Places Known For

original place


Kičevo

to the Virgin Mary, Mother of God. In 1924, the first Archbishop of the Macedonian Orthodox Church became a monk in this monastery. This monastery is also famous for the legend of the 'flying icon' that was moved three times to another monastery and, allegedly, miraculously returned by itself to the original place, guided by a ray of light. It is dedicated to the Annunciation and with the pleasantly arranged lodgings where there is active monks live. It was known as Monastery of Krnino (Krninski Manastir) in medieval times. *'''Kale of Kicevo''' *'''Krusino''' *'''Knezino - Monastery of Knezino''' Do Buy Eat Drink Sleep Connect Go next *


Alqosh

The monastery of Rabban Hormizd is carved out of the mountains about 2 miles (3 km) from Alqosh. It was founded in the seventh century, and has been the See of the Patriarch of the ''Eliya'' line of the Church of the East from 1551 and 1804. Revived in 1808 by Gabriel Dambo, in the nineteenth century it was the main monastery of the Chaldean Catholic Church. In 1859 a new monastery (''Notre-Dame des Semences'') was erected in the plain near Alqosh, but the ancient building is still in use. The collection of manuscripts of this monastery is of very great importance for the study of Syriac literature, and manuscripts from it feature in almost every discussion of Syriac texts. Disasters Major attacks Throughout history, Alqosh has fallen victim to many calamities, most due to their oppressive Muslim neighbors and various overlords Many attacks occurred after Alqosh started to house the abbey of Rabban Hirmizd, which was used as the Seat for several patriarchs of the Chaldean Church, as it attracted the attention of several Muslims looking to harass their Christian neighbors. Major attacks raids on Alqosh In 1743 Alqush became a victim to the destructive acts of their Persian (Iran) overlord Nader Shah. Nader Shah According to the testimony, written in a letter by the Qasha Habash Bin Jomaa from 1746, he describes; "... first they attacked Karamles and stole its peoples valuables and kidnapped many of its children and women. They then did the same to the inhabitants of Bartella they killed many of her men, stole their valuables, and also kidnapped its children and women. They did the same to the people of Tel Keppe and Alqush, however, many of those two neighboring villages took refuge at the Monastery of Rabban Hirmizd. There they were surrounded by the soldiers of Nader Shah who attacked them and then massacred them. There they committed horrendous crimes that I just don't have the stomach to describe!" In 1828, Alqush was attacked by the army of Mosa Pasha, the governor of Amadeya, who was instigated by some of his Muslim subjects to attack the Rabban Hirmizd Monastery which he did. His army arrested and imprisoned several monks and priests and caused tremendous damage to the monastery. In 1832, Alqush was attacked by the Kurdish Governor of Rowanduz, nicknamed "Merkor" whose hatred for Assyrians is well known. He killed over 400 of its inhabitants. Merkor attacked Alqosh again on 15 March 1833 and killed another 172 of its men, not counting children, women, and strangers (according to church records). In 1840, Alqush was attacked by the brother of Merkor, Rasoul Beg, who surrounded it for several months after which he set on fire the Rabban Hirmizd Monastery and stole over 500 of its valuable books. Other attacks Alqush through history has fought many times for its existence, such as: * Attacks by the Moguls (Mughal Empire) and Tartars in 1235 AD. * Their resistance to tribes attacking from the north and west and from Mosul area in 1258 AD. * Alqush was attacked by the Tatars or Tartars prince Betaymewsh in 1289 AD. * Taymor Lank Al Selhooqi's attack of 1395 AD. * Jalal Eddean's campaign, Miran Shah the son of Taymor Lank in 1400 AD. * A second strike by Taymor Lank in 1401 AD. * A fierce battle with the army of Baryak, Baghdad's Pasha, in 1508 AD. * An attack by some Kurdish (Kurdish people) tribes in 1534 AD. * A strike by the Iranian Nader Shah Koli Khan in 1742 AD. * Mosa Pasha, the governor of Amadiya, approached Alqush and put fire to Rabban Hermizd Monastery in 1828 AD. * Mohammed Pasha (Mira Koor), the prince of Rowanduz attacked Alqush. killing, robbing and raping. Those killed among the young members only were around 380 in 1832 AD. * Resoul Beck, Mira Koor's brother, repeated the attack in 1834 AD. * Ismail Pasha of Amadiya in 1842 attacked it and robbed Rabban Hermizd Monastery, detained its head Hanna Jesra together with a number of monks. * Groups of Alqusheans faced the atrocities and aggressions of Klan, one of the heads of Sendiya Tribe, and his mercenaries and killed him in 1876 AD. * Al Sheikh year incident in 1899 where many of Alqusheans immigrated after Haji Agha Al Desooki attacked Alqush and demanded that Alqusheans join him in attacking the Kurdish Mesrouie tribes. * In 1903 AD, the youth of the colony steadfastly to repeal the aggressions launched by Khalid Agha Al Zaydki till they captured and imprisoned him together with his men in shear humiliation. * In 1905 AD. they revenged the murder of Segha Khosho by the Kurdish Horman Tribe who came to Alqush to purchase wheat. The Alqusheans killed four whose tombs remained in the houses of Alqush till recently. * In the same year, they defeated sixty armed Kurds of the Zedkiya Tribe who wanted to take kickbacks. * In 1919 AD, they followed the children of some Arab tribes and forced them to leave the sheep they stole earlier. * In 1924 AD, they revenged from the Tohla Tribe of Mosul that murdered Yousif Oudo in the Plains of Alqush. They killed two of the aggressors. * The attack carried by Farouq Beck in 1969, the younger brother of the Yezidis, was defeated. thumb 250px Old Farming Methods in Alqosh (Image:Iraqvillagealqosh9.JPG) Besides all these incidents, a number of natural catastrophes forced hundreds of families to immigrate due to hunger and disease: * In 1572, Alqush suffered diseases and famine. * In 1596, Cholera spread among the inhabitants; as a result, 700 died. Priest Israel Shkwana described this tragedy in a poem written in 1611. * In 1711, hunger and high cost of living returned. * In 1757, the grasshopper year, known as the grasshopper year due to the destruction this bug insect inflicted on the agricultural crops. It is reported that the flocks of grasshoppers blocked the sun's light during the day's peak time. * In 1778, plague attacked Alqush and killed many of its people. * In 1842, cholera again arrived and eliminated hundreds of Alqusheans of various ages. * Between 1866 and 1869, another wave of hunger and high cost of living dominated the place. * In 1880 extreme high prices appeared. * In 1906, a well-known agricultural insect, the alsouna, inflicted heavy comprehensive damages to the agricultural crops. * Between 1907 and 1908, alsouna appeared again to damage flour crops. * Between 1917 and 1918, World War One caused extreme high prices. * In 2014, the fighters associated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or Islamic State (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) (IS) came close to Alqosh. Almost all of the people fled Alqosh; however, many men and youths did not leave Alqosh due to a desire to protect their town. The Islamic state did not manage to take the town, and in return many people have came back. As a result of these painful incidents, many families left for Karamles, Tel Keppe, Bartella, Mosul, Baghdad, and some left for Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon and established themselves in those regions. Demographics thumb 250px Party in Alqosh (File:Iraqvillagealqosh10.JPG) Many have immigrated outside of the country in huge numbers since the 1970s. It is estimated that at least 40,000 "Alqushnaye" immigrants and their 2nd and 3rd generations now live in the cities of Detroit, Michigan and San Diego, California. In February 2010, The attacks against Assyrians in Mosul forced 4,300 Assyrians to flea from Mosul to the Nineveh plains where there is an Assyrian majority population. A report by the United Nations stated that 504 Assyrians at once migrated to Alqosh. Many Assyrians from Mosul and Baghdad since the post-2003 Iraq war have fled to Alqosh for safety. There is no actual official census for Alqosh, but many estimate the population between 2,500 - 20,180. speak Syriac , a dialect of Aramaic, the ancient language spoken by Jesus of Nazareth. The popular clothing for men is identical to that of the Kurdish (Kurdish people) peoples. It is believed that the men of Alqush adopted this clothing at the end of the nineteenth century as they gradually abandoned their historic clothing which was long pants and "zaboon". Instead of the turban, they would throw braids. Their features and clothing brings them close to their Assyrian practices. As for women, their clothing originality extends to the history of Mesopotamia. Some signs of the Hatra's kingdom clearly appear in the ''posheya'' (Assyrian headscarf) that adorns the head and in the Mazer worn by the women. The Assyrian signs in the Alqushian female would appear in the long braids made of wool that extend to her ankle after connecting it to the woman's original braids. The Alqushean women exaggerated wearing golden and silver ornaments around their neck and ear and in her Poosheya that used to cover her head, that was decorated with colorful beads. The forehead was surrounded with a golden belt that skirts this ''posheya'' front the front side whereas black strings dangle from both sides. The skirted part of various colors and decorations would cover the woman's body from the front after it hangs from the shoulder to extend to the two knees. Cultural and religious situation thumb 250px Traditional Christian Ceremony of "Oshaana" (File:Iraqvillagealqosh7.JPG) thumb 250px Traditional Ceremony During Christmas (File:Iraqvillagealqosh8.JPG) Though Roman Catholicism is usually assumed with the inhabitants of Alqush, there is a higher number of Atheists, most of them affiliated with the Iraqi Communist Party in the 1950s which grew as an opposition to the Ba'ath Party. Alqush, like so many other Iraqi cities which depended on its own economy and resources, had a high percentage of illiteracy, but that does not prevent having a long standing educational movement represented by Mar Mikha Al Nuhedri School at the beginning of the fifth century. The efforts of priests and deacons who stressed teaching the Aramaic language and its literature and many of them left their writings. Some of those names are: * Qasha Attaya AlMeqdesi in 1517, a writer and a great calligrapher. * Qasha Hermizd Alqushi, writer and poet in Aramaic, lived in mid-sixteenth century till the dawn of the seventeenth. * Qasha Israel Alqushi, writer and poet in Aramaic, founder of writers and calligraphers school, 1541-1611. * Qasha Yosip Qasha Keryakoos- writer and poet, probably in the same era as Israel. * Qasha Georgis Alqushi, talented in Aramaic. * Qasha Yelda, son of Reverend Aabid Yeshoaa, writer and literary figure in Aramaic during the eighteenth century. * Qasha Israel, son of Reverend Shemaa’on son of Reverend Israel, known as the Israel junior, writer and poet, lived in the eighteenth century. A number of Alqushean men have their names planted in the conscious of the people of Alqush among them are: * Yosip Rayes (Kozlah) * Toma Tomas, a freedom fighter After World War I and after establishing the kingdom rule in Iraq, the first elementary school was founded. The school taught topics in Arabic till the fourth grade and it gradually improved to offer six-year education. The Alqushean graduates of the elementary school were forced to pursue their education for the intermediate and secondary school in Baghdad, Mosul, Dehuk, and even Telkeppeh. After the national revolution of 1958, the first intermediate school in Alqush was established. Currently, Alqush houses the following schools: * Alqush Official Kindergarten * Alqush First Elementary School for Boys * Alqush Elementary School for Girls * Alqush Second Elementary School for Boys * Alqush Secondary School for Boys (Intermediate and secondary) * Alqush Secondary for Girls * Commerce Secondary School The residents of Alqush are Assyrians belonging to the Chaldean Catholic Church. Alqosh of course also houses many individuals who adhere to their own philosophies. thumb 250px Rabban Hermizd Monastery (Image:Iraqvillagealqosh13.JPG) Alqush was a Patriarch center for this church for many centuries. A number of Alqusheans became Patriarchs themselves when it became hereditary in Abouna's family (Aamokka). Eleven Patriarchs consecutively were from this family to head the Church of East. Their tombs are still in Rabban Hermizd Monastery: * Mar Shemaa’on VI, 1504–1538 * Mar Shemaa’on VII Bermama, 1538–1551 * Mar Shemaa’on the eighth Denkha, 1551–1558 * Mar Elia VI, 1558–1576 * Mar Elia VII, 1576–1591 * Mar Elia VIII, 1591–1617 * Mar Elia IX Shemaa’on, 1617–1660 * Mar Elia X Youhana Merojean, 1660–1700 * Mar Elia XI Merojean, 1700–1722 * Mar Elia XII Denkha, 1722–1778 * Mar Elia XIII Esho Eyaab, 1778–1804 Also, Alqush is honored with another 5 of her sons to head the Chaldean Catholic Church as Patriarchs: * Mar Shimun VIII Yohannan Sulaqa, founder of the Chaldean Catholic Church in 1552. * Mar Yohannan VIII (Eliya) Hormizd (Yohannan Hormizd), 1830-1838 (from Abouna family as well). He transferred the Patriarch's headquarter to Mosul. * Mar Yosip O’doo (Joseph Audo), 1848-1878. * Mar Yosip Emmanuael Tomika (Yousef VI Emmanuel II Thomas), 1900-1947. * Mar Paulus Chiekho (Paul II Cheikho), 1958-1989. Economy thumb 250px Traditional Clothing for Women in Alqosh (File:Iraqvillagealqosh11.JPG) Most of Alqosh inhabitants practiced dry agriculture since ancient and rely on the fertile plains to the south, growing agricultural products like grain, wheat, beans and in the summer products such as cantaloupe and cucumber. Farmers followed old non-technological methods in their farming for several centuries, and their livelihood was always threatened due to nature's betrayal in situations of drought or plant epidemics such as soona and grasshoppers. Towards the beginning of the sixties, Alqosh was introduced to modern agricultural machinery such as tractors, harvester-threshers (reapers


Visby city wall

was preserved in its original place until 1873. No traces of an earlier gate have been found, and hence it is assumed that the gate tower of ''Söderport'' dates from a later time. In contrast with the other gate towers, this one is delicately constructed with very thin joints. The walls of the tower are only preserved as high as . The ground surrounding the tower has not been raised since the construction of the gate, and thus it has retained its original proportions.


Valletta

in Tongeren in 1992 and Antwerpen between 1993–1994 with sponsorship from Humo (HUMO). The event was moved to the first half of the season in 1993 1994 (Snooker season 1993 1994), thus there were two events in 1993, in February and December. The event than was held in Valletta, Malta between 1996–1997 and was moved back to its original place in the calendar in 1995 1996 (Snooker season 1995 1996). The event wasn't held in the following season (Snooker season 1996 1997). In 1998 99 (Snooker season 1998 1999) it was briefly revived for just one season as the '''Irish Open'''. The following season the Malta Grand Prix was the only continental European ranking event and in 2000 01 there weren't any at all for the first time since 13 seasons. Ship operator 1979–1988: SF Line (in Viking Line traffic) 1988–1996: Stena Line 1996–1997: Lion Ferry 1997–2005: Tallink 2005: Algérie Ferries 2006: Tallink 2006–2007: COMANAV 2007: Algérie Ferries 2007–2008: Kystlink 2010 onwards: Blue Line International Ship registry 1979–1988: Mariehamn, commons:Category:Valletta WikiPedia:Valletta Dmoz:Regional Europe Malta Malta Valletta


Puebla, Puebla

del Deán''' is the oldest noble house in the city of Puebla, constructed by Tomás de la Plaza Goes, who was the deacon of the Cathedral of Puebla. It was finished in 1580. The building remained practically intact until 1953, when it was going to be demolished to construct a movie theater. Protests to save the building, due to its murals and façade, succeeded. The murals are frescos, which are the only surviving non-religious examples from the 16th century in their original place in Mexico


Xiamen

: www.xmcoffeeclub.com email address lat long directions a short distance West of Marco Polo phone Mr Wu, 13600937228 tollfree fax hours price content The original place on the strip; its coffee and lake view attracted aircrew staying at the Marco Polo, the stewardesses attracted local businessmen, the cafe attracted imitators, and things developed from there. * Wikipedia:Xiamen


Edo

: 薬 (wikt:薬)研 (wikt:研)堀 (wikt:堀), from the name of the original place of production). Most shichimi sold today come from one of three kinds, sold near temples: sold near Zenkō-ji. ''Ukiyo'', meaning "floating world", refers to the impetuous young culture that bloomed in the urban centers of Edo (modern-day Tokyo


Suzhou

Embroidery Art * Suzhou is the original place of "Jasmine (Mo Li Hua)", a song sung by Chinese singers or actresses thousands of times on the occasions of almost every important meetings or celebrations. Jasmine is the symbol of Suzhou as well as Tai Hu Lake. * Suzhou Gardens: Gardens in Suzhou have an ancient history. The first garden in Suzhou belonged to the emperor of Wu State in Spring and Autumn Period (600 BC). More than 200 gardens existed in Suzhou between the 16th and 18th


Hangzhou

from city center. It offers a classic imperial experience for tourists all over the world. It locates at 148 Zhijiang Road, across the bank of Qiantang River. On the northern side of Baochu hill near the soccer stadium is Huanglong Cave (For "Scenes of The West Lake", this cave covers "Yellow Dragon Cave Dressed in Green"). * '''Liyuan''', (礼源).Liyuan is a famous village in Fuyang. It is the original place for paper making. The special local products of Liyuan are mao


Alexandria

there. Berbers (Berber people) of Pentapolis (Pentapolis (North Africa)) rose against the cities around Alexandria. As the people were getting ready to face the Berbers (Berber people), the Roman governor decided to secretly take the body of Saint Menas with him to be his deliverer and his strong protector. Through the saint's blessings, the governor overcame the Berbers (Berber people) and returned victorious. However, he decided not to return the body to its original place and wanted to take

the cities around Alexandria. As the people were getting ready to face the Berbers (Berber people), the Roman governor decided to secretly take the body of Saint Menas with him to be his deliverer and his strong protector. Through the saint's blessings, the governor overcame the Berbers (Berber people) and returned victorious. However, he decided not to return the body to its original place and wanted to take it to Alexandria. On the way back, as they passed by Lake Mariout


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