Acre, Israel

What is Acre, Israel known for?


sidon

. Around 725 BC, Akko joined Sidon and Tyre (Tyre, Lebanon) in a revolt against Shalmaneser V. Becking Bob (1992) ''The Fall of Samaria: An Historical and Archaeological Study'' BRILL, ISBN 90-04-09633-7 pp 31–35 Greek, Judean and Roman periods Greek historians refer to the city as ''Ake'', meaning "cure." According to the Greek myth, Heracles found curative herbs here to heal his wounds. ''The Guide to Israel'', Zev Vilnay, Ahiever

, University of Cambridge url http: www.bbc.co.uk ahistoryoftheworld objects 2GL6QSA8SMmcMCtPgHQJsw title A History of the World – Object : Hedwig glass beaker publisher BBC date accessdate September 15, 2011 The Andalusia (Al-Andalus)n geographer Ibn Jubayr wrote that in 1185 there was still a Muslim community in the city who worshipped in a small mosque. Acre, along with Beirut and Sidon, capitulated without a fight to the Ayyubid (Ayyubid dynasty) sultan

the rule of Dhaher al-Omar, the Arab ruler of the Galilee, who made the city capital of his autonomous sheikhdom. Dhaher rebuilt Acre's fortifications, using materials from the city's medieval ruins. He died outside its walls during an offensive against him by the Ottoman state in 1775. His successor, Jezzar Pasha, further fortified its walls when he virtually moved the capital of the Saida Eyelet (Sidon Eyalet) ("Province of Sidon


community huge

of Acre (Acre, Israel). Jonathan gladly accepts these terms, takes up residence in Jerusalem and begins to fortify the city, becoming High Priest of Jurusalem (List of High Priests of Israel) until 143 BC. 250px thumb Arab resistance against the British (File:Palest against british.gif) The death of the al-Qassam in 1936 generated widespread outrage in the Arab community. Huge crowds accompanied Qassam's body to his grave in Haifa. A few months later, in April 1936, a spontaneous Arab


legendary military

there, such as the Holy Grail or the Ark of the Covenant. Sean Martin, ''The Knights Templar: The History & Myths of the Legendary Military Order'', 2005. ISBN 1-56025-645-1. Louis Charpentier, ''Les Mystères de la Cathédrale de Chartres'' (Paris: Robert Laffont, 1966), translated ''The Mysteries of Chartres Cathedral'' (London: Research Into Lost Knowledge Organisation, 1972). That the Templars were


architectural projects

Bahá'í holy places thumb Bahai shrine in Acre, Bahji mansion (File:Bahji.jpg) There are many Bahá'í (Bahá'í Faith) holy places in and around Acre. They originate from Bahá'u'lláh's imprisonment in the Citadel (Bahá'í World Centre buildings#Prison cell of Bahá'u'lláh) during Ottoman Rule. The final years of Bahá'u'lláh's life were spent in the Mansion of Bahjí, just outside Acre, even though he was still formally a prisoner of the Ottoman Empire. Bahá'u'lláh died on 29 May 1892 in Bahjí, and his shrine (Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh) is the most holy place (Most Holy Place) for Bahá'ís — their Qiblih, the location they face when saying their daily prayers. It contains the remains of Bahá'u'lláh and is near the spot where he died in the Mansion of Bahjí. Other Bahá'í sites in Acre are the House of `Abbúd (where Bahá'u'lláh and his family resided) and the House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá (where later 'Abdu'l-Bahá resided with his family), and the Garden of Ridván (Garden of Ridván, Akká) where he spent the end of his life. In 2008, the Bahai holy places (Bahá'í World Centre buildings) in Acre and Haifa were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List (World Heritage Site).


architectural feature

In Judea, the pro-Roman Jewish forces of high priest Hyrcanus II, Phasael, and Herod (Herod the Great) were defeated by the Parthians and their Jewish ally Antigonus II Mattathias (r. 40–37 BC); the latter was made king of Judea while Herod fled to his fort at Masada. After the rapid collapse of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1187, which must have destroyed a great part of the artwork the crusaders produced, discussed in detail at Folda, I, 23-28 they were mostly confined to a few cities on the Mediterranean coast until Acre (Acre, Israel) was conquered in 1291. Their artistic output did not cease during the 13th century, and shows further influences from the art of the Mamluks and Mongols. Von Wüllersleben hailed from a ministerialis family of Hersfeld Abbey whose seat was in Bad Hersfeld. It is unknown when he joined the Teutonic Order, although he served in Acre (Acre, Israel) until 1215. He was a close friend of Grand Masters Hermann von Salza and Heinrich von Hohenlohe, allowing him to take part in secret diplomatic missions for the Order. He spent 1244 in Prussia (Prussia (region)) where he served under the Master of Livonia, Poppo von Osterna. Günther von Wüllersleben was chosen Grand Master by the Order's capitulum (Chapter (religion)) in 1249 or 1250 in Acre (Acre, Israel). Ludwig von Queden, the unsuccessful choice of the pro-papal party led by Dietrich von Grüningen, was made Landmeister of Prussia. As the supreme authority of the Order, von Wüllersleben resided in Outremer and probably never left Acre.


signature books

, in the English language, which featured the writings of Muhammad Ali and various other Unitarian Bahais. Yiftachel writes that the land confiscations and expansion of Jewish settlements in the northern Galilee formed part


long stone

weighing 250-300 kilos each were unearthed at the edge of a 5-meter long stone platform chiseled in Phoenician-style, thought to be an installation that helped raise military vessels from the water onto the shore. 2,000-year old port discovered in Acre Crusades Under the citadel and prison of Acre, archaeological excavations revealed a complex of halls, which was built and used


landscape architecture

stands). To date all the Houses of Worship built or planned have a single, undivided room under their dome. Furthermore, in all seven, the seats in the auditorium face the Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh in 'Akká, Israel (Acre, Israel). While each of the Houses of Worship is unique, the designs, through the selection of materials, landscaping (Landscape architecture) and architecture, reflect the indigenous cultural, social and environmental elements of their location, to a greater or lesser degree. In fielding an army of 20,000 men, the Crusaders states had reduced the garrisons of their castles and fortified settlements. The heavy defeat at Hattin meant there was little reserve with which to defend against Saladin's forces. In Judea, the pro-Roman Jewish forces of high priest Hyrcanus II, Phasael, and Herod (Herod the Great) were defeated by the Parthians and their Jewish ally Antigonus II Mattathias (r. 40–37 BC); the latter was made king of Judea while Herod fled to his fort at Masada. After the rapid collapse of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1187, which must have destroyed a great part of the artwork the crusaders produced, discussed in detail at Folda, I, 23-28 they were mostly confined to a few cities on the Mediterranean coast until Acre (Acre, Israel) was conquered in 1291. Their artistic output did not cease during the 13th century, and shows further influences from the art of the Mamluks and Mongols. Von Wüllersleben hailed from a ministerialis family of Hersfeld Abbey whose seat was in Bad Hersfeld. It is unknown when he joined the Teutonic Order, although he served in Acre (Acre, Israel) until 1215. He was a close friend of Grand Masters Hermann von Salza and Heinrich von Hohenlohe, allowing him to take part in secret diplomatic missions for the Order. He spent 1244 in Prussia (Prussia (region)) where he served under the Master of Livonia, Poppo von Osterna. Günther von Wüllersleben was chosen Grand Master by the Order's capitulum (Chapter (religion)) in 1249 or 1250 in Acre (Acre, Israel). Ludwig von Queden, the unsuccessful choice of the pro-papal party led by Dietrich von Grüningen, was made Landmeister of Prussia. As the supreme authority of the Order, von Wüllersleben resided in Outremer and probably never left Acre.


modern location

Ottoman Period, 1864-1914: A Muslim Town in Transition By Mahmud Yazbak BRILL, 1998 ISBN 90-04-11051-8 p 14 This event is marked as the beginning of the town's life at its modern location. After al-Omar's death in 1775, the town remained under Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule until 1918, with the exception of two brief periods. A 2007 report commissioned by the Haifa Municipality calls for the construction of more hotels, a ferry line between Haifa, Acre


presence including

''Gratias agimus'', commemorated by Pope John Paul II in a Letter dated 30 November 1992. See also Tolan, p.258. On the Franciscan presence, including an historical overview, see, generally the official website at ''Custodia'' and Custodian of the Holy Land Image:Rainbow Cave Israel.JPG thumb 250px Rainbow Cave

Acre, Israel

'''Acre''' ( ), ''Antiochenes'', ''Ptolemais Antiochenes'', ''Ptolemais'' or ''Ptolemaïs'', ''Colonia Claudii Cæsaris'', and ''St.-Jean d'Acre'' (Acre for short) is a city (List of Israeli cities) in the northern coastal plain region of northern (North District (Israel)) Israel at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay. The city occupies an important location, as it sits on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking the waterways and commercial activity with the Levant. "Old City of Acre." UNESCOWorld Heritage Center. World Heritage Convention. Web. 15 Apr 2013. Acre is one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world.

Historically, it was a strategic coastal link to the Levant. In crusader (Crusades) times it was known as ''St. John d'Acre'' after the Knights Hospitaller of St John order who had their headquarters there. Acre is the holiest city of the Bahá'í Faith. In 2011, the population was 46,464. Acre is a mixed city, with 75% of the population being Jewish and 25% Arab. The mayor is Shimon Lankri, who was re-elected in 2011. Interview with Acre Mayor Shimon Lankri

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