Afghanistan

What is Afghanistan known for?


related variety

(the name used by Khowar speakers), is a language spoken by approximately 10,000 people in the valleys of Ashret and Biori, as well as in the village Puri (also Purigal) in the Shishi valley, and at least by a portion of the population in the village Kalkatak, in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. A related variety of this language is spoken in the village Sau in Afghanistan, and another closely related variety in the village Khalkot in Dir District. Palula is pronounced as paaluulaá , with three long vowels and a rising pitch on the final syllable. familycolor Indo-European states Afghanistan, Pakistan region Kunar Province notice Indic Gawar-Bati is known in Chitral as Aranduyiwar, because it is spoken in Village Arandu, which is the last village in the bottom of Chitral and is across the Kunar River from Berkot in Afghanistan. Chitral keeps a military base in Arandu to guard against an attack by Afghanistan. '''Ryushin Paul Haller''', a Soto Zen roshi, is the current Abbot of the San Francisco Zen Center—a position he has held since 2003. Leaving his homeland of Belfast in Northern Ireland in the early 1970s, Haller spent time in Russia, Afghanistan and Japan. He then went to Thailand for two years where he was ordained as a Buddhist monk. Coming to California in 1974, he entered Tassajara Zen Mountain Center and was later ordained as a priest by Zentatsu Richard Baker in 1980. He received shiho from Sojun Mel Weitsman in 1993, giving him authority to teach. Ford, 130 Clarke SFZC Since the year 2000 Paul has also been the Teacher of Black Mountain Zen Centre in Northern Ireland. The Pamir (Pamir Mountains) is a high plateau sometimes called "the roof of the world" that joins Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, China and Kashmir. Marco Polo is believed to have crossed the Pamir Mountains on his way to China. Between 2001 and 2005 the United States Air Force used the base, also known as K2 (K2 (disambiguation)) and "Stronghold Freedom", for support missions against al-Qaeda in neighbouring Afghanistan. The 416th Air Expeditionary Operations Group was the host unit. On July 29, 2005, amid strained relations caused by the May 2005 unrest in Uzbekistan, the United States was told to vacate the base within six months. It was vacated by the United States in November 2005 Commons:Category:Afghanistan WikiPedia:Afghanistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Afghanistan


work defense

Precision Grenade Launcher to Afghanistan last Grant first Greg work Defense Tech accessdate 2010-05-06 and have them fielded by 2012, enough for one XM25 system in each infantry squad and special forces team.

of the Bushmasters were fitted with a Thales (Thales Group) SWARM remote weapon station (Remote Weapon Station) before delivery. File:Dutch Bushmaster Afghanistan 2007.jpg thumb left A Dutch Bushmaster in Afghanistan during


offering high

. AWCC has the only communications ring around the country offering high speed mobile and data services throughout all provinces. AWCC also offers the highest speed fibre-based connections to the outside world, with roaming to over 300 other operators in 120 countries. Services include Voice, FAX, GPRS and EDGE data services along with WiMAX and dedicated high speed internet service with 45MB links to NYC and 45MB links to Paris. SIM cards cost USD1, local calls are AFN4.99 minute billing in seconds


social design

, an Afghan (Afghanistan) rising through merit in the Mughal Army . His descendants ruled the state until 15 June 1948, when the last ruling Nawab acceded to the Indian Government. Kurwai became part of the newly-created state of Madhya Bharat, and was added to Vidisha District. Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956. Architecture for Humanity aims to promote humanitarian and social design through partnerships, advocacy and education based programs. To that end


lively criticism

de la reina Sofía en un libro al cumplir 70 años'' en www. elpais.com Her opinions were the object of lively criticism from LGTB associations and from Spanish intellectuals. ''Malestar en el colectivo homosexual por las palabras de la Reina'' en www.elpais.com Also responding were Spanish republican political parties like


community small

and in some parts of Africa, namely Kenya, and Tanzania (Tabora has a large community). Small communities of Baluch people also live in Europe (particularly Sweden, Norway, Denmark & England) and in Perth, Australia (Perth, Western Australia), where they arrived in the 19th century. The Baluch have several tribes and sub-tribes. Some of these tribes speak Brahui (Brahui language), while most speak Balochi (Balochi language). Multilingualism is common, with many Baluch speaking both Brahui and Baluchi. The Marri tribe Domki and the Bugti tribe speak Baluchi. The Mengal tribe, who live in the Chagai (Chagai District), Khuzdar (Khuzdar District), Kharan (Kharan District) districts of Balochistan (Balochistan, Pakistan) and in southern parts of Afghanistan, speak Brahui. The Muhammad Hasni tribe speak Brahui, Balochi and some other languages according to the area they are living. The Lango (Lango (tribe)) tribe, who live in central Balochistan (Balochistan, Pakistan) in the Mangochar area, speak Baluchi as their first language and Brahui as their second. The Bizanjo tribe speak both languages. The Bangulzai (Bangulzai (tribe)) tribe mostly speaks Brahui, but has a Baluchi-speaking minority (known as Garanis). The struggle over Nagorno-Karabakh escalated after both Armenia and Azerbaijan attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. In the post-Soviet power vacuum, military action between Azerbaijan and Armenia was heavily influenced by the Russian military (Military of Russia). Furthermore, both the Armenian and Azerbaijani military employed a large number of mercenaries from Ukraine and Russia. As many as one thousand Afghan (Afghanistan) mujahideen participated in the fighting on Azerbaijan's side. There were also fighters from Chechnya fighting on the side of Azerbaijan. Many survivors from the Azerbaijani side found shelter in 12 emergency camps set up in other parts of Azerbaijan to cope with the growing number of internally displaced people due to the Nagorno-Karabakh war. Azerbaijan closes last of emergency camps, ''UNHCR'' Peshawar is now officially recognized as being one of the Oldest Living Cities in Asia. Its history and culture has continued uninterrupted since several centuries. This fact was confirmed by the discovery of silver punch-marked coins from the Government House in 1906–07 and the ongoing excavation at Gor Khatri which is the deepest and widest in the world. Current World Archaeology – Durrani, N., Andrew & Wendy Sikirk; 2006; 16. Being among the most ancient cities of the region between Central, South, and West Asia, Peshawar has for centuries been a centre of trade between Afghanistan, South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. As an ancient centre of learning, the 2nd century BC. Bakhshali Manuscript used in the Bakhshali approximation (Methods of computing square roots#Bakhshali approximation) was found nearby. Commons:Category:Afghanistan WikiPedia:Afghanistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Afghanistan


ancient time

9th century. The kingdom was known as Kabul-shahan (Kushano-Hephthalite) or Ratbel-shahan (Kushano-Hephthalite) from (565–670 CE (Common Era)) when the capitals were located in Kapisa and Kabul, and later Udabhandapura (Hund) (also known as ''Hund'') Sehrai, Fidaullah (1979). Hund: ''The Forgotten City of Gandhara'', p. 2. Peshawar Museum Publications New Series, Peshawar. for its new capital. In ancient time, the title

or Ratbel-shahan (Kushano-Hephthalite) from (565–670 CE (Common Era)) when the capitals were located in Kapisa and Kabul, and later Udabhandapura (Hund) (also known as ''Hund'') Sehrai, Fidaullah (1979). Hund: ''The Forgotten City of Gandhara'', p. 2. Peshawar Museum Publications New Series, Peshawar. for its new capital. In ancient time, the title Shahi appears to be a quite popular royal title in Afghanistan and the north-western areas

; ref In ancient time, the title Shahi appears to be a quite popular royal title in Afghanistan and the north-western areas of the Indian sub-continent. It was used by Achaemenids Darius used titles like "Kshayathiya, Kshayathiya Kshayathiyanam" etc., Sakas, Sakas used titles like "Sahi and Sahanusahi". Kushanas, Kushanas used the grandiloquent title like "daivaputra-sahi.sahanu.sahi"


acclaimed music

Seierstad , about a bookseller, Shah Muhammad Rais (whose name was changed to Sultan Khan), and his family in Kabul, Afghanistan. It takes a novelistic approach, focusing on characters and the daily issues that they face. '''Farhad 'Darya' Nasher''' ( Dari (Dari (Eastern Persian)): '''فرهاد دریا''' b. September 22, 1962, from Kunduz, Afghanistan) is an Afghan (Afghanistan) singer and composer, as well as a highly acclaimed music producer, and Good Will and Peace Ambassador for Afghanistan to the United Nations. Widely popular, he has earned affection for not only his music but also patriotism. He has fan base that stretches from his native Afghanistan to Central Asia, Pakistan, India, and extending to the West (Western world) among the Afghans. Commons:Category:Afghanistan WikiPedia:Afghanistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Afghanistan


huge annual

;Silverton, RHB Kearns, page 31 Then for decades it became a picnic ground, but remained relatively neglected until the late 1930s when the Broken Hill mining companies decided it was an admirable recreation site for their employees. Money was spent on upgrading sporting facilities, playgrounds, and parklands, such that throughout the 1950s it became a major recreational facility. Huge annual picnics fairs were held there by social and sporting clubs, and by mining companies


population serving

Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) location United States date June 30, 2002 Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan and the mother-tongue (first language) of approximately 50% of the population (Demography of Afghanistan), serving as the country's lingua franca. The Iranian and Afghan dialects of Persian are highly mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology. Political views on the language The native-speakers of Dari usually call their language ''Farsi''. However, the term ''Dari'' has been officially promoted by the government of Afghanistan for political reasons, and enjoys equal official status alongside Pashto in Afghanistan. The local name for Persian language was officially changed from Farsi to Dari in 1964. Willem Vogelsang, "The Afghans", Blackwell Publishing, 2002 Declassified, Dr. Zaher said there would be, as there are now, two official languages, Pashto and Farsi, though the latter would henceforth be named Dari. In respective linguistic boundaries, Dari is the medium of education with Pashto being taught as a second language. Dari is considered a more prestigious language Commons:Category:Afghanistan WikiPedia:Afghanistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Afghanistan

Afghanistan

'''Afghanistan''' , making it the 41st (List of countries and dependencies by area) largest country in the world.

Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era (Middle Paleolithic),

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani (Durrani Empire) dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game (The Great Game)" between British India (British Raj) and the Russian Empire. Following the 1919 Anglo-Afghan War (Third Anglo-Afghan War), King Amanullah (Amanullah Khan) and King Mohammed Zahir Shah (Mohammed Zahir Shah) attempted modernization of the country. A series of coups in the 1970s was followed by a Soviet invasion and a series of civil wars (War in Afghanistan (1978–present)) that devastated much of the country.

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