Places Known For

making great


the Fang La campaign, Wei Dingguo follows Lu Junyi's army to attack the enemy cities Xuanzhou and Huzhou, making great contributions to the nation. Wei Dingguo and Shan Tinggui are later assigned to lead the attack on Shezhou (present-day She County, Anhui). They see that the city gates are wide open without any enemies inside. Eager to earn the top credit for victory, they charge into the city, without suspecting that it may be a trap. They fall into a pit and are killed by enemy troops waiting in ambush. Campaigns and death Shan Tinggui becomes one of the leaders of the Liangshan cavalry after the Grand Assembly. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao (Liao Dynasty) invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by the emperor. During the Fang La campaign, Shan Tinggui is part of Lu Junyi's army and they capture the enemy cities of Xuanzhou (Xuanzhou District) and Huzhou, making great contributions to the nation. Shan Tinggui and Wei Dingguo are later assigned to lead the attack on Shezhou (present-day She County, Anhui). They see that the city gates are wide open without any enemies inside. Eager to earn the top credit for victory, they charge into the city, without suspecting that it may be a trap. They fall into a pit and are killed by enemy troops waiting in ambush. Despite Dong's destruction, the warfare between Qian and Yang Xingmi did not cease, and over the next several years there were intermittent battles as both sides tried to capture cities that the other side controlled. Qian captured Hu (湖州, in modern Huzhou, Zhejiang from Yang's vassal Li Yanhui (李彥徽) in 897 and recaptured Su from Huainan's officer Qin Pei (秦裴) in 898, while Tian Jun's subordinate Kang Ru (康儒) captured Wu Prefecture (婺州, in modern Jinhua, Zhejiang) from Qian's nominal vassal Wang Tan (王檀) in 899. ''Zizhi Tongjian'', vol. 261 (:zh:s:資治通鑑 卷261). In 901, Emperor Zhaozong bestowed the honorary chancellor title of ''Shizhong'' (侍中) on Qian. ''Zizhi Tongjian'', vol. 262 (:zh:s:資治通鑑 卷262). Also that year, Qian's mother Lady Shuiqiu died. Background and early career Chen Baxian was born in 503, the second year of the reign of Emperor Wu of Liang (the founding emperor of Liang Dynasty). He was from Wuxing Commandery (吳興, roughly modern Huzhou, Zhejiang). His family traced its ancestry to Chen Shi (陳寔), a county magistrate and Confucian scholar during Han Dynasty. During the lineage that was traced, Chen's ancestors generally served as low-level officials, although several were important figures in imperial governments of Jin Dynasty (Jin Dynasty (265-420)) and the subsequent Southern dynasties, including Chen Baxian's grandfather Chen Daoju (陳道巨). However, no record indicated that Chen Baxian's father Chen Wenzan (陳文讚) was an official. His mother was a Lady Dong, probably Chen Wenzan's wife. During Liang Dynasty Chen Qian was born in 522, as the oldest son of Chen Daotan (陳道譚), a commander of the Liang Dynasty palace guards. His mother's name is not recorded in history. When the rebel general Hou Jing attacked the capital Jiankang in 548 and put it under siege, Chen Daotan participated in the defense of Jiankang against Hou's siege, commanding archers, and he was killed by a stray arrow during the siege. (As the palace did not fall to Hou until 549, it is not clear whether Chen Daotan died in 548 or 549.) It appeared that during the disturbance, in order to avoid the banditry that was common in the countryside, Chen Qian went to the Chens' home commandery of Wuxing (吳興, roughly modern Huzhou, Zhejiang). After his uncle Chen Baxian (Emperor Wu of Chen) joined the campaign of Xiao Yi (Emperor Yuan of Liang) the Prince of Xiangdong (later Emperor Yuan) against Hou, Hou arrested both Chen Qian and Chen Baxian's son Chen Chang and imprisoned them. Only after the victory of Emperor Yuan's forces (commanded by Wang Sengbian with Chen Baxian as Wang's lieutenant) over Hou were Chen Qian and Chen Chang freed, and Chen Qian joined Chen Baxian's army. He quickly distinguished himself in minor campaigns against local bandits, and he became one of Chen Baxian's trusted generals. Biography A native of Huzhou, Zhejiang Province (Zhejiang), China, Qian was born in Shaoxing, attending Peking University and Tsinghua University. His father is Qian Xuantong. Qian went to France in 1937. He studied in Collège de Sorbonne and Collège de France, doing research under Frédéric Joliot-Curie and Irène Joliot-Curie. He returned to China in 1948. In the early years of the Kangxi Emperor's reign, the regent Oboi monopolised state power and introduced the practice of literary inquisition. Many intellectuals and scholars were persecuted for their writings. The Zhuang family of Huzhou compiled a book titled ''History of Ming'', which chronicles the events of the Ming Dynasty. As the book uses the Ming emperor's reign title (Chinese era name), considered taboo in the Qing Dynasty, it was reported to the authorities by Wu Zhirong. In 250, when Sun Hao was just eight, after Sun Quan tired of constant disputes between Sun He and his brother Sun Ba (孫霸) the Prince of Lu, he ordered Prince Ba to commit suicide and deposed Crown Prince He, who was exiled to Guzhang (故鄣, in modern Huzhou, Zhejiang), presumably with his family, and reduced to commoner status. Sun Hao went from the status of eventual presumed heir to being the son of a commoner, albeit the grandson of the emperor. After Sun Liang was deposed by Sun Jun's cousin and successor Sun Chen in 258, another uncle of Sun Hao's, Sun Xiu (Sun Xiu (emperor)), became emperor, and that year, Sun Xiu created Sun Hao and his brothers Sun De and Sun Qian marquesses. Sun Hao's title was the Marquess of Wucheng, and he was sent to his march (marches) (in modern Huzhou, Zhejiang). At some point, he befriended a magistrate of Wucheng County, Wan Yu (萬彧), who believed him to be intelligent and studious. By 250, Sun Quan tired of Sun Ba's constant attacks on his brother. Under the advice of his daughter Sun Dahu (孫大虎) and his personal assistant Sun Jun (Sun Jun (Three Kingdoms)), he forced Sun Ba to commit suicide and deposed Sun He, then appointed his youngest son, Sun Liang, as crown prince to replace Sun He. Sun He was reduced to the status of a commoner and exiled to Guzhang (in present-day Huzhou, Zhejiang). In 252, as Sun Quan neared death, he appointed Sun He as Prince of Nanyang, with his fief at Changsha. He died soon thereafter, and Sun Liang succeeded him under the regency of Zhuge Ke. Hisense has 13 manufacturing facilities in China (located in the provinces of: Guangdong, Guizhou, Huzhou, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Linyi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yangzhou, Yingkou, Xinjiang, Zibo and the municipality (Direct-controlled municipality) of Beijing) and several outside of China, namely in Hungary, South Africa, Egypt, Algeria and France. Timeline Hisense Official Site ;Hisense-Whirlpool (Zhejiang) Electric Appliances Co Ltd: A joint venture between Hisense Kelon and Whirlpool formed in 2008 for the development and production of washing machines and refrigerators, Whirlpool closing Shanghai washing machine plant, Tue Apr 7, 2009 12:34pm EDT Hisense provides this joint venture with refrigerator know-how and Whirlpool, its washing machine manufacturing expertise. Whirlpool, Hisense in China appliance venture, Mon Apr 28, 2008 9:30am EDT The company operates a plant in Huzhou, Zhejiang province (Zhejiang), which manufactures washing machines and large capacity refrigerators. Timeline Hisense Official Site ;Huzhou production base: A Hisense inverter-type variable-frequency air-conditioner production base is located in Huzhou, Zhejiang, and was set up on May 8, 2005. A joint venture between Hisense Air Conditioner Co Ltd and Zhejiang Xianke Air Conditioner Co, it is operated by subsidiary Hisense (Zhejiang) Air Conditioner Co Ltd and comprises a 60,000 square meter factory and over 200 mu (Chinese units of measurement) of land. Hisense Establishes Variable Frequency Air Conditioner Base (5 9), May 9, 2005 Early life Originally from Guzhang (故鄣), Danyang (present-dau Anji County, Huzhou), Shi Ran was a nephew of Sun Ce's veteran general, Zhu Zhi, who had a liking to the 13-year-old Shi Ran and asked Sun to grant him permission to adopt the child. Since Zhu had contributed considerably to Sun's pacification of Jiangdong and had not bore a son, Sun specifically ordered the Governor of Danyang to bring presents to the family of Shi for the ceremony and celebration. Thus, Shi Ran became an adopted son of Zhu Zhi and had his last name changed into Zhu. In addition, he studied together with Sun Ce's younger brother, Sun Quan as a young boy, and the two became very intimate. Because of this, after Sun Ce died and was succeeded by Sun Quan, Zhu Ran was made a Prefect of Yuyao (余姚) at the mere age of 19. Zhu was later appointed as chief of Shanyin (山陰), acting on authority of a captain, to oversee five local counties around the area. Pleased with his abilities, Sun further promoted him to be the Administrator of Linchuan (臨川), and gave him command over 2,000 soldiers. Pudong International Airport; continues north as S1 Yingbin Expressway Zhejiang border Continues to Huzhou, Zhejiang. - '''Shen Yue''' (


in 1993, 1998 and 2002. The Zone currently covers a total area of


, the school adopted the current name. As one of the 6 national higher education institutes for ethnic groups in China, SCUN is committed to the innovation in higher education for ethnic groups, and thus has achieved a rapid and comprehensive development. Everyone in SCUN, led by a wise and united leadership is making great effort for the comprehensive development of the school— to improve its teaching and learning conditions, enhance its education quality, construct a harmonious campus and ultimately make SCUN an outstanding university for ethnic groups with its own distinguishing features. SCUN is well on its way to a better future. Cope Consulates * WikiPedia:Wuhan Dmoz:Regional Asia China Hubei Wuhan commons:武汉

Toledo, Spain

was at that time making great progress in Toledo (Toledo, Spain), the old capital of the Visigoths and still a major city for the Christians under Islamic rule in Spain (Al-Andalus). He is believed to have had contacts with Beatus of Liébana, from the Kingdom of Asturias, who fought against Adoptionism. At the Council of Frankfurt in 794, Alcuin upheld the orthodox doctrine and obtained the condemnation of the heresiarch Felix of Urgel (Felix, Bishop of Urgel). Having failed during his stay in Northumbria to influence King Æthelred (Æthelred I of Northumbria) in the conduct of his reign, Alcuin never returned home. * ) is a stone fortification located in the highest part of Toledo, Spain. Once used as a Roman palace in the 3rd century, it was restored under Charles I (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) and Philip II of Spain in the 1540's. Henry Kamen, ''Philip of Spain'', (Yale University Press, 1999), 184-185. In 1521, Hernán Cortés was received by Charles I (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) at the Alcázar, following Cortes' conquest of the Aztecs. ''Toledo and the New World in the Sixteenth Century'', Javier Malagón-Barceló, '''The Americas''', Vol. 20, No. 2 (Oct., 1963), 124. Guillaume's nephew and namesake, Guillaume III de Croÿ (William de Croÿ (archbishop)) (1498-1521), was educated in Louvain (Leuven) with Juan Luís Vives, a great philosopher of the time. As it appeared unlikely that he would succeed to the lands of his grandfather, Philippe I, he was destined to the church. Family interests ensured his rapid promotion: he was elected Bishop of Cambrai at the age of 17. Within a year, Charles V (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) bestowed upon his young Burgundian friend the archbishopric of Toledo (Toledo, Spain), making him a cardinal and Primate of Spain. This unprecedented move brought Spain to the brink of a civil war. Guillaume accompanied his uncle and Charles to Worms, where on January 6 he died aged 22, following a fall from his horse. His tomb is in the Celestin monastery of Louvain, founded by his father.


Siwen is captured and Xu Ning attempts to save him but is hit by a poisoned arrow. Hao Siwen meets with a gruesome death at the hands of the enemy general Fang Tianding, who beheads and dismembers him. After the Liangshan outlaws are granted amnesty by the emperor (Emperor Huizong of Song), Zhang Shun follows them on their campaigns against the Liao (Liao Dynasty) invaders and rebel forces, making great contributions to his nation. During the Fang La campaign, Zhang Shun attempts to sneak into the enemy city of Hangzhou by scaling the Yongjin Gate (湧金門). He is discovered by Fang Tianding and killed by Fang's archers. After his death, his spirit possesses his brother's body and he slays Fang Tianding on Mount Wuyun for revenge. Lu Junyi's army merges with Song Jiang's in a co-ordinated attack on Hangzhou later. Deng Fei, Suo Chao and other heroes are assigned to lead the attack on the northern part of the city. Suo Chao fights with Shi Bao (Shi Bao (Water Margin)) and dies when Shi Bao strikes him with his club. Deng Fei attempts to avenge Suo Chao but Shi Bao moves faster than he does and slices him into two before he could do anything. Campaigns An Daoquan cures Song Jiang's illness within 10 days and becomes the ''de facto'' physician of Liangshan. He is in charge of treating the heroes of their illnesses and wounds and earns their respect in return. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao (Liao Dynasty) invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by the emperor (Emperor Huizong of Song). During the Fang La campaign, An Daoquan is summoned back to the capital city on the eve of the battle of Hangzhou to treat the emperor of his illness. He remains in Dongjing (present-day Kaifeng) for the rest of his life and becomes an imperial physician. - '''East China''' (6+4) Nanjing University (Nanjing, Jiangsu), University of Science and Technology of China (Hefei, Anhui), Zhejiang University (Hangzhou, Zhejiang), Southeast University (Nanjing, Jiangsu), Shandong University (Jinan, Shandong), Ocean University of China (Qingdao, Shandong) - Campaigns and death Bao Xu becomes one of the leaders of the Liangshan infantry after the Grand Assembly. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao (Liao Dynasty) invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by the emperor (Emperor Huizong of Song). During the Fang La campaign, Bao Xu and Li Kui are assigned to lead the attack on the northern gate of Hangzhou. Bao Xu slays the enemy general Lian Ming and charges into the city. However, he is caught off guard by Shi Bao (Shi Bao (Water Margin)), who is waiting in ambush inside the city, and is sliced into two by Shi. Campaigns and death Bai Sheng becomes one of the scout leaders of Liangshan after the Grand Assembly. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao (Liao Dynasty) invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by the emperor (Emperor Huizong of Song). He dies of illness after the battle of Hangzhou during the Fang La campaign. Zhu Yingtai is a beautiful and intelligent young woman, the ninth child and only daughter of the wealthy Zhu family of Shangyu, Zhejiang. Although traditions of that era discourage females from going to school, Zhu manages to convince her father to allow her to attend classes in disguise as a young man. During her journey to Hangzhou, she meets Liang Shanbo, a scholar from Kuaiji (present-day Shaoxing). They chat and feel a strong affinity for each other at their first meeting. Hence, they gather some soil as incense and take an oath of fraternity in the pavilion of a thatched bridge. Campaigns and death Zhu Fu is placed in charge of brewing wine for Liangshan after the Grand Assembly. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao (Liao Dynasty) invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by the emperor (Emperor Huizong of Song). Zhu Gui falls ill after the battle of Hangzhou during the Fang La campaign and Zhu Fu stays back to take care of his brother. Unfortunately, Zhu Fu falls ill as well and the brothers do not live to see the final victory over Fang La. Campaigns and death Zhu Gui becomes one of the scout leaders of Liangshan after the Grand Assembly and stationed in the tavern south of Liangshan. He is tasked with making preparations to receive the imperial envoy from the emperor (Emperor Huizong of Song), who grants the outlaws amnesty. Subsequently, he follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao (Liao Dynasty) invaders and rebel forces. He falls ill after the battle of Hangzhou during the Fang La campaign and dies of illness eventually on the verge of victory over Fang La. Zhu Gui is posthumously granted the title of "Righteous Gentleman of Integrity" (義節郎) by the emperor in recognition of his contributions. thumb 200px Yu Qian Temple, Hangzhou (Image:Yu Qian Temple.JPG) '''Yu Qian''' ( WikiPedia:Hangzhou Dmoz:Regional Asia China Zhejiang Hangzhou Commons:Hangzhou

Saint Petersburg

and essays were making great impression upon the young man. DATE OF DEATH 10 May 1889 PLACE OF DEATH Saint Petersburg, Russia During the Uprising, Kościuszko was named ''Naczelnik'' (Commander-in-Chief) of all Polish-Lithuanian forces fighting against Russian occupation, and issued his Proclamation of Połaniec. After initial successes following the Battle of Racławice, Kościuszko was wounded at Battle of Maciejowice


footballer (football (soccer)) and he was named "Turbo" for his speed on the attacking wing and making great cross in the area for the strikers. Crystal Palace After Greece won Euro 2004, lakis signed for a season long loan with Crystal Palace (Crystal Palace F.C.) in the Premiership (FA Premier League). He made 10 appearances for Palace. And notably missed the goal from 6 yards in the game against Arsenal at Selhurst Park while the score was 1-1. It is likely that Palace would have won the match had he scored. Unfortunately the club was relegated the same year and Lakis decided to return to Greece and his previous club AEK Athens FC. '''George Dalaras''' ( Commons:Category:Greece Wikipedia:Greece Dmoz:Regional Europe Greece


and strong bureaucracies such as the Japanese MITI. Many of these domestic policy choices, however, are now seen as detrimental to free trade and are hence limited by various international agreements such as WTO, TRIM or TRIPS. Instead, the recent focus for industrial policy has shifted towards the promotion of local business clusters and the integration into global value chains. Humphrey and Schmitz (2000): Governance and upgrading: Linking industrial cluster and global value chain research Perceptions of the family farm In developed countries (Developed country) the family farm is viewed sentimentally, as a lifestyle to be preserved for tradition's sake, or as a birthright (wikt:birthright). It is in these nations very often a political rallying cry against change in agricultural policy, most commonly in France, Japan, and the United States, where rural lifestyles are often regarded as desirable. In these countries, strange bedfellows can often be found arguing for similar measures despite otherwise vast differences in political ideology (Ideology#Political ideologies). For example, Patrick Buchanan and Ralph Nader, both candidates for the office of President of the United States, held rural rallies (Demonstration (people)) together and spoke for measures to preserve the so-called family farm. On other economic matters they were seen as generally opposed, but found common ground on this one. Mistral lived primarily in France and Italy between 1926 and 1932. During these years she worked for the League for Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations, attending conferences of women and educators throughout Europe and occasionally in the Americas. She held a visiting professorship at Barnard College of Columbia University in 1930–1931, worked briefly at Middlebury College and Vassar College in 1931, and was warmly received at the University of Puerto Rico at Rio Piedras, where she variously gave conferences or wrote, in 1931, 1932, and 1933. In Britain (Great Britain), gooseberry bushes are often found in copses and hedgerows and about old ruins, but the gooseberry has been cultivated for so long that it is difficult to distinguish wild bushes from feral ones, or where the gooseberry fits into the native flora of the island. Common as it is now on some of the lower slopes of the Alps of Piedmont (Piedmont (Italy)) and Savoy, it is uncertain whether the Romans (ancient Rome) were acquainted with the gooseberry, though it may possibly be alluded to in a vague passage of Pliny the Elder's ''Natural History (Pliny's Natural History)''; the hot summers of Italy, in ancient times as at present, would be unfavourable to its cultivation. Although gooseberries are now abundant in Germany and France, it does not appear to have been much grown there in the Middle Ages, though the wild fruit was held in some esteem medicinally (Pharmacology) for the cooling properties of its acid juice in fevers; while the old English (English language) name, ''Fea-berry'', still surviving in some provincial dialects, indicates that it was similarly valued in Britain, where it was planted in gardens at a comparatively early period. Cushions were, indeed, used as seats at all events in France and Spain at a very much later period, and in Saint-Simon (Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon)'s time we find that in the Spanish court they were still regarded as a peculiarly honourable substitute for a chair. In France, the right to kneel upon a cushion in church behind the king was jealously guarded and strictly regulated, as we learn again from Saint-Simon. This type of cushion was called a ''carreau'', or square. When seats were rude and hard, cushions may have been a necessity; they are now one of the minor luxuries of life. Expensive women's fashion gloves are made in France, Canada and other countries. For cheaper male gloves New York State, especially Gloversville, New York is a center of glove manufacturing. More

Soviet Union

. Americans divided over the issues of Communism and Atheism, but with the Great Purge, Cultural Revolution and 1956 Hungarian Uprising, many became concerned about the implications of Communism and Atheism. At the same time, the scientific community was making great strides in developing the theory of evolution, which seemed to make belief in God unreasonable under Occam's razor. The American shock and panic about the 1957 Sputnik (Sputnik 1) launch lead to passage of the National Defense Education Act in 1958 to reform American science curricula. This resulted in the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, also begun in 1958 and with the goal of writing new up-to-date biology textbooks. These new biology textbooks included a discussion of the theory of evolution. Within a few years, half of American schools were using the new BSCS biology textbooks. In addition, the hundredth anniversary of the publication of ''The Origin of Species'' was in 1959, and this sparked renewed public interest in evolutionary biology. The creationist fervor of the past seemed like ancient history. A historian at Oklahoma's Northeastern State University, R. Halliburton, even made a prediction in 1964 that "a renaissance of the creationist movement is most unlikely." R. Halliburton, Jr., Arkansas Hist. Q. 23, 283 (1964) The first communist military unit, the Sisak Brigade (1st Sisak Partisan Detachment), on 22 June 1941, the day Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union. This was ignored in official Yugoslav Historiography as it was not related to the Partisan movement. Wikipedia:Post-Soviet states commons:Союз Советских Социалистических Республик


). The modern Italian Greyhound's appearance is a result of breeders throughout Europe, particularly Austrian, German (Germany), Italian (Italy), French (France) and British (United Kingdom) breeders, making great contributions to the forming of this breed. The Italian Greyhound should resemble a small Greyhound, or rather a Sloughi, though they are in appearance more elegant and graceful. '''Isabella d'Este''' (19 May 1474 – 13 February 1539) was ''Marchesa'' of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian (Italy) Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure. She was a patron of the arts as well as a leader of fashion, whose innovative style of dressing was copied by women throughout Italy and at the French court. The poet Ariosto lauded her as the "liberal and magnanimous Isabella", Marek, George R. (1976). ''The Bed and the Throne: The Life of Isabella d'Este''. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.p.ix ISBN 978-0060128104 while author Matteo Bandello described her as having been "supreme among women". Marek, p.ix Diplomat Niccolò da Correggio went even further by hailing her as "The First Lady of the world". Until World War II the group armed itself by weapons purchased in Europe, primarily Italy and Poland, and smuggled to Palestine. The Irgun also established workshops that manufactured spare parts and attachments for the weapons. Also manufactured were land mines and simple hand grenades. Another way in which the Irgun armed itself was "Confiscations" – stealing weapons from the British police (Palestine Police) and military. On October 16, 1990, the UN General Assembly decided to grant the ICRC observer status for its assembly sessions and sub-committee meetings, the first observer status given to a private organization. The resolution was jointly proposed by 138 member states and introduced by the Italian (Italy) ambassador, Vieri Traxler, in memory of the organization's origins in the Battle of Solferino. An agreement with the Swiss government signed on March 19, 1993, affirmed the already long-standing policy of full independence of the Committee from any possible interference by Switzerland. The agreement protects the full sanctity of all ICRC property in Switzerland including its headquarters and archive, grants members and staff legal immunity, exempts the ICRC from all taxes and fees, guarantees the protected and duty-free transfer of goods, services, and money, provides the ICRC with secure communication privileges at the same level as foreign embassies, and simplifies Committee travel in and out of Switzerland. The Golden Star In 1958, based on an idea of Umberto Agnelli, the honor of ''Golden Star for Sports Excellence (Star (football badge))'' ("Stella d’Oro al Merito Sportivo" in Italian (Italian language)) was introduced to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of gold stars on their team badges (Star (football badge)) and jerseys. However, the Golden Star is not officially awarded by the Federazione Italiana Gioco Calcio (FIGC) and is voluntarily added to team jerseys by the respective team. In Italy, the practice is to award one star for ten titles. The first team to adopt a star was Juventus in Italy and Europe,

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