Arkhangelsk Oblast

What is Arkhangelsk Oblast known for?

literary works

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long summer

also ensures very long summer days, as the sun stays above the horizon nearly 20 hours each day, with only around 6 hours of daylight occurring in the dark winters, depending on latitude. The areas of the taiga inside the Arctic circle have midnight sun in mid-summer and polar night in mid-winter. thumb right Lakes and other water bodies are very common. The Helvetinjärvi National Park (File:Helvetinjärvi.JPG), Finland, situated in the closed canopy taiga (mid-boreal to south-boreal) http: courses Finland vegetation zone and freshwater biome with mean annual temperature of 4 °C. commons:category:Arkhangelsk Oblast wikipedia:Arkhangelsk Oblast

century professional

into the region in the 19th century, professional (non-icon) painting did not develop in Arkhangelsk until the 1890s. Alexander Borisov (Alexander Alexeyevich Borisov), Stepan Pisakhov, and Tyko Vylka, all of them landscape painters interested in Northern and Arctic landscapes, are considered as the founders of Arkhangelsk painting.

important starting

, which lacked St. Petersburg's geographical proximity to Europe and the non-freezing harbour of Murmansk, lost its significance as the main trading harbour of the Russian Empire. However, in the early 20th century Arkhangelsk was an important starting point for Russian Arctic expeditions (Arctic policy of Russia). For instance, in the 1830s Pyotr Pakhtusov sailed twice from Arkhangelsk to investigate and map Novaya Zemlya. In 1932 the ''Icebreaker Sibiryakov'' under the command of Vladimir Voronin (Vladimir Voronin (captain)), sailing from Arkhangelsk, crossed the Northern Sea Route in a single navigation. In 1918 and 1919, Arkhangelsk Governorate became one of the most active battlegrounds of the Civil War in Russia. On August 2, 1918, Arkhangelsk was occupied by British and American troops, allied with the White movement. Administratively, they established Northern Oblast (Northern Oblast (1918-1920)) with the center in Arkhangelsk. This episode of the Civil War is known as North Russia Intervention. The troops advanced to the south, occupied the station of Obozerskaya (Obozersky) in September 1918, and moving along the Northern Dvina and the Vaga Rivers. The southernmost points occupied by the allies were Shenkursk and Verkhnyaya Toyma (Verkhnyaya Toyma, Arkhangelsk Oblast). The allies were hoping that the Aleksandr Kolchak's forces would move in the direction of Kotlas, however, the White Army was unable to advance in this direction. In January 1919, after the Battle of Shenkursk, the allied forces were driven out of the Shenkursk area. Battles around the station of Plesetskaya followed. On February 20, 1920, the Red Army entered Arkhangelsk. By that time, all allied troops were already evacuated. In the 1930s, the Soviets carried out the same experiments in economics as elsewhere in Soviet Union. The peasants and fishermen were forcibly organized into collective farms. These were heavily subsidized, which eventually brought the agriculture to the collapse in the 1990s, when the subsidies stopped. Arkhangelsk Oblast was and remains attractive as an area for exile, forcible resettlement, and prison camps. Actually, the first prison camp, Solovki Prison Camp, was created in 1920 on the premises of the former Solovetsky Monastery. Novaya Zemlya from the 1950s, when its population (mostly Nenets (Nenets people)) was strongly recommended to leave, became the military ground for nuclear bomb testing. Arkhangelsk Oblast proper was established in 1937. Before 1991, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Arkhangelsk Oblast CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (Soviet (council)) (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). In 1991 the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) lost all power. The head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor, came to be elected or appointed. The economic crisis of 1990s (Economic history of Russia), after the fall of the Soviet Union, struck Arkhangelsk Oblast very badly. Although there remains a strong demand for timber, the basis of the oblast's economy, the population of Archangeslk Oblast has steadily declined, especially in rural areas. Many villages either have been deserted, or are on the verge of disappearing. Geography thumb left 200px Plesetsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast (File:Arkhangelskaia oblast Plesetskiy Raion.JPG) Arkhangelsk Oblast, which includes Nenets Autonomous Okrug, borders Kirov Oblast, Vologda Oblast, the Republic of Karelia, the Komi Republic, and the White, Pechora, Barents and Kara seas. Cape Fligely in Franz Josef Land (the northernmost point of Russia, Europe and Eurasia) and Cape Zhelaniya in Novaya Zemlya (the easternmost point of Europe) are both located within Arkhangelsk Oblast. Arkhangelsk Oblast is located on the East European Plain, and most of it represents forested hilly landscape. The north-eastern part belongs to the Timan Ridge, a highland mostly situated east from the oblast. The Nenets Autonomous Okrug is essentially a flat tundra (Bolshezemelskaya Tundra) with several hill chains like Pay-Khoy Ridge. commons:category:Arkhangelsk Oblast wikipedia:Arkhangelsk Oblast


% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, 1% adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Rodnovery) (Slavic Neopaganism). In addition, 32% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 16% is atheist (atheism), and 17.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. Arts and culture Architecture File:Lyadiny1.jpg thumb

The triple church ensemble in the ''selo'' of Lyadiny, Kargopolsky District. In 2013, the bell tower and the Intercession Church (right) burned to the ground. Arkhangelsk Oblast is famous for its wooden buildings which include churches, chapels, peasant houses and farms, and city houses. The choice of wood as the construction material is natural for a region almost exclusively covered by taiga and still being one of the biggest timber producers. Some of these buildings date from

; An open-air ethnographic museum was open in the village of Malye Korely close to Arkhangelsk, with the purpose of preserving this heritage. The most notable wooden churches are triple church ensembles, which consist of two churches (a bigger, not heated, church used in the summer, a smaller, heated church used in the winter, and a bell-tower). Not more than a dozen of these triple wooden ensembles survived, the best known being the one located in the Kizhi Pogost in the Republic

works including

, a 17th-century monk, who led the opposition (''raskol'') against the reforms of the Russian Orthodox Church, was exiled to Mezen (Mézens) for two years in 1664, and in 1667 was imprisoned in Pustozyorsk, currently in Nenets Autonomous Okrug, for 14 years before being burned alive. Avvakum is an author of about sixty literary works, including the ''Life of Avvakum'', most of which were written in Pustozyorsk and are considered among the most notable Russian literary pieces of the 17th

difficult work

and Arkhangelsk countryside, mostly black and white, was particularly stable against cold climate in Northern Russia and eventually spread well beyond the Arkhangelsk Region. The Mezen horses, bred in the Mezen River valley, are rather small but suitable for difficult work and easily survive cold winters. ref name "GSE">

wooden architecture

% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, 1% adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Rodnovery) (Slavic Neopaganism). In addition, 32% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 16% is atheist (atheism), and 17.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. Arts and culture Architecture File:Lyadiny1.jpg thumb

, with worst roads, a gap between North and South. Plesetsk Cosmodrome is located there. * Southern part - agricultural and more populated part with an array of old towns, as Kargopol, Velsk, Solvychegodsk, and Kotlas. Cities * Arkhangelsk—the region's capital, chief sea port of medieval Russia, which houses Europe's largest museum of wooden architecture (Malye Korely). Claims itself the cultural capital of Russian North. * Belushya Guba * Severodvinsk&mdash

. thumb 350 px Solovetsky Monastery on the White Sea (File:Solovetsky Monastery.jpg) Other destinations * Solovetsky Islands—home to a hauntingly beautiful monastery which has served as a Russian fortress in numerous wars for the past 500 years as well as one of the first Soviet gulags; a UNESCO World Heritage Site (UNESCO World Heritage List). * Malye Karely - large and locally famous wooden architecture museum, 24 km from Arkhangelsk. * Kenozersky

famous wooden

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stone architectural

уникальные деревянные церковь и колокольня из храмового комплекса date May 6, 2013 publisher ITAR TASS accessdate 6 May 2013 The oblast preserves some of the best stone architectural ensembles in Russia. The ensemble of the Solovetsky Monastery (founded 1436, the earliest surviving buildings stem from the 16th century) has been designated as the World Heritage. The town of Kargopol contains a number of white-stone churches, the earliest of which, the Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ (Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ (Kargopol)), originates from 1552. The Presentation Church (Presentation Church (Solvychegodsk)) (1688–1712) in Solvychegodsk is an acclaimed baroque masterpiece and one of the five surviving Stroganov baroque churches (Stroganovs#Origins). Two of the towns in the oblast – Kargopol and Solvychegodsk – are classified as historical towns by the Ministry of Culture of Russian Federation, which implies certain restrictions on construction in their historical centers. commons:category:Arkhangelsk Oblast wikipedia:Arkhangelsk Oblast

Arkhangelsk Oblast

140px right thumb The reverse side of the commemorative coins Bank of Russia (2007) (File:RR5514-0047R.png)

'''Arkhangelsk Oblast''' ( , ''Arkhangelskaya oblast'') is a federal subject (federal subjects of Russia) of Russia (an oblast). It includes the Arctic (Arctic Ocean) archipelagos of Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya, as well as the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea.

Arkhangelsk Oblast also has administrative jurisdiction over Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Nenetsia). Including Nenetsia, Arkhangelsk Oblast has an area of 587,400 km². Population (including Nenetsia): 1,227,626 (2010 Census (Russian Census (2010))).

The city (types of inhabited localities in Russia) of Arkhangelsk, with a population of 348,716 as of the 2010 Census, is the administrative center of the oblast. The second largest city is the nearby Severodvinsk, home to Sevmash, the main shipyard for the Russian Navy.

Among the oldest cities of the region are Kholmogory, Kargopol, and Solvychegodsk; there are a number of Russian Orthodox monasteries, including the Antoniev Siysky Monastery and the World Heritage Site of the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea.

Plesetsk Cosmodrome is one of three spaceports in Russia (the other two are Kapustin Yar in Astrakhan Oblast and Yasny (Dombarovsky (air base)) in Orenburg Oblast).

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