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world design


Kenzō Tange

; this project became the basis of the Metabolist Movement. Stewart (1987), pp. 176–177 When Tange travelled back to Japan from the 1951 CIAM meeting, he visited Le Corbusier's nearly complete Unité d'Habitation in Marseilles, France. He also looked at the sketches for the new capital of Punjab (Punjab (India)) at Chandigarh, India. Stewart (1987), p. 175 Tokyo World Design Conference and urban planning thumb Yamanashi Broadcasting and Press Centre (1966) (File:Yamanashi Culture Chamber.jpg) Tange had left the Team X Otterlo conference early to take up a tenure at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His experiences at the conference may have led him to set his fifth year students a project to design a 25-thousand-person residential community to be erected in Boston over the bay. Stewart (1987), p. 177 The scheme comprised two giant A-frame structures that resembled Tange's competition entry for the World Health Organisation's headquarters on Lake Geneva. Both this scheme and the earlier ones by Kikutake formed the basis of Tange's speech to the Tokyo World Design Conference in 1960. In his speech he used words such as "cell" and "metabolism" in relation to urban design. The Metabolist movement grew out of discussions with other members of the conference. Amongst them were Kisho Kurokawa, Junzo Sakakura, Alison and Peter Smithson, Louis Kahn, Jean Prouvé, B. V. Doshi and Jacob Bakema (Jacob B. Bakema). The conference ended with Tange's presentation of the Boston plan and his own scheme, "The Tokyo Plan – 1960". Stewart (1987), pp. 179–181 Tange argued that the normal urban pattern of a radial centripetal transportation system was a relic of the Middle Ages and would not handle the strain placed upon it by the world's mega cities, which he qualified as those with populations greater than 10 million. Kulterman (1970), p. 119 Rather than building up a city from a civic centre, Tange's proposal was based on civic axis, developing the city in a linear fashion. Kulterman (1970), p. 123 Three levels of traffic, graded according to speed, would facilitate the movement of up to 2.5 million people along the axis, which would be divided into vertebrae-like cyclical transportation elements. The sheer size of the proposal meant that it would stretch out across the water of Tokyo Bay. Kulterman (1970), p. 128 Tange's proposals at this conference play a large part in establishing his reputation as "The West's favourite Japanese architect". Stewart (1987), p. 182 In 1965 Tange was asked by the United Nations to enter a limited competition for the redevelopment of Skopje, which was at that time a city of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The town had been heavily destroyed by an earthquake in 1963. Tange won 60% of the prize; the other 40% was awarded to the Yugoslav team. Tange's design furthered ideas put forward in the earlier "Tokyo Plan". Kulterman (1970), p. 262 Tange further developed his ideas for expandable urban forms in 1966 when he designed the Yamanashi Broadcasting and Press Centre in Kōfu (Kōfu, Yamanashi). It was designed for three media companies: a newspaper printing plant, a radio station and a television studio. To allow for future expansion Tange grouped the similar functions of three offices together in three zones. The newspaper printing machinery was on the ground floor, sealed studios on the upper floors and offices on glass walled floors surrounded by balconies. The services, including stairs and lifts, are housed in 16 reinforced concrete columns that are of five-metre (17 ft) diameter. Space was left between the cluster of functional space to allow for future expansion, although these have been used for gardens and terraces. Kulterman (1970), p. 246 The Urbanists and Architects Team Tange's inspiration for his design office came from his friend Walter Gropius who he had first met at the CIAM meeting in 1951. While lecturing at the Bauhaus, Gropius had placed great importance on teaching architects, especially imparting on them the concept of working together as a team. The Urbanists and Architects Team was founded in 1961 and became Kenzō Tange Associates. Tange promoted a very flat hierarchy in the practice: partners were equal in importance and were encouraged to participate in every project. Multiple options were developed simultaneously, and research on individual schemes was encouraged. Kulterman (1970), p. 8 Later career thumb right Tokyo Metropolitan Government Office (File:Tokyo Metropolitan Goverment Building no1 Tocho 08 7 December 2003.jpg), Shinjuku, Tokyo (1991) During the 1970s and 1980s Tange expanded his portfolio to include buildings in over 20 countries around the world. In 1985, at the behest of Jacques Chirac, the mayor of Paris at that time, Tange proposed a master plan for a plaza at Place d'Italie that would interconnect the city along an east-west axis. Ayers (2004), p. 213 For the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, which opened in 1991, Tange designed a large civic centre with a plaza dominated by two skyscrapers. These house the administration offices whilst a smaller seven-storey building contains assembly facilities. In his design of a high tech version of Kofu Communications Centre, Tange equipped all three buildings with state-of-the-art building management systems that monitored air quality, light levels and security. The external skin of the building makes dual references to both tradition and the modern condition. Tange incorporated vertical and horizontal lines reminiscent of both timber boarding and the lines on semiconductor boards. Doordan (2002), p. 274 Tange continued to practice until three years before his death in 2005. He disliked postmodernism (Postmodern architecture) in the 1980s and considered this style of architecture to be only "transitional architectural expressions". Category:1913 births Category:2005 deaths Category:Japanese architects Category:Pritzker Architecture Prize winners Category:Recipients of the Order of the Sacred Treasure, 1st class Category:Recipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class) Category:Recipients of the Praemium Imperiale Category:Recipients of the Royal Gold Medal Category:Recipients of the Order of Culture Category:Légion d'honneur recipients Category:People from Sakai, Osaka Category:University of Tokyo alumni Category:Nihon University alumni Category:Expo '70 Category:Japanese Roman Catholics


Seoul

fourth highest visual impact among major cities. http: www.emporis.com statistics skyline-ranking Seoul hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2002 FIFA World Cup and the 2010 G-20 Seoul summit. A UNESCO City of Design (Creative Cities Network), Seoul was named the 2010 World Design Capital (World Design Capital). Etymology The city has been known in the past by the names Wirye-seong (Wiryeseong) (위례성

Stadium (Seoul) Olympic Stadium , Olympic Park (Olympic Park, Seoul), and Lotte World are located in Songpa District, on the south side of the Han River, upstream from Gangnam District. Two new modern landmarks of Seoul are Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park, designed by Zaha Hadid, and the new wave-shaped Seoul City Hall, by Yoo Kerl of iArc. In 2010 Seoul was designated the World Design Capital for the year. Commons:Category:Seoul Wikipedia:Seoul


Helsinki

on 10 January 1987.

Contest 2006 2006 . At the Senate Square (Helsinki Senate Square) in September October 2010, the largest open-air art exhibition ever in Finland took place: About 1.4 million people saw the international exhibition of ''United Buddy Bears''. Helsinki is the 2012 World Design Capital, in recognition of the use of design as an effective tool for social, cultural and economic development in the city. In choosing Helsinki, the World Design Capital selection jury highlighted Helsinki's use of 'Embedded Design', which has tied design in the city to innovation, "creating global brands, such as Nokia, Kone and Marimekko, popular events, like the annual Helsinki Design Week, outstanding education and research institutions, such as the University of Art and Design Helsinki, and exemplary architects and designers such as Eliel Saarinen and Alvar Aalto". Helsinki also hosts many film festivals. Most of them are small venues, but some have gained renown even abroad. The most prolific would be the Love & Anarchy (Helsinki Film Festival) film festival (also known as Helsinki International Film Festival), which features films on a wide spectrum. Night Visions Film Festival on the other hand focuses on genre cinema, screening horror (horror film), fantasy and science fiction films in very popular movie marathons that take whole night. Another popular film festival is DocPoint, a festival that focuses solely on documentary (documentary film) cinema. Commons:Category:Helsinki Wikipedia:Helsinki Dmoz:Regional Europe Finland Southern Finland Localities Helsinki


Netherlands

reflects MTV Networks Internationals on-air and off-air branding. The graphics were commissioned by MTV Networks Internationals design team MTV World Design Studio who have created the original MTV Popx1000 branding. The '''''Stad Amsterdam''''' (''City of Amsterdam'') is a three-masted clipper that was built in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, in 2000 at the Damen Oranjewerf. The ''Stad Amsterdam'' is used for training and as a charter-ship for guests. The crew are mainly from


Italy

for CONNECTING '07 World Design Congress that was held in San Francisco. He was honored with the lifetime achievement award at the National Design Awards at the White House in 2009. '''Vittorio Emanuele Cuniberti''' (1854, Turin, Piedmont – 1913) was an Italian (Italy) military officer who envisioned the concept of the all big gun battleship, best exemplified by HMS ''Dreadnought'' (HMS Dreadnought (1906)). In 1884, he received the Prix de Rome, which allowed him to travel. The years 1885-86 he spent traveling through Italy, Spain, and Morocco. There he began to draw sketches, which are collected in two volumes. Until 1894 he lived in Amsterdam, when he married Titia van Gelder and moved to Soest (Soest, Netherlands). In 1901, he spent another year in Spain and Morocco. He moved back to Haarlem in 1913, when the orphanage where he grew up was converted to the Frans Hals Museum. He bought a house on the corner of the Haarlemmerhout park, where he was often seen taking walks and served as an inspiration for Godfried Bomans, among others. "De weesjongen: fragmenten uit Jaapje, Jaap en Jakob van Jacobus van Looy; uitgezocht en ingeleid door Godfried Bomans"; by Jacobus van Looy, Godfried Bomans, Elseviers Weekblad, 1953 After his death this house was converted to a museum in his name (now only visible with a plaque on the facade). The 17 non-finishers included Éric Tabarly on ''Pen Duick IV'', and Alex Carozzo of Italy on ''San Giorgio''. Carozzo went on to compete in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race, the other major single-handed sailing event of the year. The weightings are determined by the league's ranking on the UEFA coefficients, which in turn depend on the results of each league's clubs in European competition (UEFA#Competitions) over the previous five seasons. Goals scored in the top five leagues according to the UEFA coefficients list are multiplied by a factor of two, and goals scored in the leagues ranked six to 21 are multiplied by 1.5. Thus, goals scored in Serie A, the top Italian (Italy) football league, will count for more than those scored in the weaker Welsh Premier League, its Welsh (Wales) equivalent. In 2005 there were active racing fleets in Canada, Germany, Italy, Monaco, Netherlands, South Africa and USA. Early life and career Freeman was educated at Westminster School and Brasenose College, Oxford, (where he was elected an honorary fellow in 1968) and he joined the Labour Party (Labour Party (UK)) in 1933. During World War II, Freeman saw active service in the Middle East, North Africa, Italy and North West Europe and was commissioned in the Rifle Brigade (Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)) in 1940. He was appointed MBE in 1943. After his return to the UK, he was selected as Labour candidate for Watford (Watford (UK Parliament constituency)) and was elected in the 1945 election (United Kingdom general election, 1945) victory. The Sooke Harbour House has been owned by Frederique and Sinclair Philip since 1979. Sinclair Philip is the Canadian (Canada) representative to Slow Food in Italy and some years ago was a Slow Food Vancouver Island Convivium leader. Mr. Philip has a doctorate in political economics from the University of Grenoble


United States

José Lima (w:José Lima), a former baseball (w:baseball) pitcher for Major League Baseball (w:Major League Baseball)'s Houston Astros (w:Houston Astros), Detroit Tigers (w:Detroit Tigers), Los Angeles Dodgers (w:Los Angeles Dodgers), New York Mets (w:New York Mets), and Kansas City Royals (w:Kansas City Royals) (all in the United States (w:United States)) died suddenly at his Los Angeles home this morning of a heart attack (w:heart attack). He was 37 years old. His death was confirmed by the Los Angeles Dodgers organization and his family.


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