Angola

What is Angola known for?


largest success

as mounted infantry – like the original dragoons – each soldier being armed with a pistol to fire when on horseback and with an automatic rifle, to use when dismounted. A unit of the same type was being created in Mozambique when the war ended in 1974. The company was initially relatively successful; in the 1620s and 1630s, many trade posts or colonies were established. The largest success for the WIC in its history was the seizure of the Spanish silver fleet, which carried silver from Spanish colonies to Spain, by Piet Heyn (Piet Hein (Netherlands)) in 1628; privateering was at first the most profitable activity. In 1629 the WIC gave permission to a number of investors in New Netherlands to found patroonships. The New Netherland area, which included New Amsterdam, covered parts of present-day New York, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Jersey. Other settlements were established on the Netherlands Antilles, several other Caribbean islands, Suriname and Guyana. In Africa, posts were established on the Gold Coast (Dutch Gold Coast) (now Ghana) and briefly in Angola. It was a neo-feudal system, where patrons were permitted considerable powers to control the overseas colony. In the Americas, fur (North America) and sugar (South America) were the most important trade goods, while African settlements traded slaves—mainly destined for the plantations on the Antilles and Suriname—gold, and ivory. The company was the dominant slave trading entity of the time, and probably in all of history. http: old.antislavery.org breakingthesilence slave_routes slave_routes_netherlands.shtml Elephants are the largest (largest organism) living land animals on Earth today. Commons:Category:Angola Wikipedia:Angola Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola


century providing

of the twentieth century, providing a record of more than two hundred and fifty thousand years of human history. To date, artifacts of Acheulean, Sangoan, Lupemban, Magosian, Wilton (Wilton culture), and Bantu (Bantu peoples) cultures have all been found at the falls. Clark also undertook significant fieldwork in Ethiopia, Somalia, Malawi, Angola, and Niger, some of which led him to collaborate with Louis (Louis Leakey) and Mary Leakey. By its 75th


show crime

and political instability. Its musicians were oppressed by government forces, both during the period of Portuguese colonization (Colonial history of Angola) and after independence (Angolan civil war). Recent career In 2000, Jones cut "The Perfect Crime"(to the show ''Crime Perfeito''), an up-tempo song for Danish TV written by the composer duo Floppy M. aka Jacob Duus & Kåre Jacobsen. Also in 2000, Jones collaborated with rapper Lil' Kim, appearing on the song "Revolution" from her album The Notorious K.I.M.. http: www.artistdirect.com nad store artist album 0,,1023051,00.html A year later, she appeared alongside Tim Curry in ''Wolf Girl'' (also known as ''Blood Moon''), as a transvestite circus performer named Christoph Christine. On 28 May 2002, she performed onstage in Modena, Italy with Italian opera tenor Luciano Pavarotti during his annual ''Pavarotti and Friends'' concert to support the UN refugee agency's programs for Angolan refugees in Zambia. Commons:Category:Angola Wikipedia:Angola Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola


dance style

. Derived directly from Zouk, sung generally in Portuguese (Portuguese language), it is a genre of music with a romantic flow mixed with African rhythm. The kizomba dancing style is also known to be very sensual. ##Lambazouk (Zouk-Lambada#Lambazouk) or Lambada. Lambada dance style (or a variation of it) danced to Zouk music. #Angolan Kizomba, and Cape Verdean cola-zouk (Coladeira#The cola-zouk) dance style. The music was developed directly from zouk. The IMG was quickly noted for its energetic support for international solidarity campaigns concerning Vietnam, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, South Africa, and its support for socialists facing repression in France, Bolivia and Mexico, support for which was organised through the ''Black Dwarf''. ''International'''s May 1969 famous headline "Permanent Revolution Reaches UK" reflected its support for armed self defence against the British state's forces in Northern Ireland in the ''Red Weekly'' and in its propaganda activity. It also supported, in orthodox Trotskyist fashion, the Communist-influenced struggles of the MPLA in Angola, FRELIMO in Mozambique and the ANC (African National Congress) in South Africa despite the complete contempt of the Communist parties for Trotskyists: some opponents nicknamed them 'MIGs', after the Soviet military MiG. In 1971, while on tour with the Ornette Coleman Quartet in Portugal (at the time under a fascist dictatorship), Haden decided to dedicate a performance of his "Song for Che (Che Guevara)" to the anticolonialist revolutionaries in the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique, Angola, and Guinea-Bissau. The following day, he was detained at Lisbon Airport, jailed, and interrogated by the DGS (PIDE#DGS) (the Portuguese secret police). He was promptly released the same day after the intervention of the American cultural attaché, though he was later interviewed by the FBI in the United States about his choice of dedication. Jazz Legend Charlie Haden on His Life, His Music and His Politics. Democracy Now. September 01, 2006 Accessed January 5, 2009. The subspecies ''D. a. modestus'' (Príncipe) together with ''D. a. coracinus'' and ''D. a. atactus'' (Bioko and mainland west and central Africa from Guinea east to western Kenya and south to Angola) is usually split as a separate species, the '''Velvet-mantled Drongo''' ''D. modestus'', (Hartlaub (Gustav Hartlaub), 1849). East Timorese popular musicians include Teo Batiste Ximenes, who grew up in Australia and uses folk rhythms from his homeland in his music Commons:Category:Angola Wikipedia:Angola Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola


range de

webapps figis subservlet species singlemap.xsl&url http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fao.org%3A80%2Ffigis%2Fkimsmaps%2Fspecies%3Fquery%3Dmap%2CsNames%2CcNames%2Clegend%26outformat%3Dxml%26layerid%3D2465%26pan%3DW title Snoek distribution map publisher Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations accessdate May 06, 2011 Bluish-black on top with a silver belly, the snoek grows to over a metre in length. Range De Brazza's monkey ranges across the swamps, bamboo and dry


deep personal

known as Zimbabwe) in 1980. *1640, December 1: a small group of conspirators storms the Palace in Lisbon and deposes the Spanish Governor, the Duchess of Mantua. The Duke of Bragança, head of the senior family of the Portuguese nobility (and descended from a bastard of João I), accepts the throne as Dom '''João IV of Portugal''', despite deep personal reluctance, by popular acclaim and at the urging of his wife. His entire reign will be dominated by the struggle to establish and maintain independence from Spain. Francisco de Lucena, secretary to the governing council of Portugal for the past 36 years and thus the most experienced bureaucrat in the country, smoothly changes his loyalties and becomes chief minister of the restored monarchy. *1641 The Inquisition attempts to derail the national restoration by giving its support to a counter-revolution mounted by a duke, a marquis, three earls and an archbishop. The plot fails, quelled by Francisco de Lucena, who has the ringleaders executed, but it initiates a 28-year-long war of independence against Spain punctuated by frequent internal threats to the stability of the new regime. Meanwhile the Dutch renew their attack on Angola and capture the most extensive Portuguese slaving grounds in Africa, including the Angolan port of Luanda. The Portuguese garrison flees upriver while trying to decide whether to declare continuing loyalty to the Habsburgs, accept Dutch rule or declare for João IV. They choose the House of Bragança and appeal to the Portuguese colony of Brazil for help in fending off African and Dutch attacks on their enclave. Salvador de Sá, leader of Rio de Janeiro, persuaded by the Jesuits in Brazil, also declares for King João and responds to the Angolan appeal. *1644 - Elvas (Elvas Municipality) withstands a nine-day siege by Spanish troops. *January 21, Domingos da Costa e Oliveira becomes Prime Minister (List of Prime Ministers of Portugal). *The ''Acto Colonial'' (Colonial Act) is published, defining the status of Portuguese colonies (Angola, Cabinda (Cabinda (province)), Cape Verde, Portuguese Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Mozambique, Goa, Diu (Daman and Diu), Daman (Daman and Diu) & Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Portuguese Timor (East Timor) and Macau). *The fundamental principles of the new regime are present by António de Oliveira Salazar in the 4th anniversary of the ''28th of May Revolution''. 1961 *February 4, The Portuguese Colonial War starts in Angola with the attacks to the Prison, Police headquarters and Radio central in Luanda. *March 15, Attacks in northern Angola by the UPA (União do Povo Angolano (Union of the Angolan People); Union of the Angolan People), against Portuguese colonists and African populations, provoking hundreds of deaths. *February 4, The Portuguese Colonial War starts in Angola with the attacks to the Prison, Police headquarters and Radio central in Luanda. *March 15, Attacks in northern Angola by the UPA (União do Povo Angolano (Union of the Angolan People); Union of the Angolan People), against Portuguese colonists and African populations, provoking hundreds of deaths. *The Prime Minister António de Oliveira Salazar takes on himself the office of Minister of National Defense and reorganizes the Government to face the war in Africa. The end of the war after the Carnation Revolution military coup of April 1974 in Lisbon resulted in the exodus of hundreds of thousands of Portuguese citizens Portugal Migration, ''The Encyclopedia of the Nations'' plus military personnel of European, African and mixed ethnicity from the newly-independent African territories to Portugal. From May 1974 to the end of the 1970s, over 1 million citizens left these former Portuguese colonies, and would restart their lives predominantly in Portugal, South Africa, North America, the rest of Western Europe and Brazil. Flight from Angola, ''The Economist'' (August 16, 1975). Dismantling the Portuguese Empire, ''Time (Time (magazine))'' magazine (Monday, July 7, 1975). Portugal - Emigration, Eric Solsten, ed. ''Portugal: A Country Study''. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1993. This migration is regarded as one of the largest peaceful migration (Human migration)s in the world's history. António Barreto, ''Portugal: Um Retrato Social'', 2006 Devastating civil wars (List of conflicts in Africa) followed in Angola and Mozambique, which lasted several decades and claimed millions of lives and refugees. The Decolonization of Portuguese Africa: Metropolitan Revolution and the Dissolution of Empire by Norrie MacQueen - Mozambique since Independence: Confronting Leviathan by Margaret Hall, Tom Young - Author of Review: Stuart A. Notholt African Affairs, Vol. 97, No. 387 (Apr., 1998), pp. 276-278, JSTOR The former colonies faced severe problems after independence. Economic and social recession, authoritarianism, lack of democracy and other elemental civil and political rights, corruption (Political corruption), poverty, inequality (Economic inequality) and failed central planning eroded the initial revolutionary fervour. Mark D. Tooley, Praying for Marxism in Africa, FrontPageMagazine.com (Friday, March 13, 2009) Mario de Queiroz, AFRICA-PORTUGAL: Three Decades After Last Colonial Empire Came to an End Tim Butcher, As guerrilla war ends, corruption now bleeds Angola to death, ''The Daily Telegraph'' (30 July 2002) A level of social order and economic development comparable to what had existed under Portuguese rule, including during the period of the Colonial War (1961–1974), became the goal of the independent territories. "Things are going well in Angola. They achieved good progress in their first year of independence. There's been a lot of building and they are developing health facilities. In 1976 they produced 80,000 tons of coffee. Transportation means are also being developed. Currently between 200,000 and 400,000 tons of coffee are still in warehouses. In our talks with Angolan President Agostinho Neto we stressed the absolute necessity of achieving a level of economic development comparable to what had existed under Portuguese colonialism."; "There is also evidence of black racism in Angola. Some are using the hatred against the colonial masters for negative purposes. There are many mulattos and whites in Angola. Unfortunately, racist feelings are spreading very quickly." Fidel Castro Castro 's 1977 southern Africa tour: A report to Honecker (Erich Honecker), CNN In June 1975, after a period of eight months under which Mozambique had been administered by a provisional government, representatives of the Portuguese government and FRELIMO signed an agreement to grant independence to Mozambique, with the president of FRELIMO to assume the presidency of the newly independent nation. This was followed the next month by the announcement of the independence of Cape Verde, and the establishment of a new nation, the R Republic of Cape Verde. In Angola, the Alvor Agreement was signed on January 15, 1975, granting Angola independence from Portugal on 11 November 1975. The Alvor Agreement formally ended the war for independence (Angolan War of Independence). The agreement, while signed by the MPLA, the FNLA, UNITA, and the Portuguese government, was never signed by the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda or the Eastern Revolt as the other parties had excluded them from the peace negotiations. The coalition government established by the Alvor Agreement soon fell apart as the various nationalist parties each attempted to seize power. Unable to broker a new compromise, in November 1975 Portugal's last African High Commissioner Rosa Coutinho (António Alva Rosa Coutinho) simply hauled down his nation's flag and departed Angola for good. *African coastline Sahara breed: Include all coastline of Sahara desert, for Morocco to Guinea. *South Africa jungle breed: Include all South of Africa, like South Africa, Mozambique, Angola, Namibia. Madagascar and Indian islands are exceptions. *Australasia breed: Include west and little of east Australia and Indonesian Borneo. New Zealand, New Guinea and Ocean islands are exceptions. In 1972, Sarah Maldoror had shot her film ''Sambizanga'' about the 1961-1974 war (Portuguese Colonial War) in Angola. Surviving African women of this war are the subject of the Documentary (Documentary film) ''Les oubliées'' (The forgotten), made by Anne-Laure Folly twenty years later. '''Pedro Manuel Torres''' (born 18 March 1982), aka '''Mantorras''', is an Angolan footballer (Association football) who plays for C.D. Primeiro de Agosto as a striker (Forward (association football)). The '''Yellow Mongoose''' (''Cynictis penicillata''), sometimes referred to as the red meerkat, is a small mammal averaging about 1 lb (1 2 kg) in weight and about 20 in (500 mm) in length. A member of the mongoose family, it lives in open country, from semi-desert scrubland to grasslands in Angola, Botswana, South Africa, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. '''Air Gemini''', also known as '''Air Gemini Cargo''', is an airline based in Luanda, Angola, operating chartered (charter flight) passenger and cargo flights into Quatro de Fevereiro Airport on behalf of the local mining industry, as well as services for humanitarian aid missions. Flight International, Directory: World Airlines, p.57, 27 March 2007 Distribution Although it is a large diurnal (diurnality) snake, the distribution of the black mamba is the subject of much confusion in research literature, indicating the poor status of African herpetological (herpetology) zoogeography. Commons:Category:Angola Wikipedia:Angola Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola


team working

, with about 30 million people. It still remained though for these territories to be occupied under the conference's Principle of Effectivity (Berlin Conference#Principle of Effectivity). *Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq destroys six more Al-Samoud 2 missiles, bringing the total destroyed to 10 out of an estimated 100 missiles ordered eliminated by the U.N. The U.S. continues to dismiss Iraq's actions as "part of its game of deception." Iraq indicates that it may halt destruction of the missiles if the U.S. indicates it will go to war anyway. *The British newspaper ''Observer (The Observer)'' publishes what it claims to be a leaked memo from a high-ranking NSA official dated January 31, 2003. In it are orders to spy on the domestic and official communications of the United Nations Security Council members other than the U.S. and the United Kingdom. The memo names "... members Angola, Cameroon, Chile, Bulgaria and Guinea, ..." as candidates for special attention. president Jacques Chirac starts a three-day visit to the former French colony Algeria. It is the first visit of a French president to Algeria at the highest ceremonial level. - Portuguese (Portuguese language) 10 7 1 1 1 1 Brazil, Portugal, Mozambique, Angola. See full list (List of countries where Portuguese is an official language) - In June 2008 he was preaching in South Africa.


famous silver

their bondage and fled into the interior of Brazil to the mountainous region of Pernambuco. As their numbers increased, they formed maroon (Maroon (people)) settlements, called ''mocambos''. Novais arrived in what is now Angola on February 11, 1575. Luanda was born on Cape Island (Portuguese) Attracted by the prospect of the famous silver mines of Cambambe, he established a settlement at São Paulo de Luanda (Luanda), near the island of Luanda. thumb left Queen Nzinga (File:Queen Nzinga 1657.png) in peace negotiations with the Portuguese governor in Luanda, 1657 They also used the Kongo to weaken the neighbour realm of Ndongo, where Queen Nzinga (Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba) put a fierce but eventually doomed resistance to Portuguese and Jagga ambitions. Portugal intervened militarily in these conflicts, creating the basis for their colony of Angola. In 1663, after another conflict, the royal crown of Kongo was sent to Lisbon. Nevertheless, a diminished Kongo Kingdom would still exist until 1885, when the last Manicongo, Pedro V, ceded his almost non-existent domain to Portugal. Later, as part of the UNIKOM force deployed to Kuwait and Saudi Arabia following the Gulf War the Bangladesh Army sent a mechanized infantry battalion (approx. 2,193 personnel). Since then, the Bangladesh Army has been involved in up to thirty different UNPKOs in as many as twenty five countries. Momen, 2006 This has included activities in Angola, Namibia, Cambodia, Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea, Uganda, Rwanda, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Mozambique, former Yugoslavia, Liberia, Haiti, Tajikistan, Western Sahara, Sierra Leone, Kosovo, Georgia, East Timor, Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Côte d'Ivoire and Ethiopia. **''Arsinoitherium giganteum'' - Ethiopia **''Arsinoitherium zitteli'' - Egypt, Libya, Angola, Oman Commons:Category:Angola Wikipedia:Angola Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola


community year

of their race.


related contributions

of information that could give US policymakers an edge in obtaining results favourable to US goals or to head off surprises'. Since returning to Al-Ahly S.C. Al-Ahly

Angola

'''Angola''' ; Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: ''Repubilika ya Ngola''), is a country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh largest country in Africa, and is bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean and Luanda is its capital city. The exclave (Enclave and exclave) province of Cabinda (Cabinda Province) has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Portuguese were present in some – mostly coastal – points of the territory of what is now Angola from the 16th century, interacting in diverse ways with the peoples who lived there. In the 19th century, settlers slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. Angola as a Portuguese colony (Portuguese West Africa) encompassing the present territory was not established until the early 20th century, after the Mbunda (Mbunda people) resistance and abduction of their King, Mwene Mbandu I Lyondthzi Kapova (Mwene Mbandu Kapova I of Mbunda). See René Pélissier: ''Les Guerres grises: Résistance et revoltes en Angola (1845–1941)'', Montamets Orgeval: Éditions Pélissier, 1977 Independence was achieved in 1975, after a protracted liberation war (Angolan War of Independence). After independence, Angola descended into an intense civil war from 1975 to 2002 (Angolan Civil War). Despite the civil war, areas such as Baixa de Cassanje continue a lineage of kings which have included the former King Kambamba Kulaxingo and current King Dianhenga Aspirante Mjinji Kulaxingo.

Angola has vast mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy has on average grown at a double-digit pace since the 1990s, especially following the end of the civil war. In spite of this, standards of living remain low for the majority of the population, and life expectancy and infant mortality rates (infant mortality) in Angola are among the worst in the world. Angola is considered to be economically disparate, with the majority of the nation's wealth concentrated (wealth concentration) in a disproportionately small sector of the population.

Angola is a member state of the United Nations, OPEC, African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union and the Southern African Development Community.

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