. lat long directions Near Small Sporting Tram station phone tollfree fax hours price content Free wi-fi, although you should buy at least a token coffee so as not to piss off the staff. Food and drink is mostly Western but reasonably-priced for a traveler (typically 15-25 LE for food, 5-15 for drinks). Smoothies are particularly good. *
system. The sounds are based on ancient Greek models (ancient Greek music). Institute For Research On Music And Acoustics The sound system of Byzantine music, is based on ancient Greek models. The tradition of eastern liturgical chant, encompassing the Greek (Greek language)-speaking world, developed in the Byzantine Empire from the establishment of its capital, Constantinople, in 330 until fall
Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية
of eastern liturgical chant, encompassing the Greek (Greek language)-speaking world, developed in the Byzantine Empire from the establishment of its capital, Constantinople, in 330 until its fall (fall of Constantinople) in 1453. It is undeniably of composite origin, drawing on the artistic and technical productions of the classical Greek age, on Jewish music (History of religious Jewish music), and inspired by the monophonic (monophony) vocal music that evolved in the early (Greek) Christian cities of Alexandria, Antioch and Ephesus (see also Early Christian music (Church music#Early Christian music)). In his lexicographical discussion of instruments, the Persian (Persian people) geographer Ibn Khurradadhbih (Ibn Khordadbeh) (d. 911) cited the lūrā (bowed lyra (Byzantine lyra)) as a typical instrument of the Byzantines along with the ''urghun'' (organ (Organ (music))), ''shilyani'' (probably a type of harp or lyre), and the ''salandj'' (probably a bagpipe). Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية
be reduced merely to the level of "personality clashes" or "political antagonisms". According to McGuckin, Cyril viewed the "elevated intellectual intellectual argument about christology" as ultimately one and the same as the "validity and security of the simple Christian life". McGuckin, pp. 19-21 *Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah – was Commander in Chief of the Rashidun army and the areas of Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine
there. Berbers (Berber people) of Pentapolis (Pentapolis (North Africa)) rose against the cities around Alexandria. As the people were getting ready to face the Berbers (Berber people), the Roman governor decided to secretly take the body of Saint Menas with him to be his deliverer and his strong protector. Through the saint's blessings, the governor overcame the Berbers (Berber people) and returned victorious. However, he decided not to return the body to its original place and wanted to take
the cities around Alexandria. As the people were getting ready to face the Berbers (Berber people), the Roman governor decided to secretly take the body of Saint Menas with him to be his deliverer and his strong protector. Through the saint's blessings, the governor overcame the Berbers (Berber people) and returned victorious. However, he decided not to return the body to its original place and wanted to take it to Alexandria. On the way back, as they passed by Lake Mariout
(1898–1899). But two difficulties face the would-be excavator in Alexandria: lack of space for excavation and the underwater location of some areas of interest. thumb 260px Scale replica of the destroyed Alexandrine Pharos Lighthouse in Borg el Arab, Alex (File:Alexandrine Pharos Lighthouse.jpg) Since the great and growing modern city stands immediately over the ancient one, it is almost impossible to find any considerable space in which to dig, except at enormous cost. Cleopatra VII's
. Druze survivors "were found principally in southern Lebanon and Syria." In 1038, two years after the death of al-Zahir, the Druze movement was able to resume because the new leadership that replaced him had friendly political ties with at least one prominent Druze leader. The majority view tends This is what the scholar A. H. Armstrong wrote as a footnote in his translation of Plotinus' Enneads in the tract named against the Gnostics. Footnote from Page 264 1. From this point to the end of ch.12 Plotinus is attacking a Gnostic myth known to us best at present in the form it took in the system of Valentinus. The Mother, Sophia-Achamoth, produced as a result of the complicated sequence of events which followed the fall of the higher Sophia, and her offspring the Demiurge, the inferier and ignorant maker of the material universe, are Valentinian figures: cp. Irenaeus, ''Adversus haereses (On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis)'' 1.4 and 5. Valentinius had been in Rome, and there is nothing improbable in the presence of Valentinians there in the time of Plotinus. But the evidence in the Life ch.16 suggests that the Gnostics in Plotinus's circle belonged rather to the other group called Sethians on Archonties, related to the Ophites or Barbelognostics: they probably called themselves simply "Gnostics." Gnostic sects borrowed freely from each other, and it is likely that Valentinius took some of his ideas about Sophia from older Gnostic sources, and that his ideas in turn influenced other Gnostics. The probably Sethian Gnostic library discovered at Nag Hammadi included Valentinian treatise: ep. Puech, Le pp. 162-163 and 179-180. to understand Plotinus' opponents as being a Gnostic sect—certainly (specifically Sethian (Neoplatonism and Gnosticism)), several such groups were present in Alexandria and elsewhere about the Mediterranean during Plotinus' lifetime. Also, several of his criticisms bear specific similarity to Gnostic doctrine (Plotinus pointing to the gnostic doctrine of Sophia and her emission of the Demiurge is most notable among these similarities). The word ''Diophantine'' refers to the Hellenistic (Hellenistic civilization) mathematician of the 3rd century, Diophantus of Alexandria, who made a study of such equations and was one of the first mathematicians to introduce symbolism (mathematical symbol) into algebra. The mathematical study of Diophantine problems Diophantus initiated is now called "Diophantine analysis". A linear Diophantine equation is an equation between two sums of monomials of degree zero or one. '''Diophantus of Alexandria''' ( Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية
by two religious experts. One of the experts was one of the Eumolpidae, the ancient family from whose members the hierophant of the Eleusinian Mysteries had been chosen since before history, and the other was the scholarly Egyptian priest Manetho, which gave weight to the judgement both for the Egyptians and the Greeks. '''Buto''' ( , ''Boutos
was of the Eumolpidae, the ancient family from whose members the hierophant of the Eleusinian Mysteries had been chosen since before history, and the other was the scholarly Egyptian priest Manetho, which gave weight to the judgement both for the Egyptians and the Greeks. With his (i.e. Osiris's) wife Isis, and their son Horus (in the form of Harpocrates), Serapis won an important place in the Greek world, In his ''Description of Greece'', Pausanias notes two
, on Aristarchus' recension of Homer; Aristonicus (Aristonicus of Alexandria) (fl. (floruit) 24 BCE) on Aristarchus' critical marks; Herodian (Aelius Herodianus) (fl. 160 CE) on accents; and Nicanor (Nicanor Stigmatias) (fl. 127 CE) on punctuation. Among the A scholia, one series is written in the usual way, on a margin reserved for the purpose; another consists of brief scholia written in very small characters (but of the same period) on the narrow space left vacant round the text. Occasionally a scholion of this kind gives the substance of one of the longer extracts, but as a rule they are distinct. It therefore seems that after the manuscript was finished the marginal scholia were discovered to be extremely defective, and a new series of extracts was added in a form which interfered as little as possible with the appearance of the book. The existence of two groups of the Venetian scholia was first noticed by Jacob La Roche, and they were first distinguished in Dindorf (Karl Wilhelm Dindorf)'s edition. Critical editions of Homer discuss three special steps in this process. First is the hypothetical "Peisistratean recension". There is a long-standing, but somewhat old-fashioned, tradition in modern scholarship which holds that in the mid-6th century BCE the Athenian (Athens) tyrant Peisistratus (Peisistratos (Athens)) had the Homeric epics compiled in a definitive edition. It is known that under Peisistratus, and later, rhapsodes competed in performing Homer at the Panathenaic festival (Panathenaia); and a scholion on ''Iliad'' 10.1 accuses Peisistratus of inserting book 10 into the ''Iliad''. Schol. T on ''Il''. 10.1: "They say that this episode was composed by Homer privately, and not to be part of the ''Iliad''; but that it was inserted into the poem by Peisistratus." Book 10, often known as the ''Doloneia'', is still the most widely rejected part of the Homeric epics. But there is little evidence for a Peisistratean recension, and most present-day scholars doubt its existence; at the very least it is disputed what is to be understood by the term "recension". See e.g. G. Nagy (1996), ''Poetry as Performance'' (Cambridge), pp. 115-27 on the meaning of the Greek words for "edition", Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية
thumb 260px Residential neighborhood in Alexandria (File:Kafr Abdou, Alexandria, Egypt.jpg) thumb right 260px Skyline from Montaza (File:View from Montaza.jpg) thumb right 260px Yachting club in Montaza (File:Alexandria yacht club.jpg) '''Alexandria''' ( ; accessdate 24 September 2014 publisher Collins Dictionary date n.d. ''' along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part (north coast of Egypt) of the country. It is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. Alexandria is Egypt's largest seaport, serving approximately 80% of Egypt's imports and exports. It is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipeline (Pipeline transport)s from Suez. Alexandria is also an important tourist resort.
Alexandria was founded around a small Ancient Egyptian town ''c.'' 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It became an important center of the Hellenistic civilization and remained the capital of Hellenistic (Ptolemaic Kingdom) and Roman & Byzantine Egypt (Egypt (Roman province)) for almost 1000 years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (later absorbed into Cairo). Hellenistic Alexandria was best known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (''Pharos''), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its Great Library (the largest in the ancient world; now replaced by a modern one (Bibliotheca Alexandrina)); and the Necropolis (Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa), one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages (Wonders of the Middle Ages). Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty.
From the late 18th century, Alexandria became a major center of the international shipping industry and one of the most important trading centers in the world, both because it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, and the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton. Alexandria was the second most powerful city of the ancient world after Rome.