oBVBHrPfEgIC&pg PA49 accessdate 13 April 2013 year 2011 publisher Boydell & Brewer Ltd isbn 978-1-84701-030-8 page 49 The boundary between Sudan and Ethiopia was defined for the region near the Pibor River (which flows through the state) in 1899 by Major H.H. Austin and Major Charles W. Gwynn of the British Royal Engineers. They had no knowledge of the land, its inhabitants, or their languages, and were short on supplies. Rather than defining a line based
. The A4233 begins outside Rhondda at Tonyrefail, heading north through Porth and through the Rhondda Fach to Maerdy, where the road eventually links up with the A4059 at Aberdare. Two other A roads service the area; the A4119 is a relief road, known as the Tonypandy Bypass and the other is the A4061 which links Treorchy to the Ogmore Vale before reaching Bridgend. There is a single rail link to the Rhondda, the Rhondda Line, based around the old Taff Vale Railway which serviced both the Rhondda Fach and Rhondda Fawr. The Rhondda Line runs through the Rhondda Fawr, linking Rhondda to Cardiff Central (Cardiff Central railway station). The railway stations that once populated the Rhondda Fach were all closed after the Beeching Axe. The railway line serves ten Rhondda stations with the villages not directly linked connected through bus services. Residents of note ''See also'' :Category:People from Rhondda Due to the scarcity of inhabitants in the Rhondda prior to industrialisation, there are few residents of note before the valleys became a coal mining area. The earliest individuals to come to the fore were linked with the coal industry and the people; physical men who found a way out of the Rhondda through sport; charismatic orators who led the miners through unions or political and religious leaders who tended to the deeply religious chapel going public. Sport right thumb 175px Boxer, Jimmy Wilde (File:Jimmy Wilde.jpg) The two main sports with which the Rhondda appeared to produce quality participants were rugby union and boxing. One of the first true rugby stars to come from the Rhondda was Willie Llewellyn, who not only gained 20 caps for Wales (Wales national rugby union team) scoring 48 points, but was also the first Rhondda born member of the British Lions (British and Irish Lions). Such was Llewellyn's fame that during the Tonypandy Riots, his pharmacy was left unscathed by the crowds due to his past sporting duties. Many players came through the Rhondda to gain international duty, and after the split between amateur rugby union and the professional Northern League (rugby league), many were also tempted to the North of England to earn a wage for their abilities. Amongst the new league players was Jack Rhapps, Aberaman born, but living in the Rhondda when he 'Went North', eventually becoming the world's first dual-code international rugby player. The most famous rugby player from the Rhondda of the later half of the 20th century is Cliff Morgan. Morgan was born in Trebanog, and gained 29 caps for Wales, four for the British Lions and was one of the inaugural inductees of the International Rugby Hall of Fame. Another notable player is Billy Cleaver from Treorchy, a member of the 1950 Grand Slam winning team. During the 20th century The Rhondda also supplied a steady stream of championship boxers. Percy Jones (Percy Jones (boxer)) was not only the first World Champion from the Rhondda, but was the first Welshman to hold a World Title when he won the Flyweight belt in 1914. After Jones came the Rhondda's most notable boxer, Jimmy Wilde also known as the "Mighty Atom", who took the IBU (International Boxing Union) world flyweight title in 1916. British Champions from the valleys include Tommy Farr who held the British and Empire heavyweight belt and Llew Edwards who took the British featherweight title. Although association football was not as popular as rugby in the Rhondda in the early 20th century, after the 1920s several notable players had emerged from the area. Two of the most important players both came from the village of Ton Pentre; Jimmy Murphy (Jimmy Murphy (footballer)) was capped 15 times for Wales, and in 1958 managed both the Welsh national team and Manchester United. Roy Paul, also from Ton Pentre, led Manchester City to two successive FA Cup finals in 1955 and 1956 and gained 33 Welsh caps. Alan Curtis (Alan Curtis (footballer)), who was best known for representing Swansea City (Swansea City A.F.C.) and Cardiff City (Cardiff City F.C.), came from the neighbouring village of Pentre, and in an 11 year international career won 35 caps for Wales scoring 6 goals. The Rhondda Valleys have also produced two world class darts players. In 1975 Alan Evans (Alan Evans (darts player)) from Ferndale won the Winmau World Masters, a feat repeated in 1994 by Richie Burnett from Cwmparc. Burnett surpassed Evans when he also became BDO World Darts Champion (BDO World Darts Championship) winning the tournament in 1995 (1995 BDO World Darts Championship). Politics right thumb 200px Leanne Wood, from Penygraig (File:Leanne Wood Senedd.jpg) Despite neither being born in the Rhondda, the two most notable political figures to emerge from the area are William Abraham (William Abraham (Welsh politician)), known as Mabon, and George Thomas, Viscount Tonypandy (George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy). Abraham, best known as a trade unionist was the first Member of Parliament of the Rhondda and the leader of the South Wales Miners' Federation. A strong negotiator in the early years of valleys' unionism, as a moderate he lost ground to more radical leaders in his later years. Thomas was the born in Port Talbot but raised in Trealaw near Tonypandy. He was a Member of Parliament for Cardiff for 38 years and Speaker of the House of Commons (1976–1983). On his retirement from politics he was made Viscount Tonypandy. Leanne Wood, current leader of Plaid Cymru is from the Rhondda. Film and television The most well known actors to have been born in the Rhondda are Sir Stanley Baker and brothers Donald (Donald Houston) and Glyn Houston. Baker was born in Ferndale and starred in films such as the ''The Cruel Sea (The Cruel Sea (1953 film))'' (1953) and ''Richard III (Richard III (1955 film))'' (1955), though it was as actor producer of the 1964 film Zulu (Zulu (1964 film)) that his legacy endures. Davies (2008) p. 47 The Houston brothers were both born in Tonypandy, with Donald gaining better success as a film actor, with memorable roles in ''The Blue Lagoon (The Blue Lagoon (1949 film))'' (1949) and Ealing's ''Dance Hall (Dance Hall (film))'' (1950). Davies (2008) p. 378 Glyn Houston acted primarily in British B-Movies, and was better known as a television actor. Literature Of the Cadwgan Circle, the most notable of their number is Rhydwen Williams, the winner of the Eisteddfod Crown on two occasions who used the landscape of the industrial valleys as a basis for much of his work. Writing in the English language Peter George (Peter George (author)) was born in Treorchy and is best known as the Oscar nominated screenwriter of Dr. Strangelove, based on his book Red Alert (Red Alert (novel)). Reflecting the lives of the residents of the Rhondda, both Gwyn Thomas (Gwyn Thomas (novelist)) and Ron Berry brought a realism to the industrial valleys which was missing in the more rose-tinted writings of Richard Llewellyn. Visual arts The Rhondda Valleys has not produced as notable a group of visual artists as it has writers, though in the 1950s a small group of students, brought together through a daily commute by train to the Cardiff College of Art, came to prominence and are known as the 'Rhondda Group'. Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.
WikiPedia:Golan Heights Commons:Golan Heights DMOZ:Regional Middle East Israel Metro Areas and Regions Golan Heights
, 2006. Hawkins is a regular on the European poker tournament circuit, with tournament wins in Southampton, Luton, Dundee, London and Sheffield. '''Ocean Village''' was a British (United Kingdom)-American (United States) owned cruise line, based in Southampton, England. Designed to offer an alternative cruise experience, Ocean Village was founded by P&O Princess Cruises, which later merged with Carnival Corporation to form
Kingdom British -American (United States) owned cruise line based at Carnival House in Southampton, England, and operated by Carnival UK. Originally a constituent of the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company, P&O Cruises is the oldest cruise line in the world, having operated the world's first passenger ships in the early 19th Century. It is the sister company of, and retains strong links with P&O Cruises Australia. P&O Cruises was de-merged
2007-2008 Student Handbook pages 19 While Longview is home to a variety of neighborhoods, both in age and economic circumstance, CityTownInfo.com - Longview, Texas LeTourneau is located in the middle of the highest poverty (26.1 % below poverty line based on 2000 census) and lowest income (median of $26,308 as of 2000 census) compared to 10 surrounding ZIP codes.
McDonald's Corporation, two Miami, Florida businessmen, James McLamore and David Edgerton, opened a franchise of the predecessor to what is now the international fast food restaurant chain Burger King. McLamore had visited the original McDonald's hamburger stand belonging to the McDonald brothers; sensing potential in their innovative assembly line-based production system, he decided he wanted to open a similar operation of his own.
at CKXL in Calgary. Within the year he was back in Montreal working at CJAD (AM). Fifteen years later he was back in Calgary, launching a talk show called ''Hot Talk''. In 1996 he launched a television show, Adler on Line, based in Boston and a year later Adler received an Emmy Award for Best Host in New England. 1996 saw him returning to Canada to host the ''Charles Adler Show'' on CFRB (AM). Two years later he was back in Western Canada, hosting ''Adler on Line
with a through station. Other important stations are Stura (Torino Stura railway station), Rebaudengo (Torino Rebaudengo Fossata railway station), Lingotto (Torino Lingotto railway station) and Madonna di Campagna railway stations, though not all of them belong to the layout of the Spina Centrale. thumb right Turin Véhicule Automatique Léger VAL (File:Metro Torino station Fermi.JPG) metro station The other major project is the construction of a subway line based on the VAL (Véhicule Automatique Léger) system, known as Metrotorino (Turin Metro). This project is expected to continue for years and to cover a larger part of the city, but its first phase was finished in time for the 2006 Olympic Games (2006 Winter Olympics), inaugurated on 4 February 2006 and opened to the public the day after. The first leg of the subway system linked the nearby town of Collegno with Porta Susa in Turin's city centre. On 4 October 2007 the line was extended to Porta Nuova and then, in March 2011, to Lingotto. A new extension of the so-called ''Linea 1'' ("Line 1") is expected in the near future, reaching both Rivoli (Rivoli, Piedmont) (up to Cascine Vica hamlet) in the Western belt of Turin and ''Piazza Bengasi'' in the Southeast side of the city. Furthermore, an alleged ''Linea 2'' is in the pipeline and it is supposed to cross Turin from North to South. The main street in the city centre, ''Via Roma'', runs atop a tunnel built during the fascist era (when ''Via Roma'' itself was built). The tunnel was supposed to host the underground line but it is now used as an underground car park. A project to build an underground system was ready in the 1970s, with government funding for it and for similar projects in Milan and Rome. Whilst the other two cities went ahead with the projects, Turin's local government led by mayor Diego Novelli shelved the proposal as it believed it to be too costly and unnecessary. The city has an international airport known as Caselle International Airport (Turin Caselle Airport) Sandro Pertini (TRN), located in Caselle Torinese, about WikiPedia:Turin Dmoz:Regional Europe Italy Regions Piedmont Localities Turin Commons:Category:Turin
, and Maltese music (Music of Malta) ''absolutely'' deserve a place in this encyclopedia! However, not ''everything'' Maltese deserves to be in the encyclopedia, just like not everything American does. The purpose of the discussion is to figure out where to draw the line based on established standards of musical notability (Wikipedia:Notability (music)). --Craig Stuntz (User:Craig Stuntz) 18:42, 15 March 2006 (UTC) *** Sir, the Wikipedia:Notability (music) established standards of musical
: home.cc.umanitoba.ca ~wyatt alltime toronto-on.html routes destinations Toronto, Sudbury (Greater Sudbury), North Bay (North Bay, Ontario), Barrie, Owen Sound, London (London, Ontario), Kitchener (Kitchener, Ontario), Guelph, Hamilton (Hamilton, Ontario), Niagara Falls (Niagara Falls, Ontario), Buffalo (Buffalo, New York) stops '''Gray Coach''' was an inter-city bus line based in Toronto, Ontario, from 1927