Places Known For

large training


Waiouru

at Waiouru in 2014. Waiouru Army Camp From 1936 to 1938, Territorial artillery batteries camped under canvas at Waiouru for their summer training exercises. In 1939, a month after war was declared, most of the leasehold Waiouru run was taken back by the Crown. By December 1940 a large training camp had been built, and 340 km² of land acquired for training. Croom 1941 From 1949 another 250 km² of land to the north and east


Szczecin

of an expansive woodland which includes the protected area called Drawsko Landscape Park. The city of Szczecin is 100 km to the west. A large training ground near the town is frequently used in NATO exercises. In 1877 the Pommersche Zentralbahn (Pomeranian Central Railway) became connected to the town, which was also connected in 1896 to the Saatziger Kleinbahnnetz (Saatzig District railroad network). Dramburg's access to the railroads led to the establishment of wood


Riyadh

Arabia n city of Riyadh, Suqami was a law student at the King Saud University. While there he joined a (possible) former roommate named Majed Moqed in training for al-Qaida at Khalden, a large training facility near Kabul that was run by Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi. In November 2000, the two flew into Iran from Bahrain together. DATE OF BIRTH June 28, 1976 PLACE OF BIRTH Riyadh, Saudi Arabia DATE OF DEATH September 11, 2001 * The Bunche Park (Metrorail station


Second Polish Republic

. When the province of Posen-West Prussia was disbanded in 1938, Dramburg became part of Regierungsbezirk Schneidemühl (Schneidemühl (region)). During World War II, the SS (Schutzstaffel) established a large training school for motorcyclists and mechanics in Dramburg. On March 4, 1945 Soviet (Soviet Union) and Polish troops captured the city, whose center was largely destroyed during the fighting (Eastern Front (World War II)). Biography Zygmunt Bauman was born to non-practising Polish-Jewish parents in Poznań, Poland (Second Polish Republic), in 1925. When Poland was invaded (German invasion of Poland (1939)) by the Nazis in 1939 his family escaped eastwards into the Soviet Union. Bauman went on to serve in the Soviet-controlled Polish First Army (First Polish Army (1944-1945)), working as a political education instructor. He took part in the battles of Kolberg (Battle of Kolberg (1945)) (now Kołobrzeg) and Berlin (Battle of Berlin). In May 1945 he was awarded the Military Cross of Valour (Cross of Valour (Poland)). After being promoted to Oberst (colonel) in December 1931, Halder served as the Chief of Staff, Wehrkreis Kdo VI, in Münster (Westphalia) through early 1934. During the 1930s the German military staff thought that Poland (Second Polish Republic) might attack the detached German province of East Prussia. As such, they reviewed plans as to how to defend East Prussia. - style "padding:0 5px;" Kingdom of Poland (Piasts) (Piast Poland) Kingdom of Poland (Andegawen) (Andegawen Poland) Kingdom of Poland (Jagiellon) (Jagiellon Poland) Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Duchy of Warsaw Kingdom of Poland (Congress) (Congress Poland) Kingdom of Poland (Mitteleuropa) Second Polish Republic Polish Government in Exile (Polish Secret State) (Polish Government in Exile) People's Republic of Poland Third Polish Republic : I will abstain from the discussion about history of... series, because I could argue for both ways. But I will elaborate on what I mean by state and why do I think it needs to be a separate article. Compare article on Poland, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (after my latest modifications) and for some outside perespective Ottoman Empire with Second Polish Republic, Piast Poland and The Jagiellon Era. Setting aside how developed those articles are, you can surely see that the latter articles are just about history. They are not about states (continued or otherwise). The current history of... articles for the most part describe only history. What, who, when, why, how. But they pay little attention to economics, geography, politics, culture as a SEPARATE entities. Therefore I want to create the state series, which would have its own standarised sections about economics, history, etc., which could be then, in turn, linked to their own subseries (like the current history one). Please note that I dont necessarly agrue that each state article would need its own subarticle - for the time being, they could in many cases share one main article. Eventually, though, I think that there is no reason why the entry on PLC or IIRP should be less informative (or diffrently structured) then the entry on modern day IIIRP. Or France. Or Ottoman Empire. Or Axumite Kingdom. --Piotr Konieczny aka Prokonsul Piotrus (User:Piotrus) 17:48, 20 Nov 2004 (UTC) In 1807, Napoleon recreated the duchy of Siewierz (''Sievers''), and granted it to Jean Lannes, after Prussia was forced to cede all her acquisitions from the 2nd and 3rd partitions of Poland. After the failure of Napoleon, Siewierz was included in the Congress Poland, under Imperial Russian rule. The city declined continuously, due to the lacking of industry and communication. In 1870, it lost its city status. In 1918, Siewierz became part of the Second Polish Republic, from 1939 to 1945 of Nazi Germany. In 1962 it regained its city status. Background Prior to September 1939 and the joint Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland (Invasion of Poland), Lviv (Lwów in Polish (Polish language)), then in the Second Polish Republic, had 318,000 inhabitants of different ethnic groups and religions, 60% of whom were Poles, 30% Jews (Polish Jews) and about 10% Ukrainians and Germans. ''Mały Rocznik Statystyczny 1939'' (Polish statistical yearbook of 1939), GUS (Central Statistical Office (Poland)), Warsaw, 1939 The city was one of the most important cultural centers of prewar Poland (Second Polish Republic), housing five tertiary educational facilities including Lwów University (Lviv University#Jan Kazimierz University 1919-1939) and Lwów Polytechnic (Lviv Polytechnic#Second Polish Republic). It was the home for many Polish and Jewish intellectuals, political and cultural activists, scientists and members of Poland's interwar elite. Background Prior to September 1939 and the joint Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland (Invasion of Poland), Lviv (Lwów in Polish (Polish language)), then in the Second Polish Republic, had 318,000 inhabitants of different ethnic groups and religions, 60% of whom were Poles, 30% Jews (Polish Jews) and about 10% Ukrainians and Germans. ''Mały Rocznik Statystyczny 1939'' (Polish statistical yearbook of 1939), GUS (Central Statistical Office (Poland)), Warsaw, 1939 The city was one of the most important cultural centers of prewar Poland (Second Polish Republic), housing five tertiary educational facilities including Lwów University (Lviv University#Jan Kazimierz University 1919-1939) and Lwów Polytechnic (Lviv Polytechnic#Second Polish Republic). It was the home for many Polish and Jewish intellectuals, political and cultural activists, scientists and members of Poland's interwar elite. After the Polish-Bolshevik War (Polish-Soviet War) of 1920, the site was made part of Poland (Second Polish Republic), in the Tarnopol Voivodship, near the Polish border with the Soviet Union and Romania. The 14th battalion of the Border Defence Corps (Korpus Ochrony Pogranicza) were stationed there. In the interbellum, the village was known for its wineries and peach orchards. It became a holidays center for the inhabitants of the nearby cities of Ternopil, and Lviv. Roman Giertych's father, Maciej Giertych, also a member of LPR, is a member of the European Parliament. His grandfather was a member of parliament of the Second Polish Republic prior to World War II from the National Democracy (Narodowa Demokracja) Party. Some sources claim that the LPR owes much of its success to Radio Maryja, a Catholic radio station with a nationalist, ultra-conservative agenda. Early years Jerzy Karol Buzek was born to a Lutheran (Lutheranism) family on 3 July 1940 in what is now Smilovice (Smilovice (Frýdek-Místek District)) in the Czech Republic. The Smilovice (German: Smilowitz, Polish: Śmiłowice) village lies in the region historically known as Austrian Silesia, more precisely the Zaolzie region. This territory was until 1918 part of Austria-Hungary (Austrian part (Cisleithania)), then from November 1918 part of Poland, then from 1920 part of Czechoslovakia. After the Munich Agreement in 1938 Czechoslovakia agreed to transfer the Zaolzie region to Poland, which, after the 1939 German invasion of Poland, was annexed by Germany. After World War II, it became again a part of Czechoslovakia and, since 1993, part of the Czech Republic. Buzek hails from the Polish minority in Zaolzie. At the time of his birth, it was officially named Smilowitz and was occupied by Germany as part of Landkreis Teschen. He was born into the prominent Buzek family, which participated in Polish politics in the Second Polish Republic during the interbellum. The family was part of the Polish community in Zaolzie (Polish minority in Zaolzie). DATE OF BIRTH August 13, 1929 PLACE OF BIRTH Równe (Rivne), Poland (Second Polish Republic) (now Rivne, Ukraine) DATE OF DEATH April 10, 2010


Schutzstaffel

granted to the Second Polish Republic following the Treaty of Versailles after World War I. Many Germans subsequently immigrated to Dramburg, expanding settlement in the south of the town. When the province of Posen-West Prussia was disbanded in 1938, Dramburg became part of Regierungsbezirk Schneidemühl (Schneidemühl (region)). During World War II, the SS (Schutzstaffel) established a large training school for motorcyclists and mechanics in Dramburg. On March 4, 1945 Soviet (Soviet Union) and Polish troops captured the city, whose center was largely destroyed during the fighting (Eastern Front (World War II)). Fritsch The events surrounding Blomberg's marriage inspired Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler to arrange a similar affair for Commander-in-Chief Werner von Fritsch. Göring did not want Fritsch to become the successor to Blomberg and thus his superior. Himmler wanted to weaken the ''Wehrmacht'' and its mainly aristocratic leaders in order to strengthen his ''Schutzstaffel'' as a competitor to the regular German Army (''Heer (Heer (1935–1945))''). In 1936, Reinhard Heydrich had prepared a file on von Fritsch with allegations of homosexuality. Heydrich had passed the information on to Hitler. Hitler had rejected it and ordered Heydrich to destroy the file. However, he did not do so. Gerwarth, ''Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich'', p. 116 Now in 1938, Heydrich resurrected the old file on Fritsch who again was accused of being a homosexual by Himmler and his SS (Schutzstaffel). Gerwarth, ''Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich'', pp. 116-117 It was reported that Fritsch was encouraged by General Ludwig Beck to carry out a military ''putsch'' against the State, but that he declined and resigned on 4 February 1938, to be replaced by Walther von Brauchitsch, whom Fritsch had recommended for the post. Wheeler-Bennett, ''Nemesis'', p. 369 Fritsch The events surrounding Blomberg's marriage inspired Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler to arrange a similar affair for Commander-in-Chief Werner von Fritsch. Göring did not want Fritsch to become the successor to Blomberg and thus his superior. Himmler wanted to weaken the ''Wehrmacht'' and its mainly aristocratic leaders in order to strengthen his ''Schutzstaffel'' as a competitor to the regular German Army (''Heer (Heer (1935–1945))''). In 1936, Reinhard Heydrich had prepared a file on von Fritsch with allegations of homosexuality. Heydrich had passed the information on to Hitler. Hitler had rejected it and ordered Heydrich to destroy the file. However, he did not do so. Gerwarth, ''Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich'', p. 116 Now in 1938, Heydrich resurrected the old file on Fritsch who again was accused of being a homosexual by Himmler and his SS (Schutzstaffel). Gerwarth, ''Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich'', pp. 116-117 It was reported that Fritsch was encouraged by General Ludwig Beck to carry out a military ''putsch'' against the State, but that he declined and resigned on 4 February 1938, to be replaced by Walther von Brauchitsch, whom Fritsch had recommended for the post. Wheeler-Bennett, ''Nemesis'', p. 369 * The Cold War is referenced, with one joke spoken by an ''apparatchik'' seeming to foreshadow the Cuban Missile Crisis: "We have trade agreement with Cuba: they send us cigars (Cuban cigar#Cuban cigars), we send them rockets." * Cagney's male (and former SS (Schutzstaffel)) assistant crossdresses (Cross-dressing) to deceive the Soviets but gets men interested in him like Jack Lemmon in Wilder's ''Some Like It Hot''. * The figures of the three Russian commissars are re-introduced from ''Ninotchka'', where Wilder co-wrote the script. In 1938 Hans Frank, now Reich Minister without portfolio, put him in charge of his cabinet office. After the invasion of Poland (invasion of Poland (1939)) by Nazi Germany in September 1939, Frank was appointed Governor-General for the occupied Polish territories (History of Poland (1939–1945)) and Bühler accompanied him to Kraków to take up the post of State Secretary of the General Government, also serving as Frank's deputy. He was given the honorary rank of SS (Schutzstaffel)-Brigadeführer by SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler around this time. Klopfer was born in Schreibersdorf (Pisarzowice), Silesia (Province of Silesia) (now in Poland), in 1905. He studied law and economics and in 1931 became a judge in Düsseldorf, Germany. When the Nazis came to power (Machtergreifung) in 1933, he joined the Nazi Party and the SA (Sturmabteilung) along with the Gestapo (Secret State Police) the following year. In 1935, he became a member of Rudolf Hess's staff and the SS (Schutzstaffel) with the honorary SS rank of Oberführer (Senior Colonel). In 1938, he became responsible for the seizing of Jewish businesses for questions about mixed marriages (Anti-miscegenation laws#Nazi Germany) between Gentile and Jewish Germans and general questions about occupation of foreign states. SS rank In 1930, ''Gruppenführer'' became an SS rank and was originally bestowed upon those officers who commanded ''SS-gruppen (Units and Commands of the Schutzstaffel)'' and also upon senior officers of the SS (Schutzstaffel) command staff. In 1932, the SS was reorganized and the ''SS-Gruppen'' were reformed into ''SS-Abschnitte (Units and Commands of the Schutzstaffel)''. A ''Gruppenführer'' commanded an ''SS-Abschnitt'' while a new rank, that of ''Obergruppenführer'', oversaw the ''SS-Oberabschnitte (Units and Commands of the Schutzstaffel)'' which were the largest SS units in Germany. The '''uniforms and insignia of the ''Schutzstaffel''''' were paramilitary ranks and uniforms (Nazi party paramilitary ranks) used by the SS (Schutzstaffel) between 1925 and 1945 to differentiate that organization from the regular German armed forces (Wehrmacht), the German state, and the Nazi Party. * The S.S. (Schutzstaffel) British Free Corps unit is described in the book. In the novel, a British S.S. Officer named Harvey Preston is attached to Steiner's unit to add credibility. A rabid Nazi and convicted felon prior to his enlistment, Preston is viewed with disgust by Steiner, Devlin, and their fellow commandos. After Steiner, Neumannn, and Devlin escape, Preston is lynched inside the village's Roman Catholic Church by a mentally ill resident of Studley Constable. '''''Obersturmbannführer''''' was a paramilitary Nazi Party rank used by both the SA (Sturmabteilung) and the SS (Schutzstaffel). It was created in May 1933 to fill the need for an additional field grade (Military rank#Field Grade officers) officer rank above ''Sturmbannführer'' as the SA expanded. It became an SS rank (Ranks and insignia of the Schutzstaffel) at the same time. Translated as “senior assault (or storm) unit leader”, ''Obersturmbannführer'' was junior to ''Standartenführer'' and was the equivalent to ''Oberstleutnant'' (lieutenant colonel) in the German Army (Wehrmacht). thumb The best political weapon is the weapon of terror. Cruelty commands respect. Men may hate us. But, we don't ask for their love; only for their fear. (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R99621, Heinrich Himmler.jpg) '''Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (w:Heinrich Himmler)''' (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was the commander of the German ''Schutzstaffel (w:Schutzstaffel)'' (SS (w:SS)) and one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany. As Reichsführer-SS (w:Reichsführer-SS) he controlled the SS and the Gestapo (w:Gestapo). He was the founder and officer-in-charge of the Nazi concentration camps (w:Nazi concentration camps) and the ''Einsatzgruppen (w:Einsatzgruppen)'' death squads. '''Otto Adolf Eichmann (w:Adolf Eichmann)''' (19 March 1906 – 1 June 1962) was a high-ranking Nazi (w:Nazi) and ''SS (w:Schutzstaffel)-Obersturmbannführer (w:Obersturmbannführer)'' (Lieutenant Colonel). Due to his organizational talents and ideological reliability, he was tasked by ''Obergruppenführer (w:Obergruppenführer)'' Reinhard Heydrich (w:Reinhard Heydrich) to facilitate and manage the logistics of mass deportation to ghettos and extermination camps in Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe and worked under Ernst Kaltenbrunner until the end of the war. He was captured by Israeli Mossad (w:Mossad) agents in Argentina and indicted by Israeli court on fifteen criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity (w:crimes against humanity) and war crimes (w:war crimes). He was convicted and hanged. '''Otto Skorzeny (w:Otto Skorzeny)''' (June 12, 1908 – July 7, 1975) was an Austrian SS (w:Schutzstaffel)-''Standartenführer (w:Standartenführer)'' (colonel) in the German (w:Germany) Waffen-SS (w:Waffen-SS) during World War II. After fighting on the Eastern Front (w:Eastern Front (WWII)), he was chosen as the field commander to carry out the rescue mission (w:Gran Sasso raid) that freed the deposed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini from captivity. Skorzeny was also the leader of Operation Greif (w:Operation Greif), in which German soldiers were to infiltrate through enemy lines, using their opponents' language, uniforms, and customs. At the end of the war, Skorzeny was involved with the Werwolf guerrilla movement (w:Werwolf) and the ODESSA (w:ODESSA) network where he would serve as Spanish coordinator. thumb right Christian Wirth (File:Wirth, Christian.jpg) '''Christian Wirth (w:Christian Wirth)''' (24 November 1885 — 26 May 1944) was a German (w:Germany) policeman and SS (w:Schutzstaffel) officer who was one of the leading architects of the program to exterminate the Jewish people of Poland (w:History of the Jews in Poland), known as Operation Reinhard (w:Operation Reinhard). His nicknames included '''Christian the Terrible''' and '''The Wild Christian'''. 27-year-old Robin Parkircher arrived in Israel (w:Israel) today to apologize to Holocaust (w:Holocaust) survivors for his grandfather's behavior. Parkircher's grandfather was an SS (w:Schutzstaffel) guard in a Nazi (w:Nazi) concentration camp (w:concentration camp) near Bremen (w:Bremen (city)), Germany (w:Germany), where over eight hundred women were incarcerated. In an interview, Parkircher told Israeli Yediot Aharonot (w:Yedioth Ahronoth) newspaper that years after his grandfather passed away, Parkircher found a picture of him wearing an SS uniform (w:uniform). After inquiring with his grandmother, he discovered about his grandfather's service as a camp guard.


Portsmouth

'' served as a navigation training ship based in Portsmouth. At an unknown time the ship was refitted with a solid main mast (as opposed to a lattice mast) and a large training navigation room was built where the forward set of triple-barrelled mortars used to be located (leaving one set of mortars). In 1974 she was refitted to undertake trials of ''CAAIS'' (Computer Assisted Action Information System). ''Torquay'' attended the 1977 Silver Jubilee Fleet Review off Spithead. From Ocotber


Saudi Arabia

'''Rift Valley fever (RVF)''' is a viral zoonosis (affects primarily domestic livestock, but can be passed to humans) causing fever. It is spread by the bite of infected mosquitoes, typically the ''Aedes'' or ''Culex'' genera. The disease is caused by the RVF virus (virus (biology)), a member of the genus ''Phlebovirus'' (family Bunyaviridae). The disease was first reported among livestock in Kenya around 1915, but the virus was not isolated until 1931. RVF outbreaks occur across sub-Saharan Africa, with outbreaks occurring elsewhere infrequently, but sometimes severely. In Egypt in 1977-78, several million people were infected and thousands died during a violent epidemic. In Kenya in 1998, the virus claimed the lives of over 400 Kenyans. In September 2000, an outbreak was confirmed in Saudi Arabia and Yemen). On 19 Oct 2011, the first confirmed human case of Rift Valley fever contracted in Zimbabwe was reported in a White people Caucasian

A native of the Saudi Arabian city of Riyadh, Suqami was a law student at the King Saud University. While there he joined a (possible) former roommate named Majed Moqed in training for al-Qaida at Khalden, a large training facility near Kabul that was run by Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi. In November 2000, the two flew into Iran from Bahrain together. History Bakri founded Al-Muhajiroun in Mecca, Saudi Arabia on 3 March 1983 following "the 59th


Dominican Republic

of Cuba, and another Marine brigade was held in reserve in Galveston (Galveston, Texas), Texas. Large training centers were also maintained at Quantico, Virginia, and Parris Island (Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island), South Carolina. Brig. Gen. Barnett also saw the Marine Corps through the difficult period of demobilization and reorganization at the close of the war. For his outstanding service, he was honored by the French Government by being made a commander of the Legion


Seattle

Boulevard is called the Las Vegas Strip, or just "The Strip". Kearns Army Airbase In consequence of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States Army Air Force determined that large training bases should be located far inland so that they would not be vulnerable to coastal attack. Almost equidistant from the three major west coast ports of Seattle, San Francisco, and Los Angeles and about halfway between Canada and Mexico, northern Utah sat


Jerusalem

station, a Tegart fort, to avoid detection by the British (United Kingdom), Arieh O'Sullivan, A Magnificent Disaster, ''Jerusalem Post'', Jan 16, 1998 but this took them close to a large training base erected by Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni. Newspaper interview with Yohanan Ben-Yaakov: "The 35's Second Battle" (הקרב השני של הל"ה), Makor Rishon, 14 January 2005. !-- dl url www.makorrishon.co.il


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