Antigua and Barbuda

What is Antigua and Barbuda known for?


local programs

until April 2010 there were two daily newspapers: ''Daily Observer'', and the ''Antigua Sun'', which also published newspapers on other Caribbean islands. The ''Antigua Sun'' ceased operation in April 2010 after having been in circulation for 13 years. Besides most American television networks, the local channel ABS TV 10 is available (it is the only station which shows exclusively local programs). There are also several local and regional radio stations, such as V2C-AM 620, ZDK-AM 1100, VYBZ-FM 92.9, and ZDK-FM 97.1. Education The people of Antigua & Barbuda enjoy a more-than-90% literacy rate. In 1998, Antigua and Barbuda adopted a national mandate to become the pre-eminent provider of medical services in the Caribbean. As part of this mission, Antigua and Barbuda built the most technologically advanced hospital in the Caribbean, the Mt. St. John Medical Centre. The island of Antigua currently has two medical schools, the American University of Antigua (American University of Antigua, College of Medicine) (AUA), WikiPedia:Antigua and Barbuda Commons:Category:Antigua and Barbuda Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda


major professional

and the Grenadines , Trinidad and Tobago, and British Virgin Islands. Through the Proclamation issued today, President Clinton designated all 24 countries as CBTPA Beneficiary Countries. In the United States, Canada and Australia, teams are not promoted or relegated. Recently, the North American Soccer League (North American Soccer League (2011)), and the United Soccer Leagues of the United States, having


popular historic

. It includes Guiana Island and Great Bird Island. Localities in this parish include Big Duers, Cocoa Hall, Freemans (Freemans, Antigua and Barbuda), Vernons (Vernons, Antigua and Barbuda), Parrys (Parrys, Antigua and Barbuda), Mercers Creek and Gilberts (Gilberts, Antigua and Barbuda). The parish is home to Betty's Hope Sugar Plantation, a popular historic site. '''Saint John''' is a parish of Antigua and Barbuda on the island of Antigua. It contains


publication year

$13,428 Gini_year Gini_change Gini Gini_rank HDI_year 2013 HDI_change decrease HDI 0.774 HDI_ref


social position

their property. Most settled in the southeastern coastal plain, and, with assistance from Luperón’s government, built the nation's first mechanized sugar mills. They were later joined by Italians, Germans, Puerto Ricans and Americans in forming the nucleus of the Dominican sugar bourgeoisie, marrying into prominent families to solidify their social position. Disruptions in global production caused by the Ten Years' War, the American Civil War and the Franco-Prussian War allowed the Dominican Republic to become a major sugar exporter. Over the following two decades, sugar surpassed tobacco as the leading export, with the former fishing hamlets of San Pedro de Macorís and La Romana (La Romana, Dominican Republic) transformed into thriving ports. To meet their need for better transportation, over 300 miles of private rail-lines were built by and serving the sugar plantations by 1897. Emilio Betances, ''State and Society in the Dominican Republic'' Pg. 32 (Westview Press: Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford, 1995) An 1884 slump in prices led to a wage freeze, and a subsequent labor shortage was filled by migrant workers from the Leeward Islands—the Virgin Islands, St. Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla, and Antigua (Antigua and Barbuda) (referred to by Dominicans as ''cocolo''s). ''cocolo'' is a corruption of the name of one of the principal islands of origin, Tortola. (Teresita Martinez-Vergne, ''Nation and Citizenship in the Dominican Republic'' Pg. 86 (University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, N.C., 2005)) These English-speaking blacks were often victims of racism, but many remained in the country, finding work as stevedores and in railroad construction and sugar refineries. *British India – became India and Pakistan in 1947 (and Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1971). *British Leeward Islands - British colony between 1833 and 1958. Joined West Indies Federation in 1958. Now divided into the countries of Antigua and Barbuda and St Kitts and Nevis, and the dependencies of Anguilla, Montserrat and British Virgin Islands. *British North America – Some British interests in North America after the territory of the 13 former colonies became recognized as a new independent country, the USA, in 1783 (note: the colonies in question were, at the time of independence, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia (Georgia (U.S. state)); the land of the nominally newly independent territory included a number of Native American nations; also, entities that were already no longer colonies before independence included East Jersey, West Jersey, New Netherlands, New Sweden, and Plymouth Colony.) *de-facto Monaco - Eurozone Monaco is partially participating (Microstates and the European Union) in the EU single market, and also in a de facto customs and currency union with the EU. *de-facto the OECS (Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States) Eastern Caribbean Currency Union with the East Caribbean dollar in the CSME (CARICOM Single Market and Economy) (2006) The states participating in both initiatives are Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. *de-facto Switzerland - Liechtenstein Common market in EFTA (European Free Trade Association), Customs union since 1924, informal Currency union since 1920. Circulation Six of the states using the EC$ are independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British (United Kingdom) overseas territories (Overseas territory): Anguilla and Montserrat. These states are all members of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. The only OECS member not using the East Caribbean dollar as their official currency is the British Virgin Islands. The British Virgin Islands were always problematic for currency purposes due to their proximity to the Danish West Indies which became the US Virgin Islands in 1917. Officially, the British Virgin Islands used to use sterling (Pound sterling), but in practice the situation was a lot more complicated and involved the circulation of Francs WikiPedia:Antigua and Barbuda Commons:Category:Antigua and Barbuda Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda


century starting

of the 20th century. Starting as itinerant traders, they soon worked their way into the social mix. Although Middle Easterners came from a variety of areas, as a group they are usually referred to as Syrians. Afro-Antiguans and Afro-Barbudans were at the bottom. Forced into slavery, Africans started arriving in Antigua and Barbuda in large numbers during the 1670s. Very quickly, they grew into the largest racial ethnic group. Their entry into the local social structure was marked by a profound


work manufacturing

last2 Creswell first3 Charlie last3 Savage date 21 February 2009 accessdate 14 April 2010 (check status 20100312) The twin-island nation's agricultural (agriculture) production is focused on its domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labour (labor (economics)) shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction work. Manufacturing is made up of enclave-type assembly for export, the major products being bedding


quot dance

, of the soul disco band Ecstasy, Passion & Pain. This was followed by a long tenure with the legendary R&B dance disco band Chic (Chic (band)), where he helped create hits such as "Dance Dance Dance (Yowsah, Yowsah, Yowsah)," "Le Freak," and "Good Times". He also performed with members of Chic on "We Are Family" and "He's The Greatest Dancer" by Sister Sledge and "Upside Down" and "I'm Coming Out" by Diana Ross


team representing

The '''West Indies A cricket team''' is a cricket team representing a sporting confederation of the Caribbean countries: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago. The history of the West Indies cricket team began in the 1890s, when the first representative sides were selected to play visiting English

, instead of the US dollar. ''venezuelanalysis'', 7 July 2010, Venezuela Pays for First ALBA Trade with Ecuador in New Regional Currency The '''Leeward Islands cricket team''' is a first class cricket team representing the member countries of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association, a regional association which again is part of the West Indies Cricket Board. Contrary to the normal English definition of the Leeward Islands


design featuring

. *Karnataka Foundation Day (Karnataka Rajyotsava) (Karnataka) The member states of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) recently began issuing passports to a common design (Caribbean Community#Common passport), featuring the CARICOM symbol along with the national symbol and name of the member state, rendered in an CARICOM official language (English, French, Dutch). The member states which use the common design are Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint

Antigua and Barbuda

'''Antigua and Barbuda''' ( ; Spanish (Spanish language) for "ancient" and "bearded") is a twin-island nation lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two major inhabited islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden and York Islands (York Island (Antigua and Barbuda)) and further south, the island of Redonda). The permanent population numbers about 81,800 (at the 2011 Census) and the capital and largest port and city is St. John's (St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda), on Antigua.

Separated by a few nautical miles, Antigua and Barbuda are in the middle of the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 17°N (17th parallel north) of the equator. The country is nicknamed "Land of 365 Beaches" due to the many beaches surrounding the islands. Its governance, language, and culture have all been strongly influenced by the British Empire, of which the country was formerly a part.

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