''Chronicon Pictum'' equates this ''Magor'' with Magog, son of Japheth. In Islam '''Azov campaigns of 1695–96''' (Азо́вские похо́ды in Russian (Russian language)), two Russian military campaign (Military campaign)s during the Russo-Turkish War of 1686–1700, led by Peter the Great (Peter I of Russia) and aimed at capturing the Turkish (Turkey) fortress of Azov (garrison - 7,000 men), which had been blocking Russia's access to the Azov Sea
of the war in 1735–1738 The casus belli were the raids of the Crimean Tatars on Cossack Hetmanate (Ukraine) in the end of 1735 and the Crimean khan (Khan (title))'s military campaign in the Caucasus. In 1736, the Russian commanders envisioned the seizure of Azov and the Crimea. Salekhard is twinned (twin towns and sister cities) with: *Azov, Rostov Oblast, Russia Ivan dispatched soldiers to Astrakhan, establishing Darwish Khan as a vassal ruler of the Astrakhan Khanate in 1554. Pro-muscovite nobles and Nogay tribesmen supported Russian forces occupying Astrakhan. After the threat of Crimean raid against Astrakhan had subsided, Darwish Khan conspired with the Crimean Khanate to drive the Russians out of the region. Ivan IV sent Russian Strelets and Cossack armies, who conquered and annexed the region in 1556. Xacitarxan was besieged, burned; the khanate was adsorbed by Russians and abolished. Darwish Khan escaped to the castle of Azov. After the fall of khanate, Tatars were attacked by Kalmyk (Kalmyk people)s, that displaced Nogai nomads. After capturing Azov in 1696, Peter the Great (Peter I of Russia) decided to build the canal, but, because of a lack of resources and other problems, this attempt was abandoned in 1701 without success. In 1701, he initiated a second attempt (the so-called ''Ivanovsky Canal'') under the administration of Knyaz Matvey Gagarin. Instead of connecting the lower course of the Don with the lower course of the Volga near the present canal, the Ivanovsky Canal connected the upper course of the Don in what is now Tula Oblast. Between 1702 and 1707, twenty-four lock (ship lock)s were constructed, and, in 1707, about 300 ships passed the canal under remarkably difficult navigation conditions. In 1709 due to financial difficulties caused by the Great Northern War, the project was stopped. In 1711, under terms of the Treaty of the Pruth, Russia left Azov and Peter the Great lost all interest in the canal, which was abandoned and fell into ruin. Plechko L.A. Old water routes, Moscow, 1985. 0.96 Lacy had reached the rank of Field Marshal with the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish War (Russo-Turkish War, 1735-1739), in which his success exceeded even the most unreasonable expectations. In 1736 he was in charge of the Don Army which took the key citadel of Azov, and in the next year his corps crossed the Syvash marshes into Crimea, where he fell upon the 15,000-strong Crimean army and routed them in two battles, on June 12 and June 14. In 1738, Lacy's corps again landed in Crimea and took the fortress of Çufut Qale near the Khan's capital, Bakhchisaray.
of Northern Alliance troops in Kabul on November 13. The main goals of the war were to defeat the Taliban, drive al-Qaeda out of Afghanistan, and capture key al-Qaeda leaders. In December 2001, the Pentagon reported that the Taliban had been defeated,
Shanker, Tom and Eric Schmitt work The New York Times title A Nation Challenged; Military Campaign; Taliban Defeated, Pentagon Asserts, but War Goes On but cautioned that the war would go on to continue weakening Taliban and al-Qaeda leaders. Later that month the UN had installed the Afghan Transitional Administration chaired by Hamid Karzai.
Government (TFG), which recently completed a military campaign against the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The Islamic Courts Union is now part of the TFG, along with the Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia The TFG is supported by the United Nations. Until recently, it governed out of an administrative capital in Baidoa. In the last days of 2006, forces of the transitional government supported by Ethiopian forces ousted the ICU from Mogadishu. Peace keeping forces from the African Union are expected to support the transitional government in its bid to control the country. left thumb Flag of al-Shabaab (Image:Somalia Islamic Courts Flag.svg), Somalia's most prominent rebel group since the collapse of the Islamic Courts Union. Mogadishu was subsequently run by competing warlords until 2006, when Islamists (Islamism) and businessmen formed a successful coalition government, which came to be known as the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The ICU seized control of the entire country, except for the town of Baidoa, which was held by the Transitional Federal Government, the internationally recognized government of Somalia. Later that same year, the Ethiopian military (Ethiopian National Defense Force) ousted the ICU and restored the internationally-recognized government, birth_place Baidoa, Somalia death_date Early years Born in Baidoa, Somalia, Farah is the son of a merchant father and a poet mother. As a child, he attended school at Kallafo (Kelafo) in the Ogaden, and studied English (English language), Arabic (Arabic language), and Amharic (Amharic language). In 1963, three years after Somalia's independence, Farah was forced to flee the Ogaden following serious border conflicts. For several years thereafter, he pursued a degree in philosophy, literature and sociology at Panjab University (Panjab University, Chandigarh) in Chandigarh, India. DATE OF BIRTH November 24, 1945 PLACE OF BIRTH Baidoa, Somalia DATE OF DEATH On February 23, 1999, militiamen loyal to Aidid murdered 60 civilians in Baidoa and Daynunay. The RRA was found in a ''shir'' assembly at Jhaffey, west of Baidoa, on 13 October 1995. Col. Hassan Mohamed Nur, "Shaargaduud" (Red Shirt) was elected chair, and an executive committee composed of officers, traditional and religious leaders, and intellectuals was established. The formation of the RRA was triggered by the invasion of Baidoa by Hussein Mohamed Farrah's militia on 17 September 1995, which overthrew the local government, The Digil-Mirifle Supreme Governing Council, which was established in March 1995. Aideed completed the occupation of Reewin land by capturing Huddur in the Bakool Region (Bakool). The MEU's ground combat element, 2nd Battalion 9th Marines (2 9), performed simultaneous raids on the Port of Mogadishu and Mogadishu International Airport, establishing a foothold for additional incoming troops. Echo and Golf Company assaulted the airport by helicopter and Amphibious Assault Vehicles, while Fox Company secured the port with an economy of force rubber boat raid. The 1st Marine Division's Air Contingency Battalion (ACB), 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, arrived soon after the airport was secured. Elements of BLT 3 9 India Co, 3rd Battalion 9th Marines and 1 7 went on to secure the airport in Baidoa, the port city of Kismayo, and the city of Bardera. Air support was provided by the combined helicopter units of HMLA-267, HMH-361, HMM-164 and HC-11 DET.10. * Amidst scandals regarding the sale of land in Jerusalem, Patriarch Irenaios I of Jerusalem (Patriarch Irenaios) has been replaced by Metropolitan Cornelius of Petra (Metropolitan Cornelius), who serves as ''locum tenens'' of the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem.BBC * Fighting in the proposed Somali (Somalia) capital of Baidoa threatens the stability of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia. BBC * Angela Merkel is elected by the CDU (Christian Democratic Union (Germany)) CSU (Christian Social Union of Bavaria) as candidate to become Chancellor of Germany (Chancellor of Germany (Federal Republic)) in the upcoming German federal election, 2005. (Spiegel online, German) Mogadishu's fruit and vegetable market used to have a section containing Bardera's famous onion product. Since the start of the civil war in Somalia, produce from Bardera to large cities like Mogadishu, Kismayo or Baidoa were diverted to Kenyan markets such as Wajir, Garissa, Mombasa and Nairobi. The Somali government, the Transitional Central Government in city of Baidoa (w:Baidoa), a bystander to the recent events, is the 14th of such authorities in Somalia since the overthrow of dictator Mohamed Siad Barre (w:Siad Barre) in 1991. The government is currently seeking talks with the Islamists groups with a view to establishing peace for the country. Abdi Qeybdid is thought have been injured and still hiding inside the city. He is one of the last of the United States (w:United States of America) backed secular warlords who took control of the capital with the collapse of the government in 1991. The government itself is too weak to maintain the capital and so has been based in the southern town of Baidoa (w:Baidoa). It is now divided over whether to continue negotiations with the Islamists, who it accuses of breaking an agreed ceasefire; talks between the two sides were supposed take place on Sunday in Khartoum. (w:Khartoum)
; The site was used in 1189 C.E. as a Crusader encampment during a military campaign, Abu Shama, RHC Or, IV, p. 406. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 111 and a document dated October 1200 recorded the sale of the village by King Amalric II of Jerusalem to the Teutonic Order. Strehlke, 1869, pp. 30-31, No.38. Cited in Petersen
to Muhyiddin Ibn Sharaf al-Din Kharroub), all collected for the army. The total value of these taxes in 1538 for the three villages was 3,800 Akjh (one silver coin). This rose to 5,100 Akjh in 1596. Category:Populated places in the Jerash Governorate Category:Archaeological sites in Jordan Sakib & Souf was the seed for modern Jerash. For many centuries they were the center of the al-Meradh area during the Ottoman Empire. The Al-Meradh region was called this because it was the only region in the north of Jordan which resisted the southern Bedouin looting attacks that used to be launched by Bedouin tribes. They led a resistance alliance which finally succeeded in defeating the Bedouin. Also took the name cause they objected to the oppression of the Ottoman rule during the stages of his crime. Jerash actually re-inhabited by the local people of Sakib & Souf and the surrounding villages who are now the vast majority of the city population. It became a destination for many successive waves of foreign migrants. The first wave started during the second half of the nineteenth century when the Syrians (Demographics of Syria) (Shwam) and the Circassians camped nearby the old ruins. The new immigrants have been welcomed by the local people and settled down in the city. Later, Jerash also witnessed waves of Palestinian refugees who flow to the city in 1948 and 1967. However, recently the city of Jerash has been expanded to include many of the surrounding villages including Sakib, Souf, Dairelliat, Thougretasfour, Jaba, Aljbarat and Majar. Other important villages in the governate include: Kitteh, Nahlé, Burma, Mustabah, Jubba, Raimoun, Kufr Khall, Balila, and Qafqafa.
expansion into the Tarim Basin (Emperor Taizong's campaign against Xiyu states), Emperor Taizong of Tang launched a military campaign against Yanqi (Tang campaigns against Karasahr) after the kingdom allied itself with the Turks. The Four Garrisons of Anxi was established with one based at Yanqi. Karashahr become known to Europeans as '''Cialis'''-an Italianized transcription of the Turkic (Turkic languages) '''Chalis''') The period's books (e.g. Ricci's De Christiana
title Ombres contra Hombres publisher Fondo de la Cultura de la Universidad de México location México year 1946 language Spanish ref harv
Yong ) within a span of a few months, with the regime stabilizing under Murong Yong, who settled down at the capital of Zhangzi (長子, in modern Changzhi, Shanxi). Murong Sheng, along with his uncle Murong Rou and brother Murong Hui, settled in as well. During Lü Guang's reign When Lü Guang founded Later Liang in 386 (after he had taken over Liang Province (涼州, modern central and western Gansu after a return for a military campaign in central Asia on Former Qin's behalf
, Siverian lands (Siveria), cities of Chernihiv, Starodub, Smolensk and its outskirts were also ceded to Russia, while Poland retained Right-bank Ukraine. Both parties agreed not to sign a separate treaty with the Ottoman Empire. By signing this treaty, Russia became a member of the anti-Turkish coalition, which comprised Poland, the Holy Roman Empire and Venice. Russia pledged to organize a military campaign against the Crimean Khanate, which led to the Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700). In 1663 Mazepa returned home as his father fell ill. After the death of his father in 1665 he inherited the title of the Czernihów (Chernihiv) cupbearer. In 1669–1673 Mazepa served under Hetman Petro Doroshenko as a squadron (squadron (army)) commander at the Hetman Guard, particularly during his 1672 campaign in Halychyna, and as a chancellor on diplomatic missions to Poland, Crimea, and Ottoman Empire. In 1674–1681 Mazepa served as a "courtier" of Doroshenko's rival Hetman Ivan Samoylovych after was taken hostage on the way to Crimea by Kosh Otaman Ivan Sirko in 1674. In 1677-78 Mazepa participated in the Chyhyryn campaigns during which Yuri Khmelnytsky with the support from the Ottoman Empire tried to regain power in Ukraine. A young educated Mazepa quickly rose through the Cossack ranks and in 1682–1686, he served as a General-Yesaul. thumb Lviv soccer fans at a game vs. Donetsk. The banner reads "Bandera - our hero" (File:Бандера - наш герой.jpg) Bandera continues to be a divisive figure in Ukraine. Although Bandera is venerated in certain parts of western Ukraine, and 33% of Lviv's residents consider themselves to be followers of Bandera, In Western Ukraine, Even Ethnic Russians Vote for Pro-Ukrainian Parties by Paul Goble, Eurasia Review. September 12, 2010 in surveys of Ukraine as a whole he, along with Joseph Stalin and Mikhail Gorbachev, is considered among the three historical figures who produce the most negative attitudes. Yaroslav Hrytsak. (2005). Historical Memory and Regional Identity. In ''Galicia: A Multicultured Land.'' Christopher Hann and Paul Robert Magocsi (Eds.) Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 185-209 A national survey conducted in Ukraine in 2009 inquired about attitudes by region toward's Bandera's faction of the OUN. It produced the following results: In Galicia (provinces of Lviv, Ternopil, and Ivano-Frankivsk) 37% had a "very positive" opinion of Bandera, 26% a "mostly positive" opinion, 20% were neutral, "mostly negative", 6% very negative, and 6% unsure. In Volhynia, 5% had a very positive opinion, 20% a mostly positive opinion, 57% were neutral, 7% were mostly negative, 5% very negative and 7% were unsure. In Transcarpathia (Zakarpattia Oblast) 4% of the respondents had a very positive opinion, 32% a mostly positive opinion, 50% were neutral, none had a mosly negative opinion, 7% had a very negative opinion and 7% were unsure. In contrast, in central Ukraine (comprising the capital Kiev, as well as the provinces of Zhytomyr, Cherkasy, Chernihiv, Poltava, Sumy, Vinnytsia, and Kirovohrad) attitudes towards Bandera's faction of the OUN were 3% very positive, 10% mostly positive, 24% neutral, 17% mostly negative, 21% very negative and 25% unsure. In Eastern Ukraine (the provinces of Donetsk, Luhansk, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhia) 1% each had very positive or mostly positive attitudes towards Bandera's OUN, 19% were neutral, 13% mostly negative, 26% very negative and 20% unsure. In Ukraine's south (the Odessa, Mykolaiv and Kherson regions plus Crimea) 1% each were very or mostly positive, 13% were neutral, 31% mostly negative, 48% very negative and 25% were unsure. In Ukraine as a whole, 6% of Ukrainians had a very positvie opinion, 8% a mostly positive opinion, 23% were neutral, 15% had a mostly negative opinion, 30% had a very negative opinion, and 18% were unsure. Ivan Katchanovski. (2009). Terrorists or National Heroes? Politics of the OUN and the UPA in Ukraine Paper prepared for presentation at the Annual Conference of the Canadian Political Science Association, Montreal, June 1–3, 2010 '''Oleksiy Rozum''' was born on March 17, 1709 (NS: March 28) on the farm Lemeshi near Chernihiv in the family of a registered Ukrainian Cossack, Hryhory Rozum. In his youth he was a shepherd; then he was taught to read and write by the rural sexton. Having a fine voice he sang in the choir at the village church. In 1731, Colonel Vyshnevsky, one of empress Anna Ivanovna (Anna of Russia)’s courtiers, while passing through the village on his way back to the Russian capital from a mission to Hungary, was wonder-struck with his vocal ability, and took him to St. Petersburg (Saint Petersburg) where he joined the choir of the Ukrainian palace chapel. Vsevolod Olgovich (Vsevolod II of Kiev), then Prince of Chernigov (Chernihiv), the Cumans and his allies who were asked by Iziaslav to make his point against Viacheslav, continued their war against Yaropolk and crossed the Dnieper to loot the Kiev region. After a decisive battle at the river Supoy in 1135, Yaropolk had to cede the town of Kursk and Poseme only gained 17 years earlier. After a brief stint in Chernihiv, where he built the Church of St. Paraskebas, Rurik, along with his kinsmen and a Cuman army, attacked and sacked Kiev in 1203, but was repelled until Roman's death in 1205. Rurik had been confined to a monastery in 1204, but he abandoned his holy vows and returned to the throne. In 1180, Ingvar Yaroslavich joined Ryurik Rostislavich in his struggle against Sviatoslav Vsevolodovich (Sviatoslav III of Kiev) of Chernihiv. According to the Tale of Igor's Campaign, Ingvar was a brave man, however, he never wanted to irritate his powerful neighbors. In 1183, for instance, Ingvar refused to accommodate Vladimir Yaroslavich in Dorogobuzh, who had been banished from Halych. It appears that Ingvar was wary of Yaroslav Osmomysl, Vladimir Yaroslavich's father. Soon after this, Ingvar took place of his older brother Vsevolod Yaroslavich as the ruler of Lutsk. In 1202, Ingvar was appointed ruler of Kiev instead of the ousted Ryurik Rostislavich in accordance with a deal between Roman Mstislavich of Halych and Vsevolod the Big Nest, Grand Prince of Vladimir. Ryurik, however, would regain Kiev that same year with the help of the Olgovichs and polovtsy. In 1204, Ingvar took part in capturing the city of Volodymyr-Volyns'kyi together with Alexander of Bielz. He was appointed ruler of the city on the spot, but was soon replaced by Alexander due to boyars' discontent. In 1208-1211, Ingvar sent his son to assist Daniil Romanovich in his struggle against the sons of Igor Sviatoslavich of Novhorod-Siverskyi. In 1212, Ingvar and Mstislav Romanovich attacked Vsevolod Sviatoslavich and captured Kiev. After a battle near Belgorod (Belgorod Kievsky) Ingvar voluntarily ceded Kiev to Mstislav Romanovich and left for Lutsk. Historians know that in the middle of the 9th century they were paying tribute to the Khazars. In 885, the Radimichs were conquered by Prince Oleg of Novgorod and became part of Kievan Rus. In 907, the Radimichs are mentioned as a part of Oleg's army in his military campaign (Rus'-Byzantine War (907)) against Byzantine empire. In 984, the Radimichs tried to break away from the Kievan Rus, but were defeated on the Pischan River by Vladimir the Great's commander Volchiy Khvost ("Wolf's Tail"). Since then, there had been no mentioning of the tribe in the chronicles. They continued living on their land, gradually assimilating with neighboring tribes and peoples and forming the Belarusian nationality (Belarusians). Subsequently, the lands of the Radimichs became a part of the Chernihiv and Smolensk principalities. Archaeological evidence (Archaeology#Methods) reveals that Chernihiv towns enjoyed an unprecedented degree of prosperity during his period which suggests that promoting trade was a priority for him. Commercial interests, in part, also motivated him to seize control of Halych and Kiev because they were channels through which goods from the Rhine valley and Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary) passed to Chernihiv (Ukraine). He also negotiated commercial treaties and political alliances with the Poles and the Hungarians. The following year, Daniel acquired Kiev, the traditional capital of the defunct state of Kievan Rus'. Faced with the Mongol (Mongols) menace, he sent his commander Dmytro (Voivode Dmytro) to defend the city. However, after a long siege its walls were breached and despite fierce fighting within the city, Kiev fell on December 6, 1240 and was largely destroyed. A year later, the Mongols passed through Galicia and Volhynia while campaigning against the Poles and Hungarians (Magyars), destroying Galicia. On August 17, 1245, Daniel defeated a combined force of the Prince of Chernihiv, disaffected boyars, and Hungarian (Hungary) and Polish (Poland) (see also Order of Dobrin) elements at Yaroslav and finally took the remainder of Galicia, thus reconstituting his father's holdings. He made his brother Vasylko ruler of Volhynia and retained the Galician title for himself, though he continued to exercise real powers in both places. *Fulton J. Sheen – Catholic bishop, author, TV show host, born in El Paso, Illinois *Abraham Shiplacoff – Jewish-American trade union organizer and left wing political activist, born in Chernigov (Chernihiv), Ukraine *Bobby Short – jazz musician, born in Danville, Illinois Ancestry George's grandfather Oleksandr Fedorovych Kistiakovsky was a professor of law and an attorney of the Russian Empire who specialized in the criminal law. Oleksandr Fedorovych was born in a family of a priest near Chernihiv. George's father Bohdan Kistiakovsky was the Ukrainian academician of law and the co-founder of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. His mother was Maria Berendshtam. George's uncle Ihor Kistiakovsky was the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian State. Triangulation quickly revealed the signals came from Ukraine. Confusion due to small differences in the reports being made from various military sources led to the site being alternately located near Kiev, Minsk, Chernobyl, Gomel or Chernihiv. All of these reports were describing the same deployment, with the transmitter only a few kilometers southwest of Chernobyl (south of Minsk, northwest of Kiev) and the receiver about 50 km northeast of Chernobyl (just west of Chernihiv, south of Gomel). Unknown to civilian observers at the time, NATO was aware of the new installation