can be seen in the proliferation of newspapers and diverse publications, of which the majority is published in Abidjan. class "toccolours" border "0" cellpadding "2" cellspacing "10" style "margin:auto; margin:0.5em;" style "vertical-align:top; font-size:100 %;"
in the country). It is free entry, but there is the possibility of a voluntary donation when you leave. * In Treichville: ** The Sports Palace ** The Cultural Palace. Commons:Category:Abidjan Wikipedia:Abidjan
in Côte d'Ivoire'. The very popular Zouglou additionally benefits "Wôyô" spaces; furnished and dedicated so that the most famous, the Internat at Fitini's and the Lycee at Vieux Gazeur's, attract 'zouglouphiles' the whole weekend. Treichville, with its many maquis, discothèques and jazz clubs, used to be the liveliest area in the city, but since the end of the 90s Youpougon, Marcory and Cocody have taken over this role. Culture Religious buildings
of Abidjan though, so be advised that driving outside of the city can be "active". It's important to note that whether in a private car, taxi, or gbaka (the shared minibuses) you will be stopped at various official (and unofficial) checkpoints where they will delay you at the very least and try to shake down a bribe at the worst. Abidjan also serves as a terminus for long haul bus lines from Bamako, Mali, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, and Accra, Ghana. By train
; the Constitutional Council, the Supreme Court (Court of Cassation, Council state and the court of accounts), the Chancellery of the National Order. However, the current president, Laurent Gbagbo, elected in 2000, decided to give effect to the project of making the political capital Yamoussoukro in Ivory Coast, despite the events since 2002.
Jazz taking the Congolese sound to the French Antilles. In Congo, students at Gombe High School became entranced with American rock and funk, especially after James Brown (James Brown (musician)) visited the country in 1969. Los Nickelos and Thu Zahina emerged from Gombe High, with the former moving to Brussels and the latter, though existing only briefly, becoming legendary for their energetic stage shows that included frenetic, funky drums during the seben and an often
spread far beyond the north. Donzow became a common sight in towns and on the roads of Ivory Coast. They were hired by locals and both sides in the Ivorian Civil War as soldiers, to guard vehicles, direct traffic, or patrol religious sites. This success fed into the growth of Benkadi groups in all parts of Ivory Coast, as the civil war and fragile peace made local organisation of security much sought after. In Abidjan and Bouaké. Donzo Ton leaders opened security offices, trading not only on their northern successes, but on a public perception of special (even magical) abilities of Donzow. Unemployed men from around the country came to Korhogo and Odienné, home of Benkadi leadership, to be initiated into a Donzo Ton, and thus have access to work as well-paid security guards. for this paragraph, see Bassett, 2004 While Donzow became guards for hire in the unstable years before the 2002–2005 Ivorian Civil War, their network became associated with northern groups who led the rebel forces. The Donzo Ton, viewed as saviours by some in the south, were also seen as unsophisticated throwbacks to a pre-modern era by many in cosmopolitan Abidjan. Hellweg, 2004 The transnational and northern source of the Donzo Ton were seen to conflict with the ethnic nationalism of Ivoirité which feared the presence of Burkinabé (Demographics of Burkina Faso) labourers and immigrants from Mali as not being "true" Ivorians. Politically, it was Rassemblement des Républicains (RDR) (Rally of the Republicans) politicians from the north who first entrusted the Donzow with policing duties, and the Donzo Ton leadership became associated with the RDR. Nationalist Presidents Henri Konan Bédié, and later Laurent Gbagbo, condemned these armed Benkadi groups as regressive, divisive and dangerous. Bassett 2004 It was not surprising, then, when the September 2002 coup began the civil war, northern forces included many identifiable Donzow. One rebel group, the Mouvement populaire ivoirien du Grand Ouest (MPIGO) (Ivorian Popular Movement of the Great West) was thought to be one-fifth Donzow. Western Ivorian rebels arrive in Togo to sign truce, raising peace hopes. Agence France-Presse (AFP), 12 January 2003. This participation, while earning the enmity of many in the south, has made leaders of the Donzo Ton Benkadi network powerful figures whose support has been sought by Prime Minister (and former rebel leader) Guillaume Soro's Patriotic Movement of Côte d'Ivoire. Kuruma Lansine, public head of the Benkadi has become a political leader for standing by and speaking for "the dozos". Côte d'Ivoire: American Embassy's National Daily Press Review, 28 December 2007, quotes the RDR paper ''Le Patriote'' reporting Soro's meetings with "Dozos" and their leaders re-affirming their support. On 5 July 2010, the fifth Airbus A330-300 entered into service. Brussels Airlines increased their frequency to Abidjan (up to 6 weekly) and added Accra, Cotonou, Ouagadougou and Lomé as new destinations. * On 19 September 1989 UTA flight 772 (UTA Flight 772), a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 (registration N54629)operating the Brazzaville-N'Djamena-Paris CDG sector, was bombed 46 minutes after take-off from N'Djamena causing the aircraft to crash while flying over Niger . All 156 passengers and 14 crew members on board perished. UTA 772: The forgotten flight McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 N54629 For nearly 20 years, this incident marked the deadliest air disaster involving a French-operated airliner, in terms of loss of life. As of June 2009, it ranks as the second-deadliest (see Air France flight 447 (Air France Flight 447)). * 23 November 1996: Hijackers forced Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961, bound from Mumbai and Addis Ababa to Abidjan through many stops (including Brazzaville), to crash into the Indian Ocean. *On 26 August 2009, an Antonov An-12 of Aero-Fret (registered TN-AIA (aircraft registration)) crashed on approach (2009 Aero-Fret Antonov An-12 crash). The flight had originated from Pointe Noire Airport. The five Ukrainian (Ukraine) crew and one Congolese passenger were killed. Commons:Category:Abidjan Wikipedia:Abidjan
she also writes poems, novels, short stories (short story), criticism (literary criticism), and children's literature. - June 1943 1 August 1945 Abidjan, Ivory Coast Detachment - As a military force, EO was extremely skilled and conducted a highly successful counter insurgency against the RUF. In just ten days of fighting, EO was able to drive the RUF forces back sixty miles into the interior of the country. ref
France date 24 March 2011 accessdate 28 March 2011 This recent decision is a consensus on the part of the country's political leaders. Government offices are located in Le Plateau Commons:Category:Abidjan Wikipedia:Abidjan
'''Abidjan''' is the economic capital of Ivory Coast and is the most populated West African French-speaking city. It is also the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, and is the world’s third-largest French-speaking urban agglomeration after Paris and Kinshasa. Its population, according to the country’s authorities in 2011, was 12,783,906 inhabitants in the agglomeration, and 6,351,086 inhabitants in the city, which is 20% of the overall population of the country. Only Lagos, the old capital of Nigeria, surpasses it in number of inhabitants in the region. Considered the cultural crossroads of West Africa, Abidjan is characterized by a high level of industrialization and urbanization.
The city grew up quickly after the construction of a new wharf in 1931 and its designation as the capital city of the then-French colony in 1933. The completion of the Vridi Canal in 1951 enabled it to become an important sea port. In 1983 Yamoussoukro was designated as the official capital city of Ivory Coast, but almost all political institutions and foreign embassies (embassy) are still in Abidjan.