Aiud

What is Aiud known for?


Prison

timezone EET (Eastern European Time) utc_offset +2 timezone_DST Eastern European

). Notorious penal facilities of the time included the Danube-Black Sea Canal, Sighet (Sighet prison), Gherla (Gherla prison), Aiud, Piteşti (Piteşti prison), and Râmnicu Sărat; another method of punishment was deportation to the inhospitable Bărăgan Plain (Bărăgan deportations). Cioroianu, ''Pe umerii...'', p.300-319; Frunză, p.394-399 Stăniloae was ordained a deacon on October 8, 1931

force of Communist Romania. on September 5. While in Aiud prison, his only surviving child, Lidia, gives birth to his grandchild, Dumitru Horia. Lidia is asked to leave the University of Bucharest's Faculty of Physics because of the arrest of her father. Stăniloae is freed from prison in 1963 and begins work as a functionary at the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, and begins teaching again in October. He is invited to conferences in Freiburg and Heidelberg


military character

moving from the Middle Danube region into Transylvania before the middle of the 10th century. The eight archaeological sites that are attributed to the Magyar conquerors are mainly men’s graves with strong military character, and they all are situated in western Transylvania, for example at Cluj (Cluj-Napoca), Gâmbaş (Aiud), and Deva (Deva, Romania). Kristó 2003, pp. 50-51. Until the mid 10th century, the Magyars were under constant threat of Pecheneg attack; therefore, they built a double defensive line on both the western and eastern side of the Apuseni Mountains and the Banat Mountains. Kristó 2003, p. 52. Anything east of the double defensive line as far as the dwelling area of the Pechenegs was considered a marcher region (marches). Place names adopted by the Magyars in Transylvania suggest that the region had been inhabited by people mostly of Slavic tongue before the Magyars settled there. Kristó 2003, p. 36-38., 102. Wikipedia:Aiud Commons:Aiud


numerous people

"Baker 1972" The existing prisons were filled with political prisoners, and a new system of forced labor camps and prisons was created, modeled after the Soviet Gulag. A futile project to dig the Danube-Black Sea Canal served as a pretext for the erection of several labor camps, where numerous people died. Some of the most notorious prisons included Sighet, Gherla, Piteşti and Aiud, and forced labor camps were set up at lead mines and in the Danube Delta


defensive line

of Pecheneg attack; therefore, they built a double defensive line on both the western and eastern side of the Apuseni Mountains and the Banat Mountains. Kristó 2003, p. 52. Anything east of the double defensive line as far as the dwelling area of the Pechenegs was considered a marcher region (marches). Place names adopted by the Magyars in Transylvania suggest that the region had been inhabited by people mostly of Slavic


chair

pressure Petru Groza First communist Premier of Romania. to resign as rector of the Theological Academy in Sibiu. He remained a professor until 1947, when he was transferred to the University of Bucharest's Faculty of Theology, as the Ascetics and Mystics chair. Due to political unrest in Romania in 1958 following a split in the Romanian Communist Party, Stăniloae was arrested by the ''Securitate''. Political police

: bodrogeni.ro email info@bodrogeni.ro address Poiana Aiudului 115 lat long directions A bit outside the city phone +40 722249803 tollfree fax +40 258868311 hours price 28 euro checkin checkout content A nice 7 room Pension with both rustic and modern rooms all with hot showers and TV's. Saloon bar on site and a nice garden with a rocking chair to enjoy the views and a ping pong table. Internet and bike rental available Connect Go next Wikipedia:Aiud Commons:Aiud


strong military

moving from the Middle Danube region into Transylvania before the middle of the 10th century. The eight archaeological sites that are attributed to the Magyar conquerors are mainly men’s graves with strong military character, and they all are situated in western Transylvania, for example at Cluj (Cluj-Napoca), Gâmbaş (Aiud), and Deva (Deva, Romania). Kristó 2003, pp. 50-51. Until the mid 10th century, the Magyars were under constant threat of Pecheneg attack; therefore, they built a double defensive line on both the western and eastern side of the Apuseni Mountains and the Banat Mountains. Kristó 2003, p. 52. Anything east of the double defensive line as far as the dwelling area of the Pechenegs was considered a marcher region (marches). Place names adopted by the Magyars in Transylvania suggest that the region had been inhabited by people mostly of Slavic tongue before the Magyars settled there. Kristó 2003, p. 36-38., 102. Wikipedia:Aiud Commons:Aiud


agricultural high

operate in the municipality: * "Titu Maiorescu" College (605 students; 46 staff) * "Bethlen Gabor" College (1011 students; 81 staff) * "Avram Iancu" High School (505 students; 37 staff) * "Alexandru Borza" Agricultural High School (487 students; 51 staff) * General School 1 (1306 students; 63 staff) * General School 2 (189 students; 13 staff) * General School 3 (1089 students; 58 staff) * Pre-school centre with extended hours No. 1 (41 students; 5 staff


quot high

operate in the municipality: * "Titu Maiorescu" College (605 students; 46 staff) * "Bethlen Gabor" College (1011 students; 81 staff) * "Avram Iancu" High School (505 students; 37 staff) * "Alexandru Borza" Agricultural High School (487 students; 51 staff) * General School 1 (1306 students; 63 staff) * General School 2 (189 students; 13 staff) * General School 3 (1089 students; 58 staff) * Pre-school centre with extended hours No. 1 (41 students; 5 staff


464

1966 16536 1977 24620 1992 31894 2002 28909 2011 22495 , the total population is 22495. Localities The total population of 31,894 is made up of the population of the city proper and the ten villages it administers: * Aiud city proper - 24,618 * Aiudul de Sus (''Felenyed'') - 2,276 * Ciumbrud (''Csombord'') - 1,504 * Sâncrai (''Enyedszentkirály'') - 1,023 * Măgina (''Muzsnaháza'') - 628 * Gâmbaș (''Marosgombás'') - 578 * Gârbova de Jos (''Alsóorbó'') - 464


big role

style. Also, it is situated in Cuza Vodă Square, surrounding the medieval Aiud Citadel, making the Church very ideal in terms of surroundings. The church contains a large organ as well as stained glass windows which were painted by an artist from Budapest. The Reformed Church mainly serves the Hungarian (Magyars) minority of Aiud, which played a big role in the identity of the city in terms of education, art, architecture and more. Their church is arguably the most memorable of the three main churches, because it is located right in the Aiud Citadel, and is medieval in architecture style, being the oldest church in Aiud. Monasteries The most famous monastery in Aiud is the Râmeț monastery, which was built in the 15th century. Its architecture is classically Romanian, resembling the painted monasteries of Moldavia such as Voronet. In the monastery there is also a museum. In addition to Râmeț monastery, there are also monasteries at Magina and Cicau. Historical Colleges The Bethlen Gabor College, with 1011 students today and a rich history, is Aiud's most important educational institution. The college, named after Gabriel Bethlen, Prince of Transylvania (Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)) (1613–1629), was founded in 1622 in Alba-Iulia, the capital city of Alba County, and it was then moved to Aiud. Later on, it was also moved to Cluj-Napoca for a short time. Today, the institution is located in a 19th-century historical building, and it is also home to an important library. Natural Attractions As well as rich culture, Aiud is also littered with wonderful scenic tourist attractions in terms of the environment (natural environment). There are also many activities available throughout the year, especially in fishing and hunting. This provides a strong base for ecotourism in the area, as there are beautiful forests, hills and mountains and fresh air. Accessibility and Transport Aiud is easily accessible from all parts of Romania due to its position in the centre of the country and its road network. The city is located on the national road running from Bucharest to Oradea and then crossing the Hungarian border to Budapest. Therefore, most public coach services running between Budapest and Bucharest via Oradea stop at Aiud. Railways Aiud is an important railway hub and is served frequently by CFR (Caile Ferate Române) national trains. It is located on the main line from Oradea to Bucharest via Cluj-Napoca. Consequently, there are 46 trains passing daily through Aiud (with very frequent connections to main cities), to and from the following main cities: * Cluj-Napoca - 18 trains daily * Alba Iulia - 10 trains daily * Braşov, Sighişoara and Ploieşti - 5 trains daily * Bucharest, Deva (Deva, Romania), Târgu Mureş and Timişoara - 4 trains daily * Sibiu - 3 trains daily * Oradea, Huedin, Arad (Arad, Romania), Satu Mare, Constanţa, Mangalia, Suceava, Iaşi - 2 trains daily * Craiova and Sighetu Marmaţiei - 1 train daily ''NOTE: The number of trains daily indicates trains in both directions. For example, to Cluj-Napoca there are 18 trains daily, meaning there are 18 trains TO Cluj-Napoca and 18 trains FROM Cluj-Napoca (a total of 36 services).'' Health In Aiud municipality, there is a new hospital built in 1993. It has 318 beds and 15 sections. There are also radiology services, 24-hour emergency services and a large ambulance station, making the hospital one of the better-equipped in the region. Nearby, there is also a medical centre with 14 specialised cabinets. There is also a tuberculosis sanatory in Aiud, and it is situated in the southeast of the city. This hospital was built in 1914 and currently has 220 beds. References Wikipedia:Aiud Commons:Aiud

Aiud

'''Aiud''' ( ) is a city located in Alba (Alba County) county, Transylvania, Romania. The city has a population of 28,934 people. It has the status of municipality (Municipality in Romania) and is the second-largest city in the county, after county seat Alba Iulia. The city derives its name ultimately from St. Giles (Aegidius), to whom the first church in the settlement was dedicated when built.

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