Places Known For

religious architecture

Piatra Neamț

This monument of popular religious architecture was successively founded by the Voivodes Petru Rares and Alexandru Lapusneanu (1574). *

is a masterpiece of Romanian popular art. *

Dieppe, New Brunswick

of the Infant Jesus Church is a large stone and concrete structure with a bell tower and Gothic windows. This modern interpretation of Gothic Revival religious architecture is located at the corner of Sainte-Thérèse Street and Acadie Avenue in Dieppe. The church highlights the importance of the Catholic Church in the community life of Leger Corner. In 1930, this parish broke away from the parish of Saint-Anselme and built its first church, made of wood. That building was converted into a community

centre in 1950 when this new stone church was opened to the public. Sainte-Thérèse Church is recognized for its architecture. This place of worship was built by contractor Abbey Landry of Memramcook from 1949 to 1950. This building exhibits a modern interpretation of traditional Gothic Revival religious architecture. In its Gothic windows, magnificent stained-glass panels illustrate the life of patron Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus, a Carmelite nun who died at Lisieux, France in 1897


the country. It was founded in 1827 by decree of General Francisco de Paula Santander. Its motto is Posteris Lumen Moriturus Edat. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the main headquarters have been placed in the old convent of the Dominican Order, cloister which is one of the best examples of religious architecture (Sacred architecture) in the city. Clock Tower Called “the nose of Popayán” by Master Guillermo Valencia, the clock tower is a well known symbol of the city. It was constructed next to the Cathedral church between 1673 and 1682 with 96 thousand bricks. The clock, made in England, was placed in 1737. Its mechanism operated by the action of two lead weights which were changed by Antonio Nariño in the Colombia independence dispute in 1814, when metal was required to manufacture ammunition. thumb 200px Humilladero Bridge (Image:El Humilladero.jpg) After the earthquake of 1983, the clock was restored and put back in operation by the same English company that manufactured it, but it stopped working a long time ago. Humilladero Bridge This bridge connects the central and northern zones of the city. It was built in 1873 on arches of brick and masonry. The designs were prepared by the Italian friar Fray Serafin Barbetti and a German engineer whose mummified remains are preserved in the Archdiocesan Museum of Religious Art in the city. The bridge crosses a fault between the city center and the El Callejón (now Bolivar) neighborhood which was previously extremely difficult to cross, requiring pedestrians to almost crawl on their knees. Accordingly the new bridge was named ''Humilladero''. For a long time this bridge was one of the main entrances to the city. The liberating armies crossed it to enter Popayán during the early stages of the struggle for Colombia independence. Its well-planned design and strong construction has allowed the bridge to remain intact through many earthquakes. Churches thumb 200px San Francisco church (File:Iglesia San Francisco 2.JPG) San Francisco According to the architect, critic and historian Germain Téllez, the facade of this church is the best example of baroque style (Baroque architecture) throughout Colombia. In its tower is placed a famous bell donated by Don Pedro Agustín de Valencia. This temple is remarkable because of its altars decorations and its naves and apse proportions. In the San Francisco's square, it stands the monument to the local hero Camilo Torres (Camilo Torres Tenorio), whose replica is located in the square of the Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé in Bogotá. Santo Domingo Late Neogranadino Baroque (Baroque architecture) work, designed by the Spanish architect Antonio Garcia. It has excellent examples of architectures, metal works, and furniture from Quito and Spain schools. His pulpit was designed in the first half of the nineteenth century by an illustrious son of the city, the Wise Francisco José de Caldas. Next this church is located the faculty of Laws and Political and Social Sciences of the University of Cauca. Whose style is colonial (Spanish Colonial architecture) too. thumb 200px Santo Domingo church (File:Facultad de Santo Domingo.JPG) San Agustín, Church and convent Fray Jeronimo Escobar founded the convent of the Augustinians in the late seventeenth century, whose temple was destroyed in the earthquake in 1736. Then, it was reconstructed thanks to contributions from notable people of the city, but it was necessary to restore it again after the earthquake of 1983. In particular it stands out its altar carved in wood and covered in gold, its expository baroque (Baroque architecture) made in silver and a beautiful image of the Lady of Sorrows (Our Lady of Sorrows). La Ermita It is the oldest church in the city and sometimes it served as “Pro Tempore” Cathedral. It dates from 1546 and contains a fine altar discovered after the earthquake of 1983. The principal attraction of this church is the street because its road is made of stones, like old roads in Popayán. Catedral Basílica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción thumb left 200px Catedral Basílica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Church (Image:Torre-del-Reloj Popayan.jpg) Originally it was a straw hut, but in 1609 it was opened a second cathedral of mud and masonry. The current construction was consecrated in 1906 by Archbishop Manuel Antonio Arboleda, who brings it a magnificent European pipe organ. Its style is the neoclassical (Neoclassical architecture), and much of the building was restored because of the earthquake of 1983, including the great dome of 40 meters high, whose restoration was made according to guidelines of the original structure designed by the local artist Adolfo Dueñas. San José thumb 200px Belén Church (Image:Iglesia belen.jpg) It was built in 1702 according to the architectural guidelines of the Jesuits (Society of Jesus) in the American Baroque (Baroque architecture). It has put up with some changes, for example, the most recent occurred in 1983, when much of the facade which had been covered with paint and lime for at least two centuries, was left on view. Belén Chapel It is located on the hill of Belén, and from the chapel you can see a panoramic view of the city. To arrive to this church, it is necessary to pass through the “quingos", a road of stone steps that allow a nice climb to one of the viewpoints of the city. Since 1717 this chapel is in charge of the image of Santo Ecce Homo, patron saint of the city. Next to the church there is a cross of quarry stone of 1789, which are attributed to many legends. The original church was completely replaced by a new structure after the earthquake of 1983. Museums House-Museum Mosquera This house displays a very interesting collection of colonial art and precious memories of the Mosquera family. It works in the house that belonged to the Mosquera Arboleda family, a recognized family in the history of Colombia, whose members occupied the highest positions of political power, ecclesiastical, military and diplomatic, simultaneously during much of the nineteenth century. The most important were: Joaquín Mosquera, Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, Manuel José Mosquera and Manuel Maria Mosquera. The father of them all, Jose Maria Mosquera y Figueroa, was considered by the Liberator Simón Bolívar as the only person he would choose as a second parent. Archdiocesan Museum of Religious Art The old residence of the Arboleda family, was built in the eighteenth century based on plans of the priest Andres Perez Marcelino Arroyo, and it was acquired by the city in 1974 and renovated for its current use in 1979. Their collections are extraordinary examples of religious art, silverware, pictures of the so-called Quito School and paintings of the colonial period. Monstrances of the collection have such value that they are only exposed to the public for a few days during Easter. National Museum Guillermo Valencia It is located in a mansion on the Próceres Street, and it is dedicated to the poet Guillermo Valencia, one of the most prominent members of Modernism in Spanish literature. Its numerous rooms are decorated with valuable works of art and artistic pieces, as well as a collection of hundred of selected books, diplomas, medals and awards that Master Valencia received for his distinguished political life and for its fine literary and poetic compositions. In the park located across the street it stands the statue of the poet, made by the Spanish sculptor Victorio Macho. It has too a family cemetery where the remains of several generations of Valencia are resting. Natural History Museum It offers an exhibition of animals, like insects, butterflies and birds native to the region, and a collection of pre-Columbian pottery. Arts and culture thumb left 200px Paso (File:Paso 1.jpg) Easter thumb 200px La Verónica (File:Paso de La Verónica.jpg) Popayán is widely known for the solemnity of its Easter processions, during which it commemorates the passion (Passion (Christianity)) and death of Jesus Christ (Jesus). Since roughly the mid-sixteenth century - documents in the historical archives of Popayán mention processions in the year 1558 - sacred processions have taken place each night from Tuesday until Holy Saturday, with ancient religious images paraded through Popayán's historical downtown streets. They are borne on wooden platforms by means of 4 projecting wooden "bars" at the front and 4 at the back. These bars rest on the shoulders of the “Cargueros”, as those responsible for carrying the platforms are known. "Easter processions are representations of different episodes narrated in the Gospels, on the Passion, Crucifixion (Crucifixion of Jesus) and Death of Jesus Christ (Jesus), where each one of these representations is called "Paso". Since the time of the conquest the pasos have been carried through the streets on the shoulders of the traditional 'cargueros' in a route shaped like a cross, which takes in the main churches and temples of the city. During Holy Week, Popayán is also home to the Festival de Música Religiosa (Religious Music Festival), begun in the 1960s on the initiative of Edmundo Mosquera Troya. This festival presents choirs, soloists and artists from around the world, specialists in sacred music. It is also the tradition at this time of the year to hold art and craft fairs selling handicrafts and commercial products. One of the most important handicrafts samples is Manos de Oro, where it exposes the several works of artists of Colombia. Amo Jesus of Puelenje thumb Amo Jesus of Puelenje on the procession (File:Amo Jesus.JPG) Amo Jesus Nazareno of Puelenje is a Catholic image that is worshiped in the temple of Puelenje, district of Popayán, Colombia. Patron Saint of this place. It is a polychrome wood sculpture of Jesus Christ (Jesus) of the eighteenth century made in the Quito school. Is Baroque. The image also scrolls the Holy Wednesday. In the processions of Holy Week in Popayán that are inscribed in UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.This religious festival is celebrated by the natives of Puelenje for 15 days, where there are fireworks, processions, religious ceremonies and cultural events. Fiestas de Pubenza Popayán celebrates these festivities at the beginning of the year, from January 5 to 13. These fiestas celebrates the spirit of racial diversity in the country, in the same way as the Carnival of Blacks and Whites in Pasto, which originally initiated in Popayán during the slavery period as a way of escaping the racial discrimination prevailing at the time. Music It is said that among the original performers there were good music interpreters, excelling in playing the chirimía, that is made up of flutes (transverse cane), guacharacas, drums, castrueras and triángulos, making its appearance in the traditional celebrations of Popayán, especially at Christmas time and at the end of the year. On the plateau of Popayán, groups of farmers play stringed instruments, composed of three guitars and maracas which have incorporated into their repertoire paseos, merengue (Merengue music)s, pasillos and boleros in vocal and instrumental form. Gastronomy thumb Creative cities network Popayan of the UNESCO (File:Creative cities network Popayan.jpg) Popayán is the only place in Latin America to have been declared a City of Gastronomy by UNESCO, in tribute to its significant tradition of regional cooking. Typical dishes of the city are a legacy of both Spanish and indigenous cultural interaction, integrating components of local origin with fruits brought from Spain. The National Gastronomy Congress of Popayán has been held each September since 2003, and in 2005 was recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage event of the United Nations creative network. The Congress is organized by the Gastronomic Corporation of Popayán, which has presented seven events which have also featured the participation of various countries as special guests: Peru, Brazil, Spain, Chile, Mexico, Italy and France. Today, this congress is recognized as the second largest popular event in the Cauca Department. As it has an academic format, it is distinguished from other culinary events and is the only one to be listed nationally. Among typical dishes we can find: thumb 250px Christmas Eve Dish (File:Plato de nochebuena.jpg) Carantanta: is a type of fried snack of corn placed in the pot where corn dough has been made. Soups: Shaked Broth, Sancocho, tortilla soup, Sango, carantanta soup, wrappes soup, vegetable and pastries soup. Dishes: Pipián tamales, empanadas de pipián, Calf. Vegetables: Ullucos, corn wrappes. Sauces and seasonings: pique chili, peanut chili, pineapple chili. Cakes: tortilla pie, arracacha cake, white cake, banana cake. Breads and cookies: cucas, molletes, pambazos, rosquillas. Drinks: toley water. Christmas Eve plate or dish is very special Its content is the most complete of Colombia and consists of hojaldras, rosquillas, manjar blanco, dulce cortado, natilla and syrups of fig among others. Film The Caucana Intellectual Heritage Foundation, chaired by Don Ricardo Quintero, has a valuable film archive with numerous interesting examples of moving images recorded in Popayán since the second decade of the twentieth century. Traditional cinema is represented in the city by the Bolivar Cultural Center, which shows independent films. There is also a new theater, the Royal Films multiplex in the Campanario Mall, which has four modern 3D digital cinema screens. In addition there are several film clubs, many of them located within the University of Cauca. The Cineclub La Tuátara runs every Wednesday in the Comfacauca Institute of Technology auditorium (opened 2001), which has established itself as a cultural space for the city. A very important innovation is the program of the Radio Universidad del Cauca station 104.1 fm, 'Cinema Radio', on air Saturdays at noon, in which are created thematic cycles. They present news about cinema, 'the seventh art', and also discuss the history of film and audiovisual language. Talking about cinematographic production, there are some people who are working to strengthen the seventh art in the municipality. Famous People from Popayán * Francisco José de Caldas * Camilo Torres Tenorio * Sergio Orozco * Federico Meléndez * Manolo Cardona aka Manuel Julian Cardona Molano Transport Popayan has one commercial airport, Guillermo León Valencia Airport, served by Avianca. Climate Popayán has a humid but relatively mild tropical climate, more specifically a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen (Köppen climate classification): Am) that is close to being a subtropical highland climate, though unusually the driest months from June to August are opposite to when this would be expected given that the city is actually north of the equator.

Guanajuato, Guanajuato

;stampart3" Guanajuato, p. 3 The production of the La Valenciana mine alone affected the world economy, and made the Counts of Valencianas one of the most powerful families in New Spain. The city was one of the richest and most opulent in New Spain in the 18th century. This wealth is manifested in its civil and religious architecture. The colonial architecture includes some of the best Baroque

La Baie, Quebec

. cit., page 107. In 1948, the Brothers of the Sacred Heart built the Saint-Joseph College in Grande-Baie. The Saint-Marc Parish in Bagotville, canonically established in 1953, blessed its new church in 1956. Luc Noppen and Lucie K. Morisset, op. cit., page 98. Saguenay architect Paul-Marie Côté conceptualized the building that “introduced modernism to Quebec religious architecture in a spectacular way.” Claude Bergeron. L'architecture des églises du Québec 1940-1985. Sainte-Foy, Les Presses de l'Université Laval. 1987. 383 p. In February 2009, the church was named a Quebec historical site by Minister Christine St-Pierre. The decision was retroactive on June 25, 2008. Jean-Marc Tremblay. "L'église Saint-Marc classée bien culturel." ''Le Réveil'', 1 March 2009, p. 25. The fourth and final church built in the bay area was in the Notre-Dame-de-La-Baie Parish in Port-Alfred in 1962. Luc Noppen and Lucie K. Morisset, op. cit., page 100. Its wooden frame won a prize in the 1965 Canadian Aesthetic Competition. Luc Noppen and Lucie K. Morisset, op. cit., page 101. Health and Social Services thumbnail left Ha! Ha! Bay hospital (File:Hopital La Baie.jpg) The Ha! Ha! Bay Hospital (French: ''Hôpital de la baie des Ha! Ha!'') in the Bagotville sector is the only health and social services centre (CSSS) in the borough. It includes the St-Joseph and Bagotville long-term care centres (CHSLD). It has twenty-five short-term beds and 127 long-term beds. Un modèle d’organisation intégrée pour le Saguenay-LacSaint-Jean [Archive]. Ordre des infirmières et infirmier auxiliaires du Québec. September 2005. Retrieved 2013-02-01. The community clinic (CLSC), which is also in Bagotville, is known as the ''Centre Cléophas-Claveau''. La Baie has three medical clinics, four dental clinics, and a mental health treatment centre called ''Le centre de rencontre Le Phare''. Centre Le phare. Retrieved 2013-02-01. It also has ''Le havre du Fjord'', a drug and alcohol abuse treatment centre. The ''Maison de l’espoir du Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean'' assist youths who have family difficulties or have dropped out of school. Service de documentation en études et interventions régionales - Groupe de travail d’actualisation de la stratégie québécoise d’action face au suicide - Secteur Domaine-du-Roy. Université du Québec à Chicoutimi. 2003. Retrieved 2013-02-01. Arts and Entertainment Museums The borough contains two museums. thumbnail right The ''musée du Fjord'' (File:Musee du fjord.jpg) Musée du Fjord The Fjord Museum (French: ''musée du Fjord'') in the Grande-Baie sector is dedicated to the Ha! Ha! Bay and Saguenay Fjord’s historical, artistic, and environmental heritage. From 1967 to 1983, it was known as the ''Musée Monseigneur-Dufour''. Musée du Fjord, 45 Years Already!. Musée du Fjord. 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-03. In 1996, the Saguenay Flood caused a considerable amount of damage to the museum. It was reopened in 2004 after being renovated and expanded. The Air Defense Museum The Air Defense Museum on the Bagotville military base (CFB Bagotville) is the only military aviation museum in Quebec. History. Air Defence Museum. 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-03. In was inaugurated on June 18, 1997, Air Defence Museum. Virtual Museum of Canada. 19 April 2012. Retrieved 20313-02-03. and is located in what was once a Protestant chapel. In the surrounding commemorative park, visitors can see an F-86 Sabre, a CF-100 Canuck, a CT-133 Silver Star, a CF-5 Freedom Fighter, a CF-101 Voodoo, a Piasecki H-21, and a Mig-23ML (Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23). The Commemorative Park. Bagotville Air Defence Museum. 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-03. Entertainment The borough’s auditorium, the ''théâtre du Palais municipal'', has a capacity of 2,300 people. La salle [Archive]. Palais municipal. 2009. Retrieved 2013-02-03. It is the borough’s largest amphitheatre and one of the most-used gathering places in Saguenay. Since 1988, the historical extravaganza ''La Fabuleuse Histoire d’un royaume'' has been performed every summer. Music and comedy shows are also presented year-round. Accueil [Archive]. Palais municipal. 2009. Retrieved 2013-02-03. Sports, Parks, and Recreation Fishing Ice Fishing on Ha! Ha! Bay thumbnail right An ice village in L’Anse-à-Benjamin (File:Village sur glace de l'Anse-à-Benjamin, à La Baie07.JPG) Every winter, the ice on Ha! Ha! Bay becomes thick enough to support cabins and vehicles for ice fishing. At the height of the season, there are about 1,000 cabins Michel Savard, op. cit., p. 40. mainly located around Grande-Baie, Les Battures, and L’Anse-à-Benjamin. Michel Savard, op. cit., p. 15. Rockfish * City of '''Saguenay (Saguenay, Quebec)''': Former cities of Chicoutimi, Jonquière, La Baie (La Baie, Quebec), Laterrière (Laterrière, Quebec); municipalities of Shipshaw (Shipshaw, Quebec) and Lac-Kénogami (Lac-Kénogami, Quebec); part of the township of Tremblay (Tremblay, Quebec) and 2 unincorporated areas. It is expected that A-70 will be extended westward to at least Alma (Alma, Quebec) and eastward to La Baie (La Baie, Quebec). A new alignment has already been determined for the westernmost section of A-70, and the central section (currently part of Route 170 (Quebec Route 170)) is already a 4-lane divided highway; service roads would need to be constructed as it is not limited access. The proposed route for the eastern section has also been determined. History The A-70 was originally designed to provide a limited-access highway link between Alma (Alma, Quebec) and La Baie (La Baie, Quebec). The autoroute has been built in increments since the early 1980s. It took nearly ten years for the first eight kilometers to be built. During the 1990s, highway planners modified the plans. Rather than building A-70 to parallel Route 170 (Quebec Route 170) between 8e Rang in Saint-Bruno (Saint-Bruno, Quebec) (km 5) and St-Benedict Road (km 25), instead Route 170 was rebuilt as a four-lane divided highway. This extension of A-70 was completed by 1999. Three years later, an additional 17 kilometers were opened, connecting this rebuilt section of Route 170 with the original portion of A-70. * '''CYBF''' - Bonnyville Airport - Bonnyville (Bonnyville, Alberta), Alberta * '''CYBG''' (YBG) - CFB Bagotville (Bagotville Airport) - Bagotville (La Baie, Quebec), Quebec * '''CYBK''' (YBK) - Baker Lake Airport - Baker Lake (Baker Lake, Nunavut), Nunavut

Puebla, Puebla

done in gray cantera stone, red brick and decorated with multicolored tiles. Puebla is also considered to be the “cradle of Mexican Baroque” both in architecture and in the decorative arts, and one


as he saw the possibility of using it to strengthen Manghit rule. Dynamics thumb The ''Temple of All Religions (File:Kazan church edit1.jpg)'' in Kazan, combining various forms of religious architecture Several mechanisms are responsible for gradual changes in the religious structure of Russia. 1839-1840 - Russian Caucasus, Astrakhan, Kazan and Siberia Biography Leonid Filatov was born on 24 December 1946, in Kazan

located in Kazan, Russia. The capacity of the arena is 10,000 and was opened in 2005. The arena is home to Ak Bars Kazan of the Kontinental Hockey League. See also thumb right 250px The ''Temple of All Religions (File:Kazan church edit1.jpg)'' in Kazan, Russia, combining various forms of religious architecture *Place of worship - 008 008 '''Kazan''' Казань Republic of Tatarstan 1,105,289 1,143,546 commons:Category:Kazan wikipedia:Kazan

Santiago de Compostela

claimed supremacy over the whole of the churches of Hispania. Statistics There are over 37 million baptized, covering about 94% of the total population. There are 70 dioceses and archdioceses. Like the French church (Roman Catholicism in France), the Spanish church oversees one of the greatest repositories of religious architecture (and art) in the world, including Sagrada Familia church (of Antoni Gaudi) in Barcelona, Granada Cathedral, Cathedral




main centre at Tallinn (Reval). The affluent trading cities of the Hansa were characterised especially by religious (religious architecture) and profane representative architecture, such as council or parish churches, town halls, ''Bürgerhäuser'', i.e. the private dwellings of rich traders, or city gates. In rural areas, the monastic (monastery) architecture of monks' orders had a major influence on the development of brick architecture, especially through the Cistercians and Premonstratensians. Between Prussia and Estonia, the Teutonic Knights secured their rule by erecting numerous ''Ordensburgen'' (castles), most of which were also brick-built. WikiPedia:Tallinn Dmoz:Regional Europe Estonia Harjumaa Tallinn Commons:Category:Tallinn

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