Al Karak

What is Al Karak known for?


agricultural production

. Today, Dhiban is approximately 15000 members strong, with many working in the army, government agencies, or in seasonal agricultural production. A number of young people study in nearby universities in Karak (Al Karak), Madaba, and Amman. Most inhabitants practice Islam. birth_place Ma'an, Jordan death_place Al Karak, Jordan serviceyears 1932 – 1981 Field Marshal '''Habis al-Majali''' (Arabic (Arabic language): حابس المجالي; ‎ 1914


agricultural projects

agricultural projects such as the planting of 5,000 grape vines at Madeba. One estimate of the population of the town and the surrounding area at this time gives a total of 10,000. Of these 2,000 were Orthodox Christians (Greek Orthodox) whose Church, St George, had been built in 1849. The Latin Mission was established in 1874 and in 1886 Al Majali gave permission to the English Mission (Church Missionary Society) to work in the town. Hill, Gray (1896) ''PEF Quarterly Report'', page 24. The town's Orthodox school had 120 boys and 60 girls. The same source notes that the town's Mufti had been educated in Hebron and al Azhar, Cairo, and that there was a newly built mosque. Dowling, page 329. Merchants from Damascus came to the town twice each year. Hill, page 24. Who also notes that in 1896 there were three Jews living in the town. Following the San Remo conference, 1920, Great Britain was given a mandate to govern the area. The newly appointed High Commissioner in Jerusalem, Herbert Samuel, sent several officials east of the River Jordan to create a local administration. Major Alec Kirkbride was based in Al Karak with a small detachment of policemen. He established what he named ''The National Government of Moab'' with himself as president. In January 1921 Emir Abdullah Hussein (Abdullah I of Jordan) began assembling an army in Ma'an and announced his intention to attack the French (France) in Syria. After a brief consultation with his superiors Kirkbride's government welcomed the arrival of the Emir. At the Cairo conference (Cairo Conference (1921)), March 1921, Abdullah was recognised by the British as ruler of Emirate of Transjordan. Sykes, Christopher (1965) ''Cross Roads to Israel: Palestine from Balfour to Bevin.'' New English Library Edition (pb) 1967. Pages 52,53. In the 1920s, Karak had a population of 8,000 and had the third largest urban population (after Amman and Salt (Salt, Jordan) with 20,000 each) in Transjordan (Emirate of Transjordan). Encyclopaedia Britannica (1929), Volume 22. Page 414. In August 1996, there were food riots in the town after the government increased the price of bread. Mannheim, Ivan (2000) '' Jordan Handbook.'' Footprint Handbooks. ISBN 1-900949-69-5. Page 227. Demographics Karak's metropolitan population was estimated to be 68,800 in 2013, making up 31.5% of the total population of the Karak Governorate. Most of the population of the city are Muslims (75%) and there is also a significant Christian population (25%). In general, the percentage of Christians in Karak is among the highest in Jordan. ) is one of the governorates of Jordan, located south-west of Amman, Jordan's capital. Its capital is Al Karak. It borders Madaba (Madaba Governorate) and the Capital (Amman Governorate) Governorates to the north, Ma'an Governorate from the east, Tafilah Governorate from the south, and the Dead Sea form the west. - align center style "background:#f0f0f0;" 1 align left '''Capital Department (Al-Qasabah)''' style "background:#f0f0f0;" لواء قصبة الكرك align left includes the city of Al Karak and 35 other towns and villages style "background:#f0f0f0;" 64,850 Al Karak - '''Kerak Castle''' is a large crusader castle (crusader castles) located in Kerak (Al Karak) in Jordan. It is one of the largest crusader castles in the Levant. Construction of the castle began in the 1140s, under Pagan (Pagan the Butler), Fulk of Jerusalem's butler. The Crusaders called it ''Crac des Moabites'' or "Karak in Moab", as it is frequently referred to in history books. Kerak should not be confused with Krak des Chevaliers. thumb left 250px The Upper court (File:Karak Castle 01.jpg)


important discovery

Roman (Byzantine (Byzantine Empire)) Empire. The most important discovery on the site was the mosaic floor of the Church of St Stephen. It was made in 785 (discovered after 1986). The perfectly preserved mosaic floor is the largest one in Jordan. On the central panel, hunting and fishing scenes are depicted, while another panel illustrates the most important cities of the region including Philadelphia (Amman), Madaba, Esbounta (Heshbon), Belemounta (Ma'an), Areopolis (Ar-Rabba), Charac Moaba (Karak (Al Karak)), Jerusalem, Nablus, Caesarea, and Gaza. The frame of the mosaic is especially decorative. Six mosaic masters signed the work: Staurachios from Esbus, Euremios, Elias, Constantinus, Germanus, and Abdela. It overlays another, damaged, mosaic floor of the earlier (587) Church of Bishop Sergius. Another four churches were excavated nearby with traces of mosaic decoration. thumb 220px right The Kerak Kerak crusader castle (File:Kerak BW 2.JPG) in Al Karak is one of the largest castles in the Levant region '''Karak'''( ) is one of the governorates of Jordan, located south-west of Amman, Jordan's capital. Its capital is Al Karak. It borders Madaba (Madaba Governorate) and the Capital (Amman Governorate) Governorates to the north, Ma'an Governorate from the east, Tafilah Governorate from the south, and the Dead Sea form the west. - align center style "background:#f0f0f0;" 1 align left '''Capital Department (Al-Qasabah)''' style "background:#f0f0f0;" لواء قصبة الكرك align left includes the city of Al Karak and 35 other towns and villages style "background:#f0f0f0;" 64,850 Al Karak - '''Kerak Castle''' is a large crusader castle (crusader castles) located in Kerak (Al Karak) in Jordan. It is one of the largest crusader castles in the Levant. Construction of the castle began in the 1140s, under Pagan (Pagan the Butler), Fulk of Jerusalem's butler. The Crusaders called it ''Crac des Moabites'' or "Karak in Moab", as it is frequently referred to in history books. Kerak should not be confused with Krak des Chevaliers. thumb left 250px The Upper court (File:Karak Castle 01.jpg)


bliss

of Ibn al-Quff, an Arab physician and surgeon and author of the earliest medieval Arabic treatise intended solely for surgeons. Modern history Al Karak is dominated by four major tribes known as the Al-Ghassasinah (Ghassanids) tribe, the ''Al Majali'' (Majali) tribe, who originally came from Hebron, Bliss, Frederick James (Frederick J. Bliss) (1895) ''Palestine Exploration Fund Quarterly Report''. Page 217. the Tarawneh tribe and the ''Saraieh'' tribe

Deserta. Cambridge University Press. Jonathan Cape edition (1936) page 65. In 1893 the Sublime Porte Abdul Hamid II established the sub-province of Ma'an, with a resident governor (''Mutasarif'') in Karak, under the Wāli of Syria (Vilayet of Syria) based in Damascus. Bliss, page 203. One of the first governors, 1895, was Hussein Helmy Bey Effendi, aged 40, formerly the General Secretary at Damascus. He ruled with a garrison of 1,200 troops, in 3

regiments, mostly conscripts from West of the River Jordan doing their three years of military service. There were also 200 Circassian (Circassians) cavalry. Bliss, page 220. Dowling page 329. One of his achievements was the disarming of the local population. He also established a Military Hospital with a Jewish doctor; enforced the regulation of coinage and weights and measures; introduced a weekly postal service to Jerusalem, Damascus and Ma'an; and set up


292

title Nationalist Voices in Jordan: The Street and the State location publisher University of Texas Press year 2005 isbn 978-0-292-70625-5 Several people expressed their support for Ba'athist ideology at this meetings, but the regional branch itself was not formed until 1951 in Al Karak by a group of teachers. A clinic owned by Abd al-Rahman Shuqyar became a meeting place for Ba'athist in the organisations early days. In the West Bank the party

isbn 978-0-292-70625-5 An arrangement was made where al-Adil was to administer Aleppo in the name of Saladin's son al-Afdal (al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din), while Egypt was given to Taqi al-Din Umar who would hold it in the name of Saladin's other son Uthman (al-Aziz Uthman). When the two sons were to come of age they would assume power in the two territories, but if any died, one of Saladin's brothers would take their place. Lyons and Jackson, 1984, p.221. ref


achievements

regiments, mostly conscripts from West of the River Jordan doing their three years of military service. There were also 200 Circassian (Circassians) cavalry. Bliss, page 220. Dowling page 329. One of his achievements was the disarming of the local population. He also established a Military Hospital with a Jewish doctor; enforced the regulation of coinage and weights and measures; introduced a weekly postal service to Jerusalem, Damascus and Ma'an; and set up


652

in 1188, after a siege that lasted more than a year. Runciman. Page 468. "after the last horse had been eaten." Saladin's younger brother, Al-Adil was governor of the district until becoming ruler of Egypt and Syria in 1199. Hitti. Page 652. The castle played an important role as a place of exile and a power base several times during the Mamluk sultanate (Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)). Its significance lay in its control over the caravan


world amp

. It is still a titular see of the Catholic Church. On 14 January, the 2011 Jordanian protests began in Jordan's capital Amman, and at Ma'an, Al Karak, Salt (Salt, Jordan) and Irbid, and other cities. The Jordanian government reversed fuel price rise following the protest.


468

in 1188, after a siege that lasted more than a year. Runciman. Page 468. "after the last horse had been eaten." Saladin's younger brother, Al-Adil was governor of the district until becoming ruler of Egypt and Syria in 1199. Hitti. Page 652. The castle played an important role as a place of exile and a power base several times during the Mamluk sultanate (Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)). Its significance lay in its control over the caravan


328

, who in turn had replaced the once dominant ''El 'Ahmer''. Dowling, Rev. Theodore E. (Theodore Edward Dowling) ''PEF Quarterly Report'' (1896) Pages 328, 329. Records the Mujely being "unreasonable in there treatment" of visitors in 1817 (Irby and Mangles), 1851 (De Saulcy), 1872 (Canon Tristram) and 1893 (Mr and Mrs Gray Hill). The Ghassanid tribe is believed to be the first to inhabit the site of modern al-Karak. The tribe consists

Al Karak

'''Al Karak''' ( ), also known as just '''Karak''' or '''Kerak''', is a city in Jordan known for its Crusader castle, the Kerak Castle. The castle is one of the three largest castles in the region, the other two being in Syria. Karak is the capital city of the Karak Governorate.

Karak lies has been built up around the castle and it has buildings from the 19th-century Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) period. The town is built on a triangular plateau, with the castle at its narrow southern tip.

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