Aswan

What is Aswan known for?


made frequently

. Kenya has a tarred highway to its border with Sudan but the roads in southern Sudan are very poor and made frequently impassable, so that even without the conflicts that have afflicted Sudan, the route through Ethiopia is generally preferred by overland travellers. The route from Isiolo in Kenya to Moyale on the Ethiopian border through the northern Kenyan desert is rough and has sometimes been dangerous due to bandits. Through Ethiopia the route is mainly tarred but some


numerous ancient

2009-- The city is mentioned by numerous ancient writers, including Herodotus, (ii. 30) Strabo, (ii. p. 133, xvii. p. 797, ''seq.'') Stephanus of Byzantium, (''s. v.'') Ptolemy, (vii. 5. § 15, viii. 15. § 15) Pliny the Elder, (ii. 73. s. 75, v. 10. s. 11, vi. 29. s. 34) Vitruvius, (''De architectura'', book viii. ch

Philae is mentioned by numerous ancient writers, including Strabo, i. p. 40, xvii. pp. 803, 818, 820 Diodorus, i. 22 Ptolemy, iv. 5. § 74 Seneca (Seneca the Younger), ''Quaest. Nat.'' iv. 1 Pliny the Elder. v. 9. s. 10 It was, as the plural name indicates, the appellation of two small islands situated in latitude 24° north (24th parallel north), just above


temple family

as far as the seventeenth nome of Upper Egypt. He restored a ruined tomb of a deified prince named Hekayeb at Aswan. Sir Alan Gardiner, ''Egypt of the Pharaohs'', Oxford University Press 1961, p. 120 After a short and peaceful 8 year reign, he was succeeded by his son Mentuhotep II. Intef III was buried in a saff (row) tomb in el Tarif (near Thebes) next to Intef I and Intef II, and near Deir el-Bahri (the site of Montuhotep II's Mortuary Temple). Family Geography


quot production

of the squad. Tigana stated that "Hassan is a hardworking player who is quick and talented." Production The film shot seven weeks on location in Egypt, four on the steamer ''Karnak'' and the rest at places such as Aswan, Abu Simbel, Luxor, and Cairo. Desert filming required makeup call at 4 a.m. and shooting at 6 a.m. to accommodate a two-hour delay around noon when temperatures hovered near 130 degrees. Bette Davis wryly commented, "In the older days, they'd have


team regular

in 2001 when he moved to Gençlerbirliği (Gençlerbirliği S.K.). Following three successful seasons with the club, during which the team twice made the Turkish Cup Final (Fortis Turkey Cup), he moved to Beşiktaş (Beşiktaş J.K.) where he was a first team regular as well as a regular on the team's scoring sheet. He particularly impressed manager Jean Tigana who, despite being known for selecting younger players for his first team, still regarded the 30-year-old Hassan a key player


taking photographs

Governorate - thumb right 240px Famine Stela (File:Famine stela.jpg) is an inscription located on Sehel Island. By the end of the Tanis dig he ran out of funding but, reluctant to leave the country in case this was renewed, he spent 1887 cruising the Nile taking photographs as a less subjective record than sketches. During this time he also climbed rope ladders at Sehel Island near Aswan to draw and photograph thousands of early Egyptian inscriptions on a cliff face, recording embassies to Nubia, famines (Famine Stela) and wars. By the time he reached Aswan, a telegram had reached there to confirm the renewal of his funding. In late 1172, Aswan was besieged by former Fatimid soldiers from Nubia and the governor of the city, Kanz al-Dawla—himself a former Fatimid loyalist—requested reinforcements from Saladin who complied with the request. The reinforcements had come after the Nubians already departed, but under Turan-Shah the Ayyubid forces advanced and conquered northern Nubia after capturing the town of Ibrim (Qasr Ibrim). Turan-Shah and his Kurdish soldiers temporarily resided there. From Ibrim, they raided the surrounding region, halting their operations after being presented with an armistice from the king of Nubia based in Dongola (Old Dongola). Although Turan-Shah's initial response was hawkish, he later sent an envoy to Dongola who upon returning described the poverty of the city as well as Nubia in general. Thus, the Ayyubids required Nubia to guarantee the protection of Aswan and Upper Egypt, but like their Fatimid predecessors, were discouraged from further expansion by the poverty of the region. Lev, 1999, p.100. In 1174, Sharaf al-Din Qaraqush, a commander under Taqi al-Din Umar, conquered Tripoli from the Normans with an army of Turks (Turkish people) and Bedouins. WikiPedia:Aswan Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Aswan commons:أسوان


massive presence

Kitchener Lord Kitchener in 1897 when he subjugated the Mahdist (Muhammad Ahmad) uprising. Further railway links go south, the most southern point being Wau (Wau, Sudan). A large part of the Sudanese railway network is currently in disrepair due to political turmoil. The massive presence of salt does not require a desiccation of the sea Garcia-Castellanos, Villaseñor, 2011. Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar Arc. Nature, 480


social+works

, Engineering, Arts, Social Works and Institute of Energy. The Faculty of Science in Aswan has six departments. Each department has one educational programme: Chemistry, Geology, Physics and Zoology. Except Botany Department, which has three educational programmes: Botany, Environmental Sciences and Microbiology; and Mathematics Department, which has two educational programmes: Mathematics and Computer Science. The Faculty of Science awards the following degrees: Bachelor of Science in nine


ancient great

km north of Aswan (Syene) gave it some control over trade routes from Nubia to the Nile Valley, but its main rise to prominence came with the erection of the temple in the 2nd century BC. Hatshepsut had monuments constructed and also restored the original Precinct of Mut, the ancient great goddess of Egypt (Mut), that had been ravaged by the foreign rulers during the Hyksos occupation. She had twin obelisks, at the time the tallest in the world, erected at the entrance to the temple. One still stands, as the tallest surviving ancient obelisk on Earth; the other has broken in two and toppled. Another of her projects at the site, Karnak's Red Chapel, or ''Chapelle Rouge'', was intended as a barque shrine and originally, may have stood between her two obelisks. She later ordered the construction of two more obelisks to celebrate her sixteenth year as pharaoh; one of the obelisks broke during construction, and thus, a third was constructed to replace it. The broken obelisk was left at its quarrying site in Aswan, where it still remains. Known as The Unfinished Obelisk (Unfinished obelisk), it demonstrates how obelisks were quarried. ''The Unfinished Obelisk'' by Peter Tyson March 16, 1999 NOVA online adventure Nasmyth subsequently applied the principle of his steam hammer to a pile-driving machine (Pile driver) which he invented in 1843. His first full scale machine used a four ton hammer-block, and a rate of eighty blows per minute. The pile driver was first demonstrated in a contest with a team using the conventional method at Devonport on 3 July 1845. He drove a pile 70 feet long and 18 inches squared in four and a half minutes, while the conventional method required twelve hours. This was a great success, and many orders for his pile driver resulted. It was used for many large scale constructions all over the world in the next few years, such as the High Level Bridge at Newcastle upon Tyne and the Nile barrage (barrage (dam)) at Aswan, Egypt. The '''Aswan Dam''' is an embankment dam situated across the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt. Since the 1950s, the name commonly refers to the '''High Dam''', which is larger and newer than the Aswan Low Dam, which was first completed in 1902. Construction of the High Dam became a key objective of the Egyptian Government following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, as the ability to control floods, provide water for irrigation, and generate hydroelectricity were seen as pivotal to Egypt's industrialisation. The High Dam was constructed between 1960 and 1970. The dam has had a significant impact on the economy (Economy of Egypt) and culture (culture of Egypt) of Egypt. - 15. align "left" Aswan WikiPedia:Aswan Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Aswan commons:أسوان


great green

), which mentions the king's operations to defeat a number of peoples including those of the "Great Green (papyrus stem (hieroglyph)#Language usage of papyrus stem)". It is plausible to assume that the Tanis and Aswan Stelae refer to the same event, in which case they reinforce each other. thumb 320px Mirror of the Internet Archive in the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Image:Internet Archive - Bibliotheca Alexandrina.jpg) The idea of reviving the old library dates back to 1974, when a committee set up by Alexandria University selected a plot of land for its new library, between the campus and the seafront, close to where the ancient library once stood. The notion of recreating the ancient library was soon enthusiastically adopted by other individuals and agencies. One leading supporter of the project was former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak; UNESCO was also quick to embrace the concept of endowing the Mediterranean region with a center of cultural and scientific excellence. An architectural design competition, organized by UNESCO in 1988 to choose a design worthy of the site and its heritage, was won by Snøhetta (Snøhetta (company)), a Norwegian (Norway) architectural office, from among more than 1,400 entries. At a conference held in 1990 in Aswan, the first pledges of funding for the project were made: USD $65 million, mostly from the Arab states. Construction work began in 1995 and, after some USD $220 million had been spent, the complex was officially inaugurated on October 16, 2002. Alexandrina The dimensions of the project are vast: the library has shelf space for eight million books, with the main reading room covering 70,000 m² on eleven cascading levels. The complex also houses a conference center (convention center); specialized libraries for maps, multimedia, the blind and visually impaired, young people, and for children; four museums; four art galleries (Art gallery) for temporary exhibitions; 15 permanent exhibitions; a planetarium; and a manuscript restoration laboratory. The library's architecture is equally striking. The main reading room stands beneath a 32-meter-high glass-panelled roof, tilted out toward the sea like a sundial, and measuring some 160 m in diameter. The walls are of gray Aswan granite, carved with character (grapheme)s from 120 different human script (writing system)s. The '''Abu Simbel temples''' are two massive rock temple (Egyptian temple)s in Abu Simbel ( WikiPedia:Aswan Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Aswan commons:أسوان

Aswan

'''Aswan''' ( '', formerly spelled ''Assuan'' , is a city in the south of Egypt, the capital of the Aswan Governorate.

Aswan is a busy market and tourist centre located just north of the Aswan Dams on the east bank of the Nile at the first cataract. The modern city has expanded and includes the formerly separate community on the island of Elephantine.

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