Places Known For

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of the '''University Belt''' it is where the '''Malacañan Palace''' is located, the official executive seat and residence of the sitting Philippine President. It is also the birthplace of the famous and namesake San Miguel Beer. *'''Santa Mesa''' — The residential area of Manila, home to the Polytechnic University of the Philippines. A small but busy cluster of blocks in this district hosts a number of short-time love hotels and motels. *'''Port Area''' — The country's chief seaport consisting of North and South Ports, where warehouses are arrayed elbow to elbow along docking and refueling stations for all ships, ferries, and cruise liners, and where one can witness the dramatic sunset of Manila Bay. *'''Intramuros (Manila Intramuros)''' — Taken from the Spanish words, ''intra'' & '' muros'', literally means "within the walls". Known as the '''History Town of the Philippines''' and considered as '''Old Manila''' itself during Spanish times. This district contains numerous Spanish colonial attractions such as the Fort Santiago, San Agustin Church, Casa Manila, and many more. *'''Ermita (Manila Ermita)''' — One of Manila's tourist district, once known as the only '''Red Light District''' converted into a major tourist area which contains some of the most historically and culturally significant landmarks and institutions of the country such as the '''Rizal Park''', '''Manila Ocean Park''', '''National Museum of the Philippines''', and the '''Manila Hotel'''. *'''Malate (Manila Malate)''' — One of Manila's center of tourism, recreation and entertainment, home to several cheap and expensive hotels, large shopping malls, educational institutions and also shares a portion to the '''Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex''' which resembles Beijing's Tienanmen, Moscow's Red Squarehome and Singapore's Marina. *'''Pandacan''' — District home to many of the country's literary and musical geniuses, originally named after the pandan plant species. *'''Paco (Manila Paco)''' — A working class district that started out as '''Little Tokyo''' during the Spanish era. Home to the '''Paco Train Station''' and the '''Paco Park''', which was the former municipal cemetery of Old Manila. *'''Santa Ana'''— Known as ''Sapa'' in ancient times, this district is the old capital of '''Namayan Kingdom''' which is the precursor of modern Metro Manila and used to be a quiet upmarket residential neighborhood comparable to Chelsea district in London during the American colonial era, but now a blighted working class district. *'''San Andres Bukid''' — Also known as St. Andrew Fields as its English translation sounds more pleasant to the ear, was previously part of '''Santa Ana'''. It is also home to '''San Andres Market''' - another major public market, famous for it's variegated fruit stalls and a little bit touristy ambiance. Understand thumb 250px Fort Santiago, Intramuros (File:Fort Santiaigo in Intramuros.jpg) Manila is often described as the only capital city in Asia that’s not exotically Asian. A foreigner may be surprised that a local looks just like any Asian, but wears mostly T-shirt & jeans, can speak English, reads and writes in Roman text, and is not at home with chopsticks. Manila is known for being a city where the old meets the new. Here you'll find Spanish colonial churches, old-fashioned museums and neo-classical buildings versus modern shopping centers, stylish art museums and glass-stained skyscrapers. Its blend of urban development and historical heritage had made Manila's image unique and attractive. History For over three centuries Manila was colonized and administered by Spain which left an enduring architectural heritage throughout the Philippines, especially with respect to churches, forts and other colonial buildings which can still be seen in the ruins of Intramuros, built in the late 16th century. Manila began as a settlement on the banks of the Pasig River, and its name originates from "Maynilad," referring to the mangrove plant known as ''nilad'', which was abundant in the area. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, Manila was home to Muslim-Malays. In 1571, 50 years after Magellan's discovery of the islands, Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi claimed the Philippines as a colony and established Manila as its capital. Manila was also briefly colonized by the British for two years. Manila was also part of the Spanish East Indies until 1898, when the U.S. took over the Philippines after the Spanish-American War. Manila was first sought by the Spaniards, then the Americans. The Spaniards wanted a counterbalance to the expanding Portuguese empire which had almost taken a big slice of the pie in the lucrative Spice Trade. They got it through Manila, so strategically placed between China together with the rest of Asia, and Mexico - the next closest transit point for goods onwards from Asia to Europe. Its location seemed a well thought out choice. Legazpi took five years after arriving in the Philippines and settling in Cebu in 1565 to mull over before deciding to finally move up north to Manila in 1571 and make it the capital of the new territory. By numbers, it shortened the traveling distance to the other side of the empire in Acapulco. Manila is also in a much easy and straighter drafting reach for sailing ships to catch the Pacific Trade Winds as they blow northeastward to Japan for Acapulco and blow precisely at San Bernardino Strait for the westward-bound return trip without being diverted any farther. Most importantly, Manila is much closer than Cebu to China. When Mexico pushed for its independence from Spain and finally shoved her out, the Philippines' glittering importance began to dwindle due to the discontinuance of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade, cutting off the Acapulco to Vera Cruz segment and it accelerated more when the Suez Canal was opened enabling the Chinese exports to go in the opposite direction and making Singapore the most important transit hub to Europe in the region. Just a token administration was maintained in Manila since the Philippines had been confined to the doldrums as one of the unreachable and hard to maintain colonies of Spain. That obscurity lasted until a new imperialist era dawned, with countries embarked on a new competition for raw materials and market. Netherlands, Britain, and France were already there now with Germany, lurking somewhere and ready to fill in the voids about to be vacated by waning superpowers. Germany was already sniffing its way around the Pacific Ocean like a shark smelling a kill when the US, spurred by the windfall of acquiring Hawaii and which desperately wanted a toehold in Asia for her trade, notably with Japan and China, grabbed the first opportunity of grabbing the Philippines. The Philippines once more, so strategically placed as the soon-to-be-linchpin of American imperialism, extended her colonial servitude to the US. With dynamic geo-politics working, the Philippines, and Manila in particular, proved to be manna from heaven as Japan began to flex her muscles. The result was that the Philippines served as first line of defense for Australia and the mainland US to buy time and it really proves more beneficial as another realignment was in force after World War II when communism comes into the scene and is threatening to swallow the whole of East Asia except Japan, putting the Philippines as a buffer zone for whatever adverse contingency and as long as the Manila leadership sides with the US, things will be OK. Now that communism is under control and every country on both sides of the Pacific seemed to be embracing free market economy, all of Southeast Asia are grinding strong and busy buzzing. The factors of time, location, and distance are not a consideration anymore and what needs to be important is that Manila is as peaceful, orderly, productive, and creative as all her neighbors to win visitors' attention. Being a city with its ears and antennae acutely tuned in to American and some European trends, and in the forefront of modernization and constant cultural refinement more than any other city in Southeast Asia or Asia as a whole, Manila witnessed or hosted innovations - political, cultural, civic etc. Orientation Manila sits on an archipelago just at the edge of the Asian continent, some 14° 35' N, 121º 00 E'. It’s 700 miles (1,100 km.) or 2 hours flight time from Hong Kong, 1,400 miles (2,200 km.) or 3:15 hours from Bangkok, 1,500 miles (2,400 km) or 3:35 hours from Singapore, 1,900 miles (3.000 km) or 4:15 hours from Tokyo, and 1,800 miles (2,800 km.) from 4:25 hours from Beijing. Ever so physically endowed, it is sitting in the throes of two notoriously dangerous volcanoes - Pinatubo to the north, which made headlines in 1991 when it spewed dust all over the world and dropped global temperature by 2°, and Taal to the south which always makes headlines every decade or so, while this city straddles the Pacific Rim of Fire underneath. What more, it lies in the path of the tropical monsoon bringing those more and more powerful typhoons during the second half of the year. It is fringed to the south by the idyllic Lake Bai - a veritable scenic showcase of Hispanized native folk and traditional culture, and farther south by cool and refreshing Lake Taal. The City of Manila is in the western part of Metro Manila. It is bordered on the west by Manila Bay, to the north by Navotas, Quezon City and Caloocan City, to the east by San Juan and Mandaluyong City and to the south by Pasay and Makati. Get in The Philippines have only six border crossings all of which are accessed only by sea, and all are all the way down south namely Bongao and Turtle Islands in Tawi Tawi, Taganac and Balabac in Palawan, and Batunganding and Tibanban, Davao del Sur. It is highly unlikely that foreigners will go to the trouble of crossing these border stations on their way to Manila by boat from Malaysia or Indonesia, its only close neighbors. The most reasonable and practical way to reach Manila is by air. By plane : ''Main article: Ninoy Aquino International Airport'' Ninoy Aquino International Airport is situated 6 km. from the Tourist Belt Areas of Malate & Ermita while it's 10 km. from hotel areas of Ayala Center in Makati City. Arrival procedures are swift and there are ample hotel buses and limousines available for tourists. NAIA is generally regarded as the worst airport in Asia, '''especially for transferring passengers'''. Terminals 1, 2, 3, 4, are not internally-connected, and require a drive through the crowded city streets on taxis jeepneys. '''Allow lots of time for connection.''' Better yet, book your flights on 1 reservation so you are "protected" with continuity. Terminal 1 is used for most international flights. It is in poor condition. Terminal 2 is used exclusively by Philippine Airlines. (note: other flights of Philippine Airlines and its subsidiary PAL Express use Terminal 3) Terminal 3 is used mainly by budget carrier Cebu Pacific and Philippine Airlines. All Nippon Airways, Cathay Pacific, Delta Airlines, Emirates, KLM, and Singapore Airlines also operate from the terminal. It is the newest and largest among Manila's air terminals. Terminal 4 is used by other domestic carriers (Tiger Airways, Philippines Air Asia, Air Asia Zest, Seair, and SkyJet) Airport metered taxis are colored yellow, and have the right to stop and pick up passengers and line up the porte cochere area as you step out of the arrival hall. Each departing taxi is registered by a despatcher. Despite this, there have been frequent scams (accelerated meters, charging full days' mileage, etc). '''Do not let the yellow taxi driver retain both taxi slips'''. You should not need to pay more than ₱250 to most hotels in the city. Keep an eye on the meter at all times. White taxis are warned as "not officially sanctioned" by NAIA, but often times are much more honest and cheaper. Base fare start at ₱40. But they can only be caught in the departure level, where they are dropping off departing passengers. There are buses outside the arrival area heading to downtown Makati City and Quezon City via EDSA or Efipanio de Los Santos Ave. This arrangement is preferable for those with only one light backpack heading for the mentioned areas. By boat Manila is the hub of the Philippine ferry network, and ferries to most major cities will stop at the '''Manila South Harbor''', the city's main passenger seaport. Several companies operate ferries to Manila from points throughout the Philippines, and cruise ships occasionally stop in Manila throughout the year. Around the capital are numerous attractions for people desiring a quick daytrip away from the hustle and bustle of this mega-metropolis. By train Manila is accessible by three of the major train lines in Metropolitan Manila: the Philippine National Railways (PNR) which passes from Sta. Ana and ends at the terminal station in Tutuban; the LRT Line 1 (LRT-1); and the MRT Line 2 (MRT-2) which has a terminal at Recto Ave. and passes through Quezon City from the V. Mapa station. By bus Provincial bus companies also operate their own terminals which are dispersed throughout the city. They concentrate mostly in EDSA in Cubao District, Quezon City for those destined north (Northern, Central, and Southern Luzon, the Bicol Region including Catanduanes & Masbate Islands), around the junction of EDSA and South Superhighway for those destined south (Southern Tagalog Bicol Region), and around the Sampaloc District in Manila for those heading north. Talk '''Filipino (Filipino phrasebook)''' is the language of the locals. It is the chosen language at home to most. It is also the language of the media and movie industries as Manilans watch TV and movies and read newspapers in Filipino. Being one of the common denominators of the locals, Filipino based from Tagalog shares with English, the other most popular. English is widely spoken in urban areas of the Philippines. It comes second as a medium of instruction in any institution. It is the language of the government, and the preference for written communication, be it in school or business. Tourists who have just arrived here can easily catch up with the latest gossip news in the local tinsel town, as well as government scuttlebutts, as there are plenty of English version newspapers and magazines. In Binondo (Manila Binondo), Manila's Chinatown district, Hokkien (Minnan phrasebook) is widely spoken while Mandarin might also be known as it is taught in Chinese educational institutions. It is fast becoming the third most important language following Filipino and English, unseating Spanish. Spanish used to be the official language of the Philippines and deteriorated to the language of the old time generations, one time used to be taught for a 12-unit course in all university curriculi. A tertiary education is not complete unless one takes the whole course and must at least have basic conversation skills. Now, Spanish is practically dead, but the language has somehow percolated through the Filipino vocabulary which is now about 10% Spanish derived. Filipino being 100% based from Tagalog grammar and more or less 50% from Tagalog vocabulary, is a hodge podge of other Philippine languages, setting aside English, Spanish, Malay, Sanskrit, Arabic, & Chinese. Here are the main ones that one might detect being spoken by neighbors or seatmates, Manila, being the Tower of Babel and melting pot of the country. Manila's economic growth has attracted people from provinces with a delusion that a better life can be attained in the city, these people had brought a diversity in Manila's culture from their hometowns with tongues that speka Ilocano from the Ilocos regions, Pampango from Pampanga, Bicolano from the Bicol Region, Hiligaynon from Western Visayas, Cebuano from Cebu and Waray from Leyte and Samar. '''Taglish''' has been part of everyday life of Manilans as they try to grapple with expressing themselves the easiest and the most effective way, mix n' matching English words and phrases with Tagalog and vice versa. It used to be frowned upon by teachers but as the quality of education deteriorates, they too found themselves committing the same sin since this new wave of teachers are also a product of the younger half-baked generation. The assault on purists comes both ways, those who have inadequate schooling in English at lost for words, and on the other side, those specifically bred and schooled in the US establishing their foothold back in the country struggling with their broken Tagalog, or finding experiences and descriptions that can't be expressed in Tagalog, throwing in some English words and phrases as filler. It so happened that being "foreign", "western", and "American", they are more endeared and adorable to the grounded natives, their way of speaking becoming the "in" thing. Also, English being at the forefront of technological and cultural development, produces new words and experiences that can't be purely translated. Movie personalities being role models are more of the culprits as they magnify the popularity of Taglish. Get around If you need to use public transportation try '''''', it will show you the right type to your destination. By train thumb 250px The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 (LRT-1) (File:LRT-1 Blumentritt 2011.jpg) Manila is crossed by three lines of the '''Strong Republic Transit System''' (SRTS), Metro Manila's (partially) integrated railway network. The SRTS Yellow and Purple lines, operated by the Light Rail Transit Authority, cross through Manila city proper, converging at the intersection of Rizal Avenue and C.M. Recto Avenue. The Yellow Line, also known as LRT Line 1 (LRT-1), serves Malate (Manila Malate), Ermita (Manila Ermita), Quiapo (Manila Quiapo), Binondo (Manila Binondo) and Santa Cruz (Manila Santa Cruz), while the Purple Line, also known as MRT Line 2 (MRT-2), serves Quiapo, Sampaloc (Manila Sampaloc) and Santa Mesa. Most tourist sites are along the Yellow Line. Metro Manila's main regional passenger train station is '''Tutuban''' in Tondo. From Tutuban station, the Philippine National Railways (PNR) operates the '''Commuter Express''' (Commex), also referred to as the SRTS Orange Line. Fifty trains serve the commuter service daily, with the line crossing through Tondo, Sampaloc, Santa Mesa, Paco (Manila Paco) and San Andres before extending to Metro Manila. There is an interchange with the Yellow Line at Blumentritt station, and with the Purple Line at Santa Mesa station. The Manila Train Guide has a map that shows connections between train lines and points of interest in Metro Manila. Fares thumb 350px Manila's light rail transit system (File:SRTS Full Map Oct-2010 MC.png) Fares on the SRTS are distance-based, with the base fare being ₱12 for the Yellow and Purple Lines, and ₱10 for the Orange Line. Each line has a differing fare structure: *'''Yellow Line''': ₱12 for the first four stations, ₱15 for more than four stations. A journey on the Yellow Line from Vito Cruz, the first station on the line within the City of Manila, to Abad Santos, the last station within city limits, is ₱15. *'''Purple Line''': ₱12 for the first three stations, with an increase of ₱1 depending on the number of stations crossed thereafter. A journey on the Purple Line from Recto to V. Mapa (the last station within city limits) is ₱12. *'''Orange Line''': ₱10 base fare with increases of ₱5 depending on the distance from Tutuban station. Travel on the Orange Line '''within''' the City of Manila, from Tutuban to Vito Cruz (not to be confused with the Vito Cruz station on the Yellow Line), as well as points in between, is charged the ₱10 base fare. Single-journey and ₱100 "stored value" tickets may be purchased at LRTA stations. Stored value tickets are valid for six months after first use. The LRTA has full fare integration for stored-value tickets: stored-value tickets purchased for use on one line are also valid on the other line. However, this does '''not''' extend to single-journey tickets, which are only valid for one line, and the Orange Line, which uses a separate paper-based ticket system. By bus or jeepney Several city and provincial bus routes either cross through or terminate in Manila. Most buses which serve Manila proper will cross through the Lawton bus terminal, which is conveniently located in front of the LRT-1 Central Terminal station. Routes include points in Metro Manila, Laguna, Cavite and Bulacan, and bus fares normally begin at ₱10. Manila city bus routes are '''not''' numbered. However, the bus route is prominently displayed on the side of the bus as well as on the dashboard, listing both the route's endpoints and major points in between which will be served by that particular route. When in doubt, ask the bus conductor if a particular bus will go to a particular destination. Manila is also served by several jeepney routes, some of which ply the routes previously served by Manila's pre-World War II tram system. The Lawton bus terminal is also a major jeepney terminal, with several jeepneys either crossing through, terminating or originating here. Fares begin at ₱8.50 for the first four kilometers. Like buses, jeepney routes are not numbered, but the route is prominently displayed on the sides of the jeepney as well as on the dashboard, and drivers, or specialized barkers announce their destination and departure at route origins. By taxi thumb 250px An airport taxi in Manila (File:WTMP Redscale E-7 IMG 7254.JPG) Taxis (usually marked by the words 'taxi' on the sides of sedan cars) are plentiful and easy to find. During peak hours, it will be difficult to find an empty one, so find a taxi-stand where people form orderly lines and wait for empty taxis to pull up. It is advisable to have a general idea of how much your trip would cost, and ask the taxi driver as you board how much will it cost (approximately) to get to your destination. Taxi drivers have been known to not switch on their meters as the journey starts, only to tell passengers to pay a fare that is two or three times the normal rate. In general, be prepared with the name of your destination, a rough map with landmarks and an estimate of the fare before attempting to board a taxi on Manila roads. By tricycle or pedicab Tricycles and pedicabs are, in the City of Manila, limited to short distances as it can access hard-to-reach areas. Tricycle and pedicab terminals are found throughout the city: major points for taking tricycles and pedicabs within the downtown area include the Lawton bus terminal, the area around LRT-1 Doroteo Jose and MRT-2 Recto Stations, Tutuban railway station, Plaza Lacson in Santa Cruz, and Plaza Lorenzo Ruiz in Binondo. Tricycle and pedicab terminals are normally located alongside jeepney terminals and railway stations. By law, tricycles and pedicabs must display a fare matrix which displays fares to areas served by the vehicle, and is normally adhered to for short distances. For longer distances, it is not uncommon to negotiate the fare beforehand with the driver. By calesa In Ermita, Intramuros and Binondo, it is still possible to ride a ''calesa'', or traditional horse-drawn carriage. While no longer used as a meaningful form of transport by most locals, calesas are useful for navigating through narrow streets (similar to tricycles and pedicabs), as well as getting a feel of transport in colonial Manila. Fares are negotiated beforehand with the ''cochero'' (driver), and a one-hour ride for two people normally costs around ₱50-70. See The main tourist sites of Manila are mostly located along Manila Bay. Landmarks thumb 250px The gate of Intramuros (File:The Gate of Intramuros.JPG) thumb 250px The Roxas Boulevard (File:Roxas Boulevard.jpg) * '''Baywalk''' - South of the Luneta is the renovated '''Baywalk''' a linear park adjacent to Manila Bay. Restaurants formerly on the actual baywalk have been moved inwards to allow a clear view of Manila's legendary sunsets. * '''Bonifacio Shrine''' - A shrine in honour of Andres Bonifacio who was one of the Filipinos who struggled and fought for freedom for the country against the Spanish forces. * '''Chinatown (Manila Binondo)''' - Manila has one of the largest and oldest Chinatowns in the world, where one can find exotic Chinese goods and delicious cuisine. * '''Coconut Palace''' - a residence commissioned and built along the waterfront by First Lady Imelda Marcos for Pope John Paul II's visit in 1981. While open to the public at some point, it is currently (as of June 2011) occupied by the current Vice President and still open for public visits (by appointment by calling the Office of the Vice President, leaving a return call number and waiting for a confirmation). * '''Intramuros (Manila Intramuros)''' - At the northern end of the Bay lies the remnants of the old walled Spanish settlement of Manila, Intramuros (Spanish for 'within the walls'). Intramuros contains some of the city's most interesting museums, ruins, and churches including the '''Manila Cathedral''' and '''San Agustin Church''' one of the most finest churches in the city. * '''Mabini Shrine''' - Apolinario Mabini's former home. Mabini was a Lawyer and fought for Philippine Independence. During the American Occupation, this home became the first intellectual headquarters of the First Philippine Republic. * '''Malacañan Palace''' - Manila is the host of the official residence of the president of the Philippines. While heading your way here, you will see wonderful places. People can roam the garden afterward. * '''Manila Hotel''' - Just outside Intramuros and on the edge of Manila Bay is the beautiful and historic Manila Hotel, a legacy of the American colonial era and the place where General Douglas MacArthur made his home before World War II. * '''Plaza San Luis''' - A commercial complex consisting five house; Casa Manila, Casa Urdaneta, Casa Blanca, Los Hidalgos and El Hogar Filipino. Plaza San Luis showcases Filipino-Hispanic Architecture. Other than Souvenir shops there is a museum in Casa Manila. * '''Roxas Boulevard''' - A wide boulevard which runs along the shores of Manila Bay, it is known for its view of Manila's famous sunsets and stretch of coconut trees. The boulevard offers a wide selection of hotels, restaurants and significant cultural landmarks. * WikiPedia:Manila Commons:Category:Manila Dmoz:Regional Asia Philippines Regions National Capital Region City of Manila


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covered with thick forests in past). A Punjabi (Punjab region) Muslim Rajput, Rai Ahmed Khan Kharal was basically a landlord, owner of a reasonable worth mentioning territory, he was leader of Kharal Tribe due to the prevailing injustice at that time, love for his mother land resulting differences with the rulers, he was a peace-loving landlord, with respectable status but created injustice made him the leader of the freedom fighters who carried out the famous Gogera insurrection


. Despite being in charge of ''The Times'' foreign line, he still managed to travel a great deal. In 1902 he travelled overlandto India heading first to Moscow and on to Isfahan, Quetta, Delhi and finally Calcutta where he met with Lord George Nathaniel Curzon. Chirol and Curzon got on quite well, having first met in Cairo in 1895. Chirol was impressed with Curzon's fine governing calling him "a marvellous man for work." Chirol's first visit to India inspired a long time love for the country which he would often return to throughout his life. Towards the end of his trip, he travelled north to Indore where he stayed with Sir Francis Younghusband. '''Osman Sagar''' ( Commons:Category:India Wikipedia:India Dmoz:Regional Asia India


Guardian Roma (Roma (comics)) and began a new era working secretly out of an abandoned Reavers (Reavers (comics)) base in Australia, and Madelyne became the team's technical support. ''Uncanny X-Men'' #229-230 During this time, Madelyne and her brother-in-law, Alex Summers (Havok) (Havok (comics)), were growing closer; both of them were lonely — Alex himself had briefly lost his long-time love Polaris (Polaris (comics)), whose body had been temporarily taken


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; The follow-up, "Part Time Love", became his biggest hit, reaching #1 in the U.S. (United States) ''Billboard (Billboard (magazine))'' R&B (Hot R&B Hip-Hop Songs) chart (record chart), and # 19 on the pop chart (Billboard Hot 100), in October 1963. However, follow-ups on the Galaxy label were much less successful. ALTERNATIVE NAMES Taylor, Little Johnny SHORT DESCRIPTION American (United States) blues and soul (Soul music) singer DATE OF BIRTH

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