"MexDesOax" The Aztecs entered the valley in 1440 and named it “Huaxyacac,” a Nahuatl phrase meaning "among the huaje" (Leucaena leucocephala) trees. A strategic military position was created here, at what is now called the Cerro (large hill) del Fortín to keep an eye on the Zapotec capital of Zaachila and secure the trade route between the Valley of Mexico, Tehuantepec and what is now Central America.
an important military position as one of the centers for organization of supply for the military frontier. After the establishment of Karlovac in what is now Croatia in 1579, it lost that position. *'''Gorski kotar''' the region occupies the area between the major cities of Karlovac and Rijeka (a.k.a. ''Fiume'') The regions main city is Delnice. The river Kupa (Kupa River (Croatia)) separates the region from the Republic of Slovenia in the north. Professor Ante
was that he was horrified at the 1641 rebellion and had signed the Adventurers Act into law in 1642, which proposed confiscating all rebel held lands in Ireland. A new policy of refusing pardon to any Irish rebels had also been agreed in London and Dublin (issuing pardons had been a common method to end Irish conflicts in the previous century). Therefore his forces remained hostile to the Confederates until 1643, when his military position in England started to weaken. Many of the Confederate
for thousands of years, especially in connection with the important ancient centers of Monte Albán and Mitla, which are close to modern Oaxaca city. The Aztecs entered the valley in 1440 and named it "Huaxyacac," a Nahuatl phrase meaning "among the huaje" (Leucaena leucocephala) trees. A strategic military position was created here, at what is now called the Cerro (large hill) del Fortín to keep an eye on the Zapotec capital
of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. In Kaifeng, he established a strong central government over the empire. He ensured administrative stability by promoting the civil service examination (Imperial examination) system of drafting state bureaucrats by skill and merit (instead of aristocrat (Aristocracy (class))ic or military position) and promoted projects that ensured efficiency in communication throughout the empire. One such project was the creation by Chinese cartography
declaring his mission as a Messenger of God in letters to the world's religious and secular rulers, including Pope Pius IX, Napoleon III, and Queen Victoria (Victoria of the United Kingdom). Seeing the military position of the Bulgarian army the Ottomans (Ottoman Empire) decided to intervene. They attacked and finding no opposition, managed to recover eastern Thrace with its fortified city of Adrianople (Edirne), regaining an area in Europe which was only slightly larger than the present-day European territory of the Republic of Turkey. Life Born to Jacques Canetti and Mathilde ''née'' Arditti in Ruse (Ruse, Bulgaria), a city on the Danube in Bulgaria, Elias Canetti was the eldest of three sons of a Jewish businessman. Commons:Edirne
represent the government, former rebels, and other opposition political parties. The National Assembly is an appointed parliament and replaced the latest elected parliament. As the military position of the CSM continued to decline in 1977, Malloum's political overtures to the rebel groups and leaders became increasingly flexible. In September Malloum and Habré met in Khartoum to begin negotiations on a formal alliance. Their efforts culminated in a carefully drafted agreement, the Fundamental Charter, which formed the basis of the National Union Government of August 1978. Malloum was named president (Head of state) of the new government, while Habré, as prime minister, became the first significant insurgent (insurgency) figure to hold an executive position in a postcolonial government. In 1997 Plantu opened a gallery in Khartoum, Sudan. In Budapest, the president of the Hungary (Hungarian Republic), Árpád Göncz, inaugurated an exhibit of Plantu and Gabor Papai. He also opened a new gallery opens at the French Arts centre of Mexico City. Finally, a collection of his work was exhibited at CRAC in Valence (Valence, Drôme), France. African Union (AU) *The AU met in Khartoum on January 23 and January 24, 2006. It decided against the extradition of former Chadian president Hissène Habré to Belgium and announced the formation of a commission to find an African judiciary to try (Trial (law)) him. Denis Sassou Nguesso, President (Heads of state of the Republic of the Congo) of the Republic of the Congo, became the Chairperson of the African Union's Assembly of Heads of State. The chair was originally supposed to return to Sudan, but at the request of several AU members, President (List of Presidents of Sudan) of Sudan Omar al-Bashir decided to relinquish his position in view of the AU's participation in the resolution of the Darfur conflict. Members agreed that his chairmanship would affect the credibility of the AU. * The confluence at Lokoja, Nigeria, where the Niger (Niger River) and Benue (Benue River) rivers merge. * The Sudanese capital of Khartoum, located at the confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile. This merging point is the beginning of the Nile. * Columbus, Ohio in the United States is located at the confluence of the Scioto (Scioto River) and Olentangy (Olentangy River) rivers. On 1 December 2007 Baroness Warsi travelled to Khartoum, with the Labour peer Lord Ahmed (Nazir Ahmed, Baron Ahmed), to mediate in the Sudanese teddy bear blasphemy case: a British citizen teaching at Unity High School (Unity High School (Sudan)) had been prosecuted and jailed for insulting Islam (Islam and blasphemy), after allowing her class to name a teddy bear Mohammed. Although the peers' meeting with the Sudanese President (president of Sudan) Omar al-Bashir did not lead directly to Gillian Gibbons being pardoned, it is acknowledged that, along with the enormous efforts made by her family, friends, and others, it may have been an indirect and helpful contribution to her release. Teacher speaks of Sudan 'ordeal' - BBC News - 4 December 2007 Tory peer's triumph delights Cameron - ''The Guardian'' - 4 December 2007 On January 19, 2006, Abdelwahid was arrested, along with nineteen other rebels, after participating in an interview to Radio France Internationale in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum, in which he stated that "FUC's relations with the Sudanese government are friendly - very close", and argued that this was in line with the tradition under which successive Chadian rebellions had seized power with some degree of support from Khartoum. WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
the government and returned to the former Southern capital of Aden, claiming that the new government was ignoring the needs of the south. On 21 May 1994, as the South's military position weakened, al-Beidh declared the Democratic Republic of Yemen. He served as the only President of the DRY, from 21 May to 7 July 1994. Al-Beidh fled to the neighboring Sultanate of Oman after his failed secession. He was subsequently removed from his positions in the Yemeni Socialist Party.
Philip as King Philip V of Spain at the Peace of Utrecht, but in the process Philip lost the Spanish Netherlands, Naples, Milan, Sardinia, Sicily, parts of Milan, Gibraltar and Minorca to the victorious alliance. Spain responded by modernising its army and navy, Anderson, p.97. including through the work of Cardinal Alberoni, in an attempt both to regain its military position in the Mediterranean and to reintroduce a degree of parity with France (Early Modern France), the predominant European land power. Spain's defeat by France in the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718–1720) confirmed her junior status for the coming decades, whilst the successful deployment of the Britain's Royal Navy into the Mediterraean, Simms, p.135. exploiting the fortress of Gibraltar, gained in 1704, would place Spain at a significant naval disadvantage for many years. The huge distances involved in warfare between European powers in the Americas usually counted in favour of the defenders; major attacks on Spanish possessions, such as the amphibious assault launched against the strategically vital Cartagena de Indias by the British in 1741 ended in disaster for the overstretched attackers. Nonetheless, Spain's involvement (Spain in the American Revolutionary War) in the American Revolutionary War (1779–83) was a relative success, and underlined the global resources that Spain still had at her disposal and the opportunities for taking on Britain at the right moment. Spain entered the war after the Battle of Saratoga, with the aim, as in the Seven Years War, of recovering Gibraltar and Minorca from the British, and thereby reestablishing control over the western Mediterranean. Spain's successful defence of the Louisiana Territory, her invasion of Minorca in 1781 (Invasion of Minorca, 1781), Chartrand, pp54-56. whilst seizing West Florida from the British, showed her continuing strength in the New World, although the British defence of Gilbratar (Great Siege of Gibraltar) by sea prevented Spain of achieving all her war goals. Chartrand,p.84. ''Aconit'' spent the first months of 1944 in Casablanca and Gibraltar, and on 5 June 1944 she escorted the convoy U-3 from Torbay to France, coming under attack from German airplanes. During the Normandy landings, she was attached to the 108th escort group, along with Free French ships ''Aventure'', ''Escarmouche'' and ''Renoncule''. Shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, Morgan was promoted to brigadier and assumed command of the 1st Support Group of the 1st Armoured Division (1st Armoured Division (United Kingdom)), which he led during the Battle of France. In May 1942 he was became a lieutenant general and given command of the I Corps (I Corps (United Kingdom)). Morgan's headquarters was designated Force 125, and given the task of dealing with a German thrust through Spain to Gibraltar that never occurred. In March 1943 he was appointed Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)) to the Supreme Allied Commander (Designate), or COSSAC. As COSSAC he directed the planning for Operation Overlord. When General (General (United States)) Dwight Eisenhower became Supreme Allied Commander, Major General (Major General (United States)) Bedell Smith (Walter Bedell Smith) became Chief of Staff at Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), while Morgan became Deputy Chief of Staff. - Gibraltar
of Punjab, in 1829. He sought out the French general Jean-François Allard, who introduced him to the Maharaja. Harlan was offered a military position but declined, looking for something more lucrative. This, he eventually found: After lingering at the court for some time he was offered the position of Governor of Gujrat District, a position he accepted. Before giving him this position, however, the Maharaja decided to test Harlan. His first recorded match came in 1921 when he played