Places Known For

major scale


Djibouti

'' is a staple instrument in Djibouti's traditional music. Somalis have a rich musical heritage centered on traditional Somali folklore. Most Somali songs are pentatonic (Pentatonic scale). That is, they only use five pitches (Pitch (music)) per octave in contrast to a heptatonic (Heptatonic scale) (seven note) scale such as the major scale. At first listen, Somali music might be mistaken for the sounds of nearby regions such as Ethiopia, Sudan or the Arabian Peninsula


Tajikistan

; ref Countries that have experienced a fertility decline of 25-40% include: Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Bolivia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Tajikistan, Jordan, Qatar, Albania, United Arab Emirates, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. Modality While most national anthems are in the standard major scale, there are a number of notable exceptions. "Hatikvah" (Israel), "Mila Rodino" (Bulgaria), "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"' (Slovakia), "İstiklâl Marşı" (Turkey), "Surudi Milli" (Tajikistan), "Azərbaycan marşı" (Azerbaijan), "Mawtini" (Iraq) and "Meniñ Qazaqstanım" (Kazakhstan) are in a minor scale, while "Kimi ga Yo" (Japan), "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (Kenya), "Druk tsendhen" (Bhutan), and "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" (Nepal) use pentatonic scales. "Ey Iran" (Iran, unofficial) uses the Phrygian mode (known in Middle Eastern music as a variety of maqam (Arabic maqam) kurd) and Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni (Turkmenistan) uses the Mixolydian mode. The national anthem of South Africa and Il Canto degli Italiani (Italy) do not end in the same key in which they start. WikiPedia:Tajikistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Tajikistan Commons:Category:Tajikistan


Turkmenistan

, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Lebanon, South Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and many Pacific islands. Modality While most national anthems are in the standard major scale, there are a number of notable exceptions. "Hatikvah" (Israel), "Mila Rodino" (Bulgaria), "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"' (Slovakia), "İstiklâl Marşı" (Turkey), "Surudi Milli" (Tajikistan), "Azərbaycan marşı" (Azerbaijan), "Mawtini" (Iraq) and "Meniñ Qazaqstanım" (Kazakhstan) are in a minor scale, while "Kimi ga Yo" (Japan), "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (Kenya), "Druk tsendhen" (Bhutan), and "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" (Nepal) use pentatonic scales. "Ey Iran" (Iran, unofficial) uses the Phrygian mode (known in Middle Eastern music as a variety of maqam (Arabic maqam) kurd) and Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni (Turkmenistan) uses the Mixolydian mode. The national anthem of South Africa and Il Canto degli Italiani (Italy) do not end in the same key in which they start. Wikipedia:Turkmenistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Turkmenistan commons:category:Turkmenistan


Kazakhstan

Commons:Category:Kazakhstan WikiPedia:Kazakhstan Dmoz:Regional Asia Kazakhstan


Somalia

Not just the meat, but also blood is a consumable item as is the case in northern Kenya, where camel blood is a source of iron, vitamin D, salts and minerals. Camel meat is also occasionally found in Australian cuisine, for example, a camel lasagne is available in Alice Springs and Indian restaurants in Sydney serve curried camel. thumb right 150px Ancient cairns in Qa’ableh (File:Qableh3.JPG), Somalia. Cairns (''taalo'') are a common feature at Elaayo, Haylaan, Qa’ableh and Qombo'ul, among other places. Northern Somalia in general is home to a lot of such historical settlements and archaeological sites wherein are found numerous ancient ruins and buildings, many of obscure origins. However, many of these old structures have yet to be properly explored, a process which would help shed further light on local history and facilitate their preservation for posterity. Michael Hodd, ''East African Handbook'', (Trade & Travel Publications: 1994), p.640. Legacy General Krulak famously referred to the "Strategic Corporal" and the Three Block War as two of the key lessons identified from the deployments in Somalia, Haiti and Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina). These concepts are still considered vital in understanding the increasing complexity of modern battlefields. thumb 240px Market of Djibouti in 2000 (File:Marché-Djibouti-2000.jpg) Principal exports from the region transiting Djibouti are coffee, salt, hides, dried beans, cereals, other agricultural products, and wax. Djibouti itself has few exports, and the majority of its imports come from France. Most imports are consumed in Djibouti and the remainder goes to Ethiopia and Somalia. Djibouti's unfavourable balance of trade is offset partially by invisible earnings such as transit taxes and harbour dues. In 1999, U.S. exports to Djibouti totalled $26.7 million while U.S. imports from Djibouti were less than $1 million. '''Exports - partners:''' Somalia 66.2%, Ethiopia 21.4%, Yemen 3.4% (2007) Djibouti is greatly affected by events in Somalia and Ethiopia, and therefore relations are important and, at times, very delicate. The fall of the Siad Barre and Mengistu governments in Somalia and Ethiopia, respectively, in 1991, caused Djibouti to face national security threats due to the instability in the neighboring states and a massive influx of refugees estimated at 100,000 from Somalia and Ethiopia. *2000 – U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years. *2008 – War in Somalia (War in Somalia (2006–2009)): The militaries of Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (Transitional Federal Parliament) and Ethiopian troops capture Mogadishu (Fall of Mogadishu) unopposed. *2009 – 43 people die in a suicide bombing (2009 Karachi bombing) in Karachi, Pakistan, where Shia Muslims are observing the Day of Ashura. * 1991 – Captain Mark Pyle pilots ''Clipper Goodwill'', a Pan American World Airways Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport ending 64 years of Pan Am operations. *1992 – Somali Civil War (History of Somalia#Somali Civil War): President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US (United States) troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa (Horn of Africa). *1993 – A truce is concluded between the government of Angola and UNITA rebels. *2007 – Winter storms cause the Chehalis River (Chehalis River (Washington)) to flood many cities in Lewis County (Lewis County, Washington), Washington (Washington (state)), also closing a 20-mile portion of Interstate 5 (Interstate 5 in Washington) for several days. At least eight deaths and billions of dollars in damages are blamed on the floods. *2009 – A suicide bombing (2009 Hotel Shamo bombing) in Mogadishu, Somalia, claims the lives of 25 people, including three ministers of the Transitional Federal Government. By 1973, construction of the Naval Communications Station (NAVCOMMSTA) was completed. Edis (2004) (#Edis), p. 88. In the early 1970s, setbacks to US military capabilities in the region including the fall of Saigon, victory of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, the closure of the Peshawar Air Station listening post in Pakistan and Kagnew Station in Ethiopia, the Mayaguez incident, and the build-up of Soviet Naval presence in Aden and a Soviet Air Base at Berbera, Somalia, caused the US to request, and the UK to approve, permission to build a fleet anchorage and enlarged airfield on Diego Garcia, Edis (2004) (#Edis), p. 90. and the SEABEES doubled the number of workers constructing these facilities. *Republic of Alsace-Lorraine – Formed after the collapse of the German Empire at the end of World War I, 11 days later it was occupied by and incorporated in France. *British Somaliland – became part of Somalia, but has since asserted its independence as the Somaliland republic. *Regency of Carnaro (Italian Regency of Carnaro) in 1919 and Free State of Fiume 1920–1924, two short-lived states in the port city of Fiume Rijeka (Rijeka) proclaimed by Gabriele D'Annunzio. Following World War I, the city was disputed between Italy and Yugoslavia, and eventually captured by Italy in 1921. The city passed to Yugoslavia after World War II and is now in Croatia. thumb left Egyptian soldiers from Queen Hatshepsut's Year 9 expedition to the Land of Punt, as depicted on her temple at Deir el-Bahri (Image:Relief of Hatshepsut's expedition to the Land of Punt by Σταύρος.jpg). Eritrean history is home to some of the oldest civilizations on the continent. Together with northern Somalia, Djibouti, and the Red Sea coast of Sudan, Eritrea is considered the most likely location of the land known to the ancient Egyptians as ''Punt (Land of Punt)'' (or "Ta Netjeru," meaning god's land), whose first mention dates to the 25th century BC. Simson Najovits, ''Egypt, trunk of the tree, Volume 2'', (Algora Publishing: 2004), p.258. The ancient Puntites were a nation of people that had close relations with Pharaonic Egypt (Pharaoh) during the times of Pharaoh Sahure and Queen (Queen regnant) Hatshepsut. Cross-border trade by pastoralists is often informal and beyond state control and regulation. However, in East Africa, over 95% of cross-border trade is through unofficial channels and the unofficial trade of live cattle, camels, sheep and goats from Ethiopia sold to Somalia, Kenya and Djibouti generates an estimated total value of between US$250 and US$300 million annually (100 times more than the official figure). Pavanello, Sara 2010. Working across borders - Harnessing the potential of cross-border activities to improve livelihood security in the Horn of Africa drylands. London: Overseas Development Institute This trade helps lower food prices, increase food security, relieve border


Memphis, Tennessee

eight-bar , or sixteen-bar (sixteen bar blues) structure based on tonic (tonic chord), subdominant (subdominant chord) and dominant chords became the most common. Garofalo, pgs. 46-47 Melodically, blues music is marked by the use of the lowered third and dominant seventh (so-called blue notes) of the associated major scale. Ewen, pg. 143 The standard 12-bar blues form is noted in uncorroborated oral history oral histories


Slovakia

are in the standard major scale, there are a number of notable exceptions. "Hatikvah" (Israel), "Mila Rodino" (Bulgaria), "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"' (Slovakia), "İstiklâl Marşı" (Turkey), "Surudi Milli" (Tajikistan), "Azərbaycan marşı" (Azerbaijan), "Mawtini" (Iraq) and "Meniñ Qazaqstanım" (Kazakhstan) are in a minor scale, while "Kimi ga Yo" (Japan), "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (Kenya), "Druk tsendhen" (Bhutan), and "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" (Nepal) use pentatonic scales. "Ey Iran" (Iran, unofficial) uses the Phrygian mode (known in Middle Eastern music as a variety of maqam (Arabic maqam) kurd) and Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni (Turkmenistan) uses the Mixolydian mode. The national anthem of South Africa and Il Canto degli Italiani (Italy) do not end in the same key in which they start. Commons:Category:Slovakia WikiPedia:Slovakia Dmoz:Regional Europe Slovakia eo:Slovakio


Kenya

the relocation efforts, ''Cleveland'' was ordered to steam into the North Persian Gulf to assist in deterring Iraq's massing of troops on the Kuwaiti border as part of Operation Vigilant Warrior. Modality While most national anthems are in the standard major scale, there are a number of notable exceptions. "Hatikvah" (Israel), "Mila Rodino" (Bulgaria), "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"' (Slovakia), "İstiklâl Marşı"


Bulgaria

language Serbian whilst also sharing features with Macedonian (Macedonian language). While still remaining a Slavic based language it has numerous loan words, the Gora dialect has been greatly influenced by Turkish (Turkish language), Albanian (Albanian language) and Arabic due to its speakers being Muslims and is similar to the Bosnian language because of the numerous Turkish loanwords. Modality While most national anthems are in the standard major scale, there are a number of notable exceptions. "Hatikvah" (Israel), "Mila Rodino" (Bulgaria), "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"' (Slovakia), "İstiklâl Marşı" (Turkey), "Surudi Milli" (Tajikistan), "Azərbaycan marşı" (Azerbaijan), "Mawtini" (Iraq) and "Meniñ Qazaqstanım" (Kazakhstan) are in a minor scale, while "Kimi ga Yo" (Japan), "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (Kenya), "Druk tsendhen" (Bhutan), and "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" (Nepal) use pentatonic scales. "Ey Iran" (Iran, unofficial) uses the Phrygian mode (known in Middle Eastern music as a variety of maqam (Arabic maqam) kurd) and Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni (Turkmenistan) uses the Mixolydian mode. The national anthem of South Africa and Il Canto degli Italiani (Italy) do not end in the same key in which they start.


Russian Empire

of Ukraine), an isolated rural estate in the Yekaterinoslav Governorate of the Russian Empire. He was inspired by hearing his mother practising the piano in the evenings - mostly works by Chopin and Beethoven - and composed his first piano composition at the age of five, an 'Indian Gallop', which was written down by his mother: this was in the Lydian mode (a major scale with a raised 4th scale degree) as the young Prokofiev felt 'reluctance to tackle the black notes'. ref>


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