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Alexandria

August 17, 2008 last Baalke first Ron year 1995 work Jet Propulsion Lab publisher NASA Biography Valentinus was born in Phrebonis in the Nile delta and educated in Alexandria, an important and metropolitan Early centers


Ecuador

Linnaeus (1771) http: www.nhm.ac.uk nature-online species-of-the-day biodiversity loss-of-habitat titanus-giganteus index.html There is a local 'cottage industry' in French Guiana of leading tours specifically to collect specimens of this beetle. Dried beetles are commonly available to collectors, but the very large specimens, in particular, are sought after and routinely command high prices, running into hundreds of US$. For instance, a 150 mm male secimen was sold on the internet auction site eBay in March 2012 for US$540. Other countries' ecotourism agencies mention these beetles in their advertisements. Then, two years later, she went on to represent her country in the Miss Universe 2004 pageant held in Quito, Ecuador, where she reached the top fifteen and finished in the 11th place. The pageant was won by Jennifer Hawkins, Miss Australia. '''Fioravanti''' is a fruit-flavored, carbonated soft drink first sold in 1878 in Ecuador. It is notable for being one of the first soft drinks commercially sold. In 1991, it was acquired by the Coca-Cola Company. '''Apu Mallku''' is an Aymara (Aymara people) title meaning "supreme leader" or "king" conferred on a Mallku or "prince". The Apu Mallku's mandate is to oversee the vast network of '''Ayllus''', an ancient Andean system of governing councils that predates even the Inca empire. It appears that the mandate of the Apu Mallku was initially restricted to the Collasuyu (the traditional Aymara lands of Bolivia, parts of Peru and northern Chile) but it could now be interpreted (since a resolution in 2000) to extend to the bounds of the much larger former Inca realm of the Tawantinsuyu which stretched throughout the Andes incorporating the modern states of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile and Argentina. The self-appellation for the people of this combined territory is ''Qullana''. Common names Some of the common names applied to this snake are ''terciopelo'', ''fer-de-lance'', ''barba amarilla'' (Guatemala, Honduras; "yellow beard"), ''equis'' (Ecuador & Panama; "x"), ''nauyaca'' (México; from Nahuatl ''nahui'', four, and ''yacatl'', nose; "four noses"), ''Diccionario de la Real Academia Española'', 22a. ed. Consulted March 27, 2009 and ''yellow-jaw tommygoff'' (Belize). Distribution It is found in the Atlantic lowlands of eastern Mexico and Central America, including Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. An isolated population occurs in southeastern Chiapas (Mexico) and southwestern Guatemala. In northern South America, it is found in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela. The type locality (Type locality (biology)) given is "Obispo, on the Isthmus of Darien" (Panama). Venom thumb 160px right Severe necrosis tissue necrosis (Image:Tissue necrosis following bite from Bothrops asper PLoS Medicine.jpg) following ''B. asper'' envenomation - the victim was an 11-year old boy, bitten two weeks earlier in Ecuador, but treated only with antibiotics. Leg necrosis This species is an important cause of snakebite within its range. Together with ''Crotalus durissus'', it is the leading cause of snakebite in Yucatán, Mexico. '''Puerto López''' (16,000 inhabitants) "Puerto Lopez Area Road Map." is a small fishing village set in an arched bay on the Pacific coast in the Ecuadorian Manabí Province. Puerto Lopéz is the Machalilla National Park headquarters. The main industries include fishing and ecotourism. The street closest to the beach has many restaurants, cabanas that provide drinks, and some nightclubs. Slavin is a veteran educator and activist in Peterborough (Peterborough, Ontario). Rudy Platiel, "Miller sweeps Muskoka in non-controversial Central Ontario voting," ''Globe and Mail'', 3 May 1985, 12. She was awarded a Development Education Award in 1992 for her field mission work in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. "TEN CANADIANS RECEIVE DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION AWARDS," ''Canada News-Wire'', 29 January 1992, 15:12. In the same period, she helped develop a junior high school course addressing themes of poverty, the environment and international development. "Poverty comes to classroom," ''Hamilton Spectator'', 26 March 1992, C6. She later worked through the International Program at Trent University to target water pollution at Lago San Pablo in Ecuador and the Rio Texcoco in Mexico. JoElle Kovach, "Cleaning Ecuador's water supply: Trent project is making a difference," ''Peterborough Examiner'', 10 July 2001, B1. She opposed Canada's military intervention in Afghanistan in 2001 and later opposed the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Floyd Howlett and Linda Slavin, "Are we at war?", ''Peterborough Examiner'', 23 November 2001, A4; Alan and Linda Slavin, "This would be a racist war," ''Peterborough Examiner'', 17 February 2003, A5. She was granted Trent University's Eminent Service Award in 2003. "Professor Emeritus and Eminent Service Awards announced," ''M2 Presswire'', 12 June 2003. Today Cottolengo Fathers, Sisters, and Brothers still work together in activities primarily geared at communicating God's love for the poorest. They are spread out all over the world: Ecuador, India, Italy, Kenya, Switzerland, Tanzania and United States. '''''Dendrophryniscus''''' is a genus of true toads (Bufonidae) in the Bufonidae family endemic (endemism) to the atlantic forests of Brazil, amazonian Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and the Guianas. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. '''Mindo''' is a rural parish in Ecuador, located in the Los Bancos (Los Bancos (canton)) canton in the province of Pichincha (Pichincha Province). The parish is known for its growing ecotourism industry based in the Mindo-Nambillo Protected Forest. '''La Villa de San Antonio de Caráquez''', known simply as '''Bahía de Caráquez''' or '''Bahía''', is a coastal city in the Ecuadorian province of Manabí (Manabí Province). The city is located on a sandy peninsula on the country's western coast at the mouth of the Río Chone (Chone River). It has seen significant development during the last 15 to 20 years, particularly because it has become a vacation destination for people from Quito and Guayaquil. As a trained lawyer and writer, he has documented U.S. policy in nearly two dozen countries. Since 1986, Willson has studied on-site policies in a number of countries, among them Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Cuba, Haiti, Iraq, Israel (and Palestinian territories), Japan, and Korea, both North (North Korea) and South (South Korea). Documenting the pattern of policies that he says "violate U.S. Constitutional (United States Constitution) and international laws prohibiting aggression and war crimes," Willson has been an educator and activist, teaching about the dangers of these policies. He has participated in lengthy fasts, actions of nonviolent civil disobedience, and tax refusal (Tax resister#Refusing to pay) along with voluntary simplicity. *Costa Rica: Haden (Haden (mango)), Irwin (Irwin (mango)), Keitt (Keitt (mango)), Mora (Mora (mango)), Tommy Atkins (Tommy Atkins (mango)) *Ecuador: Ambassador (Ambassador (mango)), Alfonso (Alphonso (mango)), Ataulfo (Ataulfo mango), Criollos (Criollos (mango)), Haden (Haden (mango)), Julie (Julie (mango)), Keitt (Keitt (mango)), Kent (Kent (mango)), Reina (Reina (mango)), Tommy Atkins (Tommy Atkins (mango)) *Egypt: Alfonso (Alphonso (mango)), Hindi (Hindi (mango)), Hindi Besennara, Beid El Agl, Oweisi, Fuss Oweis, Taymoor, Zebdiah * 1979 - The Sino-Vietnamese War begins. * 1995 - The Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ends on a cease-fire brokered by the UN. :''For the Mexican river, see Balsas River. For the Ecuadorian canton, see Balsas, Ecuador. '''Balsas''' is a canton (canton (subnational entity)) in El Oro Province (El Oro Province, Ecuador), Ecuador. Its seat is Balsas (Balsas, Ecuador). right Coca tea thumb 250px Two cups of coca tea (Image:Mate de coca Peru.jpg) '''Coca tea''', also called '''mate de coca''', is a tisane (herbal tea) made using the leaves of the coca plant (Coca); typically the raw leaves of the plant. It is made either by submerging the coca leaf or dipping a tea bag in hot water. The tea originates from the Andes mountain range, particularly Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. The '''common shrew opossums''' (genus '''''Caenolestes'''''), are members of the Caenolestidae family (family (biology)). They are found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The team flies the Extra 300 aerobatic aircraft. Their aerobatic routine has been shown in Ecuador, Brazil, England, Belgium, United States, Canada, Israel, France, Peru and Bolivia, among others. 27 * María Capovilla, 116, Ecuadorian oldest person in the world (Oldest people), pneumonia. Tee Corinne , 62, American (United States) writer and artist. Rothenberg , 76, American lawyer, former president of Copyright Society, complications of popliteal (popliteal artery) aneurysm surgery. Spencer , 68, Ecuadorian footballer (Association football) (Peñarol, Ecuador (Ecuador national football team)), highest scorer in Copa Libertadores, infection after heart surgery. Convention 1968 The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic has been ratified by 70 countries. Examples of countries that have not ratified the Convention include Chile, Ireland (Republic of Ireland), the Republic of China (Taiwan), Israel, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Ghana, the Holy See, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Portugal, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Spain, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and Venezuela. '''Luis Adrián Morejón''' (born March 28, 1973 in Guayaquil) is a former tennis player from Ecuador who turned professional in 1991. He represented his native country at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, where he was defeated in the second round by Italy's Renzo Furlan. The right-hander reached his highest singles ATP (Association of Tennis Professionals) ranking on June 24, 1996, when he became the number 122 in the world. Mexico has about six million citizens who speak indigenous languages. That is the second-largest group in the Americas after Peru. However, a relatively small percentage of Mexico's population speaks an indigenous language compared to other countries in the Americas, such as Guatemala (42.8%), Peru (35%), and even Ecuador (9.4%), Panama (8.3%), http: www.inegi.gob.mx est contenidos espanol rutinas ept.asp?t mlen21&c 3349 Paraguay and Bolivia. * ''N. p. pentlandii'', the nominate race, occurs in the Andes of western Bolivia, northwestern Argentina, and extreme northern Chile . * ''N. p. ambigua'' occurs in the Andes of southern Ecuador and northwestern Peru . * ''N. p. oustaleti'' occurs on the west slope of the Andes in central and southern Peru . Range and habitat The Andean Tinamou can be found in the Andes of Ecuador, northern Chile, Peru, Bolivia and northwestern Argentina. The '''Buffy Tuftedcheek''' or '''Lawrence’s Tuftedcheek''', ''Pseudocolaptes lawrencii'', is a passerine bird in the ovenbird family (Ovenbird (family)), which breeds in the tropical New World in Costa Rica, western Panama and the Andes of Colombia and Ecuador. It is sometimes considered conspecific with the Streaked Tuftedcheek, ''P. boissonneautii'', of South America. Birds from Colombia and Ecuador sometimes are considered a separate species, the '''Pacific Tuftedcheek''' ''(P. johnsoni)''. --- * May 31, 2006 - Lloyd Monserratt (1966-2003), was born in Los Angeles (Los Angeles, California), California. Lloyd was the eldest son of Ecuadorian immigrants Carlos and Olga Monserratt. His father was an architect and named his eldest son after Frank Lloyd Wright. Lloyd graduated from UCLA and was politically active, especially on behalf of minorities. He died from complications during surgery. '''''Osornophryne''''' ('''Plump Toads''') is a genus of true toads (Bufonidae) endemic to Colombia and Ecuador at Cordillera Central region. - Maldonado Base Summer


Venezuela

: www.nhm.ac.uk nature-online species-of-the-day biodiversity loss-of-habitat titanus-giganteus index.html There is a local 'cottage industry' in French Guiana of leading tours specifically to collect specimens of this beetle. Dried beetles are commonly available to collectors, but the very large specimens, in particular, are sought after and routinely command high prices, running into hundreds of US$. For instance, a 150 mm male secimen was sold on the internet auction site eBay in March 2012 for US$540. Other countries' ecotourism agencies mention these beetles in their advertisements. *Kevin Hasson - Founder and President of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty *Donna Jean Hrinak - American diplomat, former U.S. Ambassador to Brazil (2002–2004), Venezuela (2000–2002), Bolivia (1997–2000), and the Dominican Republic (1994–1997). *John Kilkenny - Former judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit '''Christina Koning''' is a novelist and short story writer who has reviewed extensively for the UK national press. Koning was born in Kuala Belait, Borneo, in 1954, and spent her early childhood in Venezuela and Jamaica. She was educated at Girton College, Cambridge, and the University of Edinburgh – the setting for her first novel. Since the early 1990s, she has worked as a travel writer and journalist – most recently for The Times. She has also taught Creative Writing at the University of Oxford and Birkbeck, University of London. Koning has appeared as a critic on BBC Radio 4’s Woman’s Hour and has also had stories broadcast on Radio 4; her stories have also appeared in ''New Writing''. Throughout her life, she received several awards, gabardines and nominations, including: The Lady of Honour of the Order of Isabel la Católica (1977); the member of the International Ceramic Academy in Ginebra, Switzerland; the founding member of the PEN Paraguayan Club; the “Ollantay” trophy to the theatre investigation of Venezuela (1984); the “woman of the year” in (1977); the Bicentenary Medal of the United States of America (1976); the condition of Counsel of the Vice Minister of the Paraguayan Culture, the National Order of Merit in the commendatory grade of the Paraguayan Government in (1994), her Human Rights defence recognition given by the International Society of Jurist, the Beautiful Arts Gold Medal of Spain (1995), the Johann Gottfried von Herder Medal, member of the Paraguayan Linguistic Academy of Paraguayan and Spanish history, finalist of the Merit Contest for the “Príncipe de Asturias” (Prince of Asturias) award (1981), the postulation for the “Cervantes award”, top recognition for the Hispanic letters in the years 1989 and 1994, the “Ciudadanía Honoraria” given by the Paraguayan Parliament in 1998, among others. Boxing career Born in the village of Bang Sapan, Prachuap Khiri Khan (Prachuap Khiri Khan Province), Phayao Poontarat came from a poor family. As a child, he sold flowers in the resort city of Pattaya to help support his younger siblings. Like many poor boys in Thailand, he took up Muay Thai, and he proved to be a gifted boxer. He switched to international boxing and won a place on the Thai Olympic team in 1976. Bangkok Post, July 8, 2008 . Though he finished with a bronze medal, Phayao gained attention by defeating the 1972 Olympic gold medal winner, Gyogy Gedo, in the quarter finals. He trained hard for the 1980 Moscow Olympics, but his hopes for a gold were ended by the United States led boycott over of the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan. Instead, he turned professional and on November 27, 1983 became WBC (World Boxing Council) superflyweight world champion by defeating Rafael Orono of Venezuela in a split decision. In his first title defence, against Guty Espadas of Mexico, Phayao was behind on all the score cards, but saved his championship belt with a 10th round knockout. Phayao was then challenged by Japan's Jiro Watanabe and agreed to meet him. When they met in Osaka on July 5, 1984 Phayao lost by a controversial 12 round decision. The World Boxing Council viewed the tape and ordered a rematch. It took place in November, with Phayao losing by a technical knockout in the 11th round. http: www.movethailand.com news-thailand-payao-s-two-firsts-remain-unchallenged-en-1342.html 2003-2005: Luis Raúl leaves Again, when Luis Raúl left the show in 2003, many thought that audiences would reject the change. A long casting process ensued, and Venezuelan host (television presenter) Daniel Sarcos was picked to join Mamery. Known Puerto Rican (Puerto Rico) host, Sonya Cortes, was also chosen to complete the trio of hosts. This decision angered many local celebrities, who argued the election of a foreign host over a Puerto Rican one. However, after a few months, legal problems concerning Sarcos visa didn't allow him to continue working, and Puerto Rican Rafael José was chosen to replace him. '''Conexion Latina''' is a salsa music and Afro-Cuban jazz orchestra based in Germany, which was founded in 1980 (1980 in music) by trombonist (trombone) Rudi Fuesers. From the beginning, the orchestra was formed of musicians from different Latin American countries like Colombia, Cuba, Jamaica, Peru, Puerto Rico, Jamaica and Venezuela, creating an original mixture that gave the band its unique sound and made it Europe's leading salsa orchestra. Among the musicians that have played for Conexion Latina are Benny Bailey, Dusko Goykovich, Larry Harlow, Nicky Marrero, Bobby Shew and Bobby Stern, between others. The quality of Conexion Latina's music is also due to first-class arrangements made by Oscar Hernández (Oscar Hernández (musician)), Alberto Naranjo and Marty Sheller, to name just a few. The band also has been invited to selected festivals around Europe, sharing stages with artists such as Tito Puente, Mongo Santamaría, Rubén Blades, Irakere, Willie Colón and Eddie Palmieri.


Peru

. It is from the family Cerambycidae (longhorn beetles). The titan beetle is the only member of its own genus. It is known from the rain forests of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Guianas, and north-central Brazil, where it is most commonly collected by the use of mercury-vapor lamps, to which the males are attracted. Barclay, M.V.L.2010. Titanus giganteus Linnaeus (1771) http: www.nhm.ac.uk nature-online species-of-the-day biodiversity loss-of-habitat titanus-giganteus index.html There is a local 'cottage industry' in French Guiana of leading tours specifically to collect specimens of this beetle. Dried beetles are commonly available to collectors, but the very large specimens, in particular, are sought after and routinely command high prices, running into hundreds of US$. For instance, a 150 mm male secimen was sold on the internet auction site eBay in March 2012 for US$540. Other countries' ecotourism agencies mention these beetles in their advertisements. '''Huayna Picchu''' also known as '''Wayna Picchu''' (Quechua: (Quechua language) "Young Peak") is a mountain in Peru around which the Urubamba River bends. It rises over Machu Picchu, the so-called "lost city of the Incas" and divides it into sections. The Incas built a trail up the side of the Huayna Picchu and built temples and terraces on its top. The peak of Huayna Picchu is about Commons:Category:Peru


Romania

length vary, it may have been as small as long.nature-online dino-directory detail.dsml?Genus Struthiosaurus ''Struthiosaurus'' in the Natural History Museum's Dino Directory Competitors There were participants from 18 countries - Bulgaria, Soviet Union, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, East Germany, West Germany, Cuba, Poland, North Korea, Yugoslavia, Sweden


Brazil

, and north-central Brazil, where it is most commonly collected by the use of mercury-vapor lamps, to which the males are attracted. Barclay, M.V.L.2010. Titanus giganteus Linnaeus (1771) http: www.nhm.ac.uk nature-online species-of-the-day biodiversity loss-of-habitat titanus-giganteus index.html There is a local 'cottage industry' in French Guiana of leading tours specifically to collect specimens of this beetle. Dried beetles are commonly available to collectors, but the very large specimens, in particular, are sought after and routinely command high prices, running into hundreds of US$. For instance, a 150 mm male secimen was sold on the internet auction site eBay in March 2012 for US$540. Other countries' ecotourism agencies mention these beetles in their advertisements. '''Kaizen Games''' is the company owner of Priston (Priston Tale) Brazil. Since January 1,2006 it uses the fantasy currency Kaizen (K$) to sell in-game items. The black witch moth is found throughout Central America and Mexico, with its distribution extending from Brazil to the southern United States Janzen, D. H. (Ed.). (1983). ''Costa Rican Natural History''. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press. . It is the largest noctuid (Noctuidae) found in the continental United States , Adults feed on overripe rainforest fruit, especially bananas, and larvae consume the leaves of plants. Most of its host plants are legumes. It favors ''Acacia'' species, Kentucky Coffeetree (''Gymnocladus dioicus''), and Candle Bush (''Senna alata''). It attacks mesquite and edible fig (ficus), and can be an agricultural pest. *Kevin Hasson - Founder and President of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty *Donna Jean Hrinak - American diplomat, former U.S. Ambassador to Brazil (2002–2004), Venezuela (2000–2002), Bolivia (1997–2000), and the Dominican Republic (1994–1997). *John Kilkenny - Former judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit '''Treze Tílias''' (German (german language) ''Dreizehnlinden'') is a municipality located in the state of Santa Catarina (Santa Catarina (state)), Brazil. The municipality covers about 185.205 km² and sits about 470 km from the state capital, Florianópolis. The municipality population estimate for 2006 is 5,441. The municipality was originally created on October 13, 1933. '''Araguari''' is a city and municipality in northwestern Minas Gerais state, Brazil. It is located in the northern Triângulo Mineiro region, on the Jordão River, a tributary of the Paranaíba River (Paranaíba river), at an elevation between 940 and 1,087 meters. The municipality of Araguari has an area of 2,774 km², with 54 km² in the urban zone and 2,675 km² in the rural zone. The population in 2007 was 106,403, making it the third most important city in the Triângulo Mineiro, after Uberlândia and Uberaba. From the seventies onwards many new pterosaur fossils were found in Brazil, from formations about the same age as the Cambridge Greensand, 110 million years old. Contrary to the English material, these new finds included some of the best preserved large pterosaur skeletons and several new genera names were given to them, such as ''Anhanguera (Anhanguera (pterosaur))''. This situation caused a renewed interest in the ''Ornithocheirus'' material and the validity of the several names based on it, for it might be possible that it could by more detailed studies be established that the Brazilian pterosaurs were actually junior synonyms of the European types. Several European researchers concluded that this was indeed the case. Unwin revived ''Coloborhynchus'' and Michael Fastnacht ''Criorhynchus'', each author ascribing Brazilian species to these genera. However, in 2000 Unwin stated that ''Criorhynchus'' could not be valid. Referring to Seeley's designation of 1881 he considered ''Ornithocheirus simus'', holotype CAMSM B.54428, to be the type species. This also made it possible to revive ''Lonchodectes'', using as type the former ''O. compressirostris'', which then became ''L. compressirostris''. This position has not universally been accepted. Brazilian workers also typically reject the identification of their genera with European types. Unwin, and this caused no controversy, reaffirmed that most ''Ornithocheirus'' species are nomina dubia (nomen dubium), names that are invalid because the fossils they refer to lack sufficient diagnostic features. Uses The stadium is mainly used to host Wolfsburg's (VfL Wolfsburg) home matches in all competitions. The stadium hosted Wolfsburg's (VfL Wolfsburg) first ever game in the Champions League (2009-10 UEFA Champions League) along with their first win in the UEFA Champions League when Brazilian striker Grafite scored a hat-trick against CSKA Moscow (PFC CSKA Moscow), beating them 3–1, on 15 September 2009. The '''Volkswagen Arena''' was used also used as one of the host stadiums for the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup which was held in Germany. http: www.fifa.com womensworldcup organisation media newsid 1044007.html http: www.uefa.com competitions wowc index.html thumb Infected dorsal skin of bottle-nosed dolphin (File:Lobomycosis-fungus-lesions.jpg) '''Lobomycosis'''


France

in Europe. ''Struthiosaurus'' in The Dinosaur Encyclopaedia at Dino Russ's Lair It was protected by body armour. Although estimates of its length vary, it may have been as small as long.nature-online dino-directory detail.dsml?Genus Struthiosaurus ''Struthiosaurus'' in the Natural History Museum's Dino Directory A number


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