Places Known For

modern part


Hurghada

parts: *Downtown (El Dahar) is the old part; *Sekalla is the city center; *El Memsha (Village road) is the modern part. Sakalla is the relatively modest hotel quarter. Dahar is where the town's largest bazaar, the post office and the long-distance bus station are situated. The city is served by the Hurghada International Airport with scheduled passenger traffic connecting to Cairo and directly with several cities in Europe. The airport has undergone renovations to accommodate rising traffic. Tourism Although a town in its own right Hurgada’s current major industry is foreign and domestic tourism, owing to its dramatic landscape, year-round dry and temperate climate and long stretches of natural beaches. Its waters are clear and calm for most of the year and have become popular for various watersports, particularly recreational scuba diving and snorkelling. There are plenty of diveshops. Most take you out on a daytrip and make one dive in the morning and one in the afternoon. Dive sites around Abu Ramada Island, Giftun Kebir and Giftun Soraya are very popular. You can also visit shipwrecks such as the El Mina or the Rosalie Moller. Dive sites Hurghada Climate Hurghada has a subtropical-desert climate (Köppen climate classification: BWh), with mild-warm winters and hot to very hot summers. Temperatures in the period December–January–February are warm, while November, March and April are comfortably warm. May and October are hot and the period from June to September is very hot. Sunshine hours are around 3,800 per year (one of the highest results in the world), from an average of 9 hours of sunshine day in December to an average of 13 hours day in July. The average annual temperature of the sea is Wikipedia:Hurghada Commons:Hurghada


Doha

tollfree fax image Doha 0489.jpg hours price content Opened in April 2001 and is the largest shopping centre in Qatar. Located in West Bay, the modern part of the city on the northern end of the Corniche, it offers a large and diverse shopping experience, including several jewellery and perfume stores. For entertainment there is a large multiplex cinema, a bowling alley, a children's arcade, as well as an indoor ice skating rink. There are several eating options including two food courts as well as several sit-down restaurants. By western standards, this mall is quite dated for its age, but remains popular due to its large size and ideal location. Finally, the mall is home to a large Carrefour hypermarket. * WikiPedia:Doha Commons:Doha


Algiers

is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea. The modern part of the city is built on the level ground by the seashore; the old part, the ancient city of the deys, climbs the steep hill behind the modern town and is crowned by the casbah or citadel, commons:(الجزائر (مدينة


Uruguay

it. A two and a half hour bus trip west takes you to Colonia del Sacramento, a city established in 1680 by the Portuguese. While the modern part of the city isn't much of a tourist attraction, the ''barrio historico'' can pride itself on being the only UNESCO World Heritage site of Uruguay. As it is located a mere one hour from Buenos Aires by catamaran, it is also a popular daytrip for visitors to the Argentinian capital. East of Montevideo there is Punta del Este, a beach resort popular among the rich and famous and the city where the Los Dedos sculpture and the Casa Pueblo resort museum are located. Not far away from Punta del Este is the city of Maldonado with the lighthouse of José Ignacio. Closer to the capital is the city of Piriapolis where you can visit the Castillo de Piria. Do thumbnail Beach in Punta del Este (File:Paisaje Punta del Este.JPG) *One of the best experiences to have while your stay at Uruguay is to '''watch a football game''' between Nacional and Peñarol, the two most followed football teams in the nation. * '''Sunbathing, surfing and bathing''' at the beaches of the Atlantic coast. The most important beaches are in Punta del Este, Piriapolis, La Paloma, La Pedrera, Cabo Polonio, Punta del Diablo and Santa Teresa (national park and camping). * '''Birdwatching''' at Rocha's touristic "estancias". Buy Money The Uruguayan currency is the ''Peso''. Prices are often quoted using the ''U$'' symbol, which may be easily confused with the US$ (US dollar) symbol. As of May 2014 the exchange rates were approximately: * USD1 UYU24 * €1 UYU31 Prices on costlier goods and services (over USD100, generally speaking) are often quoted in American dollars instead of pesos, and USD are surprisingly widely accepted even at some fast food restaurants. Many Uruguayan ATM's, at least in Montevideo, can dispense USD in addition to UYU. Places that cater to foreign visitors often also accept Argentinian pesos or Brazilian reais. As all of these currencies use the symbol "$", check which currency the prices are in if you're unsure. Cards are not as widely accepted as in North America or Europe - smaller establishments often accept only cash (''efectivo''). Try to have more or less exact change as they even in a mid-size supermarket can have some problems giving you change back if you are paying for UYU600 worth of purchases with a UYU1000 bill. Stores thumbnail Pontones shopping mall, Montevideo (File:Portones Shopping Mall.png) Uruguay is like many developing countries in that the retail industry is still dominated by small specialized shops, small supermarkets, and small, crowded shopping malls. There are no true department stores in the country remotely comparable to the giant stores found in New York or Paris. Even the shopping buildings along Avenida 18 de Julio in central Montevideo are not department stores but collections of 10-20 smaller stores. In the entire country, there is only ''one'' true hypermarket, Geant (operated a joint venture between local chain Disco and the French chain Geant), that constitutes a reasonably decent facsimile of hypermarkets elsewhere (down to the huge parking lot, high ceiling and wide aisles). Uruguay does not have the big box "category killer" stores for which the U.S. is famous (and which have been copied to a lesser extent in Australia and Europe). One quite widespread supermarket chain is Ta-ta. These relatively small supermarkets sell a wide range of products from food and household items to clothes and even things you can bring home as souvenirs. If you've forgotten to bring something for your trip you can probably find it there. Most of them are open seven days a week. Products Uruguay does not manufacture most consumer goods locally. Most items in the stores have either been imported from China, or from Argentina or Brazil. Even worse, Uruguay charges high import tariffs and high value-added tax (IVA) of about 22% on virtually everything. Accordingly, imported goods cost as much as in Australia, Canada, or Europe. Uruguayan products on the other hand - chiefly comprised of food and leather products - can be very affordable. Some parts of Uruguayan stores feature numerous high-quality brands familiar to any North American, like Dove soap, Colgate toothpaste, Listerine mouthwash, Del Monte canned fruit, and so on. There are other brands with familiar logos but strange names; for example, Coca-Cola's South American juice brand is del Valle, which has a logo similar to Coca-Cola's North American juice brand, Minute Maid. However, Uruguay is not a major priority for most other brands found in the developed world, which means their products are rare or nonexistent here. Locally available brands (as noted, imported mostly from China) tend to be of poor quality. Because the Uruguayan market is so small and most Uruguayans are still relatively poor compared to consumers elsewhere, Uruguayan retailers lack the bargaining power of their North American or European counterparts. In turn, Chinese factories often sell their highest-quality product lines to the dominant First World markets and send their mediocre-quality product lines to Uruguay and other small developing countries. For example, while American and European consumers are accustomed to advertisements for luxury bedding made of 700+ thread count textiles woven from Egyptian or pima cotton, luxury bedding in Uruguay consists of 250+ thread count textiles woven from cotton polyester blends. Popular items to buy include '''yerba mate''' gourds, antiques, wool textiles, and leather goods: jackets, purses, wallets, belts, etc. With regard to textiles and leather goods, although the prices may look like great bargains, one must keep in mind that local designs are inferior to designs elsewhere. Uruguay is still decades behind other countries when it comes to the quality of metalworking, which is a serious problem since leather goods like purses and belts have metal parts like clasps and buckles. Eat thumbnail Asado, traditional barbecue (File:La chacra del puerto Asado.JPG) Uruguayan cuisine is typical for temperate countries, high on butter, fat, and grains, low on spice. It has an important Italian influence due to the strong Italian inmigration. If you are from the Mediterranean, you will find it bland, but if you come from the Northern Europe, Russia or the US, you won't have trouble getting used to it. Prices As of May 2014, breakfast for 4 people (a liter of fruit juice and two packages of biscuits) can cost as little as UYU100 in a supermarket, a serving of fast food costs about the same while meals in sit down restaurants generally speaking start from UYU300. Specialties There are many public '''markets''' where you can get a hundred varieties of '''meat'''. Vegetarians can order '''ravioli''' just about anywhere. '''Empanadas''' (hand-sized meat or cheese pies) make an excellent portable, inexpensive, and delicious snack or lunch. You can find them easily at many corner bakeries. thumbnail Chivito al plato (File:Chivito al plato.JPG) Uruguay has traditionally been a ranching country, with cattle outnumbering people more than two-to-one, and therefore features excellent (and affordable) '''steaks'''. One dish that should not be missed is '''chivito''', a heart-attack-on-a-platter sandwich (some guidebooks call it a "cholesterol bomb") that is made of a combination of grilled tenderloin steak, tomato, lettuce, onion, eggs (hard-boiled and then sliced), ham, bacon, mozzarella cheese and mayonnaise and fries. There are two versions of chivito. ''Al pan'' means it's served "on bread", this is the classic variant and it looks like a hamburger served on a plate. If it is served ''al plato'' it is like a hamburger minus the bread and often with more vegetables. '''Asado''' is a typical Uruguayan barbeque, consisting of a variety of grilled meats (beef short ribs, sausage, blood sausage and sweetbreads and other offal) over wood coals. Almost all Uruguayans know how to make it and its variations appear on most restaurant menus. For a traditional experience, try it at the "Mercado del Puerto" market, in Montevideo's port area. As many of the European immigrants to the area around Rio de la Plata a century ago came from Italy, '''Italian dishes''' have a special place in the local cuisine, often with a local twist. The Central European ''schnitzel's'' local relative '''Milanesa''' is made with beef instead of pork and is also available as a sandwich. Uruguay, with its long shoreline, also enjoys an excellent variety of '''seafood and fish'''. The flavor of the most commonly offered fish, ''brotola'', may be familiar to people from North America, where it is called hake. For desserts, '''dulce de leche''', a kind of caramel, is found in all manner of confections, from ice cream to '''alfajores''' (dulce de leche-filled cookie sandwiches), or '''Ricardito''', a famous Uruguayan dessert (available in all supermarkets). Drink '''Yerba Mate''' is widely drunk on the streets, but can hardly be ordered in restaurants, as young and old go around with their own cup and thermos bottle on the street there would likely not be anyone ordering it in a café or restaurant if they would offer it. You may have to buy a package at a supermarket and make your own. The drinking gourds are widely available and range from economical to super-luxe silver and horn. Yerba Mate is a social drink. If you are with a group of Uruguayans they will probably offer you some, do be mindful, it may taste somewhat bitter. If you try some it will make everybody happy. Uruguay is also acquiring a reputation for its fine '''wines''', especially those made from the Tannat grape. Alcohol is relatively inexpensive. Beer often come in large, 1l bottles that can go for as low as UYU50. The two brands found everywhere are Pilsen and Patricia, Zillertal being a distant third. Imports are available too but other Uruguayan brands probably exist but are hard to find. The most common strong alcohol beverage is surprisingly '''whisky''', even many famous brands such as Johnnie Walker being manufactured in Uruguay under license. A 1l bottle of the cheapest brands can be bought for just UYU250 in a supermarket. Sleep thumbnail Landscape in the San José department in the southern part of the country (File:Pradera y bosque de ribera Uruguay.JPG) For nature lovers, birdwatchers, and those seeking a respite from the fast-paced world, there are many "estancias" in serene and peaceful environments, surrounded by many species of native and migrating birds, which offer a unique opportunity to reconnect with nature. There are many more beach houses to rent along the coast than actual hotel rooms. They are plentiful, and outside the high season affordable. During the first two weeks of January it's impossible to find anything, every cottage and hotel room is booked months in advance. Work There are numerous English language schools which are looking for native speakers as teachers (Teaching English). They can arrange papers or pay teachers under the table. The pay is not good, but enough to live on in Montevideo. Work permits are not particularly difficult to obtain and Uruguay lets you convert a tourist visa to a work visa without leaving the country. Residency visas without permission to work simply require you prove access to USD500 a month. Stay safe thumbnail Night view of Plaza Constitución in Montevideo's old town (File:Plaza Matriz night.JPG) Historically, Uruguay has enjoyed a very '''low rate of violent crime compared to its neighbors'''. Thus, Argentines and Brazilians traditionally go on vacation in Uruguay because they love not having to worry about being carjacked, kidnapped, or murdered while on vacation. Even today, Uruguay is still relatively free of those types of crimes. However, this does not mean that Uruguay is crime free. The major differences are that most Uruguayan crimes are either nonconfrontational or do not involve the gratuitous use of firearms. Montevideo in particular has seen its crime rate gradually rise since the severe 2001-2002 financial crisis, and now has moderately high levels of theft, burglary, and robbery similar to those found in major U.S. cities. Fortunately, Punta del Este and most rural areas continue to enjoy relatively low crime levels. As long as you take basic precautions in Montevideo (i.e., use a money belt and or hotel safe for valuables, look alert, and keep out of obvious slums), you will have a very safe trip. Cannabis is one of the most widely used drugs in the country and legal as well. Uruguay is the first country in the world where the sale, growth and distribution of cannabis is legal. In an emergency, call '''911''' or '''999'''. For firefighters, call, 104. Stay healthy Tap water is safe to drink in all major cities. The Hospital Britanico (British Hospital), SUMMUM and BlueCross & BlueShield Uruguay have a European-quality service and they are clean and efficient. Asociación Española, Medica Uruguaya and CASMU are the largest healthcare companies in Uruguay and they have a European-quality level. Just don't make any unwise drinking decisions. Tropical diseases present in Uruguay include '''dengue (Dengue fever)''' and '''chagas disease'''. Vaccine does not exist against either of these, so you need to watch out for mosquitoes and bugs. In practice you won't encounter insects in Uruguay very frequently, at least during the Southern Hemisphere winter. Respect thumbnail Supporters of the samba school Los Academicos in Artigas (File:Los Academicos 1.JPG) Uruguay is a socially progressive country. Women got the vote in Uruguay 12 years before France. Uruguay is a secular state unlike Argentina, Chile or Paraguay; the Uruguayan state has not supported any religion since 1917. The population is mainly Catholic, but not very practicing. There are a few gay and lesbian bars in Montevideo and in Punta del Este, but outside those two cities there is no public "queer" community. The only public monument to sexual diversity is in Ciudad Vieja (the old city). However, it was the first Latin American country to pass a civil union law and is considered to be safe and welcoming to gay and lesbian visitors. Uruguay is ranked 6th in the Spartacus Gay Travel Index. Civil unions are legal in Uruguay, which convey the full rights of marriage, and gay and transgendered marriage was legalized in mid-2013. Even in rural areas, gay travelers experience little overt discrimination. Connect thumbnail Antel pay phone in Montevideo (File:Montevideo pay phone.JPG) Telephone The national landline telephone monopoly is Antel, which provides all public pay phones and is also the sole provider of landline Internet service. Although Antel pay phones only take Antel's proprietary magnetic cards, it is possible to use international calling cards to call home by taking the phone off the hook, waiting for a dial tone, and dialing the correct access code. However, note that many public pay phones are not properly maintained. If you do not hear a touch tone emitted for each key, that means the phone is defective and you must try another one. Uruguay's country code is +598. Montevideo and suburbs have phone numbers beginning in two, while the rest of the country has phone numbers beginning with 4. Antel also operates a cell phone network, and in this field competes with two private companies, Movistar and Claro. All three have numerous kiosks and stores throughout the country. The standard is GSM and both the European (1800 MHz) and North American (1900 MHz) frequencies are used. Mail The national postal service is Correo Uruguay. Most of their post offices are very hard to find and are open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday; some are open from 9 am to 12 pm on Saturdays. Letterboxes for depositing outbound mail are made out of cheap blue translucent plastic and are extremely difficult to find outside of post offices. Some post offices have three boxes: one for the local city, one for domestic mail ("interior") and one for international ("exterior"). Uruguayan letterboxes are designed only for indoor use. Keep in mind that Correos licenses many retailers, such as pharmacies, as postal agents, and letterboxes can sometimes be found around those agents' premises as well. Internet Antel is the ''only'' provider of landline Internet service, while Dedicado is the main provider of fixed wireless Internet service. WiFi is ubiquitous and can be found in virtually all decent hotels as well as many restaurants, cybercafes, and shopping malls. Antel WiFi hotspots are normally available only to Antel landline Internet subscribers, unless you are in a place with free service like Carrasco International Airport, in which case a public username and password for free access are prominently posted and always username: antel password:wifi. Dedicado WiFi hotspots are free for everyone. Go next Uruguay borders on Brazil and Argentina. The border of Paraguay, the next closest country, is about 500 kilometers away from the extreme northwest of Uruguay.


Cairo

is a destination for Egyptian tourists from Cairo, the Delta and Upper Egypt, as well as package holiday tourists from Europe, notably Serbs, Italians, Russians, Poles, Czechs and Germans. Until a few years ago it was a small fishing village. Today Hurghada counts 248,000 inhabitants and is divided into three parts: Downtown (El Dahar) is the old part; Sekalla is the city center, and El Memsha (Village road) is the modern part. Sakalla is the relatively modest hotel quarter. Dahar is where the town's largest bazaar, the post office and the long-distance bus station are situated. The city is served by the Hurghada International Airport with scheduled passenger traffic to and from Cairo and direct connections with several cities in Europe. The airport has undergone massive renovations to accommodate rising traffic. Hurghada is known for its watersports activities, nightlife and warm weather. Daily temperature hovers round 30 degrees celsius most of the year. Numerous Europeans spend their Christmas and New Year holidays in the city, primarily Germans, Russians and Italians. To emphasize the importance of China, the Spring 2007 IDF was held in Beijing instead of San Francisco, and that San Francisco and Taipei will share the Fall IDF event in September and October, respectively. Three IDF shows were scheduled in 2008; with the date of IDF San Francisco notably moving to August rather than September. In previous years, events were held in major cities across the world such as San Francisco, Mumbai, Bangalore, Moscow, Cairo, Sao Paulo, Amsterdam, Munich and Tokyo. thumb right Telescope Bernard Lyot (File:Téléscope Bernard Lyot.jpg) '''Bernard Ferdinand Lyot''' (27 February 1897 in Paris – 2 April 1952 in Cairo) was a French (France) astronomer. Airport Yanbu also has an international airport (Yanbu Domestic Airport) (code (IATA airport code) YNB) that was built in 2009. It only offers flights to Jeddah and Riyadh within Saudi Arabia. Internationally, it offers flights to Dubai and Sharjah (Sharjah (emirate)) in the United Arab Emirates, Cairo, Egypt, and as of March 26, 2012, will offer flights to Manama, Bahrain. Career Spring-Rice went on to become the British Chargé d'Affaires (Chargé d'affaires) in Tehran (1900), Commissioner of Public Debt in Cairo (1901) and Chargé d'Affaires in St. Petersburg (1903). He later served in Persia (1906) and Sweden (1908) before his appointment as ambassador (Ambassador (diplomacy)) to the United States in 1912. He was abruptly recalled in a one-line telegram, and died in Ottawa shortly thereafter, where he is buried in Beechwood Cemetery. Parliament and Channel Fleet In acknowledgment of his distinguished services during the campaign Napier was knighted (Order of the bath) on 4 December 1840, and was also included in the vote of thanks by the Houses of Parliament. He was also presented by the Emperors of Russia and Austria and the King of Prussia with the Order of St. George of Russia (Order of St. George); the Order of Maria Theresa of Austria (Military Order of Maria Theresa); and the Red Eagle of Prussia (Order of the Red Eagle). In January 1841, Napier he carried out a special mission to Alexandria and Cairo to see that the treaty was being adhered to before returning to Britain in March. He was invited to stand as Parliamentary candidate in two constituencies and so at his own request was placed on half pay. He was returned as Liberal Party (Liberal Party (UK)) MP for Marylebone (Marylebone (UK Parliament constituency)) at the 1841 general election (United Kingdom general election, 1841). He spoke mainly on naval topics, especially conditions for seamen and increasing the strength of the navy. In November, 1841, he was appointed Naval Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria (Victoria of the United Kingdom). He subsequently wrote and published ''War in Syria'', his personal account of the campaign. On 4 December 1845 he was invested with the Freedom of the City of Edinburgh. Biography Sayyaf is an ethnic Pashtun (Pashtun people). http: www.laghman.net profiles sayyaf.asp


Croatia

as 550,000, although its pure exaggerating)were '''expelled''' from RSK; and that 500,000 (''some sources go as high as 700,000, although this is also exaggerated'') Serbs (''of whome 300,000 left Croatia up to 1993 and up to 250,000 left shortly before during after Operation Storm'') were '''compelled to leave evacuated fled''' from Croatia. I find this a bit one-sided on wikipedia. History of Croatia (the ''modern part'' article) does not distance itself from


Madrid

to be an abandoned and marginal area. However recently, it has quickly turned into the most avant-garde and modern part of Madrid. Thanks to the gay community, old shops were taken over and turned into the coolest places of Madrid. Today it is an example of modernity, a paradise for entertainment where everything is possible. The streets are filled with restaurants, alternative cafés and shops, a good example is the Market of Fuencarral (Mercado de Fuencarral, in Spanish) a novel shopping center concept


France

Airport ) ** Salzburg (Salzburg Hauptbahnhof) or Munich, Germany (Munich S-Bahn) In recent years a new modern part of Vieux Fort has been erected to reflect the modern world, yet if you walk along Clark Street and its surrounding roads, you will still see what is known as The Old Town. Here you will see historic colonial houses that give Vieux Fort a touch of Old England and France (albeit they do need a bit of renovation now). In recent times


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