Ar-Raqqah

What is Ar-Raqqah known for?


important products

of the Islamic empire stretching from Spain to Central Asia. In the Middle East, the glass industry of Syria continued during the Islamic period with the major centres of manufacture being at Ar-Raqqah, Aleppo and Damascus, with the most important products being highly transparent colourless glass, and gilded glass, rather than coloured glass. The production of coloured glass in Southwest Asia existed by the 8th century, at which time the Alchemy and chemistry


quot book

-Raqqah. The splendour of the court in ar-Raqqah is documented in several poems, collected by Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahāni (Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani) in his "Book of Songs" (Kitāb al-Aghāni (Kitab al-Aghani)). Only the small, restored so called Eastern Palace at the fringes of the palace district gives an impression of Abbasid architecture. Some of the palace complexes dating to this period have been excavated by a German team on behalf of the Director General of Antiquities


largest water

. The dam is , also transliterated ''Oways b. Anis al-Qarni'', ''Oveys Gharani'' and ''Veysel Karani'') was a Muslim mystic (Mysticism), martyr and philosopher of Yemen who lived during the lifetime of Muhammad, but never met Muhammad personally. Beale, ''Oriental Bibliotheca'' As reported by the renowned historical scholar Ibn Battuta, Uwais' tomb is found in Ar-Raqqah, Syria, where he was killed in the Battle of Siffin, where he fought on the side of Ali. Another shrine was made in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey. ''Encyclopedia of Islam'', ''Owais Karni''


historical record

of the urban ruin in 1288. Ottoman period thumb right Ar-Raqqah Museum (File:Museum of Ar Raqqah.jpg) In the 16th century, ar-Raqqah again entered the historical record as an Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) customs post on the Euphrates. The eyalet of ar-Raqqah (Ottoman form sometimes spelled as ''Rakka'') was created. However, the capital of this ''eyalet'' and seat of the vali (Wāli) was not ar-Raqqah but ar-Ruhā' about , also transliterated ''Oways b. Anis al-Qarni'', ''Oveys Gharani'' and ''Veysel Karani'') was a Muslim mystic (Mysticism), martyr and philosopher of Yemen who lived during the lifetime of Muhammad, but never met Muhammad personally. Beale, ''Oriental Bibliotheca'' As reported by the renowned historical scholar Ibn Battuta, Uwais' tomb is found in Ar-Raqqah, Syria, where he was killed in the Battle of Siffin, where he fought on the side of Ali. Another shrine was made in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey. ''Encyclopedia of Islam'', ''Owais Karni''


significant contribution

; ref Islamic art has very notable achievements in ceramics, both in pottery and tiles for walls, which in the absence of wall-paintings were taken to heights unmatched by other cultures. Early pottery is often unglazed, but tin-opacified glazing (Tin-glazing) was one of the earliest new technologies developed by the Islamic potters. The first Islamic opaque glazes can be found as blue-painted ware in Basra, dating to around the 8th century. Another significant contribution was the development of stonepaste ceramics (Stoneware), originating from 9th century Iraq. Mason (1995), p. 5 The first industrial complex for glass and pottery production was built in Ar-Raqqah, Syria, in the 8th century. , also transliterated ''Oways b. Anis al-Qarni'', ''Oveys Gharani'' and ''Veysel Karani'') was a Muslim mystic (Mysticism), martyr and philosopher of Yemen who lived during the lifetime of Muhammad, but never met Muhammad personally. Beale, ''Oriental Bibliotheca'' As reported by the renowned historical scholar Ibn Battuta, Uwais' tomb is found in Ar-Raqqah, Syria, where he was killed in the Battle of Siffin, where he fought on the side of Ali. Another shrine was made in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey. ''Encyclopedia of Islam'', ''Owais Karni''


796'

''', is a city in Syria located on the north bank of the Euphrates River, about east of the Tabqa Dam, Syria's largest dam. The city was the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate between 796 and 809 under the reign of Caliph Harun al-Rashid. With a population of 220,488 based on the 2004 official census, ar-Raqqah was the sixth largest city in Syria. During the Syrian Civil War, the city

Damascus. In 796, the caliph Harun al-Rashid chose ar-Raqqah ar-Rafiqah as his imperial residence. For about thirteen years ar-Raqqah was the capital of the Abbasid empire stretching from Northern Africa to Central Asia, while the main administrative body remained in Baghdad. The palace area of ar-Raqqah covered an area of about north of the twin cities. One of the founding fathers of the Hanafi school of law, Muḥammad ash-Shaibānī, was chief qadi (judge) in ar


main agricultural

; The city of ar-Raqqah was resettled from 1864 onwards, first as a military outpost, then as a settlement for former Bedouin Arabs and for Chechens, who came as refugees from the Caucasian war theaters in the middle of the 19th century. 20th century In the 1950s, in the wake of the Korean War, the worldwide cotton boom stimulated an unpreceded growth of the city, and the re-cultivation of this part of the middle Euphrates area. Cotton is still the main agricultural product of the region. The growth of the city meant on the other hand a removal of the archaeological remains of the city's great past. The palace area is now almost covered with settlements, as well as the former area of the ancient ar-Raqqa (today Mishlab) and the former Abbasid industrial district (today al-Mukhtalţa). Only parts were archaeologically explored. The 12th-century citadel was removed in the 1950s (today Dawwār as-Sā'a, the clock-tower circle). In the 1980s rescue excavations in the palace area began as well as the conservation of the Abbasid city walls with the Bāb Baghdād and the two main monuments intra muros, the Abbasid mosque and the Qasr al-Banāt. There is a museum, known as the Ar-Raqqah Museum, housed in an administration-building erected during the French Mandate period. Civil war , also transliterated ''Oways b. Anis al-Qarni'', ''Oveys Gharani'' and ''Veysel Karani'') was a Muslim mystic (Mysticism), martyr and philosopher of Yemen who lived during the lifetime of Muhammad, but never met Muhammad personally. Beale, ''Oriental Bibliotheca'' As reported by the renowned historical scholar Ibn Battuta, Uwais' tomb is found in Ar-Raqqah, Syria, where he was killed in the Battle of Siffin, where he fought on the side of Ali. Another shrine was made in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey. ''Encyclopedia of Islam'', ''Owais Karni''


period

traces its history to the Hellenistic period, with the foundation of the city of '''Nikephorion''' ( In Roman (Roman Empire) times, it was part of the province of Osrhoene

the city, during his retreat from an abortive expedition to capture Ctesiphon. In the 6th century, Kallinikos became a center of Assyrian monasticism (Syriac Christianity). Dayra d'Mār Zakkā, or the Saint Zacchaeus Monastery, situated on Tall al-Bi'a, became renowned. A mosaic inscription there is dated to the year 509, presumably from the period of the foundation of the monastery. Daira d'Mār Zakkā is mentioned by various sources up to the 10th century

stream echosdorient10pariuoft#page n99 mode 2up p. 94 e p. 145. No longer a residential bishopric, Callinicum is today listed by the Catholic Church as an archiepiscopal (archbishop) titular see of the Maronite Church. ''Annuario Pontificio 2013'' (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 856 Early Islamic period File:Awis al-Qarni mosque and Bab


Andrea

beduinischen Vorherrschaft bis zu den Seldschuken journal Islamic History and Civilization. Studies and Texts issue 40 location Leiden publisher Brill year 2002 * *

Philipp von Zabern year 2003 * *


songs quot

-Raqqah. The splendour of the court in ar-Raqqah is documented in several poems, collected by Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahāni (Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani) in his "Book of Songs" (Kitāb al-Aghāni (Kitab al-Aghani)). Only the small, restored so called Eastern Palace at the fringes of the palace district gives an impression of Abbasid architecture. Some of the palace complexes dating to this period have been excavated by a German team on behalf of the Director General of Antiquities

Ar-Raqqah

'''Ar-Raqqah''' ( east of the Tabqa Dam, Syria's largest dam. The city was the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate between 796 and 809 under the reign of Caliph Harun al-Rashid. With a population of 220,488 based on the 2004 official census, ar-Raqqah was the sixth largest city in Syria.

During the Syrian Civil War, the city was captured by rebel group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, which made it its headquarters in Syria. As a result, the city has been hit by Syrian government, US and Arab nation airstrikes.

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