Roman Kingdom

of Rome event_end Monarchy overthrown (Overthrow of the Roman monarchy) p1 Alba Longa flag_p1 Castel_Gandolfo.jpg s1 Roman Republic flag_s1 Spqrstone.jpg image_coat She-wolf suckles Romulus and Remus.jpg symbol_type Capitoline Wolf image_map Platner - Ancient Rome city growth.jpg image_map_caption The ancient quarters of Rome. capital

Rome latd 41 latm 54 latNS N longd 12 longm 30 longEW E common_languages Old Latin religion Roman religion (Religion in ancient Rome) leader1 Romulus (Romulus and Remus) leader2 Numa Pompilius leader3 Tullus Hostilius leader4 Ancus Marcius leader5 L. Tarquinius Priscus (Lucius Tarquinius Priscus) leader6 Servius Tullius

leader7 L. Tarquinius Superbus (Lucius Tarquinius Superbus) year_leader1 753–716 BC year_leader2 715–673 BC year_leader3 673–642 BC year_leader4 640–616 BC year_leader5 616–579 BC year_leader6 578–535 BC year_leader7 535–509 BC title_leader King (King of Rome) legislature King, Roman Assemblies (Legislative Assemblies of the Roman Kingdom) and Senate

Etruscan civilization

inscriptions (c. 700 BC) Helmut Rix, "Etruscan," in ''The Ancient Languages of Europe'', ed. Roger D. Woodard (Cambridge University Press, 2008), pp. 141-164. until its assimilation into the Roman Republic in the late 4th century BC (Roman-Etruscan Wars). At its maximum extent, during the foundational period of Rome and the Roman kingdom, it flourished in three confederacies of cities

, the political destiny of Italy passed out of Etruscan hands. M. Cary and H. H. Scullard, ''A History of Rome'' (3rd ed., 1979), p. 28. ISBN 0-312-38395-9. The latest mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) study (2013) shows that Etruscans appear to fall very close to a Neolithic population from Central Europe and to other Tuscan populations. http: article info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0055519 ref

and Campania weakened, and it was taken over by Romans and Samnites. In the 4th century, Etruria saw a Gallic (Gaul) invasion end its influence over the Po (Po River) valley and the Adriatic (Adriatic Sea) coast. Meanwhile, Rome (Ancient Rome) had started annexing Etruscan cities. This led to the loss of the Northern Etruscan provinces. Etruria was conquered by Rome in the 3rd century BC. Etruscan

Vatican City

+2 drives_on right iso3166code VA

;Stato della Città del Vaticano" is the name used in the text of the state's Fundamental Law (Constitution) and in the state's official website. ) is a walled enclave (Enclave and exclave) within the city of Rome. With an area of approximately 44 hectares

name "factbook" or sacerdotal (Sacerdotal state)-monarchical (Monarchy) state ruled by the Bishop of Rome (diocese of Rome)—the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic (Catholic Church) clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the Popes from Avignon Papacy


to Bruges, to Lyon and Hungary. Florentine bankers financed the English kings during the Hundred Years War, as well as the papacy, including the construction of their provisional capital of Avignon (Avignon Papacy) and, after their return to Rome, the reconstruction and Renaissance embellishment of the latter. Florence was home to the Medici, one of history's most important noble families. Lorenzo de' Medici was considered a political and cultural mastermind of Italy in the late 15th

, the ''cardo'' and the ''decumanus (Decumanus Maximus)'', intersecting at the present ''Piazza della Repubblica (Piazza della Repubblica (Florence))''. Situated at the ''Via Cassia'', the main route between Rome and the north, and within the fertile valley of the Arno, the settlement quickly became an important commercial centre. In centuries to come, the city experienced turbulent periods of Ostrogothic (Ostrogoths) rule, during which the city was often troubled by warfare

the destruction stands nearby today. The country's second capital city was superseded by Rome six years later, after the withdrawal of the French troops made its addition to the kingdom possible. 20th century thumb ''Porte Sante'' cemetery, burial place of notable figures of Florentine history. (File:SanMiniatoAlMonte-Cimetiere.jpg) After doubling during the 19th century, Florence's population was to triple in the 20th, resulting from growth in tourism, trade, financial services


intermarriage between different local tribes. The first area colonized by the Lusitani was probably the Douro valley and the region of Beira Alta (Beira Alta Province) (present day Portugal); in Beira (Beira, Portugal), they stayed until they defeated the Celtici and other tribes, then they expanded to cover a territory that reached Estremadura (Estremadura Province (historical)) before the arrival of the Roman (Roman Republic)s. War against Rome

of Hispania The Lusitani are mentioned for the first time in Livy (218 BC) and are described as fighting for the Carthaginian (Carthage)s; they are reported as fighting against Rome in 194 BC, sometimes allied with Celtiberian (Celtiberians) tribes. In 179 BC, the ''praetor'' Lucius Postumius Albinus (Lucius Postumius Albinus (consul 173 BC)) celebrated a triumph (Roman Triumph) over the Lusitani, but in 155 BC, on the command of Punicus (Πουνίκου, perhaps a Carthaginian

by Viriathus, who was after many attempts killed by traitors paid by the Romans in 139 BC, after having led a successful guerrilla campaign against Rome and their local allies. Two years after, in 137 BC Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus led a successful campaign against the Lusitani, reaching as far north as the Minho river (Minho River). Romans scored other victories with ''proconsul'' Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus and Gaius Marius (elected in 113 BC), but still

Achaean League

the Aetolian aggression was condemned. After Aratus's death, however, the League was able to reap much of the benefits of Macedon's defeat by Rome in 197 BC. Under the leadership of Philopoemen, the League was able to finally defeat (War against Nabis) a heavily weakened Sparta and take control of the entire Peloponnese. The League's dominance was not to last long, however. During the Third Macedonian War (171 (171 BC)–168 BC), the League flirted with the idea of an alliance with Perseus

. His father's opposition to Roman control of Macedonia (Macedonia (Roman province)) resulted in his imprisonment. Polybius was then deported to Rome, where Lucius Aemilius Paulus employed him to tutor his two sons. Origins Polybius was born around 200 BC in Megalopolis (Megalopolis, Greece), Arcadia, at which time was an active member of the Achaean League. His father, Lycortas, was a prominent, land-owning politician and member of the governing class. Consequently

in the Peloponnese. Greece * Battle of Corinth (Battle of Corinth (146 BC)) – The Romans under Lucius Mummius defeat the Achaean League under Critolaus near Corinth. Corinth (Corinth, Greece) is destroyed, and the Achaean League dissolved. Greece (Ancient Greece) becomes a Roman province (Roman Greece). The Romans strip Corinth of its art treasures and ship them back to Rome. During the Punic Wars Sparta was an ally of the Roman Republic

Arabia Petraea

Palaestina Salutaris flag_s1 s2 Ghassanids flag_s2 s3 Rashidun Caliphate flag_s3 Black flag.svg capital Petra and Bostra latd 32 latm 30 latNS N longd 34 longm 54 longEW E common_languages Koine Greek, Aramaic, Latin, Hebrew religion Imperial cult (ancient Rome), Second Temple Judaism, Early Christianity event_start Roman conquest event1 Establishment

; Romanization With Roman conquest came the imposition of Latin (Latin language) and Greek in official discourse. This was standard for a province in Eastern Rome, but Arabia had far less of the history of Hellenization and Romanization than its neighbors, and the Greek language was little used before its introduction by the Romans. After the conquest, though, Greek was adopted popularly, as well as officially, practically supplanting Nabataean and Aramaic, as evidenced by inscriptions

Arabia had so little that it was able to define itself as Roman and that spurred its loyalty to an Imperial Rome that may never have existed. With Emperor Diocletian's restructuring of the empire (Tetrarchy) in 284–305, Arabia province was enlarged to include parts of modern-day Israel. Arabia after Diocletian became a part of the Diocese of Oriens ("the East"), which was part of the Prefecture of Oriens (Praetorian prefecture of the East). During Byzantine rule

Old Forge, New York

The Weather Channel date August 2011 References Category:Adirondacks Category:Hamlets in New York Category:Utica–Rome metropolitan area Category:Former villages in New York Category:Census-designated places in Herkimer County, New York Category:Census

Pultneyville , Pyrites (Pyrites, New York), Raquette Lake (Raquette Lake, New York), Raymondville (Raymondville, New York), Red Creek (Red Creek, New York), Redfield (Redfield, New York), Redwood (Redwood, New York), Remsen (Remsen (town), New York), Rensselaer Falls (Rensselaer Falls, New York), Richfield Springs (Richfield Springs, New York), Richland (Richland, New York), Richville (Richville, New York), Rodman (Rodman, New York), Rome (Rome, New York), Romulus

Plattsburgh in Clinton County (Clinton County, New York) via Rome, Barneveld, Old Forge (Old Forge, New York), Blue Mountain Lake (Blue Mountain Lake, New York), Tupper Lake (Tupper Lake, New York), and Bloomingdale (Bloomingdale, New York). Initially, all of NY 365 was concurrent to at least one other route: NY 5S from Oneida to Rome, NY 46A from Rome to Holland Patent, NY 12C between Holland Patent and Barneveld, New York State Route 28 NY&nbsp


the 18th century. After that, Salerno became part of the Parthenopean Republic and saw a period of Napoleonic rule. In recent history the city hosted the King of Italy (Victor Emmanuel III), who moved from Rome in 1943 after Italy negotiated a peace with the Allies in World War II. A brief so-called "government of the South" was then established in the town, that became the "capital" of Italy for some months. Some of the Allies

of Fratte. This settlement represented an important base for Etruscan trade with the Greek colonies of Posidonia (Paestum) and Elea (Velia). It was occupied by the Samnites around the 5th century BC as consequence of the Battle of Cumae (474 BC) as part of the Syracusan sphere of influence. With the Roman (ancient Rome) advance in Campania, Irna began to lose its importance, being supplanted by the new Roman colony (197 BC) of '''''Salernum''''', developing around an initial

''castrum''. The new city, which gradually lost its military function in favour of its role as a trade center, was connected to Rome by the Via Popilia, which ran towards Lucania and Reggio Calabria. Archaeological remains, although fragmentary, suggest the idea of a flourishing and lively city. Under the Emperor Diocletian, in the late 3rd century AD, Salernum became the administrative centre of the "Lucania and Bruttii" province. In the following century, during

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