by the same English company that manufactured it, but it stopped working a long time ago. Humilladero Bridge This bridge connects the central and northern zones of the city. It was built in 1873 on arches of brick and masonry. The designs were prepared by the Italian friar Fray Serafin Barbetti and a German engineer whose mummified remains are preserved in the Archdiocesan Museum of Religious Art in the city. The bridge crosses a fault between the city center and the El Callejón (now Bolivar) neighborhood which was previously extremely difficult to cross, requiring pedestrians to almost crawl on their knees. Accordingly the new bridge was named ''Humilladero''. For a long time this bridge was one of the main entrances to the city. The liberating armies crossed it to enter Popayán during the early stages of the struggle for Colombia independence. Its well-planned design and strong construction has allowed the bridge to remain intact through many earthquakes. Churches thumb 200px San Francisco church (File:Iglesia San Francisco 2.JPG) San Francisco According to the architect, critic and historian Germain Téllez, the facade of this church is the best example of baroque style (Baroque architecture) throughout Colombia. In its tower is placed a famous bell donated by Don Pedro Agustín de Valencia. This temple is remarkable because of its altars decorations and its naves and apse proportions. In the San Francisco's square, it stands the monument to the local hero Camilo Torres (Camilo Torres Tenorio), whose replica is located in the square of the Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé in Bogotá. Santo Domingo Late Neogranadino Baroque (Baroque architecture) work, designed by the Spanish architect Antonio Garcia. It has excellent examples of architectures, metal works, and furniture from Quito and Spain schools. His pulpit was designed in the first half of the nineteenth century by an illustrious son of the city, the Wise Francisco José de Caldas. Next this church is located the faculty of Laws and Political and Social Sciences of the University of Cauca. Whose style is colonial (Spanish Colonial architecture) too. thumb 200px Santo Domingo church (File:Facultad de Santo Domingo.JPG) San Agustín, Church and convent Fray Jeronimo Escobar founded the convent of the Augustinians in the late seventeenth century, whose temple was destroyed in the earthquake in 1736. Then, it was reconstructed thanks to contributions from notable people of the city, but it was necessary to restore it again after the earthquake of 1983. In particular it stands out its altar carved in wood and covered in gold, its expository baroque (Baroque architecture) made in silver and a beautiful image of the Lady of Sorrows (Our Lady of Sorrows). La Ermita It is the oldest church in the city and sometimes it served as “Pro Tempore” Cathedral. It dates from 1546 and contains a fine altar discovered after the earthquake of 1983. The principal attraction of this church is the street because its road is made of stones, like old roads in Popayán. Catedral Basílica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción thumb left 200px Catedral Basílica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Church (Image:Torre-del-Reloj Popayan.jpg) Originally it was a straw hut, but in 1609 it was opened a second cathedral of mud and masonry. The current construction was consecrated in 1906 by Archbishop Manuel Antonio Arboleda, who brings it a magnificent European pipe organ. Its style is the neoclassical (Neoclassical architecture), and much of the building was restored because of the earthquake of 1983, including the great dome of 40 meters high, whose restoration was made according to guidelines of the original structure designed by the local artist Adolfo Dueñas. San José thumb 200px Belén Church (Image:Iglesia belen.jpg) It was built in 1702 according to the architectural guidelines of the Jesuits (Society of Jesus) in the American Baroque (Baroque architecture). It has put up with some changes, for example, the most recent occurred in 1983, when much of the facade which had been covered with paint and lime for at least two centuries, was left on view. Belén Chapel It is located on the hill of Belén, and from the chapel you can see a panoramic view of the city. To arrive to this church, it is necessary to pass through the “quingos", a road of stone steps that allow a nice climb to one of the viewpoints of the city. Since 1717 this chapel is in charge of the image of Santo Ecce Homo, patron saint of the city. Next to the church there is a cross of quarry stone of 1789, which are attributed to many legends. The original church was completely replaced by a new structure after the earthquake of 1983. Museums House-Museum Mosquera This house displays a very interesting collection of colonial art and precious memories of the Mosquera family. It works in the house that belonged to the Mosquera Arboleda family, a recognized family in the history of Colombia, whose members occupied the highest positions of political power, ecclesiastical, military and diplomatic, simultaneously during much of the nineteenth century. The most important were: Joaquín Mosquera, Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, Manuel José Mosquera and Manuel Maria Mosquera. The father of them all, Jose Maria Mosquera y Figueroa, was considered by the Liberator Simón Bolívar as the only person he would choose as a second parent. Archdiocesan Museum of Religious Art The old residence of the Arboleda family, was built in the eighteenth century based on plans of the priest Andres Perez Marcelino Arroyo, and it was acquired by the city in 1974 and renovated for its current use in 1979. Their collections are extraordinary examples of religious art, silverware, pictures of the so-called Quito School and paintings of the colonial period. Monstrances of the collection have such value that they are only exposed to the public for a few days during Easter. National Museum Guillermo Valencia It is located in a mansion on the Próceres Street, and it is dedicated to the poet Guillermo Valencia, one of the most prominent members of Modernism in Spanish literature. Its numerous rooms are decorated with valuable works of art and artistic pieces, as well as a collection of hundred of selected books, diplomas, medals and awards that Master Valencia received for his distinguished political life and for its fine literary and poetic compositions. In the park located across the street it stands the statue of the poet, made by the Spanish sculptor Victorio Macho. It has too a family cemetery where the remains of several generations of Valencia are resting. Natural History Museum It offers an exhibition of animals, like insects, butterflies and birds native to the region, and a collection of pre-Columbian pottery. Arts and culture thumb left 200px Paso (File:Paso 1.jpg) Easter thumb 200px La Verónica (File:Paso de La Verónica.jpg) Popayán is widely known for the solemnity of its Easter processions, during which it commemorates the passion (Passion (Christianity)) and death of Jesus Christ (Jesus). Since roughly the mid-sixteenth century - documents in the historical archives of Popayán mention processions in the year 1558 - sacred processions have taken place each night from Tuesday until Holy Saturday, with ancient religious images paraded through Popayán's historical downtown streets. They are borne on wooden platforms by means of 4 projecting wooden "bars" at the front and 4 at the back. These bars rest on the shoulders of the “Cargueros”, as those responsible for carrying the platforms are known. "Easter processions are representations of different episodes narrated in the Gospels, on the Passion, Crucifixion (Crucifixion of Jesus) and Death of Jesus Christ (Jesus), where each one of these representations is called "Paso". Since the time of the conquest the pasos have been carried through the streets on the shoulders of the traditional 'cargueros' in a route shaped like a cross, which takes in the main churches and temples of the city. During Holy Week, Popayán is also home to the Festival de Música Religiosa (Religious Music Festival), begun in the 1960s on the initiative of Edmundo Mosquera Troya. This festival presents choirs, soloists and artists from around the world, specialists in sacred music. It is also the tradition at this time of the year to hold art and craft fairs selling handicrafts and commercial products. One of the most important handicrafts samples is Manos de Oro, where it exposes the several works of artists of Colombia. Amo Jesus of Puelenje thumb Amo Jesus of Puelenje on the procession (File:Amo Jesus.JPG) Amo Jesus Nazareno of Puelenje is a Catholic image that is worshiped in the temple of Puelenje, district of Popayán, Colombia. Patron Saint of this place. It is a polychrome wood sculpture of Jesus Christ (Jesus) of the eighteenth century made in the Quito school. Is Baroque. The image also scrolls the Holy Wednesday. In the processions of Holy Week in Popayán that are inscribed in UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.This religious festival is celebrated by the natives of Puelenje for 15 days, where there are fireworks, processions, religious ceremonies and cultural events. Fiestas de Pubenza Popayán celebrates these festivities at the beginning of the year, from January 5 to 13. These fiestas celebrates the spirit of racial diversity in the country, in the same way as the Carnival of Blacks and Whites in Pasto, which originally initiated in Popayán during the slavery period as a way of escaping the racial discrimination prevailing at the time. Music It is said that among the original performers there were good music interpreters, excelling in playing the chirimía, that is made up of flutes (transverse cane), guacharacas, drums, castrueras and triángulos, making its appearance in the traditional celebrations of Popayán, especially at Christmas time and at the end of the year. On the plateau of Popayán, groups of farmers play stringed instruments, composed of three guitars and maracas which have incorporated into their repertoire paseos, merengue (Merengue music)s, pasillos and boleros in vocal and instrumental form. Gastronomy thumb Creative cities network Popayan of the UNESCO (File:Creative cities network Popayan.jpg) Popayán is the only place in Latin America to have been declared a City of Gastronomy by UNESCO, in tribute to its significant tradition of regional cooking. Typical dishes of the city are a legacy of both Spanish and indigenous cultural interaction, integrating components of local origin with fruits brought from Spain. The National Gastronomy Congress of Popayán has been held each September since 2003, and in 2005 was recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage event of the United Nations creative network. The Congress is organized by the Gastronomic Corporation of Popayán, which has presented seven events which have also featured the participation of various countries as special guests: Peru, Brazil, Spain, Chile, Mexico, Italy and France. Today, this congress is recognized as the second largest popular event in the Cauca Department. As it has an academic format, it is distinguished from other culinary events and is the only one to be listed nationally. Among typical dishes we can find: thumb 250px Christmas Eve Dish (File:Plato de nochebuena.jpg) Carantanta: is a type of fried snack of corn placed in the pot where corn dough has been made. Soups: Shaked Broth, Sancocho, tortilla soup, Sango, carantanta soup, wrappes soup, vegetable and pastries soup. Dishes: Pipián tamales, empanadas de pipián, Calf. Vegetables: Ullucos, corn wrappes. Sauces and seasonings: pique chili, peanut chili, pineapple chili. Cakes: tortilla pie, arracacha cake, white cake, banana cake. Breads and cookies: cucas, molletes, pambazos, rosquillas. Drinks: toley water. Christmas Eve plate or dish is very special Its content is the most complete of Colombia and consists of hojaldras, rosquillas, manjar blanco, dulce cortado, natilla and syrups of fig among others. Film The Caucana Intellectual Heritage Foundation, chaired by Don Ricardo Quintero, has a valuable film archive with numerous interesting examples of moving images recorded in Popayán since the second decade of the twentieth century. Traditional cinema is represented in the city by the Bolivar Cultural Center, which shows independent films. There is also a new theater, the Royal Films multiplex in the Campanario Mall, which has four modern 3D digital cinema screens. In addition there are several film clubs, many of them located within the University of Cauca. The Cineclub La Tuátara runs every Wednesday in the Comfacauca Institute of Technology auditorium (opened 2001), which has established itself as a cultural space for the city. A very important innovation is the program of the Radio Universidad del Cauca station 104.1 fm, 'Cinema Radio', on air Saturdays at noon, in which are created thematic cycles. They present news about cinema, 'the seventh art', and also discuss the history of film and audiovisual language. Talking about cinematographic production, there are some people who are working to strengthen the seventh art in the municipality. Famous People from Popayán * Francisco José de Caldas * Camilo Torres Tenorio * Sergio Orozco * Federico Meléndez * Manolo Cardona aka Manuel Julian Cardona Molano Transport Popayan has one commercial airport, Guillermo León Valencia Airport, served by Avianca. Climate Popayán has a humid but relatively mild tropical climate, more specifically a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen (Köppen climate classification): Am) that is close to being a subtropical highland climate, though unusually the driest months from June to August are opposite to when this would be expected given that the city is actually north of the equator.
lawyer, journalist, politician and Regent-President of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848–49. *
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as well as Otomi elements. The monastery contains two baptismal fonts, one of which is from the 16th century. It recently underwent a four year restoration projects costing approximately 700,000 pesos (Mexican peso).Work on this monastery was sponsored by a civil association called Adopte una Obra de Arte (Adopt a Work of Art) along with the State of Mexico. One of the major causes of damage to the monastery was the theft of its religious art, so security
paintings and other religious art. On the opposite side of the plaza is the '''municipal palace'''. This building was constructed in 1759 originally as a royal treasury (casa real). Later it became a municipal jail. After Independence, it was renovated to become the main governmental building. It is Neoclassical in design and it has unique arches in the frond, which were roofed in 1834. ref
in the peninsula. The ruins of Mission of San Bruno (Misión San Bruno), the first mission of Baja California, founded in 1683 by Jesuit missionary explorer Padre Eusebio Kino. It was ordered abandoned by the Spanish Crown a mere two years later. It is located twenty kilometers north of Loreto. The Jesuit Missions Museum (“Museo de las Misiones Jesuíticas”) is located beside the Mission of our Lady of Loreto. It has a collection of religious art, weapons and tools from the 17th and 18th
are located nearby. *Monastery of El Carmen de Asuncion. In the atrium a colorful flower market supplements the beauty of the church which was founded in 1682. A sculpted stone façade and a golden pulpit make the church very attractive. *Monastery and Museum of La Concepcion, with 17th-century tombs and a complete collection of religious art. *House of the Ecuadorian Culture *Municipal Museum Remigio Crespo Toral *Museum of the Central Bank *Museum of the Aboriginal Cultures *Church of Santo Domingo *San Blas *Turi the Mirador *Ruinas de todos los santos. In this old place, four niches of Inca origin exist. Their form is trapezoidal and they are built of stone. There are also remains of a colonial mill. thumb Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. (File:Catedral de la Inmaculada Consepción en el Parque Calderon en Cuenca, Ecuador.jpg) Surroundings *Molleturo, a vast rural area (about 1000 square kilometres) situated in Ecuador’s southern Andes, and composed of several little villages (hamlets). The centre of the area is located at 1.5 hours of distance in car from the nearest bigger city (Cuenca). In fact, this distance is very little compared to ten years ago when there was no road for cars and it took people 3 days of mule riding to get to Cuenca. In spite of the advantages, the road had also very negative impacts on the ecological system, which is still very important for people's daily survival. *Jima, located near Cuenca, is a hiking hotspot for southern Ecuador. Jima is located at the base of two beautiful green mountains at 8,800 feet. Hikes for all skill levels are available including a three day hike from the peaks of the Andes mountains down into the lush tropical rainforest of the Amazon basin. *Gualaceo *Chordeleg. Less than 50 kilometers from Cuenca, it is a town of Cañari origin, known for its weavers (weaving), embroiderers (Embroidery) and potters (pottery). In the same area there is a stone corridor in snake form, built in pre-Inca time, known for gold and silver smiths and local jewelry. thumb View of Cajas National Park (File:Cajasview ecuador.jpg) *El Cajas, a national park where the rivers, streams, and lagoons seem to unite to create a temple of nature, in which the altitude varies from 3500 to 4200 meters above sea level. It is a place for bird watchers (bird watching) and trout fishermen (fishing). thumb left Lacs en miroir (Mirrored lakes) in Cajas National Park (File:Ecuador cajas national park.jpg) *Azogues, the capital of Cañar Province, 29 kilometers from Cuenca. In this city of colonial atmosphere, one of the highlights is San Francisco's convent, built on the summit of a huaca (sacred mountain) of the prehispanic residents. *Cañar plantation, with a colorful market and the nearby ruins of Ingapirca (wall of Inca stone). Cañar plantation is located 65 kilometers from Cuenca and it is usually the starting point for the trips to the famous ruins that, according to the experts, were used to control the native Cañaris. Stores, bathrooms, a tambo for the Inca, a temple dedicated to the sun, they are part of Ingapirca that was built in the 15th century by orders of Huayna Capac. Transport Bus station Cuenca's inter-provincial bus station, called the Terminal Terrestre as it is in most cities, is well organized and clean. It is located on Avenida España in the northeastern corner of the city, a twenty-minute walk or a brief taxi ride from the historic center. Also, many City buses provide frequent service as indicated by the "Terminal Terrestre" placard on the windshield. A guide to using the City buses, maps of the routes and an online trip planner can be found at CuencaTransit.com Buses arrive and depart throughout the day. Service is available to major cities, such as Guayaquil and Quito and also to nearby cities such as Loja, Riobamba, or Machala. The distance to Guayaquil is 243 km. and the bus takes nearly 4 hours on the highway Durán-Pto.Inca-Molleturo (I582W), a scenic ride through the Cajas National Park. Quito is 497 km from Cuenca and the trip takes around 10 hours on the Road Pan-American Highway (I35N). Many prefer to travel by bus at night. Those who choose to travel overnight should exercise caution due to reported bus hijacks which have resulted in armed robbery. Airport The airport, named Aeropuerto Mariscal Lamar (Mariscal Lamar Airport), is located due east of the Terminal Terrestre (bus station) on Avenida España. It's a 5-minute walk from the bus station. Four airlines currently serve Cuenca; AeroGal, LAN Ecuador, and TAME fly to Quito daily while Línea Aérea Cuencana (no longer operating as of November 2013) and TAME fly to Guayaquil. This is Ecuador's third busiest airport. Over 1,400,000 passenger a year pass through its gates. International relations Pan American Race Walking Cup Cuenca (Cuenca, Ecuador), Ecuador bgcolor "gold" 1st '''Estadio Alejandro Serrano Aguilar''' is a multi-purpose stadium in Cuenca, Ecuador. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home stadium of Club Deportivo Cuenca and Liga Deportiva Universitaria de Cuenca. The stadium holds 22,000 spectators and opened in 1945.
'''Unión Balompédica Conquense''' is a Spanish football team (List of football clubs in Spain) based in Cuenca (Cuenca, Spain), in the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. Founded in 1946, it currently plays in 2ªB - Group 1 (Segunda División B Groups 1-4), holding home games at ''Estadio La Fuensanta'', with a 3,500 total capacity.
right thumb 250px Lake Pátzcuaro (Image:Mexico-patzcuaro.jpg) '''Lake Pátzcuaro''' (Spanish: ''Lago de Pátzcuaro'') is a lake in the municipality of Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, Mexico. Richards was blacklisted in Hollywood because of his left wing views. He wrote under various pseudonyms to get work, until he finally gave up and became a carpenter. He retired to Pátzcuaro, Mexico, where he died, still bitter about the career he had lost.