There is an ionospheric (Ionosphere) and atmospheric (Earth's atmosphere) research facility known as the Sondrestrom Upper Atmospheric Research Facility, situated at about Commons:Category:Kangerlussuaq
is planned. The National Science City is envisioned to be a world-class facility for fun and experiential learning of science and technology. the centre will cover 52 acres and is an expansion of the National Science Centre in D'Abadie . There are also numerous other primary schools within the Couva area. Health The region is serviced by the Couva health facility. The Couva health facility was the most heavily utilized of the South West Regional Health Authority's (SWRHA) district facilities with more than 162,000 people. The facility is currently being upgraded to include an adjacent laboratory equipped to conduct lab tests such as complete blood count, renal function, liver function, blood glucose levels and other diagnostic tests. The Trinidad and Tobago government, in a loan agreement with the Government of China, is currently constructing a Children's Hospital and Multi-Training Centre for Medicine, Nursing and Pharmacology (using the UDeCOTT) which will be a self-contained, centralized medical facility equipped with the most modern and high-end medical equipment. The facility will consist of 230 beds, and includes a Burns Care Unit, central Pharmacy,Children's and Adult's Casualty Clinic, and Helicopter Rooftop Access for Emergencies. The current completion date is 2015. Sport The Ato Boldon Stadium, located in Couva, Trinidad and Tobago, is named after the eight-time Olympic and World Championship medal winner and 1997 200 m World Champion, Ato Boldon. The stadium was constructed in 2001. The National Men’s Team and Women’s Team use the stadium as their training centre. ABS is also the home of Athletics. Every year there are various National Tournaments and Invitationals held by various clubs and by the National Athletic Association. The capacity of the stadium is approximately 10,000 persons.Central FC plays its home games at the Ato Boldon Stadium in Couva, Trinidad and Tobago. The Sevilla Sports club is located south of Rivulet road and includes two tennis courts, swimming pool, golf course and snooker. The Brechin Castle Golf Course started out as a 9-hole course in 1927 and was increased to an 18-hole course in 1929 1930, but by 1938 nine holes had been reclaimed by the sugar cane factory when sugar cane crops were planted on the site and houses were built on it. The course at presentis being used regularly for tournaments by other clubs and it also has its monthly medal games. The club house, called Seville Club, was formerly the residence of the manager of Brechin Castle. The National Cricket Centre (NCC) was opened by the Trinidad and Tobago national cricket team Board of Control (TTCBC) in 2002 on 17.5 acres of land at Balmain, Couva from Caroni (1975) Ltd. (construction started in 1997). The Trinidad and Tobago Cricket Board plans to rehabilitate, refurbish and develop the Balmain Cricket Centre to allow for playing cricket at the regional first class level. The Gilbert Park cricket ground is located on the corner of the Southern Main Road and Rivulet Road. The Couva Recreation Ground and Balmain Cricket club ground are notable sporting areas in the town. W Connection Wanderers C.C. and Clico Preysal Sports Club are notable cricket clubs in the Couva catchment area. The National Aquatic Centre and National Cycle Track are currently under construction in the vicinity of the Ato Boldon Stadium.The Aquatic Centre will include a 50 metre swimming pool (to provide facilities for the hosting of and training for international competitions), a 50 metre warm-up pool, a 25 metre diving pool, and total permanent seating capacity of 700 seats. The National Cycle Track will include a 250 metre x 7 metre wood cycling track with embankment of 42 degrees to the International Cycle Union (UCI) standard Category 1, and 2,500 seats in the cycling track configuration. The Couva public swimming pool is located in Railway Station Road. The Aquatic Centre, Cycling Velodrome, Ato Boldon Stadium, and the NCC are expected to make Couva the main hub of sports in the country. Air services There is also an airstrip located on the outskirts of the town called the Camden Base (Camden Airstrip), which was originally built by the US military during World War II. It handles helicopters as well as light aircraft and has a 4000 ft x 50 ft, paved runway. It is the main operating base of both National Helicopter Services Limited and Briko Air Services. Briko Air Services Limited is a multi-faceted air transportation service company. The company's primary business activities include air charter services and agricultural aerial spraying services. Briko currently offers offshore energy production support, external lifts, environmental support, agricultural services, flight training and general charter services. The company's offshore energy production charter services provide transportation and support personnel, equipment and supplies to petroleum production service firms in support of the drilling for and production of oil and gas in Trinidad. Ad hoc services are being provided to The National Gas Company, Trinmar and other non-energy based organizations. Briko owns and operates a flight training school for fixed wing aircraft and provide flight support for pilots of the regional airlines. The Trinidad and Tobago Government announced plans to construct the Aviation Institute of Trinidad and Tobago in the vicinity of the Camden base, as part of the University of Trinidad and Tobago. The institute will be established through partnerships with Caribbean Airlines Limited (CAL), Metal Industries Limited (MIC), National Helicopter Services Limited (NHSL), the Trinidad and Tobago Civil Aviation Authority (TTCAA) and the Air Guard. Culture Couva, which is known as the oldest sugar village in Trinidad, generated much of its prominence from its production of this major crop. To commemorate its historical involvement in the sugar industry, the Sugar & Energy Festival was founded by the Couva Point Lisas Chamber of Commerce and held at the Gilbert Park grounds annually. Couva is known has a focal point for the development and dissemination of Chutney music during the 1980s and 1990s. The Rienzi Complex typically hosts the Trinidad Chutney-Soca Monarch semifinals. Couva is one of the more Carnival hosts, with full shows on Carnival Monday and Tuesday. Jouvert is part of the Carnival Monday show and calypso (calypso music) shows are held in the town centre during the Carnival season. Culturally, the town is the home of Couva Joylanders Steel Orchestra, a group well known for its varied repertoire and community projects. The band holds its practice sessions in a newly built steelpan complex at Railway Road, Couva, built by the Ministry of Works and Infrastructure in conjunction with National Gas Company of Trinidad and Tobago (NGC). It is also the setting of Derek Walcott's play Beef, No Chicken. References 1. * The '''FIFA U-17 World Championship 2001''' was held in the cities of Port of Spain, Malabar (Malabar, Trinidad and Tobago), Marabella, Couva, and Bacolet in Trinidad and Tobago between 13 September and 30 September 2001. Players born after 1 January 1984 could participate in this tournament. Although '''France (France national football team)''' had only appeared once before at the FIFA U-17 World Championship, in Canada back in 1987 when they finished sixth, the current crop of French youngsters arrived in the Caribbean determined to emulate their illustrious elders' winning ways at '''France '98 (France 98)''' and '''Euro 2000'''. And so it was, Jean-François Jodar's side showing maturity beyond their years. Aggressive in the tackle and tactically very organised, they oscillated between a 3-5-2 and 3-6-1 and were able to rely on two extremely gifted individuals from Le Havre: Anthony Le Tallec and Florent Sinama-Pongolle, who won both the top scorer, with 9 goals scored, and Player of the Tournament awards. The young "Blues" won five of their six games, losing to Nigeria (Nigeria national football team) in the first round but getting their revenge in the Final. They hit five in a game on two occasions, against the USA (United States men's national soccer team) (5-3) and Japan (Japan national football team) (5-1) in group matches, before brushing past two footballing giants, Brazil (Brazil national football team) and Argentina (Argentina national football team) (2-1 in both games) at the knockout stage and overcoming Nigeria 3-0 in the final to win their first ever FIFA U-17 World title. '''Basdeo Panday''' (born May 25, 1933) was the 5th Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago from 1995 to 2001 and has served as Leader of the Opposition (Opposition (parliamentary)) from 1976–1977, 1978–1986, 1989–1995 and 2001–2010. He was first elected to Parliament in 1976 as the Member (Member of Parliament) for Couva North. He is the former Chairman and party leader of the Opposition (Parliamentary opposition) United National Congress. In 2006, Panday was convicted (Basdeo Panday#Legal problems) of failing to declare a bank account in London and imprisoned but as of March 20, 2007, that conviction (Basdeo Panday#Legal problems) has been quashed by the Court of Appeal. He was granted bail on April 28 pending the outcome of his appeal due to his health condition and the poor state of health facilities at the Arouca prison. On May 1 he decided to resign as Chairman of the United National Congress, but the party's executive refuse to accept his resignation. However, he lost the party's internal elections on January 24, 2010 to Deputy Leader Kamala Persad-Bissessar by a large margin. '''Tyrell Fabian Johnson''' (born January 10, 1917, Tunapuna, Trinidad, died April 5, 1985, Couva, Trinidad) was a West Indian (West Indies cricket team) cricketer who played in one Test (Test cricket) in 1939 (West Indian cricket team in England in 1939).
-manchame-reina-nacional-de-independencia 88 * And a wide range of young people who annually earn at different stages of the National Science Olympiad conducted by the University of San Carlos de Guatemala http: olimpiada.ingenieria-usac.edu.gt regional2009.htm Education 52% (27.664 inh.) Esquipulteca population is made up young from 0 to 25 years, which 64% (17.705) of that 52% (27.664) of young
scholars. Education quality is high active Esquipulas, +89.0, the best quality education across the east. The Esquipulas educational calendar is 180 days, the dates may vary, th'''Bold text'''e most common are from 18 January to 12 October (10 months) and a total of 90 days or 3 months off. 70% (12.393) study in private institutions that are several in Esquipulas, while only 30% (5.311) study in the public institutions of government. Esquipulas has stood massively in youth participation in National
Science Olympiad in Guatemala, which is in charge of the University of San Carlos de Guatemala, taking several gold medals, silver and bronze as well as awards for part of the young participants. Winners esquipultecos in the ONC (USAC) Esquipultecos winners in the National Olympiad of Science (ONC) are various and Esquipulas has the largest share and the highest number of awards won. Participants go to various materials and are: mathematics, natural sciences, social sciences, chemistry, physics and biology major, degrees from 1 ° to 3 ° basic or secondary and diversified. Economy Tourism Because of its importance as a tourist and religious center, the population of Esquipulas is dedicated mostly to trade and is also strong coffee cultivation, producing mountains of the best varieties of the highest quality of existing coffee. Currently, religious tourism and hospitality industry has boomed, fueled by the large number of pilgrims visiting the sacred image of the Black Christ of Esquipulas. Also people who are visiting to buy a worm called Esquipulas Tokyo This is a worm multicolored colors: pink, yellow, purple, green and red. This put it on the buses that go to that place and when looking at a bus coming the Tokyo means of Esquipulas. Places in Esquipulas Tourism in Esquipulas has grown gradually, is a very attractive destination because of the abundant and varied natural beauty, abundant flora and fauna, its colonial history, as well as the whole culture expressed in its customs and cuisine. There is a strong interest of the international community and religious colonial places like the Basilica of Esquipulas was built in 1740 it was given by Monsignor Pedro Pardo de Figueroa (first Metropolitan Archbishop since 1744) in order to meet the increasingly fastest growing dedicated pilgrimages to the Black Christ of Esquipulas, commissioned the construction of a temple to Philip José de Porres, the son of Diego de Porres and grandson of Joseph de Porres, Antiguan renowned architects where you will find the cotton field where they came from the funds to pay for the sculpture. class "toc" cellpadding 0 cellspacing 2 width 800px style "float:center; margin: 0.5em 0.5em 0.5em 1em; padding: 0.5e colspan 8 style "background:#green; color:white; font-size:100%" align center bgcolor "orange" '''Some tourist destinations in Esquipulas''' - align center valign center bgcolor "white" 125px (File:Esquipulas basilica.JPG) align center valign center bgcolor "white" align center valign center bgcolor "white" align center valign center bgcolor "white" - style "background:#e9e9e9;" align center Basilica of Esquipulas Esquipulas City style "background:#e9e9e9;" align center ''stone of the Compadres'' Esquipulas City style "background:#e9e9e9;" align center ''Mine Cave'' Esquipulas City style "background:#e9e9e9;" align center Reserva de la biosfera Trifinio Esquipulas - align center valign center bgcolor "white" align center valign center bgcolor "white" align center valign center bgcolor "white" align center valign center bgcolor "white" - style "background:#e9e9e9;" align center ''Park Chatún'' Esquipulas style "background:#e9e9e9;" align center ''Reserva de la Biosfera El Guisayote'' Esquipulas style "background:#e9e9e9;" align center ''Acueducto Los Arcos'' Esquipulas City, style "background:#e9e9e9;" align center ''Río Atulapa'' Ciudad de Esquipulas Esquipulas - Basilica of Esquipulas In 1956, Pope Pius XII erected the Prelature nullius of Santo Cristo de Esquipulas, established by the municipality of Esquipulas and the Santuario de Esquipulas Cathedral as the venue. Also, the Archbishop of Guatemala, Monsignor Mariano Rossell y Arellano was appointed First Prelate of Esquipulas, who was concerned to seek a religious order to take over care of the sanctuary, finally finding support at the Benedictine Abbey of San José, located in Louisiana, USA. The order sent three monks in 1959 with the mission to Esquipulas founding the Benedictine Monastery of Esquipulas which is responsible for the care of the Basilica today. In 1961 Archbishop Rossell sent a request to Pope John XXIII, who, based in religious, cultural and historic shrine of Esquipulas raised to the rank of Minor Basilica. Stone of the Compadres In strange balance have stood the test of time and historical earthquakes. There are small: the upper reaches the size of a regular sedan with four doors. Together they reach a height of about three meters and weighing 50 tons. The Legend That two friends became compadres in Esquipulas (a godfather to the son of another). And despite having made this agreement involving own risk and trust, the sponsor ended the boy's mother and carried away by desire. While the mother and the man at the place where the rocks, either alone, left to show their desire for each other, and between the whispering wind, swaying trees and being alone ... attempted a sexual act. Legend has it that by betraying the honor of godfather and mother, being unfaithful to the trust placed in them, punishment became the two stone and standing as a reminder and warning of punishment received by his actions. Ceremonies and Rituals On the other hand, traditional communities believe they are a manifestation of divine powers, or materialization of divine will. So the place is scene sacred rituals, prayers, sacrifices and penances. They are already smoke blackened the rituals performed where the sacrifice is often the beheaded cock (Rooster) between candles. View of the Stone of the Compadres. Mine Cave The oral tradition dictates that it was in this place where Christ reveals the image of the famous sculptor Quirio Black Catano, creator of the famous statue venerated in Esquipulas. Are located south of the city right next to the Basilica and one kilometer away from the road leading to Honduras, there are some hills which one was drilled in a cross lying north to south in the more margins of the Rio Chacalapa or Miracles. It is said that many went through all these places in search of a mine that salvation was to finance the work of the Basilica, but finally, up and down and doing tests, the finding savior was found, began drilling and operating silver mine that was a fact, when they needed it s more like a miracle those deluded savior. These caves were like a memory of that silver mine, which by its geographical location near the Basilica, they found there has been attributed to the miraculous Christ of Esquipulas, which is not true because the documents were later found which consists reliable that the image was burilado by the architect in Antigua Guatemala Quirio Catano, however many indigenous pilgrims from the West, with a mixture of Christian faith and traditions or beliefs, come to visit these caves, performing their own rituals, burn pon and candles, even money left within them. Zoo Today those caves, were within private land, owned by a family of Esquipulas, who have taken advantage of the tourist value that they have and the influx of pilgrims as well as the river that runs through the place, for which they have installed The Ecological Park Cueva de las Minas, which has a zoo with more than 25 species, restaurant, basketball court and football Papi, a ranch and parking, charging an entry fee for tourists. Park Chatún Chatun is an Adventure and Fun Park, where all features are intended to show the diversity of our natural resources and our customs and traditions, based on two pillars: Adventure and Nature. Agriculture It also has advantages in agriculture, because that's coffee sertamenes Esquipulas has won several national and international as the best quality coffee and the richest of Guatemala, now there are two winners of these contests farm, Finca Finca Clouds and the Cascajal, according to the National Coffee Association '''ANACAFE'''''(Spanish)'' coffee from Esquipulas to win the contest '''The Best Coffee in Guatemala and the World''' http: www.esquipulas.com.gt noticias el-caf-de-esquipulas-famoso-a-nivel-mundial 1036 Political Division villages and hamlets The municipality of Esquipulas, Chiquimula is composed of 21 villages and 118 hamlets in its 532 km2, the city of Esquipulas also has 5 villages. * Distance to the city in Kilometers. * El Ciracil * Tizaquín * El Sillón * Vuelta Grande * Sand Joaquín Village Atulapa * Montecinas * Aqua Caliente * Amatal * El Barrial * La Casona * Mesa Grande, * Zompopero * Bojorquez * Agua Zarca *Horno de Vides * El Cerrón * Canoas * La Brea Village Santa Rosalia * El Limón * El Jocotal * La Cuestona * El Portezuelo * El Duraznal * Plan de La Arada * Las Toreras Village San Nicolas * El Cascajal * Chaguitón * Guayabito * Miramundo * El Barrial * Tecomapa Village la Granadilla * El Chuctal * Floripundio * El Olvido * El Porvenir Village Olopita * San Juan * El Bueyero * Olopita Centro * Tontoles * Las Crucitas * Cuevitas * San Cristobal * Piedra Redonda Village Valle Dolores * El Chorro * San Juan Arriba * El Chaguite * Los Vados * Tierra Colorada Village Belén (El Tablón) * Agua Zarca * Chiramay * La Ruda * El Zapote Village Cruz Alta * Curruche * Las palmas Village Jagua (Las Cañas) * El Peñasco (Llano de la Muerte ) * Lagunas * Llano de Guerra * Ojo de Agua * Palmitas * Tareas * El Encino * La Cumbre * El Pinalito * El Jicaro * El Salitre * Las Sopas * Rincón de María * San Francisco Buena Vista, * El Empedrado. Village Las Peñas * Joyas Verdes * La Fortuna * El Pesote * Miramundo * El Incienso * El Palmar * Queseras Village El Sarzal * Potrerillos * El Guineal * Zapotal * Zapotalito * Malcotal Village Valle de Jesús * Valle de Jesús Village San Isidro * Malcotalito * El Chuctal * Entre Ríos * Capucal Village Chanmagua * Las Pozas * Los Varales * El Pedregal * Laguna Seca Village Cafetales * Loma Alta * La Rinconada * La Aradona * Llano Largo Village el Carrizal * Llano de los Toros * Pericos * Bailadero * Tabloncito * Joyitas Village Horcones * Calzontes * Piedra de Amolar * Tablón de Gamez * Tishac * El Zarzalito Village Timushan * El Mojón * El Bajío * San Antonio Sulay * Malcinca * San Miguel Mapa * Suyate * Pasaljá * Tablón de Sulay * Loma del Mango * Los Fierros * Llano de San Gaspar * Cañada del Pino Village Monteros * Caserío El Horno * El Rincón de León Village Carboneras * El Rincón The Cathedral The cathedral at Esquipulas was proclaimed a Basilica in 1961 by Pope John XXIII, and in 1995, celebrating the 400th anniversary of the shrine, Pope John Paul II proclaimed it "the spiritual center of Central America." Every year, thousands of pilgrims from Guatemala, the United States, Mexico, Europe and other Central American countries flock to pay homage to the dark wooden image of the crucified Christ, the most revered Catholic shrine in the region. See Linda Kay Davidson and David Gitlitz ‘’Pilgrimage, from the Ganges to Graceland: an Encyclopedia’’ (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2002), 173-75. El Santuario de Chimayo, a major Roman Catholic pilgrimage site in Chimayó (Chimayo, New Mexico), New Mexico, USA, is closely linked with Esquipulas. Tierra Santa Esquipulas is famous for its ''Tierra Santa'' (Holy Earth) clay tablets that are purchased by the pilgrims during Church festivals. The clay from the local deposits is cleaned and pressed into small cakes.
, sixteen national science academies the Australian Academy of Science, the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Sciences and the Arts (The Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium), the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of Canada, the Caribbean Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the French Academy of Sciences, the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina (German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina), the Indian National
Science Academy , the Indonesian Academy of Sciences, the Royal Irish Academy, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Accademia dei Lincei) (Italy), the Academy of Sciences Malaysia, the Academy Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand (Royal Society of New Zealand), the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Society (UK) stated that ratification of the Protocol represented a "small but essential first step towards stabilising atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases." ) born in Minqing Country, Fujian Province, China, growth in the East Malaysia in his youth, is a world-famous Chinese hepatobiliary (hepatobiliary system) surgery scientist and surgeon, who is currently an acadamecian at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is generally considered as the "Father of Chinese Hepatobiliary Surgery", and has been awarded the State Preeminent Science and Technology Award, which is the nation's highest scientific prize in 2005 by president Hu Jintao.He is now working in the Second Military Medical University of China. 1950-1966, Ye served as a division director and professor at the Institute of Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. From 1966 till now, he was the chief director and later the honorary director of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Science (IAP CAS). 1981-1984, he was the vice-president of Chinese Academy of Science. From 1984, he was also an advisor of Chinese Academy of Science. one of the two pupils of Xuanzang , his work was revered and heavily influenced Tibetan Buddhism and Chinese Buddhism. *Jingshan Jiang, former director of Center for Space Science and applied Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, deputy chief designer of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program and an aerospace expert of China's 863 Program, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, International Eurasian Academy of Sciences and a member of CN COSPAR (Committee on Space Research) *Bai Lei, Chinese football player The university and its teaching hospital originally had a total faculty of more than 9000, including one academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and three from Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE). http: baike.baidu.com view 912137.htm The institutional council is made up of a selection of international advisors, such as a representative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (w:Chinese Academy of Sciences). Another member is Erik Möller of the Wikimedia Foundation (w:Wikimedia Foundation) Board of Trustees.
During the winter there are two ski areas just a few miles outside of nearby Lead (Lead, South Dakota), SD – Terry Peak and Deer Mountain. The Homestake Sawmill (previously part of Pope and Talbot, now owned by Neimen Forest Products) was built to supply timbers for the Homestake Mine (Homestake Mine (South Dakota)) in Lead (Lead, South Dakota) (closed January 2002). In 1938 Joseph Meier
discovered by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen. The first confirmed sighting of mainland Antarctica cannot be accurately attributed to one single person. It can, however, be narrowed down to three individuals. According to various sources,
Enterprise Limited - Auguste Chapdelaine - Autumn Harvest Uprising - Austronesian languages - Avars (Eurasian Avars) - Azure-winged Magpie The Atacama Large Millimetre sub-millimetre Array (ALMA), an international astronomy facility, is a partnership of Europe, North America and East Asia in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. ALMA is funded in Europe by the European Southern Observatory (ESO), in North America by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF
) in cooperation with the National Research Council (National Research Council (Canada)) of Canada (NRC) and the National Science Council of Taiwan (NSC) and in East Asia by the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Japan) of Japan (NINS) in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (AS) in Taiwan. ALMA construction and operations are led on behalf of Europe by ESO, on behalf of North America by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), which is managed by Associated Universities, Inc (AUI) and on behalf of East Asia by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ). The Joint ALMA Observatory (JAO) provides the unified leadership and management of the construction, commissioning and operation of ALMA. Fung was elected to the United States National Academy of Science (1993), the National Academy of Engineering (1979), the Institute of Medicine (1991), the Academia Sinica (1968), and is a Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (1994 election). '''Typhoon Lee''' (李太楓) is an astrophysicist and geochemist at Academia Sinica, Taiwan, Republic of China, where he specializes in isotope geochemistry and nuclear astrophysics . In 1989, Chu was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. birth death August 15, 398 Academia Sinica Chinese-Western Calendar Converter . ''Zizhi Tongjian'', vol. 110 (:zh:s:資治通鑑 卷110). family_name Lán (蘭) 1935-1941, Ye studied at Qinghua University, Beijing. 1941-1943, he did his graduate study (M.Sc) at Zhejiang University, Hangzhou. 1943-1944, he was a research assistant at the Meteorological Institute, Academia Sinica, Chongqing (war-period capital of China). given_name Chāo (超) begin_reign September 19, 405 Academia Sinica Chinese-Western Calendar Converter . ''Zizhi Tongjian'', vol. 114 (:zh:s:資治通鑑 卷114). end_reign March 25, 410 birth 408 death March 11, 452 Academia Sinica Chinese-Western Calendar Converter. ''Zizhi Tongjian'', vol. 126 (:zh:s:資治通鑑 卷126). family_name Tuòbá (Tuoba) (拓拔) Others Classical Chinese character dictionaries are an essential tool for accessing and understanding traditional humanities with a foundation in Chinese literature, not only in China but also in Korea, Japan, Vietnam and Taiwan. The first notable effort to compile a comprehensive classical Chinese character dictionary was made by Morohashi Tetsuji (1883–1982), a Japanese scholar. Tetsuji recognized the need and grew determined to compile a Chinese–Japanese Dictionary while studying abroad in China. Despite his manuscripts being burned in a fire during World War II, his publisher going bankrupt, and numerous other setbacks, after 32 years of collaborative work, the Dai Kan-Wa Jiten or "Great Chinese–Japanese Dictionary" was finally completed. Taiwan's Defense Committee followed suit with a 10-year effort, along with the Academia Sinica, to complete the Zhongwen Da Cidian, or "Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Chinese Language." In 1975, China also made the compilation of a Chinese character dictionary a national project. Collaboration attracted the participation of 43 universities, as well as numerous research centers and scholars nationwide, yielding the 12 volume Hanyu Da Cidian or "Comprehensive Dictionary of Chinese Words" in 1993.
claims in Antarctica The Antarctic Treaty, signed by all relevant regional claimants, does not in itself either recognise or dispute any territorial claims, leaving this matter to individual signatories. The Antarctic Treaty, National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs Most of the world's countries do not recognise any national claims to Antarctica.