Ambon, Maluku

What is Ambon, Maluku known for?


strong political

and Harper (2007), p. 171 While he planned to grant independence to Indonesia, he advocated a federal (Federal republic) Republic of the United States of Indonesia with strong political and economic ties to the Netherlands. He regarded Sukarno's Republic as economically inept and unable to ward off the Indonesian Chinese, Indonesian Indians and the rising Indonesian Communist Party. Kahin (2003), p. 27 In July 1622 De


diversity quot

;ref and although predominantly Muslim the country also has large Christian and Hindu populations. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka tunggal ika" ("Unity in Diversity" lit. "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Due to migration within Indonesia


international social

as its major cities were built during the colonial period. Page, Melvin and Sonnenburg, Penny ''Colonialism: an international social, cultural, and political encyclopedia.'' (publisher: ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, ca, usa, 2003) P.716 images see the website of the 'Royal Institute of language, geography and ethnology' (KITLV): Many of Indonesia’s main cities were mere rural townships before colonial industrialization and urban development. Page, Melvin and Sonnenburg, Penny ''Colonialism: an international social, cultural, and political encyclopedia.'' (publisher: ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, ca, usa, 2003) P.215, 716 Examples on Java include the capital Jakarta and Bandung, outside Java examples include Ambon, Maluku Ambon and Menado city. Most main railroads and rail stations on Java as well as the main road, called Daendels Great Post Road (Dutch: Grote Postweg) Daendels (1762-1818), a pro-French Governor-General, originally named the road: ''La Grand Route''. In Indonesian it is called ''Jalan Raya Pos''. A documentary narrated by Indonesian author Pramoedya Ananta Toer was made about the road in 1996. See: after the Governor General commissioning the work, connecting west to east Java were also build during the Dutch East Indies era. The support from the CIA to the Permesta rebels came in the form of 15 B-26 bombers which formed the rebel airforce AUREV (Angkatan Udara Revolusioner) based on Manado airfield, large amounts of weapons and equipment, unlimited source of money, plus an international cast of CIA agents and mercenaries from Philippines , Taiwan, and Poland. Emboldened by the CIA aid, the rebels began a series of airstrikes against cities in Sulawesi and Maluku (Maluku Islands) held by central government. The cities bombed by the rebel planes, piloted by CIA agents, included Balikpapan, Makassar, and Ambon (Ambon, Maluku). On 15 May 1958, rebel planes bombed the marketplace of Ambon, killing large numbers of civilians attending Ascension (Ascension of Jesus Christ) Sunday services. *'''Indonesia''' **Ambon (Ambon, Maluku) - Pattimura Airport **Balikpapan - Sepinggan International Airport **'''Papua (Western New Guinea) and Maluku (Maluku Islands)''' ***Ambon (Ambon, Maluku) - Pattimura Airport ***Babo (Babo, West Papua) - Babo Airport In its early years Mandala Airlines operated flights between Jakarta and destinations in eastern Indonesia, such as Ambon (Ambon, Maluku), Gorontalo (Gorontalo (city)), Kendari, Makassar and Manado. In 1972 Mandala took over Seulawah Air Service (another military-owned airline), which flew to cities in western Indonesia, such as Banda Aceh, Banjarmasin, Medan, Padang (Padang, Indonesia), Palembang, Pekanbaru and Pontianak (Pontianak, Indonesia), giving the airline a national coverage. valign "top" *Ambon (Ambon, Maluku) (Pattimura Airport) *Banda Aceh (Sultan Iskandarmuda Airport) Brief history In the 16th century the Portuguese sailed east to Asia and eventually captured Malacca in 1511. They came for the spices, but Catholic missionaries soon arrived in the region, most notably Francis Xavier who worked in Ambon (Ambon, Maluku), Ternate and Morotai (Halmahera) in 1546–1547. Dominican missionaries also made many converts in Solor. With the expulsion of Portugal from Ternate in 1574, many Catholics in the northern Moluccas were killed or converted to Islam. Ambon was conquered and occupied by the Dutch East India Company in 1605. Subsequently the Catholics were forced to convert to Protestantism. The same happened in Manado and the islands of Sangihe-Talaud. In 1613 Solor also fell to the Dutch, and Catholic mission activity was reduced in Flores and Timor, which were still under Portuguese administration. Robert Cribb, ''Historical Atlas of Indonesia'' (2000:48) **WIT is observed in: ***Maluku Islands including major cities such as: Ambon, Maluku, Ternate City, and Tidore. ***All provinces in West Papua (West Papua (province)) including major cities such as: Jayapura, Biak, and Merauke.


books year

the Garuda Brigade in suppressing a rebellion of largely Ambonese (Ambon, Maluku) colonial-trained supporters of the Dutch-established State of East Indonesia and its federal entity the United States of Indonesia. During his year in Makassar, Suharto became acquainted with his neighbours the Habibie family

, whose eldest son BJ Habibie (Jusuf Habibie) would later become Suharto's vice-president and went on to succeed him as President. In 1951, Suharto led his troops in a blocking campaign against the Islamic-inspired rebellion of Battalion 426 in Central Java before it was broken by the 'Banteng (Wild Buffalo) Raiders' led by Ahmad Yani.


actions de

beatings and floggings, to flee to the uninhabited island of Juan Fernández (Juan Fernández Islands). Until October the fleet attacked Spanish shipping and settlements; during one of the actions De With was wounded by a musket bullet. Then it crossed the Pacific, sailing via the Mariana Islands to the Indies. Reaching Ternate in the Spice Islands (Maluku Islands) on 5 March 1625, De With himself on request of the governor of Ambon (Ambon, Maluku) in a punitive action laid waste to island, destroying by his own count 90,000 clove trees of the inhabitants, to increase the price of this commodity. He departed for the Republic on 6 February 1626, after the death of Schapenham, as Vice-Admiral (in service of the Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie) of a Spice Fleet of four ships, then worth five million guilders. He returned on 22 September 1626, thus having circumnavigated the globe, a feat in which he took much personal pride. On his return he learned that his mother and sister had died; he remained on shore for one and a half years. The main city and capital of Maluku province is Ambon (Ambon, Maluku) on the small Ambon Island. The province has a population of Brief history In the 16th century the Portuguese sailed east to Asia and eventually captured Malacca in 1511. They came for the spices, but Catholic missionaries soon arrived in the region, most notably Francis Xavier who worked in Ambon (Ambon, Maluku), Ternate and Morotai (Halmahera) in 1546–1547. Dominican missionaries also made many converts in Solor. With the expulsion of Portugal from Ternate in 1574, many Catholics in the northern Moluccas were killed or converted to Islam. Ambon was conquered and occupied by the Dutch East India Company in 1605. Subsequently the Catholics were forced to convert to Protestantism. The same happened in Manado and the islands of Sangihe-Talaud. In 1613 Solor also fell to the Dutch, and Catholic mission activity was reduced in Flores and Timor, which were still under Portuguese administration. Robert Cribb, ''Historical Atlas of Indonesia'' (2000:48) **WIT is observed in: ***Maluku Islands including major cities such as: Ambon, Maluku, Ternate City, and Tidore. ***All provinces in West Papua (West Papua (province)) including major cities such as: Jayapura, Biak, and Merauke.


128

population_density_sq_mi population_metro population_density_metro_km2 population_density_metro_sq_mi population_urban population_density_urban_km2 population_density_urban_mi2 kecamatan 5 kelurahan zona WIT (Time in Indonesia) zona_utc +9 timezone_DST utc_offset_DST latd 3 latm 42 lats latNS S longd 128 longm 10 longs longEW E

p 122 On 15 May a CIA B-26 attacked a small ship, the ''Naiko'', in Ambon Bay. and setting the ship on fire.

p 129 The B-26 then attacked Ambon city, aiming for the barracks. Its first bomb missed and exploded in a market-place next door. On 18 May Pope attacked Ambon again. First he raided the airstrip again


136

, destroying the C-47 and P-51 that he had damaged on 7 May. Pope's capture immediately exposed the level of CIA support for the Permesta rebellion. Embarrassed


title religious

Brief history In the 16th century the Portuguese sailed east to Asia and eventually captured Malacca in 1511. They came for the spices, but Catholic missionaries soon arrived in the region, most notably Francis Xavier who worked in Ambon (Ambon, Maluku), Ternate and Morotai (Halmahera) in 1546–1547. Dominican missionaries also made many converts in Solor. With the expulsion of Portugal from Ternate in 1574, many Catholics in the northern Moluccas were killed or converted to Islam. Ambon was conquered and occupied by the Dutch East India Company in 1605. Subsequently the Catholics were forced to convert to Protestantism. The same happened in Manado and the islands of Sangihe-Talaud. In 1613 Solor also fell to the Dutch, and Catholic mission activity was reduced in Flores and Timor, which were still under Portuguese administration. Robert Cribb, ''Historical Atlas of Indonesia'' (2000:48) **WIT is observed in: ***Maluku Islands including major cities such as: Ambon, Maluku, Ternate City, and Tidore. ***All provinces in West Papua (West Papua (province)) including major cities such as: Jayapura, Biak, and Merauke.


growing influence

the Jakarta government. They were joined by many civilian politicians from the Masyumi Party, such as Sjafruddin Prawiranegara who were opposed to growing influence of communists. Due to their anti-communist rhetoric, the rebels received monetary, weaponry, and manpower aid from the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) until Allen Lawrence Pope, an American pilot, was shot down after a bombing raid on government-held Ambon (Ambon, Maluku) on April 1958. On April 1958, central government


wit

population_density_sq_mi population_metro population_density_metro_km2 population_density_metro_sq_mi population_urban population_density_urban_km2 population_density_urban_mi2 kecamatan 5 kelurahan zona WIT (Time in Indonesia) zona_utc +9 timezone_DST utc_offset_DST latd 3 latm 42 lats latNS S longd 128 longm 10 longs longEW E

Solor also fell to the Dutch, and Catholic mission activity was reduced in Flores and Timor, which were still under Portuguese administration. Robert Cribb, ''Historical Atlas of Indonesia'' (2000:48) **WIT is observed in: ***Maluku Islands including major cities such as: Ambon, Maluku, Ternate City, and Tidore. ***All provinces in West Papua (West Papua (province)) including major cities such as: Jayapura, Biak, and Merauke.

Ambon, Maluku

thumbnail (File:Ambon and Lease Islands (Uliasers) en.png) '''Ambon''' (2010 pop. 330,335 ) is the main city and seaport of Ambon Island, and is the capital of Maluku (Maluku (province)) province of Indonesia. It is one of the largest cities in eastern Indonesia. Ambon has an airport (Pattimura Airport), and is home to the state-owned Pattimura University, a state university, and the Indonesian Christian University of Maluku (UKIM), a private Protestant university, though both were seriously damaged during the violence in 2000–2002.

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