Places Known For

sporting activities


Dharan, Nepal

with co-organization of Dharan Municipality, every year in August and September, the prestigious Budha Subba Gold Cup Football tournament is held in which most of the teams of national repute participate.Dharan has also seen tremendous increase in popularity for bboying among the youths in the recent years and bboy bgirl performances are now common in the major events of dharan. The sporting activities are mainly centered in the multipurpose stadium Dharan Rangasala. The popular sports


Gweru

, particularly in the non-core teaching areas such as art, music and sport. Of particular emphasis is the sporting area in which former Group B schools taught mainly athletics, football and netball whilst the Group A schools had a wider range of sporting activities including athletics, tennis, swimming, diving, lacrosse, gymnastics, hockey, rugby, cricket, netball, basketball and cross-country. There has not been much change in this provision since Zimbabwe#Independence .281980.29 independence


Keflavík

represented the town's clubs within national associations. In Keflavík the existing clubs were not disbanded but their operations were limited. Keflavík Youth Club continued to work within the national youth movement, mainly on social and cultural issues. Sporting activities within the youth club and Keflavík Football Club were virtually non-existent, although the youth club participated in the semi-annual national youth festival. The two clubs also played against each other in team sports like football (association football) and handball (Team handball) on special occasions in the town, like Independence Day. Commons:Category:Keflavík


Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen

Von Tschammer trusted the organization of the Fourth Winter Olympics (1936 Winter Olympics) in Garmisch-Partenkirchen to Karl Ritter von Halt, whom he named President of the Committee for the organization of the Winter Games. As a result of the prestige acquired in this event, Karl Ritter von Halt would be elected member of the Executive Committee of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1937, a post von Tschammer craved but was not able to obtain. The German eagle (Coat of arms of Germany) with the swastika on the chest, 1936 German Olympic symbols worn as a badge by the athletes of the Olympic team of the Third Reich (Germany at the 1936 Summer Olympics), became the official symbol of the Nazi Sports Body; "the swastika on the eagle's chest displays ... the ideology of the DRL" ''(“Das Hakenkreuz aber, welches der Adler in seinen Schwingen trägt, bekennt, aus welcher Gesinnung ... im DRL gearbeitet wird)''. Symbolism of the DRL Eagle The verbal salutation "Heil Hitler!" was introduced by von Tschammer on December 12, 1936 as the official formal salutation by members of German sport organisations in the sport events that would be organized from that date onwards. The Nazi salute (Hitler salute) had already been introduced three years before by Josef Klein (:de:Josef Klein (NSDAP)). On March 17, 1937, all German athletes were called by Hans von Tschammer und Osten to join the Hitler Youth. In 1937 two cricket (Germanized into "Kricket" by the DRL) test matches between a German team and a British team from Worcester took place in Berlin. German Cricket league: History Expansion of Germany: Beginning of the decline Austria's annexation (Anschluss) by Germany in March 1938 brought the budding Austrian Nationalliga (Austrian Football Bundesliga) to an early end. Numerous football teams were disbanded and some players fled the country. All Austrian sports associations were absorbed by the system of the DRL as Gau XVII section under ''Gaufachwart'' Hans Janisch. The Hitler salute was introduced as compulsory before and after every game. Finally, the operation of junior sports teams was handed over to the local Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) units. Karl Kastler, ''Fußballsport in Österreich, Von den Anfängen bis in die Gegenwart'', Trauner, Linz 1972, pg. 56f Despised by Nazis as unworthy of a true German, professionalism in sports was outlawed by the DRL in May 1938. Felix Linnemann, the German Football Association (DFB) president, was one of the greatest campaigners for amateurism in sports in Nazi Germany. In 1940, the already powerless German Football Association was finally wound up. Fischer, Gerhard & Lindner, Ulrich (1999). ''Stürmer für Hitler. Vom Zusammenspiel zwischen Fußball und Nationalsozialismus''. Göttingen. Following the 1938 Munich Agreement and the liquidation of Czechoslovakia as a state, the ethnic Sudeten (Sudetenland) German football teams played in the Gauliga Sudetenland. The NSRL formed two groups in 1939, which were raised to three in 1941. None of these teams were able to make it to the final stages of the German football champions. Czech (Czechoslovakia) clubs continued to play their own Bohemia Moravia championship (Czechoslovak First League) Czech clubs in the German football structure 1938-1944 A separate Gauliga for the Czech teams of the territories occupied by Germany (Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia), Gauliga Böhmen und Mähren, was formed by the NSRL in 1943. The last big sports event organized in its trademark grandiose style by the NSRL was the ''Deutsches Turn- und Sportfest (Deutsches Turn- und Sportfest 1938)'' (German Gym and Sports Celebration) in Breslau (now Wroclaw) in July 1938. This highly nationalistic sports event commemorated the 125th anniversary of the German Wars of Liberation (War of the Sixth Coalition) against Napoleon and the first award of the Iron Cross in the city of Breslau itself in 1813. On December the 21st 1938, a decree was issued by Adolf Hitler changing the name of the Reich Sports Body to '''Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen''' ('''NSRL'''), thereby "elevating it to an organization served by the NSDAP (Nazi Party)". This name change meant that the NSRL would be "placed under" the Nazi Party. Its seat would be the '''Haus des Deutschen Sports''' (House of the German Sports) in the Reichssportfeld (Sports Field of the Reich) in Berlin. Twilight and end of the Nazi Sports Office World War II radically altered the role of the NSRL in Germany and the areas under its leadership. Dire war preparations would make the influence of physical exercises in Nazi German society wane in favour of militarism. The massive sports pageantry events in the large cities, carefully organized to arouse nationalistic fervor, were replaced by military parades of German warriors. Successful sportsmen found it increasingly difficult to compete with frontline war heroes in capturing the attention of the German public. Even though the NSRL continued playing a big role in sporting activities among the youth for a few years, the atmosphere had changed. Many Germans had to go to fight to the fronts, so the NSRL concentrated in training and staging local or regional events for younger athletes. Already in 1940 monetary funds for organizing sporting venues, like the prestigious Kiel Week sailing competition, were not forthcoming. Contributors felt emboldened to deny funds to the formerly influential branches of the Nazi Sports Office owing to the war-related shifting of priorities. Albert Oeckl - sein Leben und Wirken für die deutsche Öffentlichkeitsarbeit During this time the NSRL sold lottery tickets as a source of self-financement. Von Tschammer's influence and power within the NSDAP also began rapidly eroding despite having been a committed topmost Nazi leader. He would, however, never witness Germany's defeat and humiliation in the war, for he died from pneumonia in Berlin in March 1943. Arno Breitmeyer, a fellow SA (Sturmabteilung) officer became the new ''Reichssportführer''. As the war dragged on, a huge amount of members of the many branches of the NSRL, among them youngsters in their early teens, had to go to fight to the fronts. Since players were not available, except in shoddily-organized military sports events in scattered frontline locations, sports life in Germany came practically to a standstill. The last ''von Tschammer und Osten Pokal'' football trophy was played in Vienna in 1943 and the following two years plunged the NSRL into irrelevance. The once mighty Nazi Sports Body had to give up its weight and its position of pride long before the war was lost. On May 31, 1945, after Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II (Aftermath of World War II), the American Military Government (Allied Occupation Zones in Germany) issued a special law outlawing the Nazi party and all of its branches. Known as "Law number five", this Denazification decree disbanded the NS Reichsbund für Leibesübungen along with all its facilities and departments. The disbandment of the NSRL meant that all the sports organizations of Germany had to be established anew during the postwar reconstruction (Reconstruction of Germany) of both West Germany and the DDR (East Germany). Even after German reunification in 1990, there has never been such a powerful and all-encompassing sports organization in Germany as the DRL NSRL was at its height. Structure As a sports governing body seeking to control and integrate all sport activities in Germany, the DRL NSRL provided a highly organized structure. This structuralization, whose nationalistic seriousness was often outright theatrical, was in line with the Nazi Party's goal of reminding Germans constantly that they were members of a large extended country, the Third Reich. According to Paragraph 2 of the DRL's Statutes: ''The purpose of the League of the Reich for Physical Exercise is the training of the body and character of Germans grouped together in member organizations through planned physical exercises and care of the national conscience (Volksbewußtsein) in the spirit of the National Socialist state''. Regarding method and purpose, and keeping aside the ideology, the well-ordered and solemn DRL NSRL system proved itself efficient. The 1936 Summer Olympics, as well as other key events, provided ample opportunity to test the good organization that the Sports Body of the Reich was able to provide. The NSRL's obvious competence succeeded in instilling a spirit of unity and pride among the German sportsmen and women as well as their supporters. Moreover, even if not duly credited, many of the NSRL's systemic improvements in sports are still in use in today's sports organizations. By Sport border "0" cellpadding "2" - valign "top" * Department 1: Artistic gymnastics, Gymnastics and ''Summer Games'' (1) * Department 2: Football (Association football), Rugby (Rugby union), and Cricket * Department 3: Light athletics (Track and field athletics) * Department 4: Handball (Team handball) * Department 5: Swimming (Swimming (sport)) * Department 6: Heavy athletics (Track and field athletics) * Department 7: Boxing * Department 8: Fencing * Department 9: Hockey * Department 10: Tennis * Department 11: Rowing (rowing (sports)) * Department 12: Canoeing * Department 13: Ice- (Iceskating) and Rollerskating * Department 14: Ski * Department 15: Deutscher Radfahrer-Verband, ''Bicycling'' Besides the departments above, certain competences of the NSRL as a league were served by sports federations some of which still exist today: border "0" cellpadding "2" - valign "top" * 16. Deutscher Segler-Verband ''(Sailing)'' * 17. Deutscher Bergsteiger-Verband ''(Mountaineering)'' * 18. Deutscher Wanderverband ''(Hiking)'' * 19. Deutscher Kegler-Bund ''(Bowling)'' * 20. Deutscher Schützen-Verband ''(Shooting)'' * 21. Deutscher Golf-Verband ''(Golf)'' * 22. Deutscher Bob- und Schlittensport-Verband (Bob- und Schlittenverband für Deutschland) ''(Bobsleigh, Luge and Skeleton)'' * 23. Deutscher Tisch-Tennis-Bund ''(Table-tennis)'' * 24. Deutscher Amateur-Billiard-Verband ''(Billiard (Cue sports))'' ''(1) The “Summer Games” include the following games known collectively as “Turnspiele“ in German: Schlagball (a German bat-and-ball sport), Fistball, Korbball (closely related to korfball), Schleuderball and Ringtennis.'' By region The regional structure of the NSRL followed the Nazi Party model. Often two or more gaue (Reichsgau) were included in one region where it was expedient to do so. border "0" cellpadding "2" - valign "top" * Region 1: East Prussia * Region 2: Pomerania * Region 3: Berlin-Brandenburg * Region 4: Silesia * Region 5: Saxony * Region 6: Mitte (1) * Region 7: Nordmark (2) * Region 8: Lower Saxony * Region 9: Westphalia * Region 10: Lower Rhine (Lower Rhine region (Germany)) * Region 11: Middle Rhine (Mittelrhein (wine region)) * Region 12: Hessen * Region 13: Southwest (3) * Region 14: Baden * Region 14a: Alsace * Region 15: Württemberg-Hohenzollern * Region 16: Bavaria * Region 17: Ostmark (4) * Region 18: Sudetenland * Region 19: Danzig-West Prussia (Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia) * Gau Wartheland (Reichsgau Wartheland) ''(1) Thuringia, Anhalt and the Province of Saxony. — (2) Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg and Mecklenburg. — (3) The Palatinate (Palatinate (region)) and (from 1935 onwards) the Saar Region (Saar (League of Nations)). — (4) Austria from 1938 onwards .'' Distribution of members By January first 1937 the Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen had 45,096 Associations with 3,582,776 active members (of which 517,992 were female and 3,064,784 male). On April first 1939 there were 44,622 Associations with 3,668,206 active members (of which 526,084 were female). The kind of sports practiced were the following: class "wikitable" - ! align "left" Sport !Associations Sections ! Total practising ! Total female - 1. Artistic


Nakuru

, they are easily accessible from Nakuru. These are major tourist attraction sites too. The Rift Valley Sports Club lies in the centre of the town. A number of sporting activities are hosted at this club and popular among them is cricket. The local Indian community can be found at cricket fixtures throughout the year. The town hosts an annual rugby festival dubbed "The Great Rift 10-a-side" which features teams from across the East Africa region. A motor racing track


Grenfell, Saskatchewan

of Saskatchewan publisher Canadian Plains Research Centre University of Regina year 2006 url http: esask.uregina.ca entry bands.html accessdate 2009-05-18 The early English settlers had a flair for sporting activities, kept hounds and horses and also established a run similar to that of fox hunting runs in Britain in the 1800s.


Balaklava

the selection of new Crimean khans. The Empire annexed the Crimean coast, but recognized the legitimacy of the khanate rule of the steppes, as the khans were descendants of Genghis Khan. The regiment celebrated two special days in each year. St Patrick's Day and Balaklava Day (celebrating the Charge of the Light Brigade). On most occasions these were holidays for all soldiers with sporting activities during the day and celebrations in the evening. These holidays began with the quaint tradition of senior nco's (Non-commissioned officer) serving Gunfire (a mixture of tea and rum) to junior soldiers as a morning wake-up drink. During active operations the festivities were suspended but the occasion always marked in some way. On St Patrick's Day each soldier would wear a sprig of shamrock , normally presented by the honorary colonel, Prince Phillip who had assumed the role upon the death of Sir Winston Churchill. Crimean War He was awarded the Victoria Cross for acts of gallantry during the Crimean War. He was 25 years old, and a Sergeant-Major (Sergeant Major) in the 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own), British Army. On 26 October 1854, in the Crimea, at Balaklava, Sergeant-Major Wooden went out with surgeon James Mouat to the assistance of an officer who was lying seriously wounded in an exposed position, after the retreat of the Light Cavalry. He helped to dress the officer's wounds under heavy fire from the enemy. Crimea In 1855 William Napier left the England with the 1st Battalion, 13th (1st Somersetshire) (Prince Albert's Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot (Somerset Light Infantry) under General Lord Mark Kerr, G.C.B., and arrived at Balaklava, Crimea, by sea on 29 June 1855. On 25 October 1854 at Balaclava (Balaklava), Crimea, Sergeant Ramage galloped out to the assistance of a private who was surrounded by seven Russians. The sergeant dispersed them and saved his comrade's life. On the same day, he brought in a prisoner from the Russian line and also, when the Heavy Brigade was covering the retreat of the Light Cavalry, lifted from his horse a private who was badly wounded and carried him safely to the rear under heavy cross-fire. As the Heavy Brigade was crossing broken country (most sources point towards a vineyard or chopped down orchard), a numerically superior Russian cavalry force appeared at the top of the heights. They poured over the skyline, down the slope towards Scarlett's brigade, beyond which lay Balaklava, and the site of the action known as the Thin Red Line (The Thin Red Line (1854 battle)) of the 93rd Highlanders (93rd Regiment of Foot), which had routed a previous Russian charge that morning. On 30 October, the Soviet defences detected the spearhead of the German 132nd Infantry Division and shelled it at 12:30 on 1 November using Battery 30's 305mm coastal guns. This fort would later become known to the Germans as Fort Maxim Gorky I. Von Manstein lacked the air support, mobile and tank forces to force a decision. Instead, Manstein ordered Hansen's LIV Corps to head east down the Sevastopol-Simferopol rail line and towards Yalta, while the 72nd Infantry Division was to head to Balaklava effectively encircling Sevastopol. Once there, it would attack Sevastopol from the east. The 132nd made reasonable progress, but was stopped on 2 November by the 8th Naval Brigade. The Germans suffered 428 casualties. Manstein ordered a halt for a week, whilst bringing up reserves. Oktyabrsky used his fleet to bring in a further 23,000 men from the Caucasus. On 9 November, Petrov's Army was brought in, bringing 19,894 soldiers, ten T-26 tanks, 152 artillery pieces and 200 mortars. The Soviets had 52,000 troops in the city. The Luftwaffe was considered weak (the bulk of it was engaged in the Battle of Moscow), so the Navy retained the heavy cruiser ''Krasny Kavkaz (Soviet cruiser Krasnyi Kavkaz)'', light cruiser ''Krasny Krym (Soviet cruiser Krasnyi Krym)'' and ''Chervona Ukrania (Soviet cruiser Chervona Ukraina)'' and seven destroyers to protect the port. Forczyk 2008, pp. 10-11. Manstein wanted to launch an attack as soon as possible, but his logistical lines were poor. Wanting to avoid strong Soviet forces protecting the north of the port, containing the 95th Rifle Division, Manstein chose to press the centre and southern Soviet defences. Instead he ordered the German 50th Infantry Division to probe the centre of the Soviet line east of the Chernaya river. The 132nd Infantry Division supported the probe and was able to push to within 4 kilometres of Severnaya Bay. The Soviets moved in the 172nd Rifle Division to stop the attack. With the support of the Coastal batteries, the attack was stopped. The 72nd Infantry Division continued towards Balaklava. The 22nd Infantry Division joined the assault. Assisted by the shelling of two light cruisers and the battleship ''Parizhskaya Kommuna (Russian battleship Sevastopol (1911))'', the Soviets halted the attack and Manstein called the offensive off on 21 November having lost 2,000 men. Forczyk 2008, p. 11. march Quick: Fare Ye well Enniskillen Slow: The Soldier's Chorus from Gounod's ''Faust'' anniversaries Oates (Lawrence Oates) Sunday, Balaklava Day, Waterloo (Battle of Waterloo) Day, Salamanca Day - 24649 Balaklava


Tacloban

. The Capitol was damaged due to Typhoon Haiyan. Tacloban Metropolitan Arena Wikipedia:Tacloban_City commons:Category:Tacloban City


Bar, Montenegro

of sports. Over fifty sports clubs and associations operate in Bar. There are numerous high quality sports facilities in the hotels and schools. In the centre of town, most of these facilities can be found in the Sports and Recreation Centre. There is a particularly high number of water sports clubs. In addition to the those who specialise purely in sporting activities, many of the local diving clubs are involved with scientific and coastal sea research. The longstanding chess club has even become well known abroad. Many world class chess celebrities have enjoyed visiting Bar and particularly the hospitality of the local chess club. Sports tourism, both connected to the sea and to the lake, is very attractive for numerous teams, both from the within the country and from abroad. Bar hosted the 2010 FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship and the 2010 Men's u18 European Handball Championship. Transport Bar has a ferry line with Italian city of Bari which is operated by Montenegro Lines Seasonally, ferries go to Ancona , Italy. There is a modern passenger terminal with a duty-free shop, caffies, restaurants. Bar is well connected with inland Montenegro, as well as with the rest of the Montenegrin coast. The Sozina tunnel, completed in 2006, shortened the road connection with Podgorica to around ) or '''Kraja''' (Albanian (Albanian language): the ''Krajë'', or ''Kraja'') is an area in southeastern Montenegro stretching from the southern coast of Lake Skadar to the mountain of Rumija, comprising several villages. It is inhabited mainly by Albanians and Montenegrins, which make up most of population. The area is divided between municipalities of Bar Tivar (Bar, Montenegro) and Ulcinj Ulqin (Ulcinj). Siege of Kotor Hoping to acquire suzerainty over the town, Đurađ had waged war against Kotor in 1368. Kotor, as a result of warfare, was suffering economic decline. Accepting Zetan rule wasn't going to aid Kotor economically either. Kotor resisted Đurađ's assault after seeing the town of Bar (Bar, Montenegro) paying an annual tribute of 2,000 ducats to Đurađ, previously paying 100 perper (Serbian perper)s to Serbia, expecting the same fate for Kotor. Kotor sought aid from Nikola Altomanović, but after his major defeat in Kosovo, he could provide little assistance. Kotor sought aid from the weak Tsar Uroš V (Stefan Uroš V of Serbia) and Venice (Republic of Venice). Neither provided much help as Venice was concerned that only their warships were on the Adriatic. In fact, Venice wrote to Tsar Uroš V in 1368, complaining that Serbia's armed ships were on the Adriatic, citing Bar, Budva nand Ulcinj to have them. They had also stated that this was also a violation of the Veneto-Serbian treaty and threatened to treat this ships as ''pirate vessels''. However, Uroš replied to that letter, stating that these ships that Venice were complaining about belonged to Đurađ I Balšić, lord of Zeta. The '''Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bar''' is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Montenegro. It is centred in the city of Bar (Bar, Montenegro) (Italian ''Antivari''). It was erected as a diocese in the 9th century and elevated to an archdiocese in 1089. The Archbishopric was by Pope's decree abolished some time after 1140, until it was restored by the Serbian medieval Nemanjić dynasty in 1199. thumb Kotor Cathedral (File:Cathedral Kotor.JPG) The Diocese of Kotor borders the village of Sutorina (Municipality of Herceg Novi) to the west. To the east, the diocese borders the river of Željeznica near the city of Bar (Bar, Montenegro) (Antivari). The diocese encompasses the settlements of Herceg Novi, Kotor, Tivat, Risan, Perast, Dobrota, Prčanj, Bijela, Budva and Sutomore. airdate 27 November 1944 frequency 94.9 MHz (Cetinje) 92.1, 94.0 MHz (Kolašin) 95.5, 96.5, 97.1 MHz (Podgorica) 101.8 MHz (Mojkovac) 96.8 MHz (Pljevlja) 94.6 MHz (Bijelo Polje) 89.5, 96.3 MHz (Rožaje) 89.1 MHz (Berane) 99.8 MHz (Bar (Bar, Montenegro)) 92.2 MHz (Budva) 97.3 MHz (Ulcinj) 89.9 MHz (Plav) 96.1 MHz (Žabljak) 88.0 MHz (Nikšić) format Public (Public radio)


Sousse

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