Tripoli

Aurelius Arch; '''Bottom right:''' Souq al-Mushir – Tripoli Medina image_flag image_seal pushpin_map Libya map_size 200px map_caption Location in Libya coordinates_region LY coordinates_display inline, title subdivision_type Country subdivision_name Libya subdivision_type1 Region subdivision_name1 Greater Tripoli subdivision_type2 District

subdivision_name2 10 boroughs established_title First settled established_date 7th century BC founder Phoenicians leader_title Mayor leader_name Abdulrazaq Abuhajar leader_title1 Governing body leader_name1 Tripoli Local Council leader_title2 leader_name2 area_total_km2 400 population_as_of 2012 population_footnotes Table (undated). "Libya" (requires Adobe Flash


Sirte

-Surt.ogg pronunciation ; from ), also spelled ''Sirt'', ''Surt'', ''Sert'' or ''Syrte'', is a city in Libya. It is on the south coast of the Gulf of Sidra (ancient Syrtis Major, from which Sirte's name is derived). Sirte lies halfway between Tripoli and Benghazi. The settlement was established in the early 20th century by the Italians (Italian Libya), at the site of a 19th-century fortress built by the Ottoman Tripolitania Ottomans

village into a small city. After 1988, most government departments and the Libyan parliament were relocated from Tripoli to Sirte, although Tripoli remained formally the capital of the country. "Libya". ''Europa World Year 2004'' Volume II, p. 2651. Taylor & Francis Group, 2004. ISBN 978-1-85743-255-8 Al-Tahadi University was established in 1991. In 1999, Gaddafi proposed the idea of creating a "United States of Africa" with Sirte as its

Libya: Gaddafi's fighters force rebel retreat date 30 March 2011 In August, the city faced a more severe threat from the rebels as the loyalist position deteriorated rapidly, with rebels making gains on multiple fronts. As Tripoli came under attack (Battle of Tripoli (2011)), other rebel forces based in Benghazi broke the military stalemate in the eastern desert, taking Brega (Fourth Battle of Brega) and Ra's Lanuf. At the same time, rebels in Misrata pushed


National Transitional Council

History_of_Libya_under_Gaddafi#Great_Socialist_People.27s_Libyan_Arab_Jamahiriya_.281977.E2.80.932011.29 flag_p1 Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg s1 State of Libya flag_s1 Flag of Libya.svg image_flag Flag of Libya.svg capital Tripoli latd latm latNS longd longm longEW national_motto ''Freedom, Justice, Democracy'' national_anthem Libya, Libya, Libya common_languages Arabic (Arabic language) religion Islam legislature National Transitional Council

title_leader Chairman leader1 Mustafa Abdul Jalil year_leader1 2011–2012 deputy1 Mahmoud Jibril deputy2 Abdurrahim El-Keib year_deputy1 2011 year_deputy2 2011-2012 era 2011 Libyan civil war event_start Establishment date_start 5 March year_start 2011 event1 Battle of Tripoli (Battle of Tripoli (2011)) date_event1 28 August 2011 event2 Death of Muammar Gaddafi date_event2 20 October 2011 event_end Handover of power

type Provisional authority (Provisional government) purpose Deliberative assembly deliberative democracy headquarters Tripoli location Libya region_served membership language Arabic (Standard Arabic) Religion Islam general leader_title Chairman leader_name Mustafa Abdul Jalil leader_title2 Vice Chairman leader_name2 Mustafa Honi leader_title3


Misrata

in northwestern Libya, situated west of Benghazi on the Mediterranean coast near Cape Misrata. With a population of about 500,000, Misrata is the third-largest city (List of cities in Libya) in Libya, after Tripoli and Benghazi. It is the capital city of the Misrata District and has been called the business capital of Libya. The harbor is at Qasr Ahmad. Etymology The name "Misrata"

of Tripoli as well as the eastern Cyrenican towns of Benghazi and Derna (Derna, Libya). The Aghdams had traditionally resisted efforts by the central Ottoman government in Istanbul to reestablish direct control over Tripoli Province and, under the leadership of Osman al-Aghdam, they led a rebellion against the Ottomans and their local allies in 1835. After their eventual defeat in 1858, they were left in an inferior position to that of the Muntasirs. Ben-Ghiat and Fuller, 2008

) and former Bedouins who had retained their tribal affiliations and loyalties and thus involved themselves in competition for political influence. Up until 1908, the Muntasirs, led by Umar al-Muntasir, controlled the upper echelons of the newly organized bureaucracy in Tripoli Province and were largely accepted by the local notables as the administrators of Misrata along with Sirte, Gharyan and Tarhuna. However, that year, the Young Turks


Derna, Libya

was resettled by the Islamic refugees from Spain (Expulsion of the Moriscos) (Al-Andalus) in 1493 on the site of the ancient settlement. Modern era Ottoman times Under Ottoman rule, Derna was initially under the governor at Tripoli, but shortly after 1711 it fell under the Karamanli sultanate (Karamanli dynasty), until 1835 when it became a dependency of the autonomous sanjak of Benghazi, essentially Cyrenaica, which was governed directly from Constantinople

. Vailhé, S. (1913) "Tripoli, Prefecture Apostolic of" ''Catholic Encyclopedia'' volume 15, page 59 This in turn, in 1875, became the vilayet of Cyrenaica. Hayes, Carlton Joseph Huntley (1919) ''A political and social history of modern Europe, Volume 1'' Macmillan, New York, page 514,

: Martyrdom ''Newsweek'', April 28, 2008. Following mass protests (2011 Libyan civil war) on 18 February 2011, the city came under the control of the National Transitional Council, breaking from the Libyan government. The city was never retaken before Gaddafi's ouster from Tripoli and the establishment


Benghazi

as of Summer 2014 because of poor security in Benghazi. Benghazi's wider metropolitan area (which includes the southern towns of Gimeenis and Suluq) is also a district (Districts of Libya) of Libya. The port city is located on the Mediterranean Sea. During the Kingdom era of Libya's history, Benghazi enjoyed a joint-capital status (alongside Tripoli), possibly because the King (Idris I of Libya) used to reside in the nearby city of Bayda (Bayda, Libya) and the Senussis

and sensitivities between Benghazi and Tripoli, and by extension between the two regions (Cyrenaica and Tripolitania). The population of the entire district was 500,120 in the 1995 census and had increased to 670,797 in the 2006 census. On 15 February 2011, an uprising (First Battle of Benghazi) against

useful to be ignored by the Ottomans. In 1578, the Turks invaded Benghazi and it was ruled from Tripoli by the Karamanlis (Karamanli dynasty) from 1711 to 1835; it then passed under direct Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule until 1911. Greek and Italian (Italy) sponge fishermen worked its coastal waters. In 1858, and again in 1874, Benghazi was devastated by bubonic plague. Italian colonial rule File:Italian Benghazi.jpg thumb The colonial Italians created


Bayda, Libya

,-political-drogba-&-libyan-rebels?cc 3888 title Libya Russian fears, Drogba & Libyan rebels publisher ESPNsoccernet date September 10, 2011 (after Tripoli, Benghazi and Misrata). It is the capital city of the Jabal al Akhdar district. History Bayda's history stretches back to Ancient Greece, when it was known as Balagrae. Cyrenaica and the Late Antique

in the 1950s. It was originally intended to be the new capital of Libya and most of the necessary government buildings were constructed there. Eventually, the plan to move the capital from Tripoli to Bayda was dropped.

and Fezzan having autonomy. The kingdom also had three capital cities: Tripoli, Benghazi and Bayda (Bayda, Libya). Two years after independence, on 28 March 1953, Libya joined the Arab League. In February 2011, anti-government mass protests (Libyan civil war) sprang up against Gaddafi in Benghazi, Bayda (Bayda, Libya) and Zintan, in the context of the wider Arab Spring.


Kingdom of Libya

p3 Fezzan-Ghadames (French Administration) flag_p3 Flag of Fezzan-Ghadames.svg s1 History of Libya under Gaddafi#Libyan Arab Republic flag_s1 Flag of Libya (1969–1972).svg image_flag Flag of Libya.svg image_coat Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Libya.svg image_map Libya (orthographic projection).svg capital Tripoli Bayda (Bayda, Libya) a latd latm latNS longd longm longEW national_anthem '' Libya, Libya

governments and legislatures. Tripoli and Benghazi served alternately as the national capital. Political development Several factors, rooted in Libya's history, affected the political development of the newly independent country. They reflected the differing political orientations of the provinces and the ambiguities inherent in Libya's monarchy. First, after the first Libyan general election, 1952, which were held on 19 February, political parties were abolished. The National Congress

+ly0036) "Independent Libya" , ''U.S. Library of Congress''. Retrieved July 14, 2006. The government (Politics of Libya) was in close alliance with the United States and United Kingdom; both countries maintained military base rights in Libya. The U.S. supported the United Nations resolution providing for Libyan independence in 1951 and raised the status of its office at Tripoli from a consulate general to a legation. Libya opened a legation


Ghadames

(Berber (Berber language): '''Ɣdames''' or '''Ɛdimes'''; to the southwest of Tripoli, near the borders with Algeria and Tunisia. Ghadames borders Illizi Province, Algeria and Tataouine Governorate, Tunisia. The oasis has

the troops to Italy, the proclamation of the Holy War (Jihad) by the Ottomans, the uprising of the Libyans in Tripolitania and Fezzan and the partisan war led by the Senussi in Cyrenaica Bertarelli (1929), p. 419. forced the Italians to abandon all the occupied territory and to entrench themselves in Tripoli, Derna and the coast of Cyrenaica. Only in the late 1920s were the Italians able to take control of all Libya. Meanwhile 150,000

dramatically expanded and re-fortified. Desert nomads could no longer safely raid the region's interior and escape back into the Sahara. The Ottoman province (''vilayet'') of Tripoli (including the dependent ''sanjak'' of Cyrenaica) lay along the southern shore of the Mediterranean between Tunisia in the west and Egypt in the east. Besides the city itself, the area included Cyrenaica (the Barca plateau), the chain of oases in the Aujila depression, Fezzan and the oases


Latakia

and the Euphrates valley in 1968 and was supplemented by the completion of a railway line to Homs. The port became even more important after 1975, due to the troubled situation in Lebanon and the loss of Beirut and Tripoli as ports. Ring, 1994, p.455 In 1973, during the October War (Yom Kippur War) (Yom Kippur War), the naval Battle of Latakia between Israel and Syria was fought just offshore from Latakia. The battle was the first

;Latakia Come to Syria. Latakia is a home city of consulate generals of Finland, France, and honorary consulates of Greece and Romania. Healthcare Transportation Roads link Latakia to Aleppo, Beirut, Homs, and Tripoli (Tripoli, Lebanon). The main commercial coastal road of the city is Jamal Abdel Nasser Street

; ref Much of the city is accessible by taxi and other forms of public transportation. Buses transport people to various Syrian, Lebanese, and Turkish cities, including Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Palmyra, Tripoli, Beirut, Safita, Hims, Hama, Antakya, and Tartous. The "luxury" Garagat Pullman Bus Station is located on Abdel Qader al-Husseini Street, and at least a dozen private companies are based at the station. On the same street is the older Hob-Hob


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