Places Known For

volcanic rock


Tulancingo

; The municipality borders the municipalities of Metepec (Metepec, Hidalgo), Acaxochitlán, Cuautepec and Singuilucan. It is located in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt in the Sierra Hidalgo, as it begins its descent to the Gulf of Mexico. It is mostly valley floor with some peaks. This relatively flat surface is mostly of light volcanic rock cut with ravines, small canyons, large hills and volcanoes. The larger canyons include Los Ermitaños, which forms a “Y” over one kilometer long. The highest point is the Cerro del Tezontle, named after the volcanic rock (tezontle) it is principally made up of. Other elevations include Cerro Viejo, Napateco and Las Navajas. The main river is the Tulancingo River, which is part of the Metztitlán River system. There are four small lakes called Los Alamos, Otontepec, San Alejo and La Ciénega. The climate is temperate to cold with an annual average temperature of 14C and average rainfall of between 500 and 550 mm per year. Most rain falls from June to October. Forested areas include trees such as pine, ocotea, oyamel, cedar (Cedar wood) and walnut trees. Most wildlife consist of small mammals such as rabbits and squirrels with birds such as hummingbirds, doves and woodpeckers and reptiles such as snakes. right thumb 250px The ruins of Huapalcalco (Image:Huapalcalco1.jpg) In the Tulancingo Valley, some of the oldest human remains of Mexico were found in Tecolote Cave. commons:Tulancingo


San Martín Tilcajete

) are brightly colored Mexican folk art (Mexican handcrafts and folk art) sculptures of fantastical creatures. The first alebrijes, along with use of the term, originated with Pedro Linares. After dreaming the creatures while sick in the 1930s, he began to create what he saw in cardboard and paper mache. His work caught the attention of a gallery owner in Cuernavaca and later, the artists Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo. Linares was originally from México City (DF), he was born June 29, 1906 in México City and never moved out of México City, he died January 25, 1992. Then in the 1980s, British Filmmaker, Judith Bronowski, arranged an itinerant demonstration workshop in U.S.A. participating Pedro Linares, Manuel Jiménez (Manuel Jiménez (artist)) and a textil artisan Maria Sabina from Oaxaca. Although the Oaxaca valley area already had a history of carving animal and other types of figures from wood, it was at this time, when Bronowski's workshop took place when artisans from Oaxaca knew the alebrijes paper mache sculptures. Then Linares’ designs were adapted to the carving of a local wood called copal (Bursera glabrifolia) and on family visits, demonstrated his designs there. The Oaxaca valley area already had a history of carving animal and other types of figures from wood, and Linares’ designs were adapted to the carving of a local wood called copal (Bursera glabrifolia). This adaptation was pioneered by Arrazola native Manuel Jiménez (Manuel Jiménez (artist)). This version of the craft has since spread to a number of other towns, most notably San Martín Tilcajete and La Unión Tejalapan, become a major source of income for the area, especially for Tilcajete. The success of the craft, however, has led to the depletion of the native copal trees. Attempts to remedy this, with reforestation efforts and management of wild copal trees has only had limited success. The three towns most closely associated with alebrije production in Oaxaca have produced a number of notable artisans such as Manuel Jiménez, Jacobo Angeles, Martin Sandiego, Julia Fuentes and Miguel Sandiego. Pedro Linares was originally from México City (Distrito Federal). In the 1980s, British Filmmaker, Judith Bronowski, arranged an itinerant demonstration workshop in U.S.A. participating Pedro Linares, Manuel Jiménez (Manuel Jiménez (artist)) and a textil artisan Maria Sabina from Oaxaca. Although the Oaxaca valley area already had a history of carving animal and other types of figures from wood, it was at this time, when Bronowski's workshop took place when artisans from Oaxaca knew the alebrijes paper mache sculptures. Then Linares’ designs were adapted to the carving of a local wood called copal (Bursera glabrifolia). The Oaxaca valley area already had a history of carving animal and other types of figures from wood, and Linares’ designs were adapted to the carving of a local wood called copal (Bursera glabrifolia). This adaptation was pioneered by Arrazola native Manuel Jiménez (Manuel Jiménez (artist)). This version of the craft has since spread to a number of other towns, most notably San Martín Tilcajete and La Unión Tejalapan, become a major source of income for the area, especially for Tilcajete. The success of the craft, however, has led to the depletion of the native copal trees. Attempts to remedy this, with reforestation efforts and management of wild copal trees has only had limited success. The three towns most closely associated with alebrije production in Oaxaca have produced a number of notable artisans such as Manuel Jiménez, Jacobo Angeles, Martin Sandiego, Julia Fuentes and Miguel Sandiego.


Pinal de Amoles

block moisture coming in from the Gulf of Mexico. Most of the rock is sedimentary, with about 45% limestone. About 15% is intrusive volcanic rock. This due to the fact that much of the Sierra Gorda was sea bed millions of years ago, with volcanic activity later in its

geological history. The volcanic rock accounts for most of the municipality’s minable deposits. Rivers are fast flowing due to the geography. The two most important rivers are the Extoraz in the south flowing east and El Rodezno or Río Escanela, which flows past Escanela, Escanelila and Ahuacatlán, emptying into the Jalpan Dam. There are also 169 bodies of surface water which include 143 fresh water springs, six small dams and 20 streams. In the entire region, the coldest temperatures occur between December and January, with high temperatures in April and May. Temperatures vary widely depending on altitude with an annual average of 13C in the higher elevations such as Pinal de Amoles to 24C in lower areas such as Jalpan. In the highest elevations, frosts and freezes are not uncommon. Most of the population lives in very small rural communities, many under 500 inhabitants. There are no notable social conflicts in this area, which is free of problems related to the illegal drug trade that afflict other parts of the country.


Yecapixtla

are in the north, descending gradually to the south, east and west. Major elevations include Yoteco (2110 masl), Boyero (1824 masl) and Mirador (1882 masl). There are formations of volcanic rock, including basalt. Surface water consists of runoff from Popocateptl into streams and small rivers, many of which have formed deep ravines such as the one named Yecapixtla, which begins in the State of Mexico and passes through Zahuatlán and Mexquemeca. ref name "


Tlayacapan

from other parts of the state as well as from Michoacán, Querétaro, Guanajuato and Puebla. Mining was done there in colonial times but there are no records indicating exactly where. Some stories indicate that gold was mined in the Tlatoani Hill and silver in Popotlán. Some openings in these mountains have been found but have not been explored. The area has deposits of lime, plaster, andesite, basalt and other volcanic rock, but these are not currently exploited. Tourism is also considered important, due to attractions such as the former monastery and the La Cerería museum, but this only employs .25% of the population. There are 23 stores in the municipality. Tourism and commerce together employ 7.3% of the population. Tlayacapan is part of the Ruta del Volcan, which is a tourist route set up by the state tourism trust. This route also includes Tepoztlan and Yecapixtla, with the “volcán” referring to the Popocatépetl volcano. Due to is “historic attributes”, there have been calls for the town to become a “Pueblo Mágico” (a program sponsored by the federal government), and it is being considered for inclusion. Demographics As of 2005, only 488 people were counted as speaking an indigenous language, down from 784 in 2000, accounting for only 3,8% of the overall population. Few emigrate from here, but there is a fair amount of immigration from states such as Guerrero, Oaxaca and Puebla. The population in 2005 was 14,467, up from 13,851 in 2000. There is a population growth of .89% in relation to the total population of the state. Almost all residents profess the Catholic faith. Transportation The major highway through the town connects the municipality with Mexico City to the north and Cuautla to the south. There is another highway that connects the area with Yautepec. Several bus lines provide service to the area including Cristóbal Colon and Estrella Roja. Local public transportation provides serviced to local areas as well as Oaxtepec. Tlayacapan in media Films *''Yo... el aventurero'' (1959), starring Antonio Aguilar *''La Valentina (La Valentina (1966 film))'' (1966), starring María Félix *''Lucio Vázquez'' (1968), starring Antonio Aguilar *''Lauro Puñales'' (1969), starring Antonio Aguilar *''Two Mules for Sister Sara'' (1970), starring Shirley MacLaine *''La presidenta municipal'' (1975), starring María Elena Velasco *''OK Mister Pancho'' (1981), starring María Elena Velasco *''Salvador (Salvador (film))'' (1986), starring James Woods and James Belushi Music videos *''When You Were Young'', by The Killers Television series *''Un refugio para el amor'' (one episode) References Music Most of the state's traditional music is associated with corridos. The corrido is sung and played in many parts of Mexico. Those performed in Morelos belong to the "suriano" (southern) type, which can be complicated but, unlike the northern version, is not meant for dancing. The lyrics of this type of corrido generally haveeight syllables per line forming stanzas of five verses each. This type of corrido dates back before the Mexican Revolution, but the tradition has waned. One band noted for saving traditional melodies and songs is the Banda Tlayacapan, based in Tlayacapan in the north of the state. This band was formed in 1870 and is the state's oldest band organization. In popular music, the best known composer from the state is Arturo Márquez, who was born in Álamos, Sonora, but has lived in Cueravaca for a long time. He is known for his danzones (danzón). Gonzalez, pp. 19–20 - 026 Tlayacapan Tlayacapan - The plot follows an American mercenary who gets mixed up with a nun and aids a group of Juarista (Benito Juárez) rebels during the puppet reign of Emperor Maximilian (Maximilian I of Mexico) in Mexico. Frayling (1992), p. 7 Smith (1993), p. 76 The film featured both American and Mexican actors and actresses, including being filmed in the picturesque countryside near Tlayacapan, Morelos.


Squamish, British Columbia

on , just southwest of Mamquam Lake at southwest end of Garibaldi Provincial Park. Volcanic eruptions in Canada

shaped, open on its southeast towards the Strait of Georgia, and extends 42 kilometres to its head at Squamish (Squamish, British Columbia). There are several islands in the sound, three of which are large and mountainous in their own right. The steep-sided mainland shores funnel the breezes as the daily thermals build the wind to 20 knots plus at the northern end of the sound on a typical summer day. A small outcrop of volcanic rock is located on the eastern shore of Howe Sound


Muscat, Oman

*


Lalibela

WikiPedia:Lalibela Commons:Lalibela


Puerto Peñasco

; The base of the area is volcanic rock, much of it solidified lava flows from when ancient eruptions met the ocean. To promote tourism here, the city was declared to be part of the border “free zone” although it is about 100 km from the U.S. This means that foreigners can drive from the U.S. to Puerto Peñasco without obtaining visas. This makes the area attractive to visitors from Arizona, California and Nevada. In a relatively short time, Puerto Peñasco has become a major tourist center. It contains numerous hotels as well as RV and primitive camping sites. Many consider Puerto Peñasco to be “Arizona’s beach” with Tucson, Phoenix and Yuma closer than the Mexican cities of Mexicali and Hermosillo. Most visitors come for the beaches and to fish. The annual fishing festival occurs in June starting on Navy Day on June 1. These celebrations feature mariachis, folk dance and a festival queen. Another fishing tournament is sponsored by the La Choya Bay Club. WikiPedia:Puerto Peñasco Commons:Category:Puerto Peñasco


Datong

Category:National Famous Historical and Cultural Cities in China Asia * Under Emperor Xiaowen the capital of Northern Wei, a state in China, is moved from Datong to Luoyang. * The Ajanta Caves (India) are completed. Cut into the volcanic rock (Rock cut architecture) and elaborately painted. * The seated Buddha (Gautama Buddha) in the Yungang Grottoes, Datong (Shanxi), is made (approximate date). - Bury Angoulême, France <


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