Places Known For

working people


live in the cities, 20,284 in the settlements and 116,935 in the villages. The density of population 127.5 person per 1 km2 is 40% more than republic level. The ratio of woman to men per 100 citizens is 49 51. The number of population increases by the natural growth. During the last years, the number of population has increased by 9.8 thousand person or 5.3%. The region is well endowed by labor resources. The number of working people is 82,339. It is 73.3% of the economical active parts

of population. 3.2% of working people are busy in branches of industries and constructions, 73.8% in agriculture, and 23% in different fields of production and services. Except the local people, 519 refugees, and displaced people. Half of the population of Lankaran is comprised of ethnic Talish. History *Lankaran is one of the oldest settlements in Azerbaijan. Facts confirmed by archeologists state that the area was inhabited from the Bronze Age. Because of the linkages between the East


SFSR DATE OF DEATH Initial period of war On 27 June 1941 the Council of deputies of the working people of Leningrad decided to mobilize thousands of people for the construction of fortifications. The Leningrad Narodnoe Opolcheniye Army begun to be formed almost immediately while city fortifications to ring it were built around it to offer a measure of defence. One of the fortifications ran from the mouth of the Luga River to Chudovo, Gatchina, Uritsk, Pulkovo

Free Territory

Republic flag_s2 Flag_of_the_Ukrainian_SSR_(1919-1929).svg image_flag RPAU flag.svg flag Anarchist symbolism#Black flag national_motto " (Ukrainian (Ukrainian language)) "Death to all who stand in the way of obtaining the freedom of working people!" national_anthem image_map Makhnowia.png image_map_caption Approximate location

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

housing for working people. The streets are named after those who founded the Company, including geologist and writer Hugh Miller (1802-56). The colony houses are now considered coveted properties, due partly to their unique location near the Royal Botanic Gardens (Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh) and Inverleith Park, and ease of access to the city centre. The colonies are often considered to be almost a village in their own right. It is characterised by its wealth of open green


in the Arctic, to make them more visible. His achievements proved that the North Pole could be reached by airplane. Initial period of war On 27 June 1941 the Council of deputies of the working people of Leningrad decided to mobilize thousands of people for the construction of fortifications. The Leningrad Narodnoe Opolcheniye Army begun to be formed almost immediately while city fortifications to ring it were built around it to offer a measure of defence. One of the fortifications ran from


of a million in its district, mostly eking out a living as subsistence farmers on less than USD2 per day. It's the last sizeable settlement in Western Uganda, hard up against the borders of both the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. Many foreign visitors to Uganda find that this is one of the nicest areas to spend time in with beautiful montagne scenery, smooth roads, and hard-working people eager to please and offer hospitality. However, the main attraction for many


;A Rossendale Anthology; Ronald Digby; Forest Press, Bacup 1969 The area became one of the cradles of the Industrial Revolution, and was known as 'The Golden Valley'. There was great hardship among working people during this time, but many fortunes were made among the mill-owning classes. Lancashire - The First Industrial Society; Chris Aspin; Carnegie 1995; ISBN 1-85936-016-5 There was large-scale immigration from Ireland to find work building the railways and in the mills, which led to several instances of serious civil disturbances between the two communities. Michael Davitt, the Irish republican leader was among these immigrants, settling in Haslingden, where he received his education after losing an arm at the age of 11 in a mill accident. The area is also notable for its quarrying, and Rossendale Flagstone was used widely throughout the country in the 19th century. The flagstones in Trafalgar Square in London were quarried in Rossendale. Building Blocks; D. Revell and A. Baldwin; 1985; ISBN 0-947738-13-4 Upland farming is still carried out, largely of sheep but also of cattle. The history of Rossendale is well documented, largely through the efforts of the historian Chris Aspin, a specialist on the textile industry, and Derek Pilkington, whose efforts led to the preservation of Higher Mill in Helmshore, now Helmshore Mills Textile Museum. The Whitworth Doctors were local surgeons and bone setters whose reputation spread far and wide, so that they treated patients from throughout the country, including Princess Elizabeth (Elizabeth II) and the Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1819 William Hewitt described them as "the most remarkable men of their class that ever appeared in England". With the steady decline of the cotton industry Rossendale suffered from serious economic decline which has only recently halted, and the area still has pockets of poverty. However, the opening of fast road connections with Manchester, allied to the attractiveness of the local countryside has meant that Rossendale has developed a sizeable commuter population. In its wake this is bringing some signs of economic revival, and Rawtenstall in particular now houses a number of shops that sell niche fashion and luxury consumer goods alongside Asda and Tesco superstores. This, coupled with redevelopment plans to regenerate the Valley Precinct and bus depot (both in Rawtenstall), are intended to attract more businesses and visitors into Rossendale. R.S. Ireland (The Real Lancashire Black Pudding Co.) is based near Haslingden; http: a family run business of specialist black pudding makers, using only traditional methods and with a recipe dating back to 1879. Rawtenstall has Fitzpatricks Herbal Health, this is the last remaining functioning temperance bar in England, that makes and sells its own non-alcoholic drinks, such as sarsaparilla (Sarsaparilla (soft drink)), black beer (Stout)s and blood tonic. Etymology The name ''Rossendale'' first appeared in 1292. A record of the name as ''Rocendal'' (1242) suggests Celtic (Celtic language) ''ros'' "moor, heath", with Old Norse (Old Norse language) dalr "dale, valley", hence ''moor valley'' i.e. the valley of the River Irwell. Oxford Dictionary of British Place Names; A.D. Mills; OUP 1991; ISBN 0-19-852758-6. Transport The borough is linked by the motorway network to Manchester, Burnley and Blackburn via the A56 (A56 road) M65 (M65 motorway) and M66 (M66 motorway) motorways. Bordering Greater Manchester southwards, it is 17.4 miles to Deansgate (city centre (Manchester city centre)) via the Edenfield by-pass and M66, with a journey time of around 30 minutes in a car. Alternatively the A56 route can be taken via Edenfield, Walmersley, Bury centre, Whitefield (Whitefield, Greater Manchester), Prestwich and Broughton (Broughton, Greater Manchester). There was once a rail link south to Manchester via Bury, but this was closed in 1966 as part of cuts following the Beeching Report. Part of the old railway reopened in 1991 as the East Lancashire Railway operating a service from Rawtenstall to Bury via Ramsbottom and Summerseat, and manned by volunteers. In September 2003 an eastbound extension from Bury to Heywood (Heywood, Greater Manchester) was opened. The line is now just over 12 miles long and is open every weekend of the year. There are aspirations to redevelop this line as a link to Manchester providing a commuter service. As such the nearest railway connections are Blackburn, Burnley, and Todmorden. The area is well served by public transport, with bus services provided mainly by Rossendale Transport and Burnley & Pendle. These provide regular services to Burnley, Blackburn, Accrington, Bolton, Rochdale, Bury, Manchester and Rochdale as well as Todmorden and other local destinations. Education in Rossendale Rossendale contains multiple secondary schools, these are: * All Saints' Catholic High School (All Saints' Catholic High School, Rawtenstall) * Alder Grange Community and Technology School * Bacup and Rawtenstall Grammar School (selective state school) * Haslingden High School * Fearns Community Sports College * Whitworth Community High School In addition, there is Accrington and Rossendale College, based in Accrington. The arts in Rossendale right thumb 250px Waughs Well (File:Wwell.jpg) Rossendale is the home to a large community of artists with several painters' studios, many of which are centred on the area around Waterfoot. Rossendale's only traditional Theatre is in Bacup. The theatre is owned by Bacup Operatic & Dramatic Society and not only stage their own shows but professional acts such as Joe Longthorne and Freddie Starr. The Royal Court Theatre also has a thriving Youth Theatre called Paasc and Bytes. A theatre and arts centre known as 'The Boo' is the home of the international touring Horse and Bamboo Theatre Company who specialise in visual theatre, often using distinctive masks. The painters and other artists who make up the major studios within the valley - Globe Arts, Prospect Studio, Valley Artists, the Slipper Studio - along with the Boo, and the See Gallery in Crawshawbooth, now work together to open their studios and premises each year at the Reveal Open Studios weekend. The Littoral Arts Trust, dedicated to arts, social and environmental research is based in the Rossendale Valley. The first part of the Irwell Sculpture Trail runs from Deerplay, above Bacup, to Stubbins. The actress Jane Horrocks was born in Rawtenstall, Rossendale, and the composer Alan Rawsthorne was born in Haslingden. Betty Jackson, the fashion designer, is a native of Bacup. In the 18th and 19th centuries the Larks of Dean were an unusual group of working class musicians whose music-making at the Baptist Chapel in Goodshaw Fold became an important local feature. There is also a brass band tradition as well as an amateur theatre scene. There was once over 40 bands in and around Rossendale, including the Irwell Springs Band whose fame was at a peak at the turn of the 19th century. There are currently the Haslingden and Helmshore Band, Goodshaw Band, Stacksteads Band, Water Band, 2nd Rossendale Scout Group Band, Whitworth Vale & Healey Band, Whitworth Youth Band Rossendale Encore Concert Band and the Whitworth Veterans' Band. Rossendale is home to a unique dancing troup, the Britannia Coco-nut Dancers, formed in the mid-19th century, and who traditionally dance along the local roads every Easter. right thumb 250px Haslingden Halo (File:Halo in Haslingden, Rossendale, England.jpg) There has been a long tradition of dialect poetry and writing in Rossendale. A Bacup Miscellany : Prose and Verse by Local Writers Past and Present. Ed. Harry Craven. ISBN 978-0-9502527-0-4 Local poets have included Andrew Houston (''The Rossendale Bard''), Walter Hargreaves (''Shepster'') and Clifford Heyworth (''Bill o' Bows''). Waugh's Well, above Edenfield and Cowpe, marks the spot where Edwin Waugh wrote many of his poems, and is a favourite spot for walkers - a popular activity in Rossendale that does not appear to be in decline. The Halo is an artwork in the form of an 18m-diameter steel lattice structure supported on a tripod overlooking Haslingden in Rossendale, positioned to be clearly visible from the M66 and A56 approach to Lancashire. It is lit after dark using low-energy LEDs powered by an adjacent wind turbine. It is the fourth Panopticon in Lancashire (Panopticons). It, and the adjacent landscaped area at Top o'Slate, was opened to the public in September 2007, and was designed by John Kennedy of LandLab and engineered by Booth King Partnership. Sports and entertainment right thumb Lee Quarry (File:Lee quarry.jpg) now contains a purpose-built mountain bike trail. Other locations were Selkirk (Selkirk, Scottish Borders), a town in the Scottish Borders, BBC Press Office (30 April 2004). "BBC ONE explores love across the social divide in an adaptation of Elizabeth Gaskell's North and South". Press release (News release). Retrieved on 26 April 2008. Burnley in Lancashire, and the Bluebell Railway in Sussex, where the final and the beginning scenes were shot. Additional railway sequences were filmed in Yorkshire, using carriages provided by the Vintage Carriages Trust '''Andrew Houston''' (Born March 23, 1846 – ?? ) was born in Doonbreeda, Nephin, County Mayo; later moving to Rossendale, credited as the Rossendale Bard. A case is currently being tried in England over the alleged assault of a 'Goth' (w:Goth subculture) couple, resulting in the death of the female victim. A fifteen-year-old youth, who was one of a gang of five, is charged with having kicked and stamped the 20-year-old woman to death in Stubby Lee Park, Bacup (w:Bacup), Rossendale (w:Rossendale) in Lancashire (w:Lancashire) on the 11 August 2007.

Resettlement Administration

'', p. 26). Charles and Constance moved back east, making Charles' parents' estate in Patterson, New York, northeast of New York City, their base of operations. When baby Pete was eighteen months old, they set out with him and his two older brothers in a home-made trailer, on a quixotic mission to bring musical uplift to the working people in the American South. Ann Pescatello, ''Charles Seeger: A Life In Music'', 83–85. On their return, Constance taught violin and Charles composition at the New York Institute of Musical Art (later Juilliard (Juilliard School)), whose president, family friend Frank Damrosch, was Constance's adoptive "uncle". Charles also taught part time at the New School for Social Research. Career and money tensions led to quarrels and reconciliations, but when Charles discovered Constance had opened a secret bank account in her own name, they separated, and Charles took custody of their three sons. Dunaway, ''How Can I Keep From Singing'', p. 32. Frank Damrosch, siding with Constance, fired Charles from Juilliard, see Judith Tick, ''Ruth Crawford Seeger: a Composer's Search for American Music'' (Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 224–25. Beginning in 1936, Charles held various administrative positions in the federal government's Farm Resettlement program (Resettlement Administration), the WPA (Works Projects Administration)'s Federal Music Project (1938–1940), and the wartime Pan American Union. After World War II, he taught ethnomusicology at the University of California and Yale University. Dunaway, ''How Can I Keep From Singing'', pp. 22, 24. Winkler (2009), p. 4. Early work At four, Seeger was sent away to boarding school, but came home two years later, when his parents learned the school had failed to inform them he had contracted scarlet fever. Wilkinson, "The Protest Singer" (2006) p. 50 and Dunaway, ''How Can I Keep From Singing'', p. 32. He attended first and second grades in Nyack, New York, where his mother lived, before entering boarding school in Ridgefield, Connecticut. Alec Wilkinson, ''The Protest Singer: An Intimate Portrait of Pete Seeger'' (New York: Knopf, 2009), p. 43. Despite being classical musicians, his parents did not press him to play an instrument. On his own, the otherwise bookish and withdrawn boy gravitated to the ukulele, becoming adept at entertaining his classmates with it, while laying the basis for his subsequent remarkable audience rapport. At thirteen Seeger entered prep school at the Avon Old Farms boarding school in Connecticut, where he was selected to attend Camp Rising Sun, the Louis August Jonas Foundation's international summer leadership program. During the summer of 1936, while traveling with his father and stepmother, Pete heard the five-string banjo for the first time at the Mountain Dance and Folk Festival (Bascom Lamar Lunsford#The Mountain Dance and Folk Festival) in western North Carolina near Asheville (Asheville, North Carolina), organized by local folklorist, lecturer, and traditional music performer Bascom Lamar Lunsford, whom Charles Seeger had hired for Farm Resettlement (Resettlement Administration) music projects. Dunaway, ''How Can I Keep From Singing'', pp. 48-49. The festival took place in a covered baseball field. There the Seegers watched square-dance teams from Bear Wallow, Happy Hollow, Cane Creek, Spooks Branch, Cheoah Valley, Bull Creek, and Soco Gap; heard the five-string banjo player Samantha Bumgarner; and family string bands, including a group of Indians from the Cherokee reservation who played string instruments and sang ballads. They wandered among the crowds who camped out at the edge of the field, hearing music being make there as well. As Lunsford’s daughter would later recall, those country people "held the riches that Dad had discovered. They could sing, fiddle, pick the banjos, and guitars with traditional grace and style found nowhere else but deep in the mountains. I can still hear those haunting melodies drift over the ball park." Judith Tick, ''Ruth Crawford Seeger'', p. 239. For the Seegers, experiencing the beauty of this music firsthand was a "conversion experience". Pete was deeply affected and, after learning basic strokes from Lunsford, spent much of the next four years trying to master the five-string banjo. Judith Tick, ''Ruth Crawford Seeger'', p. 239. The teenage Seeger also sometimes accompanied his parents to regular Saturday evening gatherings in at the Greenwich Village loft of painter and art teacher Thomas Hart Benton and his wife Rita. Benton, a lover of Americana, played "Cindy" (Cindy (folk song)) and "Old Joe Clark" with his students Charlie (Charles Pollock) and Jackson Pollock; friends from the "hillbilly" (Old-time music) recording industry; as well as avant-garde (avant-garde music) composers Carl Ruggles and Henry Cowell. It was at one of Benton's parties that Pete heard "John Henry (John Henry (folklore)# music)" for the first time. Judith Tick, ''Ruth Crawford Seeger'', p. 235. According to John Szwed, Jackson Pollock, later famous for his "drip" paintings, played harmonica, having smashed his violin in frustration, see: ''Alan Lomax: The Man Who Recorded the World'' (Viking, 2010), p. 88. With the onset of the Great Depression, Lange turned her camera lens from the studio to the street. Her studies of unemployed and homeless people captured the attention of local photographers and led to her employment with the federal Resettlement Administration (RA), later called the Farm Security Administration (FSA). His first film commission was ''The Plow That Broke the Plains'', sponsored by the United States Resettlement Administration, which also sponsored the film ''The River (The River (1938 film))'' with music by Thomson. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 1949 with his film score for ''Louisiana Story''. In 1935, Evans spent two months at first on a fixed-term photographic campaign for the Resettlement Administration (RA) in West Virginia and Pennsylvania. From October on, he continued to do photographic work for the RA and later the Farm Security Administration (FSA), primarily in the Southern United States. In 1994, The Estate of Walker Evans handed over its holdings to New York City's The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ''Wired'' Magazine. "Is It Art, or Memorex?" by Reena Jana. March 21, 2001. The Metropolitan Museum of Art is the sole copyright holder for all works of art in all media by Walker Evans. The only exception is a group of approximately 1,000 negatives in collection of the Library of Congress which were produced for the Resettlement Administration (RA) Farm Security Administration (FSA). Evans's RA FSA works are in the public domain. Masters of Photography website: Walker Evans page Second New Deal The Second New Deal (1935–36) was the second stage of the New Deal programs. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced his main goals in January 1935: improved use of national resources, security against old age, unemployment and illness, and slum clearance, as well as a national welfare program (the WPA) to replace state relief efforts. The most important programs included Social Security (Social Security (United States)), the National Labor Relations Act ("Wagner Act"), the Banking Act, rural electrification (Rural Electrification Act), and breaking up utility holding companies (Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935). Programs that were later ended by the Supreme Court or the Conservative Coalition included the Works Progress Administration (WPA), the National Youth Administration (NYA), the Resettlement Administration, and programs for retail price control, farm rescues (Frazier–Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act), coal stabilization, and taxes on the rich (Revenue Act of 1935) and the Undistributed profits tax. Liberals in Congress passed the Bonus Bill (Adjusted Compensation Payment Act) for World War veterans over FDR's veto. The family (Seeger#Seeger family), including Mike Seeger, Peggy Seeger, Barbara, Penny, and stepson Pete Seeger, moved to Washington D.C. in 1936 after Charles’ appointment to the music division of the Resettlement Administration. While in Washington D.C. Crawford Seeger worked closely with John (John Lomax) and Alan Lomax at the Archive of American Folk Song at the Library of Congress to preserve and teach American folk music. Her arrangements and interpretations of American Traditional folk songs are among the most respected including transcriptions for: American Folk Songs for Children, Animal Folksongs for Children (1950) and American Folk Songs for Christmas (1953) Our Singing Country and Folk Song USA by John and Alan Lomax. However she is most well known for Our Singing Country (1941.) She also composed Rissolty Rossolty, an ‘American Fantasia for Orchestra’ based on folk tunes, for the CBS radio series American School of the Air. Moss studied at the George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C., where was editor of ''The George Washington Law Review'' (1936–1937). consists of bottomland and upland forest. A variety of species inhabit these lands including quail, deer, and turkey. Between 1933 and 1937 the Federal Government began implementing a Resettlement Administration program, where rural farmers were supposed to be relocated to more fertile areas. The RA bought 79 pieces of property in both Hickory Ridge and Batestown (Batestown, Prince William County, Virginia) and condemned another 48, to form the Chopawamsic Recreational Demonstration Area. National Park Service - Chopawamsic Recreational Demonstration Area However, the RA often made no effort to actually resettle the displaced residents. Batestown and Hickory Ridge (Hickory Ridge, Virginia) both suffered the same fate. Between 1933 and 1937, the Federal Government began implementing a Resettlement Administration program to form Chopawamsic Recreational Demonstration Area National Park Service - Chopawamsic Recreational Demonstration Area , where rural farmers were supposed to relocate for more fertile land. The RA bought 79 pieces of property in both Hickory Ridge and Batestown and condemned another 48, to form a new recreation area. However, the RA often made no effort to actually resettle the displaced residents.


was then still formally independent state, but under heavy influence of Moscow. - 1583 ''Livonian War'': The war was ended with the Treaty of Plussa. Narva and the Gulf of Finland coast went to Sweden. - - 29 November ''Estonian War of Independence'': The Red Army captured the Estonian town of Narva. Local Bolsheviks reestablished the Anvelt (Jaan Anvelt) government as the Commune of the Working People of Estonia. - image_skyline Narva jõgi 1999.jpg

country, its opposite 7th and 'Estonian (Commune of the Working People of Estonia)' Red Armies were still active. The Estonian High Command decided to push their defense lines across the border into Russia in support of the White Russian Northern Corps. They went on offensive at Narva, catching the Soviets by surprise and destroying their 6th Division. Traksmaa, August: ''Lühike vabadussõja ajalugu'', page 141. Olion, 1992, ISBN 5450013256


of organizing to improve conditions for working people. William M. Adler, The Man Who Never Died, The Life, Times, and Legacy of Joe Hill, American Labor Icon, Bloomsbury USA, 2011, pp. 12-13, 206 Early life Joel Emmanuel Hägglund was born 1879 in Gävle (then called Gefle), a city in the province of Gästrikland, Sweden. He was the third child in a family of nine, where three children died young. His father, Olof, worked as a conductor on the Gefle-Dala

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