What is Baalbek known for?

quot brilliant

of the Alexandrian chemical school". Kedrenos also records the story, considered rather implausible, that Kallinikos' descendants, a family called "''Lampros''" ("Brilliant"), kept the secret of the fire's manufacture, and continued doing so

ancient architectural

, but the assertion has seldom been taken up in modern times. In fact, this minor Phoenician city, named for the "Lord (Baal) of the Beqaa valley" lacked enough commercial or strategic importance to be rated worthy of mention in Assyrian or Egyptian records so far uncovered, according to Hélène Sader, professor of archaeology at the American University of Beirut. Heliopolis, the City of the Sun

architectural records List of Roman monoliths List of largest monoliths in the world thumb Great Stones, Baalbeck, 1891 (File:Great Stones, Baalbek, 1891.jpg) After Alexander the Great conquered the Near East in 334 BC, the existing settlement was named Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις) from ''helios'', Greek (Greek language) for sun, and ''polis'', Greek for city. The city retained its religious function during Greco-Roman times, when the sanctuary of the Heliopolitan Jupiter-Baal

interpretation show

"Lohmann1" Lohmann (2010) p. 29 "Current survey and interpretation, show that a pre-Roman floor level about 5m lower than the late Great Roman Courtyard floor existed underneath" These walls are built of about 24 monoliths at their lowest level each weighing approximately 300 tons. The western, tallest retaining wall has a second course of monoliths containing the famous ''trilithon'': a row of three stones, each over 19 metres long, 4.3 metres high and 3.6 metres broad, cut from limestone. They weigh approximately 800 tons each. Wikipedia:Baalbek Commons:Baalbek

famous sweet

Pastries Oriental pastries are offered by Patisserie Jawhari, there you can find traditional sweet food from Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. The most famous sweet called " Namoura bel Ashta" which stands for Namoura with cream. This cream is extracted from fresh boiling milk. More pastries are found including the famous Knefe and Beqlawa. Drink Evey summer there are outdoor shesha bars, they also serve food, drinks, desserts. Sleep Go next Wikipedia:Baalbek Commons:Baalbek


, which attracts artists and performance groups from around the world. *The Umayyad ruins of Anjar (Anjar, Lebanon) *In ''The House of Lurking Death'', Lois Hargreaves admits to a habit of doodling a design of three intertwined fish. This design was used on the set of the collected works of Christie begun by William Collins in 1967 (but never completed) and this was approved by Christie in the spring of 1966 in discussions with the publishers. Although stated by some that the doodle was also

a habit shared by Christie, it was apparently spotted by her in the bazaars of Baalbek when she visited there in the 1930s. Morgan, Janet. ''Agatha Christie, A Biography''. (Page 341) Collins, 1984 ISBN 0-00-216330-6 The same design was used in the title sequence of the television series' ''Agatha Christie's Partners in Crime'' (see below) and ''Why Didn't They Ask Evans? (Why Didn't They Ask Evans?#Adaptations)'' (1980). Image:Mgr Lambert de la Motte.jpg thumb

early successful

-Mansur Ali's father Sultan Aybak. as the Atabeg of the Egyptian army and began to prepare for battle. Shayyal, p.122 vol.2 thumb left 280px The 1260 Mongol offensives in the Levant. The early successful attacks on Aleppo and Damascus led to smaller attacks on secondary targets such as Baalbek (Image:Mongol raids in Syria and Palestine 1260.svg), al-Subayba, and Ajlun as well as raids against other Palestine towns, perhaps including Jerusalem. Smaller raiding parties reached as far south as Gaza. Military structure and organization The movement’s militia, also designated '''Batallions de la Resistance Libanaise (BRL)''' in French (French language), but simply known by its Arabic acronym ‘El-Amal’, was secretly established with the help of the Palestinian Fatah, who provided weapons and training at their Beqaa (Beqaa Governorate) facilities. The formation of BLR Amal was revealed in July 1975 when an accidental explosion of a landmine at one of the ‘Fatahland’ camps near Baalbek killed over than 60 Shia trainees, which caused considerable embarrassment to Fatah and forced Al-Sadr to admit publicly the militia’s existence Wikipedia:Baalbek Commons:Baalbek

supporting stone

giant stones which form part of the podium of the Roman (Roman Empire) Jupiter (Jupiter (mythology)) temple of Baalbek, Lebanon, go by the name "trilithon". Weighing ca. 800 tons (Tonne) each, they are among the largest ancient monoliths (List of ancient monoliths) and even of the whole of history (List of largest monoliths in the world). The supporting stone layer beneath features a number

temple complex

(reign of Augustus) and over a period of two centuries (reign of Philip the Arab), the Romans had built a temple complex in Baalbeck consisting of three temples: Jupiter, Bacchus and Venus. On a nearby hill, they built a fourth temple dedicated to Mercury (Mercury (mythology)). The city, then known as Heliopolis (there was another Heliopolis in Egypt (Heliopolis (ancient))), was made a ''colonia'' by Septimius Severus in 193, having been part of the territory of Berytus

from the rubble and the dreary condition. Within a month, the German archaeological team he dispatched was at work on the site. The campaign produced meticulously presented and illustrated series of volumes. thumb right The layout of the temple complex of Baalbeck (File:Baalbek-Layout.jpg) 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict On August 4, 2006, as part of the 2006 Lebanon War, Israeli helicopter-borne soldiers supported by bombs from aircraft entered

within the Arab walls, as well as the southwestern extramural quarter between Bastan-al-Khan, the Roman site and the Mameluk mosque of Ras-al-Ain. Lebanon's representative gave assurances that the committee's wish would be honored. Wikipedia:Baalbek Commons:Baalbek

strong place

when it served as the Mongol (Mongols) base for the last unsuccessful attack upon the Mamlukes of Egypt. But it revived, and most of its fine mosque and fortress architecture, still extant, belonged to the reign of Sultan Qalawun (1282), during which Abulfeda describes it as a very strong place. In 1400 Timur pillaged it. Ottoman period In 1517, it passed, with the rest of Syria, to the Ottoman Empire. But Ottoman jurisdiction was merely nominal in the Lebanon


-Bacchus.jpg thumb Temple of Bacchus in Baalbek *The ancient Roman ruins of Baalbek, an ancient city named for the Canaanite god Baal. The Romans renamed Baalbek "Heliopolis (Heliopolis of Phoenicia)" and built an impressive temple complex, including temples (Roman temple) to Bacchus (Dionysus), Jupiter (Jupiter (mythology)), Venus (Venus (mythology)), and the Sun (Solar deity). Today, the ruins are the site of the Baalbeck International Festival


blank_name blank_info blank1_name blank1_info website thumb right Temple of Bacchus (File:Baalbek-Bacchus.jpg) right thumb Details inside Temple of Bacchus (File:Baalbek-Bacchus-Details.jpg) '''Baalbeck''', also known as '''Baalbek''' ( ) during the period of Roman (Roman Empire) rule, it was one of the largest sanctuaries in the empire and contains some of the best preserved Roman ruins in Lebanon. The gods that were worshipped at the temple – Jupiter (Jupiter (mythology)), Venus (Venus (mythology)), and Bacchus (Dionysus) – were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis, and a young male god of fertility. Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design.

Baalbeck is home to the annual Baalbeck International Festival. The town is about mostly Shia Muslims (Shi'a Islam in Lebanon).

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017