, management of the commercial real estate *Open joint stock company "Trans-alpha" (former "Vologda mechanical factory") — produces trolleybuses and buses *Opened joint-stock company "Vologda building designs and road machines factory" — produces mobile buildings for household, public, and industrial use *Closed joint-stock company "SoyuzLesMontazh" — produces a wide range of equipment for wood processing and equipment for the paper industry Traditional national crafts are presented by the closed joint-stock company «Snowflake» (lace), limited liability company "Hope" and other enterprises. Wikipedia:Vologda Commons:Vologda
Horse riding The traditional national sports reflect the importance of horse riding in Kyrgyz culture. Very popular, as in all of Central Asia, is ''Ulak Tartysh (Buzkashi)'', a team game (team sports) resembling a cross between polo and rugby (rugby football) in which two teams of riders wrestle for possession of the headless carcass of a goat, which they attempt to deliver across the opposition's goal line, or into the opposition's goal: a big tub or a circle marked
). Turkic peoples originally used their own alphabets, like Orkhon (Old Turkic alphabet) and Yenisey (Old Turkic alphabet) runiform, and later the Uyghur alphabet. The oldest inscription was found near the Issyk river in Kyrgyzstan. Traditional national and cultural symbols of the Turkic peoples include wolves (wolf) in Turkic mythology and tradition; as well as the color blue, iron, and fire. Turquoise blue, from the French (French language) word meaning "
. There are other variations depending on personal taste and availability. White cabbage is used mainly among Albanians in Kosovo, whereas Albanians in Montenegro use alternately collard greens or white cabbage. In the former Yugoslavia, this dish is known as ''sarma'' (сарма). right thumb 180px Armenian traditional national dish of the dolma (File:Armenian dolma.jpeg) *Geographical term: **In Albania, Kosovo, Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia: ***Drin (river), in Albania, Kosovo and the Republic of Macedonia In the early years of the new millennium, squadrons home ported at NAS Brunswick continued to fulfill their missions by flying intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and maritime patrol sorties in Operation Joint Guardian in Kosovo and Operation Deliberate Forge in Bosnia in support of U.S. and NATO forces. Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks against the U.S., those same squadrons began flying missions in support of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in the Middle East. thumb right 200px The Balkan Peninsula, as defined by the Danube-Sava-Kupa line. (File:Balkanpeninsula.png) This concept is based on a geographic argument, that is, on the boundaries of the Balkans (which is considered a synonym by the supporters). The countries located fully in the peninsula are the following: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, ''Kosovo'' (Limited recognition (List of states with limited recognition)) , Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), and Montenegro. Based in San Francisco, PC World's original edition is published in the United States however it is also available in other countries (51 in total), sometimes under a different name: * ''PC World'' in Albania, Australia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Brazil, Denmark, Greece, Hungary, India (from July 2006), Italy, Kosovo, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Spain, Romania, Turkey, Vietnam, Ecuador. * ''PC Advisor'' in Ireland and the United Kingdom. (Another now-discontinued magazine called ''Personal Computer World'' and a ''PC World (PC World (retailer))'' retailer —neither related to the ''PC World'' magazine —already exist or existed in those markets.) As part of Joint Force Harrier, 3 Squadron operated alongside the Fleet Air Arm Sea Harriers (BAE Sea Harrier), and was capable of deployment from the Royal Navy aircraft carriers. Operations included Operation Allied Force over Kosovo in 1999, Operation Palliser over Sierra Leone in 2000 and Operation Telic over Iraq in 2003. In August 2004, it was announced that 6 Harriers would be deployed to Afghanistan in support of NATO forces. *Norway: Coalition Party (Norway) (''Samlingspartiet'') *Kosovo: Coalition Party (Kosovo) In 1999 he made his first film for Hardcash Productions, ''Prime Suspects'', about a massacre in Kosovo for Channel 4's ''Dispatches (Dispatches (TV series))'' programme. This film won the Royal Television Society (RTS) award for International Current Affairs in 1999.
Nazi Germany branch 23px border (Image:War Ensign of Germany 1903-1918.svg) Reichsheer (German Army (German Empire)) 23px (Image:Flag of Weimar Republic (war).svg) Reichswehr 23px (File:Flag Schutzstaffel.svg) Waffen-SS :'''George''': By Gum, this is interesting! I always loved history. The Battle of Hastings (w:Battle of Hastings), Henry VIII (w:Henry VIII of England) and his six knives (w:Wives of Henry VIII) and all that! :'''Blackadder''': You see, Baldrick, in order to prevent a war in Europe, two super blocs developed: us, the French and the Russians on one side (w:Allies of World War I); and the Germans and Austro-Hungary on the other (w:German Empire). The idea was to have two vast, opposing armies, each acting as the other's deterrent (w:Causes of World War I#Arms Race). That way, there could never be a war. :'''Baldrick''': Except, well, this is sort of a war, isn't it? First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (w:Kingdom of Prussia) (1701–1918), the German Empire (w:German Empire) (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic) (1919–33) and the Third Reich (w:Third Reich) (1933–45). Berlin in the 1920s (w:1920s Berlin) was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city, along with the German state, was divided - into East Berlin (w:East Berlin) — capital of the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic), colloquially identified in English as East Germany — and West Berlin (w:West Berlin), a political exclave (w:exclave) (surrounded by the Berlin Wall (w:Berlin Wall) from 1961 to 1989) and a ''de facto'' (although not ''de jure'' (w:Allied Control Council)) state of the Federal Republic of Germany (w:Federal Republic of Germany), known colloquially in English as West Germany (w:West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Following German reunification (w:German reunification) in 1990, the city was once more designated as the capital of all Germany. thumb right (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S90733, Victor Klemperer.jpg) '''Victor Klemperer (w:Victor Klemperer)''' (9 October 1881 – 11 February 1960) worked as a commercial apprentice, a journalist and eventually a Professor of Literature, specialising in the French Enlightenment at the Technische Universität Dresden (w:Technische Universität Dresden). His diaries detailing his life under successive German states—the German Empire (w:German Empire), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic), Nazi Germany (w:Nazi Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic)—were published in 1995.
''''' is a traditional national costume in German-speaking countries. Although the word is most often associated with Austrian and Bavarian costumes, many other peoples of Germany have them. '''Ruhpolding''' is a municipality of the Traunstein district (Traunstein (district)) in southeastern Bavaria, Germany. It is situated in the south of the Chiemgau region in the Alps. Ruhpolding has a population of approximately 6,400. '''Reit im Winkl''' is a small village in the southeastern part of Bavaria, Germany, in the Traunstein district (Traunstein (district)). It is situated southwest of Ruhpolding in the Alps. The village area has borders with two states of Austria, Tyrol (Tyrol (state)) and Salzburg (Salzburg (state)). The small village of Kössen in Tyrol is the next village following the river Lofer to the confluence into the Tiroler Achen. Reit im Winkl has a population of approximately 2,600. It is a famous tourist resort, especially for winter sports. The skiing area is located in a district of the village called Winklmoos Alm. '''Traunreut''' is a town (Town#Germany) in southeastern Bavaria, Germany in the Traunstein district (Traunstein (district)). It is located at Commons:Category:Bayern WikiPedia:Bavaria Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Bavaria
to that of the surrounding countries in the Arabian Peninsula, and has been heavily influenced by Turkish, Indian, Persian, and African food. Islamic dietary laws are enforced: pork is not allowed and other animals are slaughtered in accordance with halal. A dish consisting of a stuffed lamb, known as ''khūzī'', is the traditional national dish. Kebabs are popular, as is ''shāwarmā'' (shawarma), a marinated grilled meat dish of lamb (lamb and mutton), mutton, or chicken. As in other
for gold, ''Chryse'', to the neighboring country of Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia). Dmoz:Regional Asia Indonesia Commons:Category:Indonesia Wikipedia:Indonesia
distinctive insignia, which was applied as decals to the sides of helmets. Collector Topics: Helmet Decals The right side of early M35 helmets bore the tricolored shield (Escutcheon (heraldry)) of black, white, and red stripes, the traditional national colors of Imperial Germany (German Empire) (cf. the black, red, and gold of today's Germany, harking back to the 1848 Revolt). The left side of the shell often received decal insignia denoting the branch of the armed forces, or ''Wehrmacht'', or an organization within the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party). - Germany C, F align center 230 V (formerly 220 V) align center 50 Hz Type F ("Schuko", short for "Schutzkontakt") is standard. Type C Plugs are common, especially for low-power devices. Type C wall sockets are very uncommon, and exist only in very old installations. - Distribution and dispersal ''Cameraria ohridella'' has now been found in Albania, Austria, Belgium, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, England and Wales, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Kosovo, Italy, Latvia, Liechenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Moldova, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and Ukraine. Encyclopedia of Life Although horse-chestnut occurs naturally mostly above the 700–1000 m. contours the moth does well in well-watered places such as parks in cities and at low elevation but not well in the hotter parts of Europe e.g. Spain . Probably aided greatly by vehicular transport, the moth has attained a very rapid dispersal rate across Europe of 60 km. per year. Ševrová, H. and Laštúvka, Z. 2001. Control possibility and additional information on the horse-chestnut leafminer ''Cameraria ohridella'' Deschka and Dimić (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). ''Acta Universitas Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis''. '''13''', 121-127 Gilbert, M., Grégoire J.-C., Freise, J. F., & Heitland, W. 2004. Long-distance dispersal and human population density allow the prediction of invasive patterns in the horse chestnut leafminer ''Cameraria ohridella''. ''Journal of Animal Ecology''. '''73''', 459-468 '''Johann Georg Palitzsch''' (June 11, 1723 – February 21, 1788) was a German (Germany) astronomer who became famous for recovering Comet 1P Halley (better known as Halley's Comet or Comet Halley) on Christmas Day, 1758. The periodic nature of this comet had been deduced by its namesake Edmond Halley in 1705, but Halley had died before seeing if his prediction would come true. World War II When Germany attacked the Soviet Union in June 1941, Konev was assigned command of the 19th Army (19th Army (Soviet Union)) in the Vitebsk region, and waged a series of defensive battles during the Red Army's retreat, first to Smolensk and then to the approaches to Moscow. He commanded the Kalinin Front from October 1941 to August 1942, playing a key role in the fighting around Moscow and the Soviet counter-offensive during the winter of 1941–42. For his role in the successful defense of the Soviet capital, Stalin promoted Konev to Colonel-General. In France and in some southern European countries, the word ''liberal'' does not always include the suggestion of general support for individual rights that it carries in northern Europe due to its historic matters. More, in those countries liberalism is associated with the right-wing, as it is also in Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark and Switzerland, while it is more closely associated with the left-wing in the United Kingdom, which has a political history in some ways similar with that of the United States, and in some Scandinavian countries. Anyway it is to remember that, before the rise of democratic socialism and of social democracy, liberals were the left-wing opposed to the right-wing conservatives (conservatism). In many countries liberals were replaced by social-democrats or pulled towards the centre or the right-wing. Liberal ideas were absorbed by the conservatives concerning the economy and the individualist vision of men and society, especially in those countries in which liberals disappeared as an independent political force. He obtained a law degree in Germany in 1972 and a Certificate of Advanced European Studies from the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, in 1974. From 1977 on he has worked as a lawyer. thumb Karl-Heinz Florenz (2009) (File:Karl-Heinz Florenz.jpg) '''Karl-Heinz Florenz''' (born 22 October 1947 in Neukirchen-Vluyn) is a German (Germany) Member of the European Parliament. He was elected on the CDU (Christian-Democratic Union of Germany) ticket and sits with the European People's Party group. '''Elmar Brok''' (born 14 May 1946, Verl, North Rhine-Westphalia) is a German (Germany) Member of the European Parliament and the former Chairman of the European Parliament Committee on Foreign Affairs. He was elected on the CDU (Christian-Democratic Union of Germany) ticket and sits with the European People's Party group. An MEP since 1980, he has held many leadership positions in German and European politics. As a member of the Convention on the Constitution for Europe and in the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, Mr Brok contributed crucially to the Constitution of the European Union. '''Christian Otto Mohr''' (October 8, 1835 – October 2, 1918) was a German (Germany) civil engineer. ALTERNATIVE NAMES SHORT DESCRIPTION German (Germany) civil engineer DATE OF BIRTH October 8, 1835 '''Carl Culmann''' (July 10, 1821 – December 9, 1881) was a German (Germany) structural engineer. Born in Bad Bergzabern, Rhenish Palatinate, in modern-day Germany, Culmann's father, a pastor, tutored him at home before enrolling him at the military engineering school at Metz to prepare for entry to the École Polytechnique. Culmann's ambitions were frustrated by an attack of typhoid and, after a long convalescence, he attended the Karlsruhe Polytechnic School (University of Karlsruhe). He joined the Bavarian civil service in 1841 as an apprentice engineer in the design of railroad bridges. Hartenberg (1981) The exterior was designed by Espen Øino Naval Architects and built by the German (Germany) shipbuilders Lürssen in Bremen (Bremen (city)) and HDW in Kiel. Her hull is made of steel. The interior was by designer Jonathan Quinn Barnett of Seattle. 1916 to 1934: Deutsches Stadion, old Olympiastadion During the 1912 Summer Olympics, the city of Berlin was designated by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to host the 1916 Summer Olympics. Germany's (Germany) proposed stadium (Deutsches Stadion (Berlin)) for this event was to be located in Charlottenburg, in the Grunewald Forest (Grunewald), to the west of Berlin—thus the stadium was also known as ''Grunewaldstadion''. A horse racing-course already existed there which belonged to the Berliner Rennverein, and even today the old ticket booths survive on ''Jesse-Owens-Allee''. The government of Germany decided not to build in the nearby Grunewald forest, or to renovate buildings that already existed. Because of this desire, they hired the same architect who originally had built the "Rennverein", Otto March. While the Olympic Flame had been used for the first time in Amsterdam 1928, in Berlin 1936 a marathon-like tour of the Olympic Torch was introduced, from Olympia in Greece, crossing six frontiers with a journey of 3000 km to Berlin, through Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Germany. The original idea of this Olympic torch relay (Olympic Flame) was Carl Diem's, who was a notorious political advisor to Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels, specialising in Olympic affairs. '''Franz von Lenbach''' (13 December 1836 – 6 May 1904) was a German (Germany) painter (Painting) of Realist style (Realism (visual arts)). '''Karl Theodor von Piloty''' (1 October 1826 – 21 July 1886) was a German (Germany) painter (Painting). '''Peter von Cornelius''' (23 September 1784 – 6 March 1867) was a German (Germany) painter (Painting). Life thumb „Die Sandalenbinderin“ (Image:Ridolfo Schadow- Sandalenbinderin-Mutter Erde fec.jpg) '''Rudolph Schadow''' (also spelled '''Ridolfo Schadow'''; July 9, 1786 - January 22, 1822) was a German (Germany) sculptor (sculpture). thumb right Lithographic print (1830) of Johann Gottfried Schadow (Image:Johann-Gottfried-Schadow-Lu.jpg) '''Johann Gottfried Schadow''' (20 May 1764 - 27 January 1850) was a German (Germany) sculptor (Sculpture). 1999 The original rally featured 55 of Cooper's friends, and travelled from London, to Rimini, Italy and back, passing through Paris, with a stop at the Chateau d'Esclimont. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany