. Now in command of a squadron, he made major improvements at Cadiz. When the French invaded Spain, he took command of the remnants of the Spanish navy, which had been largely destroyed in the Battle of Trafalgar, and captured the French squadron (Capture of Rosily Squadron) opposite his own. He was subsequently ambassador plenipotentiary in Britain and Captain General of Florida (Spanish Florida) and Cuba (Captaincy General of Cuba) (1812–15). His reputation was that of a man of tact and good judgment. For his services he was awarded the military crosses of San Fernando and San Hermenegildo (Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegildo). Early life Mola was born in Placetas, Cuba (Captaincy General of Cuba) - at that time a Spanish province - where his father, an army officer, was stationed. He enrolled in the Infantry Academy of Toledo (Toledo, Spain) in 1907. He served in Spain's colonial war in Morocco where he received the ''Medalla Militar Individual'', and became an authority on military affairs. By 1927 he was a Brigadier-general. Among the most debated questions during the drafting of the constitution was the status of the native (Indigenous peoples) and mix-race (Casta) populations in Spain's possessions around the world. Most of the overseas provinces were represented, especially the most populous regions. Both the Viceroyalty of New Spain (New Spain) and the Viceroyalty of Peru had deputies (Deputy (legislator)) present, as did Central America (Captaincy General of Guatemala), the islands of the Spanish Caribbean, Florida (Spanish Florida), Chile (Captaincy General of Chile), Upper Peru and the Philippines (Captaincy General of the Philippines). Rodríguez, ''The Independence of Spanish America'', 80-81. The total number of representatives was 303, of which thirty-seven were born in overseas territories, although several of these were temporary, substitute deputies ''suplentes'' elected by American refugees in the city of Cadiz: seven from New Spain, two from Central America, five from Peru, two from Chile, three from the Río de la Plata (Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata), three from New Granada (Viceroyalty of New Granada), and two from Venezuela (Captaincy General of Venezuela), one from Santo Domingo (Captaincy General of Santo Domingo), two from Cuba (Captaincy General of Cuba), one from Puerto Rico (Captaincy General of Puerto Rico) and two from the Philippines. ) refers to the Spanish (Spain) territory of Florida, which formed part of the Captaincy General of Cuba, the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and the Spanish Empire. Originally extending over what is now the southeastern United States, but with no defined boundaries, ''la Florida'' was a component of the Spanish colonization of the Americas and the expansion of the Spanish Empire. Wide-ranging expeditions were mounted into the hinterland during the 16th century, but Spain never exercised complete control over ''la Florida'' outside an area of what is now the state of Florida (Florida), southern Georgia (Georgia (U.S. state)), southern Alabama, southeastern Louisiana (Florida_Parishes), and other areas along the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico. In 1609 the area became a captaincy general (Captaincy), when the governor and ''Audiencia'' president was also granted the title of captain general (Captain General) to deal with foreign threats to the area from the Caribbean, granting the area autonomy in administrative and military matters. Around the same time Habsburg Spain created other captaincies general in Puerto Rico (Captaincy General of Puerto Rico) (1580), Cuba (Captaincy General of Cuba) (1607) and Yucatán (Captaincy General of Yucatán) (1617).
at the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology in Berkeley, California and was collected by Dr. John Hornung, of Ventura, California, who assembled a large private mammal collection of over 2,000 skulls and made major specimen donations to museums including the American Museum of Natural History.
of Mesoamerica. Important ancient centres of the Mixtec include the ancient capital of Tilantongo, as well as the sites of Achiutla (San Juan Achiutla), Cuilapan, Huajuapan (Huamelulpan (archaeological site)), Mitla, Tlaxiaco, Tututepec, Juxtlahuaca, and Yucuñudahui. The Mixtec also made major constructions at the ancient city of Monte Albán (which had originated as a Zapotec (Zapotec civilization) city before the Mixtec gained control of it). The work of Mixtec artisans who produced work in stone (Rock (geology)), wood, and metal were well regarded throughout ancient Mesoamerica. - 175 San Juan Achiutla San Juan Achiutla Tlaxiaco (Tlaxiaco District, Oaxaca) - - 175 San Juan Achiutla San Juan Achiutla Tlaxiaco (Tlaxiaco District, Oaxaca) -
; 4 October 1809, Königsberg – 14 October 1872, Berlin) was a Prussian colonel general. Albert was the fifth son and youngest child of King Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. His parents had fled to East Prussia (Province of East Prussia) after the occupation of Berlin by Napoleon (Napoleon I of France). Two of Albert's elder brothers were Frederick William IV (Frederick William IV of Prussia), King of Prussia from 1840 till 1861, and William I (Wilhelm I, German Emperor), King of Prussia from 1861 to 1888 and German Emperor (German Empire) from 1871 until 1888. The former Prussian Eastern Railway runs through the district along the Baltic (Baltic Sea) coast, connecting the city of Kaliningrad with Gdańsk in Poland. A second line, the former East Prussian (Province of East Prussia) Southern Railway, connects Kaliningrad with Polish Bartoszyce via Bagrationovsk; however, passenger service was discontinued in 2011. Two major roads, the R516 (part of the former Berlinka autobahn) and the A195, also lead through Bagrationovsky District to the Polish border. 1934 Formed from the Prussian Province of East Prussia; from 1939 also included territories annexed from Poland -
Britannica accessdate 2010-11-30 Nagorno Karabakh War *Hundreds of cluster bombs were used by Azerbaijan in Nagorno Karabakh in 1992-94 in the course of the Nagorno-Karabakh War. An estimated 180 cluster bombs were dropped on the city of Stepanakert. As of 2010, 93 km 2 remain off-limits due to contamination with unexploded cluster ordinance. HALO Trust has made major contributions to the cleanup effort., The HALO Trust - A charity specialising in the removal of the debris of war :: British Embassy, Yerevan, holds event for HALO Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor Country Profiles Nagorno-Karabakh 2010 * Wikipedia:Stepanakert Commons:Category:Stepanakert
to quell the risings of the colonies on the Spanish Main. For eight years Espartero distinguished himself in the struggle against the colonists. He was several times wounded, and was made major and colonel on the battlefields of Cochabamba and Sapachni. He had to surrender to Sucre (Antonio José de Sucre) at the final Battle of Ayacucho, which put an end to Spanish (Spain) rule. He returned to Spain, and, like most of his companions in arms, remained under a cloud for some time
in parliament in the elections in 1991, following the uprising against Ershad. It made major electoral gains in 1994 as its candidates won mayoral elections in the two largest cities of the country: the capital Dhaka and the commercial capital Chittagong. Demanding electoral reforms the party resigned from the parliament in 1995, boycotted the February 1996 parliamentary polls, and subsequently won 146 out of 300 seats in June 1996 parliamentary polls. Supported by a few smaller parties
industry until competition for limited supplies almost paralyzed industry and transportation, especially in the North. Yielding to pressure from Congress and industry, Secretary Baker placed Benedict Crowell in charge of munitions and made Major General George W. Goethals acting quartermaster general and General Peyton C. March chief of staff. Assisted by industrial advisers, they reorganized the supply system of the army and practically wiped out the bureaus as quasi-independent
term. The Senate is composed of 102 members who are elected by municipal councils and regional assemblies and serve for 6 years. The Senate was created in the 1990–1991 constitutional revision, although it was not brought into being until after the 1997 local elections. The President of the Senate is next in succession to the President. Political culture In 1990, the government made major changes to Gabon's political system. A transitional constitution was drafted in May 1990 as an outgrowth of the national political conference in March–April and later revised by a constitutional committee. Among its provisions were a Western-style bill of rights, creation of a National Council of Democracy to oversee the guarantee of those rights, a governmental advisory board on economic and social issues, and an independent judiciary. After approval by the National Assembly, the PDG Central Committee, and the President, the Assembly unanimously adopted the constitution in March 1991. Multiparty legislative elections were held in 1990–91, despite the fact that opposition parties had not been declared formally legal. In spite of this, the elections produced the first representative, multiparty National Assembly. In January 1991, the Assembly passed by unanimous vote a law governing the legalization of opposition parties. After President Omar Bongo was re-elected in 1993, in a disputed election where only 51% of votes were cast, social and political disturbances led to the 1994 Paris Conference and Accords. These provided a framework for the next elections. Local and legislative elections were delayed until 1996–97. In 1997, constitutional amendments put forward years earlier were adopted to create the Senate and the position of vice president, as well as to extend the president's term to seven years. In October 2009, newly elected President Ali Bongo Ondimba began efforts to streamline the government. In an effort to reduce corruption and government bloat, he eliminated 17 minister-level positions, abolished the vice presidency and reorganized the portfolios of numerous ministries, bureaus and directorates. In November 2009, President Bongo Ondimba announced a new vision for the modernization of Gabon, called "Gabon Emergent". This program contains three pillars: Green Gabon, Service Gabon, and Industrial Gabon. The goals of Gabon Emergent are to diversify the economy so that Gabon becomes less reliant on petroleum, to eliminate corruption, and to modernize the workforce. Under this program, exports of raw timber have been banned, a government-wide census was held, the work day has been changed to eliminate a long midday break, and a national oil company was created. In provisional results, Commons:Category:Gabon WikiPedia:Gabon Dmoz:Regional Africa Gabon