Places Known For

successful defense


Fukuoka

Olímpico to unmask him. Commons:Category:Fukuoka, Fukuoka


Changsha

, and encirclements in major engagements. The most prominent example of this tactic is the successful defense of Changsha in 1939 (Battle of Changsha (1939)) and again in 1941 (Battle of Changsha (1941)) while inflicting heavy casualties on the IJA. thumb 240px left Peking University's Institute for Chinese Classics in 1924 (File:Peking University Institue for Chinese Classics.jpg) After the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 (and the resulting expansion of Japanese

, 7th and 9th War Zones. In that capacity he oversaw the successful defense of Changsha, capital of Hunan Province. Between 1939 and 1942, the Japanese attacked Changsha three times and were repelled each time. Bai also directed the Battle of South Guangxi and Battle of Kunlun Pass to retake South Guangxi. Early life Erich Hartmann was born on 19 April 1922 in Weissach, Württemberg, to Doctor (Physician) Alfred Erich Hartmann and his wife, Elisabeth Wilhelmine Machtholf


Kutaisi

Paliashvili portrait by Ucha Japaridze '''Zakaria Paliashvili''' ( WikiPedia:Kutaisi Commons:Category:Kutaisi


Oryol

WikiPedia:Oryol


Vitebsk

In mid-1944, the division, still under the command of Lieutenant General Alfons Hitter, was one of those defending the Vitebsk salient as part of 3rd Panzer Army's LIII Corps. The Soviet offensive, Operation Bagration, which commenced on 22 June, saw the entire corps encircled within a matter of days, after Soviet breakthroughs around the city. While the Oberkommando des Heeres, after realising the situation was hopeless, reluctantly authorised a breakout operation by the other three divisions involved, the 206th was ordered to stay in Vitebsk and fight to the last man. Other engagements Several other towns and fortresses in the region were the site of smaller battles. Russian forces captured several significant locations during their advance in 1632, but Nagielski speculates that the delay in the arrival of their main force and artillery at Smolensk caused by this dilution of effort may have cost them the siege and consequently the war. In July 1633, the Russians took the towns of Polatsk, Velizh, Usvyat, and Ozerishche. Polatsk was the scene of particularly heavy fighting as the Russians captured the city and part of the fortress. However, attacks on Vitebsk and Mstsislaw were successfully repulsed. Polish forces laid siege to Putivl, but due to the desertion of their Cossack allies they were forced to withdraw. birth_date 1912 birth_place Vitebsk, Russian Empire Year of Aliyah 1930 Childhood and youth Isser Harel was born in Vitebsk, Russia (now Belarus) to a large, wealthy family. The exact date of his birth was not passed on to him because the book of Gemara in which the date was recorded was lost in the migrations of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and World War I. The family had a vinegar factory in Vitebsk. It was a gift of his maternal grandfather, who had a concession to make vinegar in large parts of Tsarist Russia. Young Isser was five years old when the revolution broke out and Vitebsk passed several times between the Whites and the Reds. On one occasion he saw Leon Trotsky give a speech in the town. DATE OF BIRTH 1912 PLACE OF BIRTH Vitebsk, Russian Empire DATE OF DEATH 18 February 2003 +55%: Kaluga Kiev Kostroma Kutaisi Minsk Mogilev Nizhny Novgorod Podolia Riazan


Sukhumi

OF DEATH The successful defense against the Arabs, and new territorial gains, gave the Abkhazian princes enough power to claim more autonomy from the Byzantine Empire. Towards circa 786, Leon won his full independence with the help of the Khazars; he assumed the title of ''King of the Abkhazians'' and transferred his capital to the western Georgian city of Kutatisi (modern-day Kutaisi). According to Georgian annals, Leon subdivided his kingdom into eight duchies : Abkhazia proper, Tskhumi (Sukhumi), Bedia (Bedia (Egrisi)), Guria, Racha and Takveri, Svaneti, Argveti, and Kutatisi. Vakhushti Bagrationi, ''The History of Egrisi, Abkhazeti or Imereti'', part 1. He was killed by sniper fire while covering the battle for Sukhumi in Abkhazian war (War in Abkhazia). Mogilevsky died in a plane crash in 1925 headed to Sukhumi conference. The plane, which also carried two other high-ranking Soviet security officials Georgi Atarbekov and Alexander Myasnikov (Aleksandr Myasnikyan), blew up in mid-air not far from Tiflis. The cause of the crash was never determined, despite the fact that three separate commissions later investigated the incident. In 1992, the political situation in Abkhazia changed into the military confrontation between Georgian government and Abkhaz separatists. The fighting escalated as Georgian Interior and Defence Ministry forces (Military of Georgia) along with police units took Sukhumi and came near the city of Gudauta. The ethnically-based policies initiated by the Georgians in Sukhumi created simultaneously refugees and a core of fighters determined to regain lost homes. Human Rights Watch report. Georgia Abkhazia: Violations of the Laws of War and Russia's Role in the Conflict, page 23. Published in March, 1995 However, as the war progressed, the Abkhaz separatist have carried out same policies of violent displacement of ethnic Georgians from their homes in greater proportions which has left 250,000 people being forcefully evicted from their homes. Under the alleged aid from Russia, they managed to re-arm and organize “volunteer battalions” from North Caucasus. According to political analyst Georgy Mirsky, the Russian military base in Gudauta was, “supplying the Abkhazian side with weapons and ammunition.” Georgiy Mirsky. On Ruins of Empire: Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Former Soviet Union, (United States: Greenwood Press 1997),p 73 Furthermore he adds that, “no direct proof of this has ever been offered, but it would be more naïve to believe that the tanks, rockets, howitzers, pieces of ordnance, and other heavy weapons that the anti-Georgian coalition forces were increasing using in their war had been captured from the enemy.” This anti-Georgian military coalition were made up of North Caucasian Group “The Confederates of Mountain People of Caucasus”, Shamil Basaev’s Chechen division “Grey Wolf,” Armenian battalion “Bagramian,” Cossacks, militants from Transnistria and various Russian special units. Goltz Thomas. Georgia Diary: A Chronicle of War and Political Chaos in the Post-Soviet (United States: M.E. Sharpe 2006), 133 The War in Abkhazia (1993 Russian Forces Ethnic Cleansing Campaign) by Svante E. Cornell Allah's Mountains: The Battle for Chechnya, by Sebastian Smith, p 102 Oil and Geopolitics in the Caspian Sea Region, by Michael P. Croissant, Bülent Ara, p 279 Russian Foreign Policy and the CIS: Theories, Debates and Actions by Nicole J. Jackson, p 122 Open Democracy: Abkhazia-Georgia, Kosovo-Serbia: parallel worlds? According to Political Scientist Bruno Coppieters, "Western governments took some diplomatic initiatives in the United Nations and made up an appeal to Moscow to halt an active involvement of its military forces in the conflict. UN Security Council passed series of resolutions in which is appeals for a cease-fire and condemned the Abkhazian policy of ethnic-cleansing." Commonwealth and Independence in Post-Soviet Eurasia Commonwealth and Independence in Post-Soviet Eurasia by Bruno Coppieters, Alekseĭ Zverev, Dmitriĭ Trenin, p 61 birth_date 2 March 1947 birth_place Sukhumi, Abkhazian ASSR, Georgian SSR, USSR death_date WikiPedia:Sukhumi Commons:Category:Sukhumi


Smolensk

Army's retreat, first to Smolensk and then to the approaches to Moscow. He commanded the Kalinin Front from October 1941 to August 1942, playing a key role in the fighting around Moscow and the Soviet counter-offensive during the winter of 1941–42. For his role in the successful defense of the Soviet capital, Stalin promoted Konev to Colonel-General. The '''Battle of Smolensk''', the first major battle of the French invasion of Russia took place on August 16–18, 1812, between 175,000 men of the Grande Armée (La Grande Armée) under Napoleon Bonaparte and 130,000 Russians under Barclay de Tolly (Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly), though only about 50,000 and 60,000 respectively were actually engaged. Napoleon attacked Smolensk occupied by Russian General Bagration (Pyotr Bagration)'s corps and captured two of the suburbs. During the night the Russians evacuated the burning city. date 18 August 1812 place Near Smolensk, Russia result Marginal French victory Successful Russian retreat Club career He learned to play football in the Tekmash Kostroma football school. Played forward for Spartak Kostroma (1965–1967, 1975–1976), Iskra Smolensk (1968–1972), CSKA Moscow (PFC CSKA Moscow) (1970), Gomselmash Gomel (1973–1974), Spartak Moscow (FC Spartak Moscow) (1977–1980), Lokomotiv Moscow (1981), Moskvich Moscow (1982). Played 82 games and scored 38 goals in the premier league of the USSR championship. USSR champion in 1979. He was the top scorer at the USSR championship in 1978 (19 goals). He played five (5) games for the USSR national team (USSR national football team). His playing career was unusual in that he only got to the highest level of club football in USSR when he was 29 years old. He achieved highest level success quickly once he got to Spartak Moscow. However, that sudden late-career revival did not last for too long and he retired soon thereafter. Despite this insubordination Timoshenko brought Rokossovsky to Smolensk in July, in an effort to prevent the fall of the city during Battle of Smolensk (Battle of Smolensk (1941)). He was given the unenviable task of cobbling together the remnants of D.G. Pavlov (Dmitry Pavlov (general))'s Western Front (Western Front (Soviet Union)), which had collapsed under the weight of the attack by the Wehrmacht's Army Group Centre during the Battle of Białystok–Minsk. With a limited force of 90 tanks and two rifle regiments, four artillery regiments and elements of the 38th Rifle Division, he is credited with blunting the advance of Field Marshal von Bock (Fedor von Bock)'s 7th Panzer (7th Panzer Division (Germany)), 17th Panzer (17th Panzer Division (Germany)) and 20th Motorized Division (20th Infantry Division (Germany)) at Vyazma and allowing numerous Soviet soldiers to escape encirclement. WikiPedia:Smolensk commons:Смоленск


Bukhara

of Central Asia. The Uzbek invasion of the 15th Century CE was the last component of today's Uzbek (Uzbeks) nation ethnogeny. In 1270, Baraq (Baraq (Chagatai Khan)) Khan of the Chagataids tried to annex Iran, which started a new war against Abaqa in the city of Herat, though Abaqa was able to launch a successful defense. In the following year, he retaliated by sending an army against the Chagatai Khanate. They plundered Bukhara and surrounding areas. There were small conflicts between Abagha and Qara'unas under Chagatayd noyans until 1280. The northern Indian state of Bihar derives its name from the word "vihara", probably due to the abundance of Buddhist monasteries in that area. The Central Asian city of Bukhara also probably takes it name from "vihara". The word "vihara" also been absorbed in Malay (Malay language) which uouo is spelled "biara," and means "monastery," especially for non-Muslim places of worship in Malaysia. In Thailand and China (called '' Wikipedia:Bukhara Commons:Category:Bukhara Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Bukhara


Suzhou

, the successful defense of Luodian was strategically paramount to the security of Suzhou and Shanghai. As early as August 29, German adviser Alexander von Falkenhausen told Chiang Kai-shek that the town of Luodian had to be held at all costs. For the fight for Luodian, the Chinese concentrated some three hundred thousand soldiers, while the Japanese amassed more than one hundred thousand troops, supported with naval ships, tanks and airplanes. Shanghainese is part of the larger Wu subgroup


Shanghai

, 1937 place Zhabei (Zhabei District), Shanghai, China result Chinese withdrawal The successful defense of the warehouse provided a morale-lifting consolation to the Chinese army and people in the demoralizing aftermath of the Japanese invasion of Shanghai. The warehouse's location just across the Suzhou Creek from the foreign concessions (concessions in China) in Shanghai meant the battle took place in full view of the western powers (Western world). '''Shanghai Community International School''' (SCIS) is a preschool to grade 12 international school located in Shanghai, China. Established in 1996, SCIS integrates an international and U.S. curriculum at four campuses around Shanghai. The school’s mission is to provide students with the opportunities to pursue academic and personal excellence in nurturing, international community environments. type Private (Private school) address 350 Gao Guang Lu, 201702 Shanghai, P.R. China established 1995 The '''French School of Shanghai''' (French: ''Lycée Français de Shanghai'') is a private, international school in Shanghai, China. Students range from 3 to 18 years of age. Students must be of French nationality or already have been taught under the French system. It forms part of the international network of French schools managed by the French government through the Agence pour l'enseignement français à l'étranger (Agency for French Teaching Abroad), a national administrative body. '''Shanghai Singapore International School''' is a K-12 private (private school), international school founded in 1996 in Shanghai, China.


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