What is Ardabil known for?

wooden main

'', ''Pol-e Nayer'', ''Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh'', ''Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh'' and ''Pol-e She Cheshmeh'' and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era. - Imamzadeh Saleh mausoleum The mausoleum of Imamzadeh Saleh who is a descendant of a Shia Imam was built 250 years ago. - Saint Mary church This Armenian orthodox (orthodox church) church has a beautiful wooden main door and painted dome built in 1876. - mausoleum of Sheikh Jebra'il located 2 km north of Ardabil - old but always lively bazaar - babadavood anbaran Friday mosque and a few ancient bridges. In addition to these, in many villages of Ardabil, relics of ancient monuments, including tombs have been found. Being a city of great antiquity, the origins of Ardabil go back 4000 to 6000 years (according to historical research in this city). This city was the capital of Azerbaijan province in different times, but its golden age was in the Safavid period. Geology thumb 150px Lake Shorabil (File:Shorabil Lake (night).jpg) Many hot springs and beautiful natural landscapes are in Ardabil and around which attract tourists. The mineral springs of Ardabil (Beele-Darreh, Sar'eyn, Sardabeh and Booshloo) are notable throughout Iran for their medicinal qualities. Many beauty lakes: the largest of which are Ne'or, Shorabil, ShoorGel, NouShahr and Aloocheh that are the habitats of some species of water birds. The beautiful Lake Ne'or is located in a mountainous area 48 km south-east of the city of Ardabil. It covers an area of 2.1 km² and has an average depth of 3 metres. It is fed by springs in the lake bed. class "wikitable" - !Attraction !Description - Lake Shorabil located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil and covers an area of 640,000 m². The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals, being useful for healing skin diseases and rheumatism. Near the lake there is the leisure complex of Shorabil. - Baliqly Chay River Meaning "a river with many fish" in Azarbayjani language, this river originates from the Sabalan Mountains and passes through Ardabil city. As a result, many villages and townships have settled around this river. It also irrigates much of the agricultural lands in this province. - Sabalan (Savalan) mountain Sabalan ( wikipedia:Ardabil

numerous historical/

This Persian bazaar was built during Safavid period and in addition to main bazaar hall with open vaults has a hammam (Turkish bath) and a small yet mystifying mosque. - Ardabil bridges Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely ''Pol-e Gilandeh'', ''Pol-e Nayer'', ''Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh'', ''Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh'' and ''Pol-e She Cheshmeh'' and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era. - Ardabil bridges Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely ''Pol-e Gilandeh

is called "Allah-Allah" has an octagonal interior. *'''Masjid Jameh''' Ruins of once magnificent and unique Mosque. *'''Mirza Ali Akbar mosque and school''' This comlex dates back to Qajar period *'''Ardabil Bazaar''' This beautiful Persian bazaar was built during Safavid period and in addition to main bazaar hall with open vaults has a hammam and a small yet mystifying mosque. *'''Ardabil bridges''' Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Gilandeh, Pol-e Nayer, Pol-e

building architecture

Ismā‘il succeeded in conquering Persia. wikipedia:Ardabil

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from the Ottomans. Anthony Bryer, ''open citation'', p. 136 ) Ismail grew up bilingual, speaking Persian (Persian language) and Azeri (Azerbaijani language). Roger M. Savory. „Safavids“ in Peter Burke, Irfan Habib, Halil Inalci:»History of Humanity-Scientific and Cultural Development: From the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century", Taylor & Francis. 1999. Excerpt from pg 259:"Доказательства, имеющиеся в настоящее время

ancestry as it is sometimes claimed. It is probable that the family originated in Persian Kurdistan, and later moved to Azerbaijan, where it became assimilated to Turkic-speaking Azeris and eventually settled in the small town of Ardabil sometime during the eleventh century. ". Вопрос о языке, на котором говорил шах Исмаил, не идентичен вопросу о его «расе» или «национальности». Его происхождение было смешанным: одна из его бабушек была

quot famous

magazine 74_folder 74.articles 74_zadeh.html "Famous People: Then and Now Lotfi Zadeh, Creator of Fuzzy Logic (1921- )" ''Azerbaijan International'' (7.4) (Winter 1999) - ADU OITL Ardabil Airport Ardabil, Iran Etymology Old Persian: ''Arta + Farnah''(endowed with the Glory of Righteousness wikipedia:Ardabil


of lamps), Shahid khaneh (the house of martyrs) and Chelleh Khaneh (the place where devotees shut themselves up during the forty days of Lent). The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, the dome of which is called "Allah-Allah" has an octagonal interior.(Virtual tour) - Masjid Jameh Ruins of once magnificent and unique mosque - Mirza Ali Akbar mosque and school This complex dates back to Qajar (Qajar dynasty) period - Ardabil Bazaar

. In a reply the Ottoman Sultan answered in Persian to indicate his contempt. thumb left 200 px Ismail I's Statue in Ardabil (File:Shah esmaeil01.jpg), Iran. ** Prince Sultan Rustam Mirza (born 13 September 1517) ** Prince ‘Abul Naser Sultan Sam Mirza (28 August 1518 - December 1567) Governor-General of Khorasan 1521-1529 and 1532–1534, and of Ardabil 1549-1571. He rebelled against his brother Tahmasp, captured and imprisoned at the Fortress of Qahqahan. He had issue, two

sons and one daughter. His daughter, married Prince Jésé (d. 1583) Governor of Sakki the third son of Levan (Levan of Kakheti) King of Kakheti in Georgia (Georgia (country)). ** Prince ‘Abu'l Fat'h Sultan Moez od-din Bahram Mirza (7 September 1518 - 16 September 1550) Governor of Khorasan 1529-1532, Gilan 1536-1537 and Hamadan 1546-1549. m. Zainab Sultan Khanum. She had issue, four sons and one daughter: Sultan Hassan Mirza died in his youth, Sultan Husain

time leading

team , and is the world's all-time leading goalscorer (Top international goal scorers by country) in international matches. Daei as of June 2007 is also a member of the FIFA Football Committee. wikipedia:Ardabil

major influence

Katun. In 1307 he was given command of one of four armies assigned to quell the rebellious province of Gilan. Marching from Ardabil, he convinced the rulers of Astara and Gaskar to surrender peacefully, and then met up with Öljeitü. Qutlugh Shah's army, however, did not fare so well, and he was killed by the Gilakis. Following his death, Öljeitü made Coban his chief military commander (amir of the ulus). Coban was now a major influence behind the throne, though he had to contend with the court viziers. When Öljeitü died in 1316, his son Abu Sa'id (Abu Sa'id (Ilkhanid dynasty)) confirmed Coban's status as amir of the ulus, despite the attempts of an Amir Sevinch to gain the position for himself. DATE OF BIRTH March 19, 1971 PLACE OF BIRTH Ardabil, Iran DATE OF DEATH Hasan Buzurg is also remembered for his friendship with Shaikh Saf'i al-Din (Safi-ad-din Ardabili) (d. 1334) of the Ardabil order. Saf'i al-Din's descendents would found the Safavid dynasty of Persia, and later on many of Hasan Buzurg's accomplishments would be accredited to his friendship with the Shaikh. After Hasan Buzurg's death, the Jalayirids continued to maintain good relations with the Arbadil order. In the Caucasus, the situation quickly deteriorated after Maslamah's departure. While al-Djarrah campaigned north of the Caucasus, the Khazars swung behind him and attacked his main base, Ardabil. Hastening to relieve the city, al-Djarrah was defeated and killed, and his army practically annihilated in a battle outside the city (Battle of Marj Ardabil) on 9 December 730. Blankinship (1994), pp. 149–150 Faced with this crisis, the Caliph appointed Maslamah as the new governor of Armenia and Azerbaijan, but in the meantime, the veteran general Sa'id ibn Amr al-Harashi managed to recover the situation and defeat the Khazar army. Maslamah, allegedly out of jealousy for Sa'id's successes, had Sa'id imprisoned until Hisham ordered his release. Throughout 730 and 731 Maslamah, with a large army at his disposal, cleared the provinces south of the Caucasus of the Khazars, and then advanced beyond the mountains, sacking a couple of settlements and defeating the ''khagan'' in pitched battle. He also recovered the strategic fortress of Bab al-Awbab from the Khazars who had occupied it by poisoning its water supply, and reorganized it as a military colony (''misr''), resettling it with 24,000 soldiers. His tenure however was evidently judged as not successful enough, and he was replaced on 3 March 732 by Marwan ibn Muhammad. Blankinship (1994), pp. 150–152 The '''Battle of Marj Ardabil''' or the '''Battle of Ardabil''' was a battle fought on the plains surrounding the city of Ardabil in northwestern Iran in 730 CE. An Khazar army led by Barjik, the son of the Khazar khagan, invaded the Umayyad provinces of Jibal and Adharybaydjian (Iranian Azerbaijan) in retaliation for Caliphate attacks on Khazaria during the course of the decades-long Khazar-Arab War (Khazars#Second_Khazar-Arab_war) of the early 700s. When his master, Najm al-Dīn Kubrā, was murdered in 618 1221, Dāya fled to Hamadan, then to Ardabil, and then to Anatolia where he finally settled with a fellow contemporary master Rumi. Completed during the rule of the Safavid Shah Tahmasp I in the mid-16th century, probably in Tabriz, the carpets are considered some of the best of the classical Persian school of carpet creation. They were first placed in a mosque in Ardabil, but they had become heavily worn in Iran and were sold in 1890 to a British (United Kingdom) carpet broker who restored one of the carpets using the other and then resold the restored one to the Victoria and Albert Museum. William Morris, then an art referee (Peer review) for the V&A, was instrumental in the acquisition. The Beginnings In the 15th century, Ardabil was the center of an organization designed to keep the Safavid leadership in close touch with its ''murids'' in Azerbaijan, Iraq, eastern Anatolia, and elsewhere. The organization was controlled through the office of ''khalīfāt al-khulafā'ī'' who appointed representatives (''khalīfa'') in regions where Safavid propaganda was active. The ''khalīfa'', in turn, had subordinates termed ''pira''. Their presence in eastern Anatolia posed a serious threat to the Ottomans (Ottoman Empire), because they encouraged the Shi'ite population of Asia Minor to revolt against the sultan. In 1499, Ismail (Ismail I), the young leader of the Safavid order, left Lahijan for Ardabil to make his bid for power. By the summer of 1500, ca. 7,000 supporters from the local Turcoman tribes of Anatolia, Syria and Iraq - collectively called "Kizilbash" by their enemies - rallied to his support. Leading his troops on a punitive campaign against the Shīrvanshāh (ruler of Shirvan), he sought revenge for the death of his father and his grandfather in Shīrvan. After defeating the Shīrvanshāh Farrukh Yassar, he moved south into Azarbaijan (Iranian Azerbaijan) where his 7,000 Kizilbash warriors defeated a force of 30,000 Ak Koyunlu under Alwand Mirzā, Roger M. Savory, Encyclopaedia of Islam, "Safawids", Online Edition, 2005 and conquered Tabriz. This was the beginning of the Safavid state (Safavid dynasty). wikipedia:Ardabil


of the eighth Twelver Shi'a Imam, Ali al-Ridha at Mashhad, and restored the dynastic shrine at Ardabil. Both shrines received jewelry, fine manuscripts and Chinese porcelains. Abbas moved the capital to Isfahan (Isfahan (city)), revived old ports, and established thriving trade with Europeans. Amongst Abbas's most visible cultural achievements was the construction of ''Naqsh-e Jahan Square'' ("Design of the World"). The plaza, located near a Friday mosque, covered

Ismā‘il succeeded in conquering Persia. Noted for achievements in state building, architecture, and the sciences

world and double Olympic (Olympic Games) champion in Olympic weightlifting. He is also a world record holder in the clean and jerk and considered as one of the greatest weightlifters of all time. In 2006 the Rezazadeh Stadium (Reza Zadeh Stadium) was built in Rezazadeh's hometown of Ardabil. It was built to honour the achievements of Rezazadeh and is one of the most modern and innovative indoor arenas in Iran today. File:Hossein Rezazadeh by Mardetanha 4014.JPG thumb left


'''Ardabil''' Notable for its silk and carpet trade tradition, the ancient Ardabil Carpets are considered some of the best of the classical Persian carpet creations. Ardabil is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site: the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn (Safi-ad-din Ardabili), eponym of the Safavid Dynasty.

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