Bayefsky first1 Anne F. last2 Waldman first2 Arieh title State support of religious education: Canada versus the United Nations publisher Marinus Nijhoff Publishers series Studies in Religion, Secular Beliefs and Human Rights volume 3 year 2007 location Leiden, The Netherlands pages 1116 url http: books.google.ca books?id dAE5Bmw2qrEC isbn 978-90-04-14980-9 !-- This book is an essential tool for those interested
in the vital relationship between international human rights law and domestic policy. It explores this subject in the context of public funding for religious education in Canada, an area of controversy for well over a hundred years. This work provides in one volume a unique set of source documents concerning the legal and political history of religious education in a multicultural environment and especially in Ontario, Canada's largest province. It makes available for the first time a complete set of documents concerning the international litigation which has occurred between the Canadian government and its citizens, who have been seriously affected by entrenched religious discrimination. An introductory essay provides an overview of how religious discrimination forms the backbone of Ontario's education system. Having failed to remedy such discrimination in Canadian courts, the UN Human Rights Committee provided a mechanism to address this breach of Canada's international legal obligations. The volume is an expose of the process and the consequences of international human rights litigation before the UN Committee, and will be of special interest to others seeking to take cases of human rights violations forward to the international level. Canadian policy makers and analyst will consider this collection an invaluable resource for future consideration of the public funding of religious education in Canada, still unresolved after 135 years. -- *The Unguarded Moment: A Surgeon's Discovery of the Barriers to Prescription of Inexpensive, Effective Healthcare in the Form of Therapeutic Exercise, Vert Mooney, Vantage Press, Inc, 2007 - Biography & Autobiography - 273 pages * Category:Protestantism in Canada Canada (Category:Seventh-day Adventist Church) Category:North American Division of Seventh-day Adventists (Category:Adventism) Category:History of the Seventh-day Adventist Church Category:Religious organizations established in the 1860s Category:Religious organizations established in 1863 Category:Protestant denominations established in the 19th century Category:Seventh-day denominations ** Southern New England Conference * Seventh-day Adventist Church in Canada - Oshawa, Ontario Oshawa , Ontario ** Alberta Conference
in Lithuania in 1915, the son of Rabbi Dov Kook, the younger brother of Abraham Isaac Kook, the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandate in Palestine (Mandate for Palestine). In 1924, his family immigrated to Palestine, where his father became the first Chief Rabbi of Afula. Hillel Kook received a religious education in Afula and at the Religious Zionist Yeshiva Merkaz HaRav in Jerusalem and was an unregistered student of Jewish Studies at the Hebrew
at home. Primary and secondary level management The primary and secondary levels of education are controlled by the six General Education Boards, each covering a region. The boards' headquarters are located in Barisal, Comilla Chittagong, Dhaka, Jessore, Rajshahi and Sylhet . In addition, the Madrasah Education Board covers religious education in government-registered Madrasahs, and the Technical Education Board controls technical and vocational training
, district Barisal, British India DATE OF DEATH 1932 Primary and secondary level management The primary and secondary levels of education are controlled by the six General Education Boards, each covering a region. The boards' headquarters are located in Barisal, Comilla Chittagong, Dhaka, Jessore, Rajshahi and Sylhet . In addition, the Madrasah Education Board covers religious education in government-registered Madrasahs, and the Technical
to Mosul, Iraq, where it provided the Church with a good selection of graduates, the first among them being Patriarch Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas and many other of the Church's eminences. Also the church has an international Christian education centre which is a centre for religious education, knowing that youth play a vital role in the Church's future. In the year 1990 he established the Order of St. Jacob Baradaeus for nuns and renovated St. Aphrem's Clerical building in Atshanneh, Lebanon for the new order. Patriarchate of the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch *Metropolis (Metropolis (religious jurisdiction)) of Mount Lebanon, Byblos and Botrys (Batroun): George Khodr (1970–present) *Metropolis (Metropolis (religious jurisdiction)) of Seleucia (Zahlé) and Heliopolis (Baalbek): Spyridon Khoury (1966–present) *Metropolis (Metropolis (religious jurisdiction)) of Tripoli (Tripoli,_Lebanon) and el-Koura: Ephraim Kyriakos (2009–present) - Zahlé Beqaa Governorate 200,000 4 - birth_date 4 September 1925 birth_place Zahlé, French Mandate of Lebanon death_date -- birth_place Zahlé, Lebanon origin '''Isabel Bayrakdarian''' (born 1974 in Zahlé, Lebanon) is a Grammy Award-nominated Armenian Canadian (Canadians of Armenian descent) opera singer. *Tripoli: Rue El Mina *Zahlé: Rue Brazil Rose Bouziane was born in Zahlé, Lebanon, to a sheep broker and a teacher. She taught high school French (French language) and Arabic (Arabic language), as the first woman teacher to teach outside of her hometown, before she married Nathra Nader in 1925. They immigrated to the United States, and soon settled in Winsted, Connecticut, where Nathra's Main Street bakery restaurant general store became a place for residents bemoaning actions or inactions at town hall. With her husband, she authored ''It Happened in the Kitchen: Recipes for Food and Thought'' ISBN 0-936758-29-5 In the Bekaa, there are Armenians living in Zahlé and most notably Anjar (Anjar, Lebanon).
), Pécs, and Pest (Pest, Hungary). In Pest the Israelite State Teachers' Seminary was founded in 1859, the principals of which have included Abraham Lederer, Heinrich Deutsch, and Joseph Bánóczi. The graduates of this institution have rendered valuable services in the cause of patriotism and religious education. The origins of '''Hungarian opera''' can be traced to the late 18th century, with the rise of imported opera and other concert styles in cities
:''This article is about the city. For the division, see Khulna Division. For the district, see Khulna District. For the subdistrict, see Khulna Kotwali Thana.'' WikiPedia:Khulna Commons:Category:Khulna
province , where he then traveled with his children and settled, an event which accounts for the usage of the title "al-Sistani" in Ayatollah Sistani's own name today. Sistani began his religious education as a child, first in Mashhad and continuing later in Qom. In 1951, Sistani traveled to Iraq to study in Najaf under Grand Ayatollah Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei. Sistani rose to the rank of Mujtahid in 1960. wikipedia:Najaf
that, as an ethnically mixed body exposed to heterodox thinking, they should be taught only the tenets of a clear, concise religious code issued by the caliph. Concern for the army’s standing, morale, and future loyalty leads him to suggest reforms, including the removal of fiscal duties from the military, officer recruitment from the ranks based on merit, religious education, inculcation of integrity and loyalty, regular pay linked to inflation, and maintenance of an efficient intelligence service throughout Khorasan and peripheral provinces, regardless of cost. He calls for vigilance and good intelligence in Iraq to counter discontent in Basra and Kufa and pleads for deserving Iraqis to be afforded scope for the exercise of their talents in government service. In view of wide divergences in legal theory and practice, born of local precedents or flawed personal reasoning, he suggests to the caliph a scrutiny and resolution of all conflicts of law by his own command and the imposition of unity by a comprehensive enactment. He recommends cautious clemency for the conquered Syrians, the recruitment from among them of a hand-picked caliphal elite, the lifting of ruinous economic sanctions, and fair distribution of foodstuffs in the Syrian military districts. At long last, he comes to the caliph’s entourage, which, though introduced in glowing terms, can be perceived as far from ideal. In the past, ministers and secretaries—the approach is tactful—brought the entourage into disrepute: men unworthy of access to the caliph became members to the exclusion of, for instance, scions of the great families of early Islam. The caliph should now remedy the situation by taking account of claims to precedence and singling out for preferment men with special talents and distinguished service records, as well as men of religion and virtue and incorruptible and uncorrupting men of noble lineage. Also, the caliph’s kin and princes of his house should be considered. In a section on land-tax (Kharaj) the author focuses on the arbitrary exploitation of cultivators and recommends taxation governed by known rules and registers. After a few lines on Arabia he closes with a proposal for mass education aimed at achieving uniformity of orthodox belief through a body of paid professional instructors. This would make for stability, and trouble-makers would not go unobserved. The Resāla ends with an expression of pious hopes and prayers for the caliph and his people. Stylistically, the work markedly differs from the Ādāb in certain important respects , the reason for which may be the subject-matter. Medieval period Muslim Arabs defeated the Sassanids and Byzantines (Byzantine Empire) as they marched into the Caucasus region. The Arabs made Caucasian Albania a vassal state after the Christian resistance, led by Prince Javanshir, surrendered in 667. Mohsin was born to Haji Faizullah and Zainab Khanam in Hughli (Hugli-Chinsura) (now in West Bengal, India) in 1732. He was home-schooled and gained knowledge in the study of the Quran, Hadith and the Fiqh. Later, he went on a voyage to other countries of Asia, including the regions in current-day Iran, Iraq, Turkey and the Arab peninsula. He also made the pilgrimage to Mecca, and visited Medina, Kufa, Karbala and other holy places. After performing the Hajj, he was given the title ''Haji''. There are still cities and provinces in Iraq where the Persian names of the city are still retained. e.g. ’Anbār (Anbar Province) and Baghdād. Other cities of Iraq with originally Persian names include ''Nokard'' (نوكرد) -- Haditha, ''Suristan'' (سورستان) -- Kufa, ''Shahrban'' (شهربان) -- Muqdadiyah, ''Arvandrud'' (اروندرود) -- Shatt al-Arab, and ''Asheb'' (آشب) -- Amadiya. See: محمدی ملایری، محمد: فرهنگ ایران در دوران انتقال از عصر ساسانی به عصر اسلامی، جلد دوم: دل ایرانشهر، تهران، انتشارات توس 1375.: Mohammadi Malayeri, M.: Del-e Iranshahr, vol. II, Tehran 1375 Hs. Following the Assassination of Uthman There are many unresolved issues regarding the First Fitna (literally “trial”) period of dissension and civil war, which split the Muslim community following the assassination of the Caliph Uthman. When Ali arrived in Kufa in 656 seeking support against Aishah bint Abi Bakr (Aisha) and the Basrans it is agreed that Abu Musa (then the governor of Kufa), urged his subjects not to support Ali and avoid participation in the ''fitna''. When his advice was rejected and the people of Kufa supported Ali, Abu Musa was forced to leave and Ali disposed him from his governorate. He was born in Kufa in Iraq (or Sanaa (Sana'a), according to some accounts) and was active in the administration of the Abbasid Caliphate, before he began to associate with Ismaili teachers. At first he proselytised under the guidance of Ibn Hawshab in Yemen and Mecca. date November 634 place Marauha at the Euphrates near Kufa, Iraq result Sasanian victory Sykes, Percy (Percy Sykes), ''History of Persia'', Vol.1, (Routledge and Kegan Paul:London, 1969), 493 Hudhayfah was made governor of Kufa and Ctesiphon (al-Madain). When the news of his appointment at reached Ctesiphon crowds went to meet this famous companion of whose great role in the conquests of Persia was already a legend. As they waited, a lean man approached on a donkey eating a loaf of bread. When the rider was in their midst they realized that he was Hudhayfah, the governor for whom they were waiting. They could not contain their surprise being accustomed to the pomp and the grandeur of Persian rulers. Hudhayfah saw they were expecting him to speak and he eventually said: "Beware of places of ''fitnah'' and intrigue." "And what," they asked, "are places of intrigue?" He replied: "The doors of rulers where some people go and try to make the ruler or governor believe lies and praise him for qualities he does not possess." The '''Bani Assad''' or '''Banu Assad''' (Arabic: بني أسد بنو أسد) (Arabic for "Sons of Lion") is an Arab tribe in Iraq. They are Adnanite (Adnan) Arabs, powerful and one of the most famous tribes. They are widely respected by many Arab tribes, respected by Shia Muslims because they have buried the body of Imam Husayn (Husayn ibn Ali), his family (Ahlul Bayt) and companions with the help of Imam Ali b. Husayn (Zayn al-Abidin), ''Zayn al-‘Abidin'', the son of the Imam, and many martyrs from the Battle of Karbala are from the tribe. Today, many members of the tribe live in the Iraqi cities of Basra, Najaf, Kufa, Karbala, Nasariyah, Amarah, Kut, Hilla, Diyala (Diyala Governorate), Baghdad. There are people from Banu Assad in Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Yemen, Egypt in Sinai desert who have all migrated from Iraq. There are also members of Bani Assad tribe in Khuzestan, Ahwaz in Iran located with neighboring tribes of Banu Tamim, Banu Malik, Banu Kaab and other notable Arab Tribes. The 9th century Arab geographer Ibn Khordadbih identified the location of mount Judi as being in the land of Assyria (''Al-Akrad''), and the Abbasid historian Abu al-Hasan 'Alī al-Mas'ūdī (c. 896-956) recorded that the spot where it came to rest could be seen in his time. Masudi also said that the Ark began its voyage at Kufa in central Iraq and sailed to Mecca, where it circled the Kaaba, before finally travelling to Judi. Yaqut al-Hamawi, also known as Al-Rumi, placed the mountain "above Jazirat ibn Umar, to the east of the Tigris" and mentioned a mosque built by Noah that could be seen in his day, and the traveller Ibn Battuta passed by the mountain in the 14th century. J. P. Lewis, ''Noah and the Flood: In Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Tradition'', The Biblical Archaeologist, December 1984, p.237 The rebellion which broke out in 686 CE, under the reign of Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, was supported by the faction of Muslims. Al-Mukhtar led the rebellion, which was launched from Kufa, in present-day Iraq. It is known that he was rebelling on behalf of Ali's son Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, after Husayn ibn Ali was killed at the Battle of Karbala. Al-Mukhtar was in prison whilst the Battle of Karbala was taking place. After he was out of prison, he found out about what happened in Karbala and set out to avenge the death of the grand son of Muhammad. Al-Kindī was born in Kufa, a centre of world learning at the time. Al-Kindi's father was the governor of Kufa, as his grandfather had been before him. Al-Kindi was descended from the Kinda tribe which had migrated from Yemen. This tribe had united a number of tribes and reached a position of prominence in the 5th (5th century) and 6th (6th century) centuries, but then lost power from the middle of the 6th century. Al-Kindī's education took place first in Kufa, then in Basrah, and finally in Baghdad. Knowledge of his great learning soon spread, and the Caliph al-Ma'mun (Al-Mamun) appointed him to the House of Wisdom in Baghdad, which was a recently established centre for the translation of Greek (Ancient Greece) philosophical and scientific texts. (He was also well known for his beautiful calligraphy, and at one point was employed as a calligrapher by al-Mutawakkil.) According to Shi'ah Muslims, she accompanied her father when he traveled from Mecca to Kufa, now known as Iraq, "as Yazid had offered Imam to step down of Caliphate and let him get the throne, Imam did not need any worldly power, he had already been given Imamat, Wilayat and enormously huge honour by God himself. Thus Imam said, okay I will step down provided you and I go in public and there you place your argument and I will accept however I will not decide upon the stance in the closed cabinet as Imam knew that they would have announced in public that Imam has made Yazid as Caliph and has taken covenant with him . This stance of Imam caused displeasure to Yazid. Imam realised that living in Medina would result in bloodshed as it is no longer safe for them here. So he thought for Kufa where people had promised their covenant with him. He sent his cousin Muslim son of Aqeel to confirm the covenant of people and he reported the stance as positive. However eventually the scene changed, the nobles of Yazid spread tyranny over people and either threatened them to death or offered them lust for power and wealth. Imam left Medina upon invitation from people of Kufa but upon reaching midway the story was found different, they forced Imam to change his way towards Karbala. They prohibited water and supplies for them and each day increased the cruelty inorder to force him into covenant. They did not realise that the person before them is none but Husain son of Ali who cares not for life when it comes to decide upon truth and false or good and bad. This led to final battle on 10th of Mohurrum, they martyred the entire household of Imam and his companions and then captured the survivals. The survivals included Imam's sisters, wives, daughters including Sakina, family members of companions of Imam and Imam's son Imam Zainul Abeddin who was ill and could not participate in battle as a result. The first version states that Abdullah Shah Ghazi was Syed Abu Muhammad Abdullah Al Ishtar from the lineage of the Prophet Muhammad from the linage of Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Abu Talib (Hasan ibn Ali). Official Website According to historian Suhail Zaheer Lari, he was the son of Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya. Lari, Suhail Zaheer. A History of Sindh. Oxford University Press, USA. 1995. and OUP Pakistan. 1996. He was born in Medina in 720 and arrived in Sindh in 760 as a merchant and brought with him a large number of horses purchased from Kufa, Iraq. He was given a warm welcome as he belonged to a saadat family (Sayyid), the noblest in Islam. Islam in Iraq Iraq's Muslims follow two distinct traditions, Shia and Sunni Islam. According to the ''Encyclopædia Britannica'', Iraq is 97% Muslim: 55-60% Shi'a, 40-45% Sunni. Iraq is home to many religious sites important for both Shia and Sunni Muslims. Baghdad was a hub of Islamic learning and scholarship for centuries and served as the capital of the Abassids. The city of Karbala has substantial prominence in Shia Islam as a result of the Battle of Karbala, fought on the site of the modern city on October 10, 680. Similarly, Najaf is renowned as the site of the tomb of Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Ali) (also known as "Imām Alī"), whom the Shia consider to be the righteous caliph and first imām (imam). The city is now a great center of pilgrimage from throughout the Shi'a Islamic world and it is estimated that only Mecca and Medina receive more Muslim pilgrims. The city of Kufa was home to the famed scholar, Abu Hanifah whose school of thought is followed by a sizable number of Sunni Muslims across the globe. Likewise, Samarra is also home to the al-Askari Mosque, containing the mausoleums of the Ali al-Hadi and Hasan al-Askari, the tenth and eleventh Shia Imams, respectively, as well as the shrine of Muhammad al-Mahdi, known as the "Hidden Imam", who is the twelfth and final Imam of the Shia of the Ja'farī Madhhab. This has made it an important pilgrimage centre for Ja'farī Shia Muslims. In addition, some female relatives of the Prophet Mohammad are buried in Samarra, making the city one of the most significant sites of worship for Shia and a venerated location for Sunni Muslims. Life Qarni converted to Islam during Muhammad's lifetime, though they never met in person. Yet Qarni was fully aware of Muhammads spiritual presence at all times of his life. The Uwaisi form of spiritual transmission in the vocabulary of Islamic mysticism (Sufism) was named after Uwais Qarni, as it refers to the transmission of spiritual knowledge between two individuals without the need for physical interaction between them. Not long after a meeting with Ali, Qarni left Qaran for Kufa, modern Iraq. He fought for Ali against Muawiyah I at the Battle of Siffin in 657. Attar, ''Muslim Saints and Mystics'', trans. A.J. Arberry, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983 On the fourth anniversary of Baghdad's fall to United States forces, tens if not hundreds of thousands of Iraqis marched peacefully in protest of the continued occupation. Wearing Iraqi flags, demonstrators marched from Kufa (w:Kufa) to Najaf (w:Najaf) chanting "Get out, get out occupier!" Many were dancing through the streets as police kept an eye on the proceedings and lined the route.