Australia

What is Australia known for?


acclaimed production

version of ''Jesus Christ Superstar'', taken the lead role in Leicester Haymarket's acclaimed production of Stephen Sondheim's ''Sweeney Todd (Sweeney Todd (musical))'', appeared as Old Deuteronomy in the 20th anniversary production of Andrew Lloyd Webber's ''Cats (Cats (musical))'' in London, The House That Dave Built, '' Coventry Telegraph'', May 14, 2001 and as Jean Valjean


previous hit

for "Kids" The lyrics, although penned by Robbie Williams and Guy Chambers, makes numerous references to the careers of both Minogue and Williams. Minogue's lyric "I've been dropping beats since Back in Black" is a self-deprecating reference to her 1980s pop image when she was known as the singing budgie from Australia - "Back in Black" being a 1980s album by Australian band AC DC and of a stark contrast to her own style at the time. A previous hit

;Back in Black" being a 1980s album by Australian band AC DC and of a stark contrast to her own style at the time. A previous hit of Kylie's, Give Me Just a Little More Time is also referenced - Minogue sings 'you're dancing with the chairman of the board', Chairmen of the Board being the group that originally released the song before Minogue. "Chairman of the Board" is also a nickname for Williams' lifelong idol, Frank Sinatra. Later, in 2010, this song is used

to the dismay of many traditionalists, that would eliminate the obligation for Catholics in Australia to attend Mass on holy days of obligation (holy day of obligation); Christmas and the Assumption (Assumption of Mary) being the only exceptions. Background In March 1996 Madonna released this single from the album internationally, after the previous hit "You'll See" and the re-release of "Oh Father" in some European markets


biography history

on the Club Play Singles chart, and "Shoot Your Shot", which reached #39 among Club Play Singles. Divine's early UK releases on the Design Communications label included "Love Reaction" (which "borrowed" elements of New Order's big hit "Blue Monday (Blue Monday (New Order song))"),biography history 1993.htm New Order Biography, Quest Records, April 1993 "Shake It Up"


time starting

a friend's bid for the party's nomination. He later served as president of the Timiskaming Federation of Agriculture in 1984-85, was a founding member of the Timiskaming Grain Growers Board, and served as chair of the Timiskaming Hospital Board for a time. Starting from 1991, the Miss Hong Kong pageant greets delegates from overseas. They include Toronto, Vancouver, New York, Los Angeles, Seattle, and San Francisco. Local contestants coming from Malaysia


rock hits

most of their contemporaries, they began as a cover band, playing accomplished renditions of hits by popular overseas bands of the era such as The Beatles, The Who and The Small Faces, and their early hits in Australia were all cover versions. The Twilights were noted for being on top of current musical trends, and their early repertoire was regularly updated with the latest British and American rock hits, which were regularly sent to them on record and tape by family and friends


games service

. '''Steele Rudd''' was the pseudonym of '''Arthur Hoey Davis''' (14 November 1868 – 11 October 1935) an Australian author, best known for ''On Our Selection''. '''BigPond''' is an Australian Internet service provider and is a product (product (business)) of Telstra. BigPond is Australia's largest ISP and based in Melbourne. BigPond Games and GameArena GameArena is the name of BigPond's free online games service, The service is managed by Mammoth Media and based


history+record

Police Reference System (NPRS) and the Australian National Child Offender Register (ANCOR). Other systems provide access to information associated with vehicles and firearm, a number-to-name-search telephone directory functions and criminal history record checking services.World War II shareholding passed to equal ownership by the governments of New Zealand and Australia. Four Short Sandringhams and later Short Solents were acquired, as well


charity industry

moreholidays July hotdogday.htm "National Hot Dog Day" Holiday Insights. Retrieved 21 December 2008. As the name suggests the festivals revolve around eating hot dogs, but usually there are many other activities such as wiener dog races, root beer chugging contests and face painting (Body painting#Face painting). Often the proceeds from a hot dog day are given to charity. Industry groups, such as National Hot Dog & Sausage Council in the USA, which designates July as National Hot Dog Month and July 22 as National Hot Dog Day 2009, encourage, sponsor, and support the events. 2009 Hot Dog Planning Guide National Hot Dog & Sausage Council. Retrieved 21 December 2008. The council also gives advice on hot-dog eating etiquette, "Hot Dog Etiquette" News Blaze. Retrieved 21 December 2008. which aren't considered strict, as most Hot Dog Day style events do not adhere to them. '''Blacktown''' is an electoral district (New South Wales Legislative Assembly electoral districts) of the Legislative Assembly (New South Wales Legislative Assembly) in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is a 31.49 km² urban electorate in Sydney's outer west, taking in the suburbs of Blacktown (Blacktown, New South Wales), Doonside (Doonside, New South Wales) and Marayong (Marayong, New South Wales). There were 46,357 electors enrolled in the district as of the 2007 state election (New South Wales state election, 2007). The '''Broad Palmed Frog''' (''Litoria latopalmata'') is an Australian ground-dwelling tree frog. It is native to much of eastern Australia. They can be found from mid-Queensland to south of Sydney NSW. It is associated with the coast and inland, and is distributed as far west in NSW to the SA (South Australia) border. '''Mount Druitt''' is an electoral district (New South Wales Legislative Assembly electoral districts) of the Legislative Assembly (New South Wales Legislative Assembly) in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is a 89.01 km² urban electorate in Sydney's outer west, taking in the suburbs of Mount Druitt, Marsden Park, and Arndell Park. There were 45,408 voters enrolled in time for the 2003 elections. Mount Druitt is known as a largely working-class area, and as such, the electorate has tended to strongly support the Australian Labor Party. The current member for Mount Druitt, Richard Amery, has held the seat since 1991. In 1910, Russell published a book on his craft entitled ''Ventriloquism and Kindred Arts''. His act remained popular for several decades, involving prolonged tours of Britain, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, as well as visits to the United States and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). In 1938 he appeared at the Royal Command Performance (Royal Variety Performance). Australia is another Commonwealth Realm that at present does not confer titular honours on its citizens, except where those honours are conferred personally by the Sovereign, though this occurred after the creation of the Order of Australia, which initially included grades that awarded knighthoods and damehoods. Additionally, even once the Commonwealth of Australia government had ceased making recommendations for the Australian quota of the British honours list, the governments of the various states of the Australian federation were free to do so, and notably in the case of the State of Queensland, continued to do so for some years. '''''Synoum''''' is a monotypic genus of evergreen tree in the mahogany family, Meliaceae. It is endemic to Australia where it is found along the eastern sub-tropical to tropical coast, usually on the margins of rainforests, in Queensland and New South Wales. During the album's first week of release, it entered the Australian Independent Records chart at number 15 along with both local and nationwide play on alternative radio stations across Australia. All three singles received high rotation on the Australian youth radio station Triple J who Unearthed (Unearthed (talent contest)) the band in 1997, under the band's previous name, Four on the Floor. A consul of higher rank is termed a ''consul-general'', and his or her office a ''consulate-general''. He or she typically has one or several ''Deputy Consuls-General'', ''Consuls'', ''Vice-Consuls'' and ''Consular Agents'' working under the consul-general. Consulates-general need not have their offices in the capital city, but rather could have then in the most important appropriate cities in terms of bilateral relations (commerce, travel, etc.). In the United States, for example, most countries have a consulate-general in New York City (the home of the United Nations), and some have consulates-general in several major cities (e.g., Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Hartford, Houston, Honolulu, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, San Francisco, New Orleans). The same is the case for other large countries like Germany - where many consulates-general are located in cities such as Bonn, Frankfurt, Hamburg, and Munich, the Russian Federation - where many consulates-general are located in St. Petersburg, Vladivostok, etc., Canada - where many consulates-general are located in Toronto and Vancouver, Brazil - where many consulates-general are located in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, and Australia - where many consulates-general are located in Sydney and Melbourne. Between Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) countries, both diplomatic and consular activities may be undertaken by a High Commission in the capital, although larger Commonwealth nations generally also have consulates and consulates-general in major cities. For example, Toronto in Canada, Sydney in Australia and Auckland, New Zealand, are of greater economic importance than their respective national capitals, hence the need for consulates there. '''''Owenia''''' is a genus of plants, mainly trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae. They are endemic to Australia and fairly widespread across the continent. There are five species in the genus, most from New South Wales and living in conditions ranging from wet rainforest to the verges of the desert. Like many plants, it plays its part in patch dynamics. '''''Dysoxylum''''' is a flowering plant genus in the mahogany family (family (biology)) (Meliaceae). There are about 70 species, mainly trees, occurring from Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, New Caledonia and through to other parts of the western Pacific Ocean. Australian species are known as '''"rosewoods"''', though they are not closely related to the true rosewoods (''Dalbergia'') which are legumes. '''''Dysoxylum''''' is a flowering plant genus in the mahogany family (family (biology)) (Meliaceae). There are about 70 species, mainly trees, occurring from Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, New Caledonia and through to other parts of the western Pacific Ocean. Australian species are known as '''"rosewoods"''', though they are not closely related to the true rosewoods (''Dalbergia'') which are legumes. '''''Acronychia''''' is a genus of 44 species of plants, mainly shrubs, in the rue family Rutaceae. They have a broad distribution covering China, Southeast Asia, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia and the islands of the western Pacific Ocean. Australia's Labor Party member Chris Bowen spoke about the possibility of autonomy for the Assyrians numerous times in the Parliament during 2005. '''''Endiandra''''' is a genus of approximately 100 species of plants, mainly trees in the laurel family Lauraceae. They have a broad distribution across South East Asia, Australia and into the western Pacific Ocean. Commons:Category:Australia Wikipedia:Australia Dmoz:Regional Oceania Australia


dramatic size

and about 5.5 kg. Specimens this large were likely to be very old — 30 years or more — and are rarely seen now. Logic suggests that due to these dramatic size differences, as well as isolation from the parent Murray-Darling species, genetic drift and natural selection, southern river blackfish are separate species. The taxonomy has not been reflected to update this. The '''two-spined blackfish''', ''Gadopsis bispinosus'', is an Australian native freshwater fish. It is a speciated, more specialised upland (upland (freshwater ecology)) variant of the river blackfish, ''Gadopsis marmoratus''. In the freshwater ecology (Limnology) in Australia and the United States, the term snag is used to refer to the trees, branches and other pieces of naturally occurring wood found in a sunken form in rivers and streams. Such snags have been identified as being critical for shelter and as spawning (spawn (biology)) sites for fish, and are one of the few hard substrates available for biofilm growth supporting aquatic invertebrates in lowland rivers flowing through alluvial flood plains. Snags are important as sites for biofilm growth and for shelter and feeding of aquatic invertebrates in both lowland and upland rivers and streams. left thumb A Canada Goose (Image:Nisqually River 05894.JPG) feeds near a snag in the Nisqually River In Australia, the role of freshwater snags has been largely ignored until recently, and more than one million snags have been removed from the Murray-Darling basin. Large tracts of the lowland reaches of the Murray-Darling system are now devoid of the snags that native fish like Murray Cod require for shelter and breeding. The damage such wholesale snag removal has caused is clearly enormous, but is difficult to quantify (but see Most snags in these systems are River Red Gum snags. As the dense wood of River Red Gum is almost impervious to rot it is thought that some of the River Red Gum snags removed in past decades may have been several thousand years old. '''Andrew Günsberg''' (born 29 March 1974), commonly known as '''Andrew G''', is an Australian television and radio presenter who is best known as the host of the reality series ''Australian Idol''. He was also the compere of Network Ten's game show ''The Con Test'', and for three years co-hosted the Sydney New Year's Eve telecast. In September 2009 he was a fill-in for Kyle Sandilands on 2Day FM's breakfast program, The Kyle and Jackie O Show and has been an occasional guest host for Charlie Pickering and is still a regular contributor to ''The 7PM Project''. He is currently the host of ''The Hot Hits Live from LA'', and ''Live to Dance'' on CBS. '''Flight West Airlines''' was an Australian regional airline headquartered in Brisbane, Queensland. "Flight West Home Page." Flight West. 16 May 2001. Retrieved on 6 September 2009. Established in May 1987, it operated predominantly in Queensland. The airline went into voluntary liquidation on 19 June 2001 before being sold to Queensland Aviation Holdings, the parent company of Alliance Airlines, in April 2002. A '''rosella''' is one of five to eight species of colorful Australian parrots in the genus '''''Platycercus'''''. ''Platycercus'' means "broad-tailed" or "flat-tailed", reflecting a feature common to the rosellas and other members of the broad-tailed parrot tribe. Their diet is mainly seeds and fruit. The '''mountain galaxias species complex''' is a group of freshwater Galaxiid (Galaxiidae) fish found all over southeast Australia. They form a cryptic species complex. '''Jay Caselberg''' is an Australian science fiction mystery (Mystery fiction) fantasy fiction author. As of January, 2012, he has published six novels and multiple short stories under his own name (one novel as J.A. Caselberg). He has also written under the pseudonym James A. Hartley. All of the books published in his first science fiction series feature "psychic investigator" Jack Stein, a man whose slight psychic talent (which manifests in dreams and gut feelings) led him from a job in the military to a stint in Intelligence, and later to a job as a private investigator. His next novel was a science fiction retelling of King Lear. His latest is a YA fantasy. World War II The squadron was put at readiness shortly after war was declared but, for the period to December 1941, there was little involvement operationally whilst still based at Seletar. In November and December 1941 detachments were sent to Fisherman's Bend (Port Melbourne, Victoria), in Victoria (Victoria (Australia)), Australia. Intended replacement aircraft (Bristol Beauforts) for the remaining squadron were not forthcoming and, as part of operations against advancing Japanese forces, the unit's obsolete Vildebeest aircraft were used in strikes against enemy shipping. Because of this, during January 1942, the squadron lost most of its aircraft in engagements with Japanese fighters. Despite several attempts to remain operational as a combined unit along with No. 36 Squadron RAF, as Japan made advances in the Far East theatre (South-East Asian theatre of World War II), most personnel eventually became prisoners of war (prisoner of war). Stamford, Lincs., U.K.: FlyPast, Key Publishing Ltd '' 'The Boneyard' '', April 2007 No. 309 Pages 15-19 Others were evacuated to Australia. (In February 1942, No. 100 Squadron (No. 100 Squadron RAAF), Royal Australian Air Force was formed at RAAF Richmond (RAAF Base Richmond), near Sydney, from a nucleus of 100 Squadron RAF personnel. Despite this link, the squadron was an RAAF squadron throughout its existence.) World War II The squadron was put at readiness shortly after war was declared but, for the period to December 1941, there was little involvement operationally whilst still based at Seletar. In November and December 1941 detachments were sent to Fisherman's Bend (Port Melbourne, Victoria), in Victoria (Victoria (Australia)), Australia. Intended replacement aircraft (Bristol Beauforts) for the remaining squadron were not forthcoming and, as part of operations against advancing Japanese forces, the unit's obsolete Vildebeest aircraft were used in strikes against enemy shipping. Because of this, during January 1942, the squadron lost most of its aircraft in engagements with Japanese fighters. Despite several attempts to remain operational as a combined unit along with No. 36 Squadron RAF, as Japan made advances in the Far East theatre (South-East Asian theatre of World War II), most personnel eventually became prisoners of war (prisoner of war). Stamford, Lincs., U.K.: FlyPast, Key Publishing Ltd '' 'The Boneyard' '', April 2007 No. 309 Pages 15-19 Others were evacuated to Australia. (In February 1942, No. 100 Squadron (No. 100 Squadron RAAF), Royal Australian Air Force was formed at RAAF Richmond (RAAF Base Richmond), near Sydney, from a nucleus of 100 Squadron RAF personnel. Despite this link, the squadron was an RAAF squadron throughout its existence.) * Pacific white shrimp (''Litopenaeus vannamei'', also called "whiteleg shrimp") is the main species cultivated in western countries. Native to the Pacific (Pacific Ocean) coast from Mexico to Peru, it grows to a size of 23 cm. ''L. vannamei'' accounts for 95% of the production in Latin America. It is easy to breed in captivity, but succumbs to the Taura disease. * Giant tiger prawn (''P. monodon'', also known as "black tiger shrimp") occurs in the wild in the Indian Ocean and in the Pacific Ocean from Japan to Australia. The largest of all the cultivated shrimp, it can grow to a length of 36 cm and is farmed in Asia. Because of its susceptibility to whitespot disease and the difficulty of breeding it in captivity, it is gradually being replaced by ''L. vannamei'' since 2001. '''''Last Man Standing''''' was a 2005 Australian television series. It aired in Australia from June 2005 to October 2005; and in New Zealand from April to September 2005. It was aired also in Finland (''Viimeiseen mieheen'') in 2007. http: www.telvis.fi tvopas ?vw program&key 32359_1203551400000 The series did not return for a second season. Boarding Temporary boarding facilities were opened in January 2006, and new boarding students from Thailand, Taiwan, Korea (South Korea), Vietnam and Australia broadened and added to the diversity of the student body. In March 2008, a new purpose-built boarding house, Windsor House, was opened by Digby, Lord Jones of Birmingham, an Old Bromsgrovian, and a further House, Tudor, opened in 2010 and now houses the girl boarding students. The school now has comfortable accommodation for 200 boarding students, and is the major international boarding school in Bangkok. Unable to use the Highlander name in Japan and Australia because of a trademarked Hyundai Terracan trim line, Toyota calls the vehicle the Commons:Category:Australia Wikipedia:Australia Dmoz:Regional Oceania Australia


stone deep

, Australia, Canada, Germany and the United Kingdom. There is significant evidence to suggest that the center of activity for the inhabitants of Hut 1 was along the northern wall where the 40 cm long trapezoidal stone laid. It appears that someone attempted to embed the stone deep into the ground. The inhabitants of Ohalo II brought sand to provide a base beneath the grinding stone and small cobbles to provide additional support. A starch grain study was conducted and grain remains were found on the grinding stone surface. This supports the theory that it was indeed for grinding purposes. Piperno, D.R., Weiss, E., Holst, I., Nadel, D. (2004) Starch grains on a ground stone implement document Upper Paleolithic wild cereal processing at Ohalo II, Israel, Nature However, comparative ethnographic evidence from hunter-gatherer groups in Africa and Australia McCarthy, F.A. (1946) The Stone Implements of Australia, Australian Museum Memoir 9 suggests that the grinding stones could also have been used for flint-tool (Flint tool) manufacturing, pounding of ochre and bones, or cracking of eggs and nuts. Kraybill, N. (1999) Pre-agricultural tools for the preparation of foods in the Old World. Prehistory of Agriculture, New Experimental and Ethnographic Approaches, Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles, 489–519 In late November and early December 2006, the band toured Australia and New Zealand and toured Europe for the third time in April 2007. Partyline will tour Europe for the fourth time in April 2008. Prevalence The WildListan organisation tracking computer viruses, listed Ontario.1024 as being in the field from July 1993 to December 1998, when it was removed due to lack of a submitted sample. These reports indicated that Ontario.1024 had spread as widely as Australia and Israel at its peak in 1994-1995. Music video The music video is based on M.C. Escher's ''Drawing Hands'' and Gerrit van Dijk's animated film ''I Move, So I Am'' (Holland, 1997). Directed by Phil Harder, it features a simple musical session intercut with an animation of Brandon Boyd drawing himself. Many scenes were shot in the McNamara Alumni Center on the University of Minnesota campus and in Bairnsdale, Victoria, Australia. The video was nominated for Best Group Video at the 2001 MTV Video Music Awards but lost to 'N Sync. The '''Sand goanna''' is a large Australian monitor lizard - also known as '''Gould's monitor''', the '''Sand monitor''', or '''Racehorse goanna''' http: www.wildherps.com species V.gouldii.html . B-side "To Be Your Hero" Released 12 July 1999 (UK (United Kingdom) & Netherlands) 2 August 1999 (Australia, Germany, Scandinavia) 22 September 1999 (Japan) 1999 (Republic of China) Format Single '''Sir Alan Russell Taylor''' KBE (Order of the British Empire) KC (Queen's Counsel), 25 November 1901 – 3 August 1969) Australian judge, was a Justice of the High Court of Australia. - colspan "4" style "border-bottom-width:3px; padding:5px;" The quintet's first world tour was undertaken in two years, during which the brothers visited Japan, Hawaii, the United Kingdom, South America, Hong Kong, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines and the West Indies. - Middlemass started his acting career in rep (Repertory) in Penzance, Cornwall and then went on to join the Old Vic Company (Old Vic). While with them he toured North (North America) and South America, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Lebanon, Russia, Poland and the Far East., and performed in ''Twelfth Night (Twelfth Night, or What You Will)'' opposite Vivien Leigh. During the 1960s, he toured with Ian McKellen's Actors' Company and performed at the Nottingham Playhouse. He performed opposite Peter O'Toole in ''Waiting for Godot''. The team was formerly selected from the best available players from several leagues around Australia, however since the AFL has taken the team under its wing it has gradually moved away from this practice and since 2007 no player from outside the Australian Football League competition has been selected in the squad. The AFL promotes the concept as recognition of the indigenous Australians contribution to the national competition, with approximately one in ten AFL players identifying as an Indigenous Australian. The AFL has been criticised for letting its clubs restrict top senior players from participating the 2007 and 2009 matches and being used like the Australian Football League pre-season competition as a (pre-season) practice match for developing players. Despite this the team remains competitive and the match remains popular with fans and spectators. '''Henry Ambrose Hunt''' (7 February 1866 – 7 February 1946) was a British meteorologist noted for his contribution to meteorology in his adopted home of Australia. He was Director of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (Bureau of Meteorology (Australia)) between 1908 and 1931. The Cherokee was marketed in left and right hand drive countries (such as the UK (United Kingdom) and Australia). Main production of the Cherokee was in Toledo, Ohio. '''Yarralumla (Yarralumla, Australian Capital Territory)''' ( Commons:Category:Australia Wikipedia:Australia Dmoz:Regional Oceania Australia

Australia

'''Australia''' is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent (Australia (continent)), the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands (list of islands of Australia). It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area (List of countries and dependencies by area). Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.

For at least 40,000 years who spoke languages grouped into roughly 250 language groups (Australian Aboriginal languages). Walsh, Michael (1991) "Overview of indigenous languages of Australia" in Suzane Romaine (ed.) ''Language in Australia'', Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-33983-9. After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch (Dutch Republic) explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain (Kingdom of Great Britain) in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades; the continent was explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies were established.

On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated (Federation of Australia), forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic (liberal democracy) political system that functions as a federal (Federalism) parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy comprising six states and several territories (States and territories of Australia). The population of 23.6 million is highly urbanised (Urbanization) and heavily concentrated in the eastern states (Eastern states of Australia) and on the coast.

Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world's 12th-largest economy (List of countries by GDP (nominal)). In 2012 Australia had the world's fifth-highest per capita income (List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita). Data refer mostly to the year 2012. World Economic Outlook Database-October 2013, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 8 October 2013. Australia's military expenditure is the world's 13th-largest (List of countries by military expenditures). With the second-highest human development index globally (List of countries by Human Development Index), Australia ranks highly (International rankings of Australia) in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20 (G-20 major economies), Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Pacific Islands Forum.

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