Anuradhapura

What is Anuradhapura known for?


water fact

. The coral on the massive rock at the site includes cisterns for collecting water . Sri Lanka * The Sri Maha Bodhi Sacred Fig tree is planted at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. This is the earliest known planting date for any planted tree still surviving. * According to an ancient Sri Lankan source, the Mahavamsa, Greek monks seem to have been active proselytizers of Buddhism during the time of Menander: the Yona (Greek


art title

rule. Art works featuring depictions of Avalokitesvara, the Bodhisattva of Mercy and Compassion, became increasing popular. Great Building Era thumb The Ruwanwelisaya Ruwanwelidaham Saya (Image:Ruwanwelisaya.jpg) Stupa


culture black

, there is radiometric evidence from Anuradhapura that the non-Brahmi (Brahmi script) symbol-bearing black and red ware (Black and red ware culture) occur in the 10th century BCE. ref>


numerous guest

Cargills if you will be staying for a while. Sleep There are numerous guest houses Anuradhapura new town, and many more budget accommodations. Prices at hostels start from Rs 1,500 to 2,000 per person for a night. If you don't have and idea of where you'll be staying, any tuk-tuk driver will be happy to offer you rooms that he or his brother is renting, usually offering very basic comfort at a reasonable price (A price negotiation is necessary). Usually he'll take you to see the room


work called

foundation - under the name Anuradhapura (Anuradha's city) it was to become capital of Rajarata for over a thousand years. Buddhist claims and conflict A temple dedicated to a deity in "Gokarna" city is mentioned in a 5th century CE religious and historical literary work called Mahavamsa. It mentions that Mahasena (King Mahasena) (334–361) a Mahayanist zealot known for his temple destructions, who ruled a central kingdom of the island from the southern city of Anuradhapura destroyed temples dedicated to a deity in Gokarna and built Buddhist Viharas in its place. A 12th century commentary on Mahavamsa indicates that the destroyed deity temple had a Lingam - a form of Shiva in it. The interpretation of deity temples into specifically a Siva temple by the commentary on Mahavamsa is disputed by Sinhalese writers such as Bandu De Silva. Wikipedia:Anuradhapura Commons:Category:Anuradhapura


news publications

was sacred in ancient Cyprus where it was a symbol of fertility. thumb right 250px Moat and gardens at Sigirya. (Image:Sigiriya moat and garden2.jpg) In ancient Sri Lanka, hydraulics were widely used in the ancient kingdoms of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa.


title traditional

;ref Wikipedia:Anuradhapura Commons:Category:Anuradhapura


large rock

to bring in a compatible handset and buy a new connection. It provides you instant access to IDD calls and high speed internet. Go next Nearby to Anuradhapura: * '''Tissawewa''': This large irrigation tank was originally constructed in ancient times, but fell into disuse. It was rebuilt for irrigation purposes in the nineteenth century. * '''Mihintale''': Located approximately 10km (6.25 miles) to the east of Anuradhapura, Mihintale is a large rock outcrop, approximately 305m (1000

of Anuradhapura emerging from the forest to the west. The general landscape is quite flat, with large rock outcrops and small mountains dotting the landscape. The parking lot is at the bottom of the mountain, and a large number of stairs must be climbed to reach the top, where the archaeological sites are located. Shoes and hats must be left at the top. You will be offered guidance at (starting) prices 700 LKR. * '''Ritigala''': Located approximately 40km. (25 miles) to the southeast of Anuradhapura, on the Anuradhapura to Habarana Road, Ritigala is a small mountain approximately 765m. (2,514 feet) in height. The top of the mountain is a strict nature reserve, due to the unique climate associated with the gain in altitude. However, the mountain was the site of a series of orthodox forest ministries. There is a parking lot at the base of the mountain, and the visitor can walk up the Meditational Pathways to the various levels and Meditational Platforms. The walk is quite beautiful through a unique, forested environment. The visitor is awarded several nice views, especially from when the pathways cross a ravine. This is an excellent site to visit off the beaten path, as it is much quieter and less visited than Anuradhapura. It is quite likely that you will be the only foreigners visiting the site, should you choose to do so. However, don't expect the opulence seen at Anuradhapura. The orthodox monks did not believe in accumulating material wealth, but the forest environment is a perfect setting for the rock structures and long, winding paths. There are numerous other small towns and villages in the area around Anuradhapura, and it is possible to come across modern-day monasteries and temples, as well. It is worth exploring the area, as there are some beautiful and picturesque areas around Anuradhapura. Wikipedia:Anuradhapura Commons:Category:Anuradhapura


historical literary

foundation - under the name Anuradhapura (Anuradha's city) it was to become capital of Rajarata for over a thousand years. Buddhist claims and conflict A temple dedicated to a deity in "Gokarna" city is mentioned in a 5th century CE religious and historical literary work called Mahavamsa. It mentions that Mahasena (King Mahasena) (334–361) a Mahayanist zealot known for his temple destructions, who ruled a central kingdom of the island from the southern city


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culture through several religious traditions. Among the more famous species are the Sacred Fig tree (Pipal, Bodhi, Bo, or Po, ''Ficus religiosa'') and the Banyan Fig (''Ficus benghalensis''). The oldest living plant of known planting date is a ''Ficus religiosa'' tree known as the Sri Maha Bodhi planted in the temple at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka by King Tissa in 288 BC. The common fig is one of the two sacred trees of Islam

the two kings mounted on elephants; Dutugemunu mounting Kandula and Elara mounting Maha Pambata. King Ealara is said to have been slain in this elephant mounted dual. The term "Bodhi Tree" is also widely applied to currently existing trees, particularly the Sacred Fig growing at the Mahabodhi Temple, which is a direct descendant planted in 288 BC from the original specimen. This tree is a frequent destination for pilgrims, being the most important of the four main Buddhist

pilgrimage sites. Other holy Bodhi trees which have a great significance in the history of Buddhism are the Anandabodhi tree in Sravasti and the Bodhi tree (Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi) in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Both are believed to have been propagated from the original Bodhi tree. According to the Mahavamsa, the Sri Maha Bodhi in Sri Lanka was planted in 288 BC, making it the oldest verified specimen of any angiosperm. In this year (the twelfth year of King Asoka

Anuradhapura

'''Anuradhapura''' ( ; Tamil (Tamil language): அனுராதபுரம் is a major city in Sri Lanka. It is the capital city of North Central Province, Sri Lanka and the capital of Anuradhapura District. Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, famous for its well-preserved ruins of ancient Sri Lankan civilization. It was 3rd capital of the Kingdom of Rajarata after Tambapanni (Kingdom of Tambapanni) and Upatissa Nuwara (Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara).

The city, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was the center of Theravada Buddhism for many centuries. The city lies 205 km north of the current capital Colombo in Sri Lanka's North Central Province (North Central Province, Sri Lanka), on the banks of the historic Malvathu Oya. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world (List of cities by time of continuous habitation) and one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka.

It is believed that from the 4th century BC, it was the capital of the Sinhalese (Sinhala people) until the beginning of the 11th century AD. During this period it remained one of the most stable and durable centers of political power and urban life in South Asia. The ancient city, considered sacred to the Buddhist world, is today surrounded by monasteries covering an area of over sixteen square miles (40 km²).

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