Places Known For

tough time


Tozeur

... in hope of work in the Tourism sector. The phosphate mines are no longer productive and the government opted to sell them to European investors, who chose to let go of thousands of workers as the first step to rehabilitating them. Unfortunately this influx caused problems to Tozeur, where the unemployment rate and crimes skyrocketed. Overall the region, and Tozeur in particular, is going through a tough time. The region is embracing the very unstable tourism economy


Donetsk

the Seversky Donets River, a tributary of the Don (Don (Russia)) in order to distance it from the former leader Joseph Stalin. In 1965, the Donetsk Academy of Sciences was established as part of the Academy of Science of the Ukrainian SSR (National Academy of Science of Ukraine). After experiencing a tough time in the 1990s, when it was the center of gang wars for control over industrial enterprises, Donetsk has modernised quickly in recent years, largely under the influence of big companies. Events in 2014 thumb left 150px Donetsk and Luhansk status referendums, 2014 Referendum (File:2014-05-11. Референдум в Донецке 017.jpg) organized by the rebels. A line to enter a polling place, 11 May 2014 After the Euromaidan, and influenced by the Supreme Council of Crimea announcing the Crimean referendum, 2014 about the future of Crimea, the council of the Donetsk Oblast voted to have a referendum to decide the future of the oblast. WikiPedia:Donetsk Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Donetsk Oblast Donetsk commons:Донецк


Jacksonville, Florida

by Union troops that occupied the town. After the war, the Browards had a tough time getting back on their feet; Napoleon's father and mother died when he was still quite young, and he and his brother tended the family farm for a few short years before moving into the city with their uncle. Fleming was born in Panama Park (now part of Jacksonville (Jacksonville, Florida)) in Duval County (Duval County, Florida), Florida. He spent his early years with his parents, Lewis Fleming and his


Croatia

, Luka receives a phone call from Croatia informing him that his father is ill, so the honeymoon is put on hold until Luka can return from his urgent trip abroad. After Luka's departure, Abby along with the ER staff has a tough time with the stern and poised new ER Chief Kevin Moretti, who plans to mold the department into a more efficient and professional work environment, but Moretti quickly tells Abby he is very impressed with her work. In Season 14, Abby is struggling to deal with Luka's absence, raise Joe and work at the ER; in "Gravity", Joe is injured after falling off a jungle gym at the playground and Abby ends up falling back into drinking at the episode's end. Her drinking problem continues to escalate, and Abby realizes how bad it is in "Blackout" when she shows up drunk to a "party" in honor of Pratt and Morris passing their boards. Abby finds herself waking up at 3am in Moretti's apartment, realizing later (after sobering up at the airport when trying to find a flight to Croatia to see Luka) she slept with him. Also noted, La Serena had European immigration in the 19th century, usually came from Spain, Italy, Croatia, Greece; and Lebanon or Syria. * The '''Limfjord''' in Denmark, since 1825 part of a channel (channel (geography)) separating the island of Vendsyssel-Thy from the rest of Jutland. * The '''Lim (Lim (Croatia)) fjord''' in Croatia, an estuary on the western coast of Istria which is not a real fjord but a ria. The Swedish public service network SVT (Sveriges Television) has shown the first four seasons of the series. In Norway, NRK (Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation) aired the first season of the show in the autumn of 2007. In Israel, the show aired on the Xtra Hot channel, and on Yes Action under the name ''HaSmuya'' (הסמויה – The Covert Unit (Military unit)). The show airs in Canada on The Movie Network and Movie Central. In Finland the series is shown on Subtv (Sub (TV channel)) and MTV3 channels under the name ''Langalla'' ("On the wire"). The show has been broadcast in Hungary on Duna TV since March 2007 under the name ''Drót'' ("Wire"). Since September 2008 the series is broadcast in Germany (Foxchannel, Pay-TV) under its original name, but dubbed into German. The show is also broadcast in Asia on Cinemax since May 2009. In the Netherlands and Belgium the show has started its first run on June 1, 2009 on the NBC Universal cable channel 13th Street. In the Middle East, MBC Action airs the show routinely. After being available only on DVD, the Croatian premiere of the series happened in September 2011 on HRT (Croatian Radiotelevision). "HRT: Žica (in Croatian)". HRT. Retrieved October 13, 2011. On the Fall 2001 semester following the events of September 11, the S.S. ''Universe Explorer'' was redirected after its stop in Kobe, Japan. The planned route from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia into the Indian Ocean then up through the Suez Canal to ports including Egypt and Croatia was changed by the State Department of the United States. The ship's route for the semester was then pushed south to include Singapore, Seychelles and Cape Town, South Africa. The ship's communication with other vessels in the Indian Ocean was limited due to the amount of American citizens on board and their security around the Indian Ocean area close to the Middle Eastern part of the globe. As of December 2011, the following 70 countries were members of UPOV List of UPOV Members published by Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, the People's Republic of China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, European Community, The European Community was the first intergovernmental organization to join. Finland, France, Georgia (Georgia (country)), ''UPOV Notification No. 106, International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, Accession by Georgia'', October 29, 2008. Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, and Viet Nam. UPOV web site, ''Members of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, UPOV Convention (1961), as revised at Geneva (1972, 1978 and 1991) Status on May 12, 2009''. Consulted on June 26, 2009. Biography Weingartner was born in Zara, Dalmatia, Austria–Hungary (now Zadar, Croatia), to Austrian (Austrians) parents, and the family moved to Graz in 1868. His father died that same year. He studied with Wilhelm Mayer (who used the pseudonym of W. A. Rémy and also taught Ferruccio Busoni) and in 1881 went to Leipzig to study philosophy, but soon devoted himself entirely to music, entering the Conservatory in 1883 and also studying under Franz Liszt in Weimar: he was among Liszt's later pupils. Liszt helped produce Weingartner's opera ''Sakuntala'' for its world premiere in 1884 with the Weimar orchestra. According to the Liszt biographer Alan Walker (Alan Walker (musicologist)), the Weimar orchestra of the 1880s was far from its peak of a few decades earlier—and the opera performance ended with orchestra going one way and chorus another. Walker sources this to Weingartner's autobiography, published in Zürich and Leipzig in 1928-1929. The same year, 1884, he became the director of the Königsberg Opera. From 1885 to 1887 he was Kapellmeister in Danzig, then until 1889 in Hamburg, and until 1891 in Mannheim. From 1891 he was Kapellmeister of the Royal Opera and conductor of symphony concerts in Berlin; he resigned from the Opera, though continuing to conduct the Symphony concerts, and settled in Munich, where he incurred the enmity of Rudolf Louis and Ludwig Thuille. The TAM has never seen combat, although 17 VCTP (Infantry Fighting Vehicles based on the TAM chassis) were deployed to Croatia for the United Nations UNPROFOR peacekeeping mission. * Region of Slavonia is part of Croatia: our culture, tradition and language. Propositions in this text are plainly incorrect for all mentioned groups. Krešimir (User:Krešimir Ižaković) 12:20, 29 Oct 2004 (UTC) The terms of the capitulation were extremely severe, as the Axis proceeded to dismember Yugoslavia. Germany occupied northern Slovenia, while retaining direct occupation over a rump Serbian state (Nedić's Serbia) and considerable influence over its newly created puppet state,


Puerto Rico

a tough time in Puerto Rico, although the larger towns have restaurants that can cater to their tastes. Traditionally almost all Puerto Rican food is prepared with lard, and while this has been largely supplanted by cheaper corn oil, mofongo is still commonly made using lard, bacon or both. Drink Unlike most U.S. territories and states, Puerto Rico's drinking age is 18. That, coupled with the fact that the U.S. does not require U.S. residents to have a passport to travel between Puerto Rico


Indonesia

of Indonesian restaurants serve only ''halal'' (comply with Muslim restrictions) food. This means no pig, rat, toad or bats, among others. This includes Western fast food chains like McDonald's, KFC and Pizza Hut, Burger King, Wendy's, and others. The main exception is ethnic restaurants catering to Indonesia's non-Muslim minorities, especially those serving Batak, Manadonese (Minahasan), Balinese and Chinese cuisine, so enquire if unsure. Strict vegetarians and vegans will have a tough time


Northern Ireland

, Northern Bank issues notes from £5 to £100, and Ulster Bank issues notes from £5 to £50. In the wake of the Arms Crisis in 1970 a major reshuffle of the cabinet took place. Four ministers, Charles Haughey, Neil Blaney, Kevin Boland and Micheál Ó Móráin, were either sacked, resigned or simply retired from the government due to the scandal that was about to take place. Collins was appointed Minister for Posts and Telegraphs. It was a tough time for Fianna Fáil as the party


Portugal

shouldn't miss it. '''Vegetarians''' may have a tough time of it in Portugal, at least in traditional Portuguese restaurants. In most restaurants, vegetables (usually boiled or fried potatoes) are simply a garnish to the main meat dish. Even 'vegetarian' salads and dishes may just substitute tuna (which locals don't seem to regard as a 'meat') for ham or sausage. Usually, a salad is just lettuce and tomato with salt, vinegar and olive oil. However, the Portuguese really like their choose-5-items salad bars, and restaurants serving Indian, Chinese, Mexican, or Italian fare can be found in most cities. At any rate, just mention you're vegetarian, and something can be found that meets your preference although in the long run you might be unable to thrive on it. In many Portuguese restaurants, if you order a salad it will come sprinkled with salt - if you are watching your salt intake, or just do not like this idea, you can ask for it "sem sal" (without salt) or more radically "sem tempero" (no seasoning). A few restaurants, particularly in non-tourist areas, do not have a menu; you have to go in and ask and they will list a few items for you to choose from. It is wise to get the price written down when you do this so as to avoid any nasty surprises when the bill comes. However, in this type of restaurants, the price for each one of the options is very similar, varying around from €5 to €10 per person. Most restaurants bring you a selection of snacks at the start of your meal - bread, butter, cheese, olives and other small bites - invariably there is a cover charge on these items, around €5. Do not be afraid to ask how much the cover charge is, and get them to take the items away if it is too much or if you are not planning to eat as much. It can be quite reasonable, but occasionally you will get ripped off. If you send them away, still, you should check your bill at the end. Better restaurants can bring you more surprising, nicely prepared and delicious small dishes and bites and charge you more than €5 for each of them; you can usually choose those you want or want not, as in these cases the list is longer; and if the price is this high and you make an acceptable expense, opt for not ordering a main course. If you have kitchen facilities, Portuguese grocery stores are surprisingly well-stocked with items such as lentils, veggie burgers, couscous, and inexpensive fruits, vegetables, and cheeses. If you like hard cheese, try "Queijo da Serra", if you prefer soft cheese, try requeijão. Unfortunately, the success of the "Queijo da Serra" also allowed the proliferation of industrial and taste-devoid varieties, unrelated to the real thing. On larger shops mostly found in the principal cities, you can also find many unusual items such as exotic fruits or drinks. In some '''grocery stores''' and most supermarkets the scales are in the produce section, not at the checkout. If you don't weigh your produce and go to the checkout, you will probably be told ''Tem que os pesar'' or ''Tem que pesar'',"tem que ser pesado" ("You have to weigh them" it(they) must be weighed). Portugal is famous for its wide variety of amazing pastries, or ''pastéis''(singular: ''pastel''). The best-loved pastry, ''pastéis de nata'' (called just ''natas'' further north), is a flaky pastry with custard filling topped with powdered sugar (''açúcar'') and cinnamon (''canela''). Make sure you try them, in any "pastelaria". The best place is still the old ''Confeitaria dos 'Pastéis de Belém''' in Belém, although most "pastelarias" make a point of excelling at their "pastéis". For once, all the guide books are right. You may have to queue for a short time, but it'll be worth it. Some people like them piping hot and some don't. Also nice, if dryish, are the ''bolo de arroz'' (literally, "rice cake") and the orange or carrot cakes. From the more egg-oriented North to almond-ruled South, Portuguese pastry and sweet desserts are excellent and often surprising, even after many years. On October November, roasted chestnuts (''castanhas'') are sold on the streets of cities from vendors sporting fingerless gloves tending their motorcycle driven stoves: a treat! The Portuguese love madly their thick, black espresso coffee (''bica'', in Lisbon), and miss it sorely when abroad. Specials found in individual regions * Aveiro: special cake from the town: "Ovos Moles" * Porto: "Francesinha", a special sandwich, considered by AOL Travel the best sandwich in the world Sintra : ''queijadas de Sintra'' or the ''travesseiros'' * Mafra: specialty bread, Pão de Mafra * Mafra: special cake from the town: "Fradinhos" Drink thumb Drinks (Image:Portugal-Drinks01.jpg) When traveling in Portugal, the drink of choice is wine. Red wine is the favorite among the locals, but white wine is also popular. Also Portugal along with Spain have a variation of the white wine that is actually green ('''Vinho Verde'''). Its a very crisp wine served cold and goes best with many of the fish dishes. Drinking wine during a meal is very common in Portugal, and also after the meal is finished people will tend to drink and talk while letting their food digest. Port wine may be an aperetif or dessert. Alentejo wine may not be worldwide known as Porto, but is quite as good. Portugal as also other defined wine regions (''regiões vinhateiras'') which make also some of the very best of wines like Madeira, Sado or Douro. Folks might find it a bit difficult to refrain from drinking, even if there are very good reasons to do so (such as the above mentioned driving). Nowadays the "I have to drive" excuse works ok. The easiest way is to explain that one can't for health reasons. The Portuguese aren't as easily insulted as others when it comes to refusing the obvious hospitality of a drink, but a lie such as "I'm allergic" might make clear a situation where one would have to otherwise repeatedly explain a preference in some regions of Portugal; but it won't work in other regions where obviously made-up excuses will tag you as unreliable ("I don't want to, thanks" might then work). Drinking is considered almost socially intimate. Be careful of 1920 and Aguardente (''burning water''), both pack a mighty punch. Portugal is well known as the home of '''Port (Porto#Port_Wine) wines'''. The legal '''drinking age''' in Portugal is 16. For '''nightlife''' Lisbon, Porto and Albufeira, Algarve are the best choices as they have major places of entertainment. Port Wine thumb 240px A glass of tawny port wine (File:Port wine.jpg) Porto is famous for the eponymous '''port wine''', a fortified wine (20%) made by adding brandy to the wine before fermentation is complete. According to EU laws, port wine can only be named as such if the grapes are grown in the Douro valley, and the wine is brewed in Porto. The end product is strong, sweet, complex in taste and if properly stored will last 40 years or more. There are many, many grades of port, but the basic varieties are: * ''Vintage'', the real deal, kept in the bottle for 5-15 years, can be ''very'' expensive for good years. It is, nevertheless, worth it. * ''Late-Bottled Vintage'' (''LBV''), simulated vintage kept in barrel longer, ready to drink. Nice if you are on a budget. * ''Tawny'', aged for 10-40 years before bottling, which distinguishes itself by a more brownish red color and a slightly smoother bouquet and flavor. As with any wine, the older it gets, the more rounded and refined it will be. * ''Ruby'', the youngest and cheapest, with a deep red "ruby" color. * ''White'' port is a not-so-well-known variety, and it is a shame. You will find a sweet and a dry varietal, the latter of which mixes well with tonic water and should be served chilled (if drunk alone) or with lots of ice (with tonic), commonly used as an aperitif. Vinho Verde * Another good choice is the ubiquitous vinho verde (green wine), which is made mostly in the region to the north of Porto (the Minho.) It's a light, dry and refreshing wine (approx. 9% -9.5% in volume), made from region specific grapes with relatively low sugar content. Mostly white, and sometimes slightly sparkling. Very nice, and very affordable. Sleep The youth hostel network has a great number of hostels around the country There are also many camping places. 'Wild camping' (camping outside camping parks) is not allowed, unless you have the land owner's agreement. Holiday Villas are another option to investigate. There's a wide and abundant hotel offering all through Portugal. If budget is a concern, and you want a true 'typically Portuguese' experience, gather your courage and try a ''residencial'', the home-like hostels ubiquitous in cities and most towns. In most places you can get a double room for €25-€35 (Oct 2006). Be sure, however, of the quality of the rooms. On the luxury side, you might try the ''''Pousadas''' de Portugal', a network of hotels managed by the Pestana Group remarkable for using very beautiful ancient buildings like Palaces and Castles and also for having excellent service, consistent all over the country. You will do well in eating out eventually, as the cuisine of Pousadas is frequently both expensive and boring, although it appears the trend is changing for the better (mid-2008). The "Casas de Campo" (''Turismo de Habitação'', ''Turismo Rural'', ''Agro-Turismo''), when traveling through the countryside, are also an affordable, picturesque and comfortable B&Bs. Don't expect them to be open all year round, and try to contact them beforehand if your itinerary depends on them. Stay safe Portugal is a relatively safe country to visit, and some basic common sense will go a long way. There are no internal conflicts, no terrorism-related danger and violent crime is not a serious problem, as it is generally confined to particular neighbourhoods and is rarely a random crime. Also, there is a refreshing lack of boozy stupidity at the weekends, despite the profusion of bars open to all hours in the major cities. There are, however, some areas of Lisbon and Porto that you might want to avoid, like in any big city, specially at night. Also, you might want to have in mind that pickpockets do tend to target tourists and tourist-frequented areas more frequently. Wear a money belt or keep your documents and money in an inside pocket. Metro and large rail stations, shopping areas, queues and crowded buses are the most usual places for pickpockets. Many are under 18 and take advantage of the non-harsh laws on minors. If you try to run them down, a fight may be necessary to get your items back. On the subway or on trains try to sit with other people and avoid empty carriages. Non-violent pickpocket is the most common crime so always watch any bags (purses, luggage, shopping bags, etc.) you may have with you. A voice message reminding that is played in most of the metro and train stations. Since the disappearance of Madeline McCann, many families have become wary of taking their children to Portugal, especially if they are very young. However, as long as they have a basic understanding of stranger danger and you keep them with you at all times, then you have nothing to worry about. Illicit drug use On July 1, 2001, a nationwide law in Portugal took effect that decriminalized the recreational use of drugs. Note that drug possession for personal use and drug usage (up to 2.5 grams of cannabis for instance) itself are still legally prohibited, but violations of those prohibitions are deemed to be exclusively administrative violations and are removed completely from the criminal realm. In some locations, like '''Bairro Alto''' you might be offered drugs on the streets. You will want to avoid buying like this because the drugs are often fake and the sellers are sometimes undercover policemen. Drug trafficking continues to be prosecuted as a criminal offense. Driving while impaired by drugs is a criminal code offense and is treated in the same way as driving under the influence of more than 1,2 g l of alcohol, with severe penalties. Stay healthy Major cities are well served with medical and emergency facilities and public hospitals are at European standards. The national emergency number is '''112'''. Bottled spring water (''água mineral'') is recommended as per use but the network's water is perfectly safe. Citizens of the European Union are covered by Portugal's National Healthcare System as long as they carry the free European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), obtainable from their own national healthcare authority. Respect Language Portuguese people feel a sincere happiness when helping tourists so don't feel ashamed to ask for help. If you make an effort to speak some Portuguese with the people there, it can go a long way. A large percentage of the younger population speak English and many Portuguese understand basic Spanish. Contrary to what many think, the Portuguese language does not descend from Spanish. Although Portuguese people will understand some basic Spanish vocabulary, try to use it only in emergencies, since it is generally seen as disrespectful if you are a non-Spanish native yourself. If used be prepared to be hear something like "In Portugal people speak Portuguese, not Spanish" or they will simply reply that they don't understand you even if they do. Most probably they will not say anything and will still help you, but they will not appreciate it. This is due to historical rivalry between Spain and Portugal. It is best to speak in English or your native language with the resource of hand signs or at the very least starting a conversation with Portuguese, then switching to English can be a successful technique to obtain this type of help. Morality and social issues It is not unusual for women to sunbathe topless in the beaches of Portugal, and there are several nudist beaches too. Thong bikinis are acceptable throughout the country's beaches. Don't be surprised if you came across women girls holding hands or holding arms with each other, this is considered normal and a sign of friendship; it doesn't mean they are lesbians. There are no serious political or social issues to be avoided. Religion Although a Catholic country (almost 90% of Portuguese consider themselves to be Catholic) only as much as 19% practice this faith (known as Lapsed Catholic). As a result when discussing religion with a Portuguese don't expect much knowledge about church practices or support towards some of their beliefs and opinions (e.g. Use of condoms, abortion, homosexuality, euthanasia, etc.). In Portugal religion is not seen as a valid argument when discussing politics. As such abortion in Portugal was legalized in 2007 and same sex marriage in 2010. Although not strict, when visiting churches or other religious monuments, try to wear appropriate clothes. That means that shoulders and knees should be covered. Sexuality Portugal in general is a gay-friendly country, but don't expect the same openness in rural and small places that you get in the bigger cities like Lisbon or Porto. Public display of affection between gay couples can be seen as a curiosity and in some cases as inappropriate depending on the place and the kind of display. Gays and lesbians in Lisbon are respected as the city itself has a big gay scene with lots of bars, night clubs, restaurants, cafes, saunas and beaches. Most of the “gay-friendly” places are located in the quarters of Bairro Alto, Chiado and Princípe Real. Since September 2007, the age of consent laws in Portugal states 14 years old, regardless of sexual behaviour, gender and or sexual orientation. Although the age of consent is stipulated at 14, the legality of a sexual act with a minor between 14 and 16 is open to legal interpretation since the law states that is illegal to perform a sexual act with an adolescent between 14 and 16 years old "by taking advantage of their inexperience". Smoking Smoking in public enclosed places (taxis and transport, shops and malls, cafés and hotels, etc.) is not allowed and is subject to a fine, unless in places showing the appropriate blue sign. Bullfighting Some cities in Portugal still stage bullfighting events. In Portugal it is illegal, contrary to what happens in Spain, to kill the bull during the bullfight. However, it is totally wrong to assume that all Portuguese people support or even faintly like bullfights. Many Portuguese are indifferent to bullfighting or are offended by acts of cruelty. You might also end up offending someone if you make generalizations or insist that bullfighting is part of today's Portuguese culture. The Municipality of Barrancos (border town with Spain) actively defies the law and law enforcement agents and kills the bull in the arena.


Russia

but valued education. Maslow's parents immigrated to the U.S. in the beginning of the 1900s in order to flee from Czarist persecution, similar to many European coreligionists and to have a more prosperous life financially. Hoffman, E. (2008). Abraham Maslow: A Biographer's Reflection. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 48(4), 439-443. Retrieved December 4, 2011, from http: journals2.scholarsportal.info.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca tmp 10615636765039531960.pdf It was a tough time


India

, he meets his old friend Suraj Dev (Alok Nath) and stays at his house. During his stay, he gets to know Suraj Dev's family and becomes very attached to Ganga, Dev's eldest daughter, who is the epitome of Indian culture. He hopes to find an Indian girl for his westernized, American son, Rajiv (Apoorva Agnihotri) and feels that Ganga is just right. He proposes marriage between Ganga and Rajiv; Dev's family accepts. Kishorilal knows he will have a tough time trying to convince Rajiv, who has never even visited India. The India Court showcases and exhibits cultural elements of the Indian subcontinent (spanning modern-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh). Elaborate with extensive details of the typical South Asian interior elements, this part of the mall is accredited to the South Asian architectural style. It features a large lounge space under its interior dome which accommodates seasonal sales and activities of the mall. These include as a centrepiece a modern full-size working reproduction of an Elephant Clock, an Islamic invention consisting of a water (water clock)-powered clock in the form of an elephant. thumb left The reproduction elephant clock (Image:Elephant clock, Dubai.JPG) in the Ibn Battuta Mall. Distribution and habitat Of the hammerhead sharks, the smooth hammerhead is the species most tolerant of temperate water, and occurs worldwide to higher latitudes than any other species. In the Atlantic, it occurs from Nova Scotia to the Virgin Islands and from Brazil to southern Argentina in the west, and from the British Isles to Côte d'Ivoire, including the Mediterranean Sea, in the east. In the Indian Ocean, it is found off South Africa, India, and Sri Lanka. In the western Pacific, it occurs from the Gulf of Tonkin to southern Japan and Siberia, as well as off Australia and New Zealand. In the central and eastern Pacific, it occurs off the Hawaiian Islands, California, Panama, the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, and Chile. This species is usually considered to be amphitemperate (absent from the tropics) in distribution, though there are rare reports from tropical waters such as in the Gulf of Mannar off India, and off southern Mozambique. Its presence in the tropics is difficult to determine due to confusion with other hammerhead species. Commons:Category:India Wikipedia:India Dmoz:Regional Asia India


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