this phase, Portuguese colonialism focused on expanding its outposts in Africa into nation-sized territories to compete with other European powers there. Port factories After being marched to the coast for sale, enslaved people waited in large forts called factories. The amount of time in factories varied, but Milton Meltzer's ''Slavery: A World History'' states this process resulted in or around 4.5% of deaths during the transatlantic slave trade. In other words, over 820,000 people would have died in African ports such as Benguela, Elmina and Bonny (Bonny, Nigeria) reducing the number of those shipped to 17.5 million. Meltzer, Milton. ''Slavery: A World History''. Da Capo Press, 1993 - BUG FNBG Benguela Airport (Gen. V. Deslandes Airport) Benguela, Angola - - Benguela (Benguella)
;br '''Ceylon''' (Sinhala (Sinhala language): ලංකා ඩොමීනියන් රාජ්යය ''Lanka Dominian Rajyaya'') s:Sri Lanka Independence Act 1947 The Sri
Senate and a House of Representatives (House of Representatives of Ceylon), with the popularly elected House indirectly naming the Senate.
first1 Obiora F. last1 Ike page 259 publisher Catholic Institute for Development Justice and Peace (CIDJAP) year 1998 isbn 978-34677-0-0 as is the rest of southeastern Nigeria. Like the rest of Nigeria most people
in Enugu speak Nigerian English alongside the dominant language in the region. In this case the dominant language is Igbo (Igbo language).
in factories varied, but Milton Meltzer's ''Slavery: A World History'' states this process resulted in or around 4.5% of deaths during the transatlantic slave trade. In other words, over 820,000 people would have died in African ports such as Benguela, Elmina and Bonny (Bonny, Nigeria) reducing the number of those shipped to 17.5 million. Meltzer, Milton. ''Slavery: A World History''. Da Capo Press, 1993 The Second Anglo-Ashanti War broke out in 1863 and lasted until 1864. In 1872, British influence over the Gold Coast increased further when Britain purchased Elmina Castle, the last of the Dutch forts along the coast. Robin Hallett, ''Africa Since 1875'' (University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor, 1974) p. 279. The Asante, who for years had considered the Dutch at Elmina as their allies, thereby lost their last trade outlet to the sea. To prevent this loss and to ensure that revenue received from that post continued, the Asante staged their last invasion of the coast in 1873. After early successes, they finally came up against well-trained British forces who compelled them to retreat beyond the Pra River. Later attempts to negotiate a settlement of the conflict with the British were rejected by the commander of their forces, Major General Sir Garnet Wolseley. To settle the Asante problem permanently, the British invaded Asante with a sizable military force. This invasion initiated the Third Anglo-Ashanti War. The attack, which was launched in January 1874 by 2,500 British soldiers and large numbers of African auxiliaries, resulted in the occupation and burning of Kumasi, the Ashanti capital. * Wikipedia:Elmina Commons:Category:Elmina
: www.saudiaramcoworld.com issue 198603 manhattan.in.the.hadramaut.htm Manhattan in the Hadramaut . ''Saudi Aramco World'' (June 1986) pages 22,-27 External links *Official Website of the Al-Quaiti Royal Family of Hadhramaut * The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility across the Indian Ocean, by Engseng Ho, a professor at Harvard. California World History series. A 500-year history of Hadramawt's diaspora, the most comprehensive account to date. * The Tarim Documentation Project (Columbia University) * Dar Al-Mustafa * Video of the History of Tarim * Ba`alawi.com Ba'alawi.com The Definitive Resource for Islam and the Alawiyyen Ancestry. (100 feet) high, thus being early high-rise apartment buildings. In order to protect the buildings from rain and erosion, the walls must be routinely maintained by applying fresh layers of mud. The nearby town of Tarim (Tarim, Yemen) contains the tallest structure in the Wadi Hadhramaut valley, the mudbrick minaret of the Al-Mihdhar mosque. It stands at a height of approximately 53 meters (175 feet.) This is the tallest minaret in the southern Arabian peninsula. p. 9, ''The Shadow Factory: The Ultra-Secret NSA from 9 11 to the Eavesdropping on America'', James Bamford, Random House, Inc., 2009, ISBN 0-307-27939-1. '''Imam Abd Allah ibn Alawi al-Haddad''' born in 1634 CE (1044 Hijri). He lived his entire life in the town of Tarim (Tarim, Yemen) in Yemen’s Valley of Hadramawt and died there in 1720 CE (1132 Hijri). In Islamic history, he was considered one of the sages. He was an adherent to the Ashari Sunni Creed of Faith (Aqeedah), while in Islamic jurisprudence (Fiqh), he was a Shafii.
and Angoumis led to other rebellions in France, including some in which excise officers were lynched. Burg, David F. ''A World History of Tax Rebellions'' (2004) p. 201 Ingham was jailed at Winchester for his involvement in the civil wars of Edward II of England, but was released in 1324 to serve under Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent in the Duchy of Aquitaine during the short War of Saint-Sardos against France. The war was a disaster for the English
By the 15th-century, Portuguese voyager Duarte Barbosa claimed that "Mombasa is a place of great traffic and has a good harbour in which there are always moored small craft of many kinds and also great ships, both of which are bound from Sofala and others which come from Cambay and Melinde and others which sail to the island of Zanzibar."
to the East Indies. * May 15 – In Russia, Tsarevich Dimitri, son of the Ivan the Terrible, is found dead in mysterious circumstances, at the palace in Uglich. The official explanation is that he has cut his own throat during
under estimated the photographers ability to produce images that breathed a humanistic social visual catalyst found in novels, theatrical productions and music of the time, these images are now regarded as a “national treasure” in the United States; which is why this project is regarded as a work of art. File:Pabst Blue