What is Azov known for?


The Journal of Modern History volume 80 issue 3 pages 485–514 doi 10.1086 589589 A humorous description of the events is featured in Voltaire's ''Candide''. During the Great Russo-Turkish War (Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774), it was taken by the army under Count Rumyantsev (Rumyantsev) and finally ceded to Russia under the terms of Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji (1774). For seven years Azov was a seat of its own governorate (Azov Governorate), but with the growth of neighboring


, who founded Stavropol as one of ten fortresses built between Azov and Mozdok (Mozdok, Republic of North Ossetia–Alania) at the request of Catherine the Great, played a leading role in the creation of the city. Don Cossacks, particularly those from the Khopersky Regiment, settled the area in and around the cities of Stavropol and Georgiyevsk with a mission to defend borders of the Empire.


on in his reign, Peter made a tour to western Europe, England, and Holland. In Holland, he became acquainted with the work of the mathematicians Hans Gouda, Dirk Raven, and Hans Isbrandtsen Hoogzaat, which sparked his enthusiasm for the value of mathematics. A major result of this tour was the hiring of large numbers of foreign specialists of various expertise, including mathematicians. Among those hired was Henry (or Harry) Farquharson, called in Russia Andrei Danilovich (Daniloff) Farkhvarson

or Farvarson (1675–1739), who had taught mathematics and astronomy at the University of Aberdeen and was recommended by Halley and Jacob Daniel Bruce (1670–1735), while John Colson was hired to teach Bruce mathematics. Farquaharson’s task in Russia was to create and administer a Mathematics and Navigation School. It was under Farquharson’s guidance that he and Tsar Peter wrote the mathematics curriculum for the new school. He was accompanied by Stephen Gwyn (1684–1720) and Richard Grice (1682?–1709

friendly relationship

friendly relationship with Michael VIII Palaiologos. He ordered the Grand prince of Rus to allow German (Germans) merchants free travel through his lands. This gramota says: - Azov Азов Rostov Oblast - * Kołobrzeg, Poland The Greater Rostov thumb Rostov (in center) and vicinities: Bataysk (File:Rostov-on-Don, Russia, city and vicinities, near natural colors, LandSat-5, 2010-06-10.jpg) to the south, Azov

victory title

year led to victory. With the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish war (Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774) in 1768, Rumyantsev took command of the army sent to capture Azov. He thoroughly defeated the Turks in the Battles of Larga (Battle of Larga) and Kagula (Battle of Kagul), crossed the Danube and advanced to Romania. For these dazzling victories he became Field-Marshal and gained the victory title ''Zadunaisky'' (meaning "Trans-Danubian"). When his forces approached

modern sense

all his Russian contemporaries was because he was already a statesman, in the modern sense, while they were still learning the elements of statesmanship. His death was an irreparable loss to the Tsar, who wrote the words upon the despatch announcing it in grief. In 1992 Krasenkow emigrated to Poland. Since 1996 he represents that country at international competitions. Two-times champion of Poland (Polish Chess Championship) (2000, 2002). Krasenkow holds an unofficial record of winning Polish team championships, which he has done 14 times: 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, and 1998 with "Stilon" Gorzów Wielkopolski, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009 with "Polonia" Warsaw. European Cup winner (1997, with the Russian team "Ladia" Azov) and silver medalist (2001, 2003, 2005 with "Polonia Plus GSM" Warsaw, 2008 with OSC Baden-Baden). Representant of Poland at European team championships and Chess Olympiads since 1996 (European team championships: Pula 1997 - 3rd place on Board 1, Batumi 1999 - 2nd place on Board 1). Also German team champion (2006, 2007) and German Cup winner (2003, 2005, 2007, 2008) with Ooser Schachclub Baden-Baden, French team champion (2010) with L'Echiquier Chalonnais. - 21 July ''Russo-Turkish War (1710–1711)'': Peace was concluded with the Treaty of the Pruth. Russia returned Azov to the Ottoman Empire and demolished the town of Taganrog. - The Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774) and the resulting Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca gave Russia the pretext under which they could begin their expansion into the Caucasus, marking the start of the century-long Caucasus War. In 1769-1770 almost half of the Volga Cossacks were re-settled around Mozdok. In 1776 further settlers arrived including more of the Volga Cossacks (the remaining Cossacks on the lower Volga were separated into the Astrakhan Cossacks Host (Astrakhan Cossacks)) and the Khopyor Cossacks (Kuban Cossacks) from the eastern Don territory. These formed the Azov-Mozdok defence line. Major foreposts for Russian expansion into the central Caucasus were founded by the re-settlers including: Giorgiyevsk in 1777 by the Khopyor regiment, and Vladikavkaz in 1784. The creation of the regular Russian Navy took place during the reign of Peter the Great (Peter I of Russia). During the Second Azov campaign (Azov campaigns) of 1696 against Turkey, the Russians employed for the first time 2 warships, 4 fireships, 23 galleys and 1300 strugs, built on the Voronezh River. After the occupation of the Azov fortress, the Boyar Duma looked into Peter's report of this military campaign and passed a decree on commencing the construction of the navy on October 20, 1696. This date is considered the official birthday of the regular Russian Navy. The most distant trade route described by Pegolotti is that from Azov via Astrakhan, Khiva, Otrar and Kulja to Beijing. He also details the route from Ayas (Ayas (city)) on the Cilician coast of Turkey via Sivas, Erzingan and Erzerum to Tabriz in Persia. In 1703 Ivan Tolstoy was appointed Governor of Azov - the fortress and naval base on the Black Sea that was critically important in the confrontation between Russia and Turkey, bands of Don Cossacks and Kondraty Bulavin uprising. In 1708 Bulavin's forces accompanied by Turks and cossacks stormed Azov, but Tolstoy's troops were victorious and not only kept the fortress but according to historian Nikolay Tolstoy captured and hanged Bulavin himself. (According to other sources, Bulavin was killed by a renegade among his own cossacks). Ivan Tolstoy also marched his troops to take part in the Battle of Poltava in 1709. 0.96 Lacy had reached the rank of Field Marshal with the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish War (Russo-Turkish War, 1735-1739), in which his success exceeded even the most unreasonable expectations. In 1736 he was in charge of the Don Army which took the key citadel of Azov, and in the next year his corps crossed the Syvash marshes into Crimea, where he fell upon the 15,000-strong Crimean army and routed them in two battles, on June 12 and June 14. In 1738, Lacy's corps again landed in Crimea and took the fortress of Çufut Qale near the Khan's capital, Bakhchisaray.


and of the Atlantic coasts of Europe is composed of five map-sheets, which together form a good example of the earliest scientific design or portolano; in the world-map a portolano of the Mediterranean world Is combined with work of pre-portolan type in remoter regions. Here the shore-lines of the countries well known to Italian mariners, from Flanders to Azov, are well laid down; the Caspian and the north German and Scandinavian coasts appear with an evident, though far slighter

great battle

was in command at the Siege of Vyborg (Siege of Vyborg (1710)). Taking this Swedish fortress in June, he was invested with the Order of St. Andrew and appointed governor of the conquered provinces (Estonia, Ingria, and Karelia). He commanded the Imperial Russian Navy in the taking of Helsinki (1713) - materially assisting the conquest of Finland by his operations from the side of the sea - and the great Battle of Gangut (1714). That same year he assisted the ''tsar'' in launching

military military campaign campaign

''Chronicon Pictum'' equates this ''Magor'' with Magog, son of Japheth. In Islam '''Azov campaigns of 1695–96''' (Азо́вские похо́ды in Russian (Russian language)), two Russian military campaign (Military campaign)s during the Russo-Turkish War of 1686–1700, led by Peter the Great (Peter I of Russia) and aimed at capturing the Turkish (Turkey) fortress of Azov (garrison - 7,000 men), which had been blocking Russia's access to the Azov Sea

century early

). Early postal history Records mention a system of messengers in the 10th century. Early letters were carried in the form of a roll, with a wax or lead seal (Seal (device)); the earliest known of these seals dates from 1079, and mentions a governor Ratibor of Tmutarakan. The earliest surviving cover (cover (philately)) was sent in 1391 from La Tana (now Azov) to Venice. Peace treaty On July 21, 1774, the Ottoman Empire was forced to sign the Treaty


'''Azov''' (

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