Places Known For

making quick


Zeila

Zeila, Shewa common_languages Somali (Somali language), Arabic (Arabic language) The '''Ifat Sultanate''' was a medieval Muslim sultanate in the Horn of Africa. Led by the Walashma dynasty, it was centered in Zeila. The kingdom ruled over parts of what is now eastern Ethiopia, Djibouti and northern Somalia. Despite these steps, Sa'ad ad-Din's practice of making quick raids into Ethiopian territory presented a difficult challenge to the Ethiopian Emperor, and it was not until the sultan was pursued deep into Adal territory that the Ethiopians got purchase on the problem. After a battle between Sa'ad ad-Din and the Ethiopian general Barwa, in which the Ifat army was defeated and "no less than 400 elders, each of whom carried an iron bar as his insignia of office" were killed, Sa'ad ad-Din with his remaining supporters were chased to Zeila in modern Somalia. There, the Emperor besieged Zeila, finally capturing the city and killing Sultan Sa'ad ad-Din. Early Islamic States in Western Somaliland With the introduction of Islam in the 7th century in what are now the Afar (Afar people)-inhabited parts of Eritrea and Djibouti, the region began to assume a political character independent of Ethiopia. Three Islamic sultanates were founded in and around the area named Shewa (a Semitic-speaking sultanate in eastern Ethiopia, modern Shewa province and ruled by the Mahzumi dynasty, related to Muslim Amhara (Amhara people)s and Argobbas), Ifat (Kingdom of Ifat) (another Semitic-speaking Pankhurst, Richard. ''The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th century'' (Asmara, Eritrea: The Red Sea, Inc., 1997) sultanate located in eastern Ethiopia in what is now eastern Shewa) and Adal and Mora (Gadabursi Clan, Somali, and Harari vassal sultanate of Ifat by 1288, centered around Dakkar and later Harar, with Zeila as its main port and second city, in eastern Ethiopia and in Somaliland's Awdal region; Mora was located in what is now the southern Afar Region of Ethiopia and was subservient to Adal). Ottoman Somaliland In 1548 CE, the port city of Zeila was annexed by the Ottoman Empire. The reason for this was that Zeila is situated in a stragetic location on the Red Sea because it is near the Bab el Mandeb strait; a key area for trade with the East. For 300 years, Zeila enjoyed trade with other countries and was home to Arab, Persian (Persian people) and even Indian merchants. On 1884, when the empire was on the brink of collapse; Egypt, an Ottoman vassal at that time, occupied western parts of Somaliland, the other regions being controlled by Somali clans. Then, During the Scramble for Africa era, the region now claimed by Somaliland was the British Somaliland Protectorate. Biography While little is known of his life, according to Franz Steiner, al-Jabarti was born in the village of Tell el Gabarti in the northern Delta province of Beheira, al-Jabarti, 'Abd al-Rahman. History of Egypt: 'Aja'ib al-Athar fi 'l-Tarajim wa'l-Akhbar. vol.1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. 1994. while Abdulkader Saleh states that al-Jabarti was born in Cairo. Abdulkader Saleh, "Ǧäbärti," in von Uhlig, Siegbert, ed., ''Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: D-Ha''. Wiesbaden:Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005, p.597. According to al-Jabarti's writings, his name comes from his "seventh-degree grandfather," Abd al-Rahman, who was the earliest member of his family known to him. David Ayalon, "The Historian al-Jabartī and His Background," ''Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London'', 1960, p.238 The older Abd al-Rahman was from the al-Jabart region in Zeila, modern Somalia A history of Arabic literature‎ pg 423 by Clément Huart and visited the ''Riwaqs'' of the Jabarti communities in Mecca and Medina before making it to Egypt where he became Sheikh of the ''Riwaq'' there and head of the Jabarti community. - Salal (Salal, Somalia) Zeila Awdal - It took until 1897 before the necessary permission from French authorities was received, by which time significant opposition in Ethiopia had materialised. Elements of the traditional nobility were opposed to the construction, and there were popular demonstrations against it. There was also opposition from the British (United Kingdom) legation in Addis Ababa, which feared a reduction in traffic to the port of Zeila in British Somaliland. The 9th-century Islamic writers Al-Masudi and Yaqub Ibn Abudllah Al-Hamawi wrote in their book ''Aqeeliyoon'' (which describes the lives and lineages of the descendants of the prophet Mohammed's young cousin, Aqeel Ibn Abu Talib) that several Quraysh (Quraysh (tribe)) sub-clans moved to the city of Zeila in present day Somalia, around the ninth century A.D. Wikipedia:Zeila Commons:Category:Zeila


Kinshasa

shops and making quick stops and will serve as your translator if you get a good one. Be careful with any equipment you have with you such as digital cameras and video equipment. Be careful also of what you take pictures of. Even if they say no photos only at the airport and of government buildings, a lot of times the police and UN people will get upset if you are taking videos at other places where technically it is supposed to be ok to do. Just be sure to have plenty of locals with you that know what they are doing and can provide security and a way out if you get stuck or in trouble. Follow their advice and pay attention when out and about. When in doubt about taking a photo of something don't until you get very clear instructions that it is ok. Don't keep cameras in open view unless you've been cleared to take a photo (which is just like taking a photo to them it seems). Also be equally prepared for hostility and positive reactions when taking photos. When traveling by car, always lock all the doors before you set off, as it is not uncommon for opportunist thieves to try to open them and snatch belongings. For the same reason, keep bags and valuables out of reach and out of sight. If you are approached by people claiming to be police, be wary. If they are not in uniform, they are probably not police but are most likely hoping to relieve you of your money and valuables. A common tactic is for a group of men in a car to show a fake police identity card and ask you to go with them to the police station. Do not get in the car; just walk away. Be prepared to run. Never lose your temper, but keep negotiating in a friendly way; in the end, they will give up. Recent road scams have included a group of fake police officers in an unmarked 4x4 vehicle that will pull over unsuspecting people driving alone in cars, then forcibly take them in to their vehicle, drive them out to the country, rob them of everything and leave them stranded. While the main targets have been UN staff in obvious white UN vehicles, all foreigners driving should be wary of this group or others operating like them. For general safety, people should never drive alone in vehicles, especially after dark. Cope BBC World Service radio broadcast in English, French and Swahili in Kinshasa on 92.6MHz. Go next If departing from Kinshasa's N'djili International Airport, a fee of USD 50 must be paid (a receipt is issued) before entering the terminal. Visitors are allowed to go with you into the terminal if they pay a USD 10 fee. There is also a lounge on the second level where you can take a drink or eat while awaiting your flight. Announcements are not always made in a timely manner about flight departures or arrivals. In previous years visitors to the upstairs lounge could stand overlooking the tarmac but security concerns have increased the distance between the open air viewing and the lounge itself. WikiPedia:Kinshasa Commons:Category:Kinshasa


Romania

Regiment, but through most of the war in the Württemberg Mountain Battalion of the elite ''Alpenkorps'' (Alpenkorps (German Empire)). He gained a reputation for great courage, making quick tactical decisions and taking advantage of enemy confusion. He was wounded three times and awarded the Iron Cross, First and Second Class (Iron Cross). Rommel also received Prussia's highest award, the order of Pour le Mérite, after fighting in the Battles of the Isonzo in the north-eastern Alps


Boston

) and at Princeton University before moving to Bloomington with his wife, who works in the linguistics department at Indiana University. Burton won a state scholarship to the California School of Fine Arts, in San Francisco. Living across the bay in Alameda (Alameda, California), while attending art school, she used the long commute by train, ferry boat and cable car "to train myself in making quick sketches from life and from


Italy

in the 6th Württemberg Infantry Regiment, but through most of the war in the Württemberg Mountain Battalion of the elite ''Alpenkorps'' (Alpenkorps (German Empire)). He gained a reputation for great courage, making quick tactical decisions and taking advantage of enemy confusion. He was wounded three times and awarded the Iron Cross, First and Second Class (Iron Cross). Rommel also received Prussia's highest award, the order of Pour le Mérite, after fighting in the Battles of the Isonzo


France

(''see: Romanian Campaign (Romanian Campaign (World War I))'') and Italy (''see: Italian Campaign (Italian Campaign (World War I))''), first in the 6th Württemberg Infantry Regiment, but through most of the war in the Württemberg Mountain Battalion of the elite ''Alpenkorps'' (Alpenkorps (German Empire)). He gained a reputation for great courage, making quick tactical decisions and taking advantage of enemy confusion. He was wounded three times and awarded the Iron Cross Iron Cross


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