb left Cave painting


covers large

, in the first half of February and the port of San Blas (San Blas, BCS) on 24 and 25 February. Commons:Category:Baja California Sur


largest amp

La Paz subdivision_type2 Municipalities (Municipalities of Mexico) subdivision_name2 5 (Municipalities of Baja California Sur) subdivision_type3 Largest City (List of cities in Mexico) subdivision_name3 La Paz (La Paz, Baja California Sur) established_title Admission (Sovereign state) established_date October 8, 1974


+important+population

http: www.bcs.gob.mx index.php 2013-01-09-18-42-57 accessdate August 13, 2014 Mulegé is in the north of the state with its capital in Santa Rosalía (Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur), with two other important population centers at Guerrero Negro and Mulegé. It borders the municipalities of Comondú and Loreto with Baja California Norte to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Gulf of California to the east. It accounts for almost 45% of the state’s territory. Commons:Category:Baja California Sur


major activities

. In addition, scrap metal is converted into various types of knives. thumb left Royal Solaris resort in San Jose del Cabo (File:RoyalSolarisCabo04.JPG) Commerce and services account for 69.5% of the GDP. La Paz was ranked 31st in Mexico by the World Bank and the Corporación Financiera Internacional in ease of doing business and 23rd as a place to open a business. Major activities of this type include hotel and food service (16.43%) and housing sales and rentals (10.67%), which along with other activities (17.65%) account for 58.37% of the total GDP. The most dynamic aspect of the economy is tourism, with a number of natural resources which are apt for this purpose, such as the grey whales that come to the area to breed and the natural rock arch at Land’s End is frequently photographed. Tourist attractions are divided into three regions: north (Guerrero Negro to Ciudad Constitución), center (La Paz to Todos Santos (Todos Santos, Baja California Sur)) and south (Los Barriles to Cabo San Lucas) . There are two main resort areas, Cabo San Lucas and San Juan del Cabo, both in the southern tip of the peninsula. A highway known as the Corridor links the two towns. Other attractions include deep sea fishing, golf, tennis, motorcycling, scuba diving and snorkeling, with windsurfing at Medano Beach and surfing at Todos Santos, Pescadero East Cape and Scorpion Bay. Other important activities include fishing and fish farming, alternative energy production, mineral and salt extraction, film production, information and communication technologies and biotechnology. Infrastructure As of 2011, the state has 5,651 km of highway, eleven ports, five of which are international and four international airports. The peninsula's main transport artery is Mexican Federal Highway 1, which runs from the southern end of the peninsula at Cabo San Lucas to the United States-Mexico border at San Ysidro (San Ysidro Port of Entry). Mexican Federal Highway 19 provides an alternate route between Cabo San Lucas and La Paz (La Paz, Baja California Sur). There are also ferries from the east coast of the peninsula to the mainland, with most going to Mazatlán in the state of Sinaloa. This trip takes about five hours. The state's main airports are Los Cabos International Airport and Manuel Márquez de León International Airport. History thumb One of the historical murals in the municipal hall of San Jose del Cabo (File:MunicipalHallMuralsSanJosedelCabo02.JPG) Name The state is named after the peninsula on which it is found, Baja (Lower) California, with the term “Sur” meaning “south.” The name California applied to this peninsula along with the area now known as the state of California in the United States, and came from the name of an island from European myth. The coat of arms emphasizes the state’s connection to the sea, including images of silver fish, a silver shell and a blue background. Pre Hispanic period thumb left Cave painting in the Sierra de San Francisco (File:Baja California Sur.jpg) Evidence of early human habitation is found in primitive rock and cave paintings dating to 1700 BCE, created by hunting and gathering societies that lived in rock shelters. The state is one of five areas in the world with important concentrations of cave paintings. These painting have an identifiable style and tend to be on a monumental scale with some figures as tall as four meters. Most of the animals are painting in silhouette and depicted in movement, often being hunted by people. The best known site is the Great Mural Rock Art which dates from 1700 BCE, located in the north of the state. Other important sites include Cueva de Palma, San Gregorio, Santa Teresa, Guadalupe, San Francisco, Cabo Pulmo, Santiago and San Borjita. The most important concentrations are in twelve km 2 zone in the north of the state, centered on the Sierra de San Francisco. In sites near Comondú, Las Palmas and Cocheros, there are also arrowheads, utensils and petroglyphs. Las Palmas contains secondary burials of human bones painted with red ochre. When the Spanish arrived, there were four main ethnic groups: the Pericúes in the south between Cabo San Lucas and La Paz, the Guaycuras (Guaycura people) in the area north of the Pericú to Loreto, the Monquils near Loreto and Cochimí (Cochimí people) in the middle of the peninsula. All were hunter gatherers without agriculture or metal working but produced pottery. They also fished, but only the Pericúes had rafts. Colonial era thumb Drawing of the Misión de Nuestra Señora de Loreto as it appeared in the early 18th century (File:Misión de Nuestra Señora de Loreto. Siglo XVIII.jpg) The first Spaniard in the area is believed to be Fortún Ximénez, arriving in 1533. He and his crew did not remain long because they sacked the area’s pearls and abused the women, prompting a violent confrontation with the natives, who killed Ximénez. The remaining crew returned to Mexico City with the pearls and stories of riches. A year later in 1535, Hernán Cortés navigated into the Gulf of California, which he called the Sea of Cortés. He landed in what is now the bay of La Paz, which he named the Santa Cruz Port and Valley. This event is celebrated in La Paz as its founding. However, he did not remain. Despite various explorations, the remoteness of the region impeded efforts at colonization until the 17th century, with in 1697, Jesuit missionary Juan María de Salvatierra established the Nuestra Señora de Loreto Conchó Mission (Misión de Nuestra Señora de Loreto Conchó), the first permanent one of its kind in Baja California Sur. From there the order spread through most of the current state, founding sixteen mission in territory of the current state to work with the Pericú, Guaycura and Cochimí peoples. During the 18th century, more colonists arrived bringing diseases that caused a significant decrease in the indigenous population. In 1768, the Jesuits were expelled from New Spain and the Franciscans took over the missions, continuing the expansion north. In 1773 they were replaced by the Dominicans. A number of these mission churches still survive. The important ones include the Loreto Mission, the La Paz Cathedral, the San José del Cabo Mission and the San Javier Mission. 19th century During the 19th century, the influence of the missions waned with most closing in the early part of the century. However, many of the mission facilities became the centers for ranching operations and some agriculture. Without the protection of the monks, and the lack of governmental control, the indigenous peoples of this time were abused by the ranchers. In the early 19th century, Baja California was divided into four municipalities, Loreto, San José del Cabo, San PeroMartir and Santa Gertrudis. The southern peninsula’s isolation kept it out of the fighting during the Mexican War of Independence. Although this war ended in 1821, the remoteness of the area allowed the Spanish to maintain control of the southern peninsula until 1822. Afterwards, it was divided into four municipalities by Guadalupe Victoria and governor José María Echendía. Loreto was the original capital of the peninsula until 1830, when destruction of the town by heavy rains forced the government’s relocation to La Paz, which has been the capital since. The United States invaded the peninsula during the Mexican-American War and wanted it as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, but the Mexican government succeeded in keeping control of the territory. In 1853, William Walker (William Walker (filibuster)) and 45 other American captured the city of La Paz. However, they did not have official U.S. support and were quickly driven out again by Mexican forces. During the Reform War, Liberal forces under General Manuel Marquez de Leon and others captured La Paz. French forces then invaded the country to support the Conservative cause and then Governor Felix Gilbert recognized Emperor Maximilian (Maximilian I of Mexico). However, Mexican forces under Benito Juarez forced the French out, with Coronel Clodomiro Cota, recapturing the peninsula from the French. The division of the peninsula into north and south occurred in 1888 by the federal government under Porfirio Diaz . 20th century to present During the regime of Porfirio Diaz (1876 to 1910), the Mexican government invited foreign enterprises to enter the country to develop it. In Baja California, these included mining operations including a major French mina called El Boleo (today Santa Rosalia) and the establishment of maritime routes. This president also divided the peninsula into two parts, each with its own government. The southern peninsula was not involved in the Mexican Revolution until after the assassination of Francisco I. Madero, when troops were organized in opposition to Victoriano Huerta, his successor under Félix Ortega. These troops defeated federal troops in 1914 and took over La Paz. From the end of the Mexican Revolution to 1974, the territory had ten governors appointed by the federal government. The division of the peninsula was further formalized in 1931, with a highway extending its length the same year. Infrastructure remained a priority for the area, with the establishment of schools including the first teachers’ college in 1942, as well as projects to provide water and electricity. The southern territory became a state on October 8, 1974, with three municipalities: La Paz. Comondú and Mulegé. Two others have been carved out since then, Los Cabos in 1981 and Loreto in 1992. References Commons:Category:Baja California Sur


food water

-01 url http: wwww.reliefweb.int rw RWB.NSF db900SID OCHA-64BQZW?OpenDocument 10,000 near Mazatlán, and 15,000 near flood-prone areas. Civil authorities closed all schools and docks in potentially affected areas. The Mexican Red Cross prepared for the storm by shipping 215 tonnes of relief supplies such as food, water, clothing, and medicine to the Red Cross branch in Jalisco. Assistance from the Yucatán Peninsula delivered 10 tonnes of food and water, as well. Commons:Category:Baja California Sur


monumental scale

in the Sierra de San Francisco Evidence of early human habitation is found in primitive rock and cave paintings dating to 1700 BCE, created by hunting and gathering societies that lived in rock shelters. The state is one of five areas in the world with important concentrations of cave paintings. These painting have an identifiable style and tend to be on a monumental scale with some figures as tall as four meters. Most of the animals are painting in silhouette and depicted in movement, often being


articles+made

;ref name actividad Traditional handcrafts (Mexican handcrafts and folk art) can be found throughout the state and include articles made with seashells, palo chino, choya and cardon cactus. Baskets and other items are woven from palm fronds especially in el Triunfo Los Planes and the Sierra de los Dolores as well as fishing nets. Another important craft is leatherwork, especially the making of gear for horseback riding such as saddles, holsters and chaps along with belts and carrying bags

Baja California Sur

unit_pref Metric area_footnotes area_total_km2 73909 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_water_percent area_note Ranked 9th (List of Mexican states by area) elevation_m elevation_max_footnotes elevation_max_m 2080 elevation_max_ft elevation_min_m elevation_min_ft population_footnotes population_total 691,161 population_as_of 2012 population_density_km2 auto population_density_rank 32nd (List of Mexican states by population density) population_demonym Sudcaliforniano (a) population_note population_rank 31st (List of Mexican states by population) timezone1 MST (Mountain Standard Time Zone) utc_offset1 -7 timezone1_DST MDT (Mountain Standard Time) utc_offset1_DST -6 postal_code_type Postal code (Postal codes in Mexico) postal_code 23 area_code_type Area code area_code title Area codes (Area codes in Mexico by code (600-699)) frame_style border:none; padding: 0; title_style list_style text-align:left;display:none; 1 • 612 2 • 613 3 • 615 4 • 624 iso_code MX-BCS blank_name_sec1 HDI (Human Development Index) blank_info_sec1 0.789 Very High Ranked 3rd of 32 (List of Mexican states by HDI) blank_name_sec2 GDP blank_info_sec2 US$ 3.968 billion website footnotes

'''Baja California Sur''' ( ), is the second smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with the Federal District (Mexico City), make up the 32 Federal Entities (Political divisions of Mexico) of Mexico.

Before becoming a state on October 8, 1974, the area was known as the '''South Territory of Baja California''' (El Territorio Sur de Baja California). It has an area of , or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico, and occupies the southern half of the Baja California peninsula, south of the 28th parallel (28th parallel north). It is bordered to the north by the state of Baja California, to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and to the east by the Gulf of California, also known as the "Sea of Cortés". The state has maritime borders with Sonora and Sinaloa to the east, across the Gulf of California.

The state is home to the tourist resorts of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo. Its largest city and capital is La Paz (La Paz, Baja California Sur).

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