'' ( WikiPedia:Hamhung
as producing the gold and platinum that were discovered in early 19th century. The town's factory was renamed the '''Nevyansk Mechanical Plant''' (presently named '''Nevyansk Machine Factory''') and began to produce a variety of simple cast-iron items, such as girders, shovels, and wheels. In the Soviet era, the plant was repurposed to produce ammunition and large-scale machinery for heavy industry. This reorganization halted the smelting works and distinguished Nevyansk, with its gorgeous skyline that boasted a tower and cathedral, from a raft of neighboring industrial towns dominated by lofty and rusty blast furnaces. In 1914, a cement factory was launched in a new district located a few kilometers southwest of Nevyansk. While the lack of an unsightly rusty blast furnace can be seen as an advantage, by the same token Nevyansk is missing most of its historical buildings. Until the 1990s, few people recognized the historical significance of the town. The unique Leaning Tower belonged to the factory and might have been demolished if not for the continuous efforts of architecture buffs. Recently, the situation reversed itself: the factory has decayed, whereas the Tower was proclaimed a major regional landmark. Ample funding facilitated its rapid renovation, making the Tower fully accessible to the public. Active promotion of the tower as a local landmark drew many visitors and rendered Nevyansk a popular day trip, to the extent where it should perhaps be avoided on weekends. The tourist business is largely focused on the Leaning Tower, but there are more things to see: for example, the artifacts from the Old Believers, who were allowed to reside in neighboring villages because of the pragmatically tolerant attitude of the Demidovs toward religion. The so-called Old Believers, who did not support the reform of the Russian Orthodox Church in the mid-17th century, are supposed to be the originators of '''Nevyansk icons''', a distinct painting tradition that features soft hues, lavish gold decorations, and strictly canonical imagery. Nowadays, these icons are mostly showcased in the museums at Ekaterinburg, but you can also see them in Nevyansk or, preferably, in the village of Byngi (Nevyansk#Go next) which boasts authentic houses and an old church designed by Old Believers. Tourists with less interest in history and arts enjoy numerous local crafts, especially the production of pottery. Tourist information is available from the local museum They also offer a great variety of guided tours, though they are generally given in Russian and largely exaggerate the real significance of the town. Get in Nevyansk is best accessible from Ekaterinburg and Nizhny Tagil. By plane The nearest international airport is '''Koltsovo International Airport''' ( wikipedia:Nevyansk Commons:Category:Nevyansk
with the application of modern technology. The Muscat (Muscat, Oman) capital area has both an international airport at Seeb and a deepwater port at Mina Qaboos. The newly opened (1999), large scale modern container port at Salalah, capital of the Dhofar Governate, and a seaport at nearby Raysut were recently completed. A national road network includes a $400 million highway linking the northern and southern regions. In an effort to diversify the economy, in the early 1980s, the government
and a deepwater port at Mina Qaboos. The newly opened (1999), large scale modern container port at Salalah, capital of the Dhofar Governate, and a seaport at nearby Raysut were recently completed. A national road network includes a $400 million highway linking the northern and southern regions. In an effort to diversify the economy, in the early 1980s, the government built a $200-million copper mining and refining plant at Sohar. Other large industrial projects include an 80,000 b d
and for the chief to convert to Christianity. In 1600, Pedro Sánchez de Tagle decided to build a large scale distilling operation based on a local fermented beverage made with the local agave plant. He also introduced the idea of cultivating this plant, native to the region, on a mass scale. At the beginning of the 19th century came another
. This beverage was called mescal by the native people and was much like what is called pulque today. By the time the Spanish arrived, the natives had begun to cultivate the plant. The Spanish first considered taking the plant back to Spain but decided to develop it and its product in Mexico. The Spanish introduced distillation to turn the native fermented mescal into what is now known as tequila. The first large-scale distillery was created in 1600 and over the colonial period demand for the drink resulted in some of the oldest, still-operating enterprises in this area such as: “La Riojeña”, founded in 1795; “El Tigre” (now La Constancia) founded in 1823; Destiladora de Occidente (now “Tequila D’Reyes”) founded in 1840; La Perseverancia (now Tequila Sauza) founded in 1873; El Llano (now Tequila Azteca) founded in 1876; La Mexicana (now Tequila Orendain) founded 1879. In 1873, the "Mezcal wine" (a former name used when referring to Tequila the drink) from the region of Jalisco was officially named "Tequila", in order to distinguish it from Mezcal spirits produced in the south of Mexico, such as those produced in Oaxaca. Tequila Timeline The name “Tequila” has been protected by the Mexican government since 1974, and its use is limited to products distilled from agave grown in certain regions of Mexico. These regions are Tequila and surrounding municipalities as well as parts of the State of Tamaulipas. The lands in Tamaulipas were added later as the need to cultivate blue agave grew, and these lands and the agave grown on them were certified by the Mexican government for quality. The term is also limited to fifteen production facilities such as Tequila Sauza, Tequila Orendaín, and Jorge Salles Cuervo. Long-established distilleries here produce between 500 and 1000 liters a day but this is not enough to meet the international demand for the product which has skyrocketed since the 1980s. The town and the surrounding areas attract thousands of visitors each year to see the fields, distilleries, Museo Nacional de Tequila (National Museum of Tequila), the Barraca de Tequila and to ride the ''Tequila Express'', which is a train that runs from Guadalajara to tequila country. The train has 4 cars with a capacity of 68 people and usually requires that tickets be bought a month in advance. World Heritage Site which together form a territory of 893.15km2. Almost 90% of the municipality’s population lives in the city proper. Zapopan is the most populous municipality in the state of Jalisco and ranks seventh in Mexico. Aside from the seat, the most important localities are Nuevo México, San Francisco Tesistán, Valle Real, La Venta del Astillero, La Magdalena (San José Ejidal), Nextipac, Ciudad Bugambilias, Base Aérea Militar de la XV Zona, San Esteban (San Miguel Tateposco) . This municipality is bordered by the municipalities of Tequila (Tequila, Jalisco), San Cristóbal de la Barranca, Tlajomulco de Zuñiga, Tlaquepaque, Guadalajara (Guadalajara, Mexico), Ixtlahuacán del Río, Tala (Tala, Jalisco), Arenal (El Arenal (Mexico)) and Amatitlán.
a significant hit as it was forced to adjust to a post-industrial service-oriented economy since the closure of the large mines in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Post-industrial adjustment The abrupt end of large-scale industrial coal mining presented incredible economic challenges to the town as the region struggled with massive unemployment in the 1960s. An unexpected legacy and benefit from the abandoned coal mines is being realized in the form of Geothermal exchange heat pump
Middleton Lawrencetown (Lawrencetown, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia) Yarmouth (Yarmouth, Nova Scotia) website www.nscc.ca Nova Scotia The first coal mining in Canada began in the 18th century with small hand-dug mines close to the sea at Joggins, Nova Scotia and in the Sydney (Sydney, Nova Scotia) area of Cape Breton Island. Large scale coal mining began in the late 1830s when the General Mining Association (GMA), a group of English
- 9. P-Iirot (Pallo-Iirot) Rauma (Rauma, Finland) Pallo-Iirot -
to the U.S. Even with large-scale production, creation of the glass spheres is still mostly artisanal, including the blowing of the glass and painting. Handcrafted spheres are blown, usually by men. When cool, the glass spheres are usually taken to be covered in a silver nitrate or similar solution, to give them a metallic look. Colors vary and include red, pink, yellow, blue gold and pearl.
, Contepec, and itself. In 1862, Conservative forces took control of the town, which was taken back a short time later by Liberal General Rafael Cuéllar. In 1874, the state of Michoacán attempted to restart large scale mining. However, success came at the very end of the century, when a large vein of gold ore was found on the Cerro de Somero by a worker employed by Frenchman Francois Joseph Fournier. ref name "nocturna"
in Prince Edward Island, and the Miramichi (Miramichi, New Brunswick) area, the North Shore (North Shore (New Brunswick)) and the upper Saint John River (Saint John River (New Brunswick)) valley of New Brunswick. Montreal and Toronto were well suited to benefit from the development of large-scale manufacturing and extensive railway systems in Quebec and Ontario, these being the goals of the Macdonald and Laurier governments. In the Maritimes the situation was very different. Today New Brunswick has several mid-sized centres in Saint John, Moncton, and Fredericton but no significant population centre. Nova Scotia has a growing metropolitan area surrounding Halifax (Halifax Regional Municipality), but a contracting population in industrial Cape Breton (Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia), and several smaller centres in Bridgewater (Bridgewater, Nova Scotia), Kentville (Kentville, Nova Scotia), Yarmouth (Yarmouth, Nova Scotia), and Pictou County (Pictou County, Nova Scotia). Prince Edward Island's only significant population centres are in Charlottetown and Summerside (Summerside, Prince Edward Island). During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, just the opposite was the case with little to no population concentration in major industrial centres as the predominantly rural resource-dependent Maritime economy continued on the same path as it had since European settlement on the region's shores. Despite the region's absence of economic growth on the same scale as other parts of the nation, the Maritimes has changed markedly throughout the 20th century, partly as a result of global and national economic trends, and partly as a result of government intervention. Each sub-region within the Maritimes has developed over time to exploit different resources and expertise. Saint John became a centre of the timber trade and shipbuilding and is currently a centre for oil refining and some manufacturing. The northern New Brunswick communities of Edmundston, Campbellton (Campbellton, New Brunswick), Dalhousie (Dalhousie, New Brunswick), Bathurst (Bathurst, New Brunswick), and Miramichi (Miramichi, New Brunswick) are focused on the pulp and paper industry and some mining activity. Moncton was a centre for railways and has changed its focus to becoming a multi-modal transportation centre with associated manufacturing and retail interests. The Halifax metropolitan area has come to dominate peninsular Nova Scotia as a retail and service centre, but that province's industries were spread out from the coal and steel industries of industrial Cape Breton (Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia) and Pictou (Pictou County, Nova Scotia) counties, the mixed farming of the North Shore and Annapolis Valley, and the fishing industry was primarily focused on the South Shore and Eastern Shore (Eastern Shore (Nova Scotia)). Prince Edward Island is largely dominated by farming, fishing, and tourism. * Kentucky Barbecued Chicken – barbecued chicken dipped in the original recipe * Wrapstar is a variant of the KFC Twister, consisting of chicken strips with salsa, cheese, salad, pepper mayonnaise and other ingredients, contained in a compressed tortilla. By now a prominent local figure, Fulton was elected to the House of Assembly (Nova Scotia Legislative Assembly) in 1799 (the 8th General Assembly of Nova Scotia). He joined Edward Mortimer (Edward Mortimer (politician)) of Pictou (Pictou County, Nova Scotia) and William Cottnam Tonge of Halifax (City of Halifax) to form a "country party" that opposed powerful Halifax merchants allied with then Lieutenant Governor, Sir John Wentworth and the Privy Council (Privy Council of the United Kingdom), who favoured development of Halifax town at the expense of rural areas and were known at the time as the "court party". The country party took three of four Halifax County seats contested, including Fulton who finished third. (At the time all candidates campaigned county-wide with the top four finishers receiving the four available seats.)
, and reached further the Ottoman ruled Eastern-Orthodox world: the trade involved as far as the Archduchy of Austria, the Kingdom of Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary (1538–1867)), and the Upper Saxony (Electorate of Saxony). Until 1769, the town traded on a large scale with renowned European commercial centres of that time, such as Venice, Vienna and Leipzig. Culture A printing press was also operating in Moscopole which was the second one
Macedonia, subsequently called Vallahades (possibly because the only Turkish-Arabic they ever bothered to learn was how to pronounce the Muslim profession of faith "wa-llahi" or "by Allah") by local Greek Orthodox Christians. The destruction and abandoning of the Christian Aromanian city of Moscopole and other important Aromanian settlements in the southern Albania (Epirus-Macedonia) region in the second half of the 18th century caused a large-scale migration of thousands of Aromanians to the cities and villages of Western Macedonia, most notably to Bitola, Krushevo and surrounding regions. Thessaloniki also became the home of a large Jewish population following Spain's expulsions of Jews after 1492. The Jews later formed small colonies in other Macedonian cities, most notably Bitola and Serres (Serres, Greece). Aromanians of Katerini mainly descend from nearby Aromanian settlements of Livadi and Kokkinopilos, and in lesser numbers from Samarina, Moscopole, Avdella, Perivoli (Perivoli, Grevena) and Smixi. According to some sources the Aromanians formed a majority amongst the town's Christian population in the beginning of the 20th century. Early life He was Aromanian (Aromanians) in origin, his family having settled with '''Naum Şaguna''' (Andrei's father) in Hungary from Moscopole, now Albania. With the guidance of local Jesuits, Şaguna's parents had opted to convert to Roman Catholicism, seeking to obtain a better status than the second-class (Second-class citizen) one reserved for most Eastern Orthodox (Eastern Orthodox Church) subjects of the Habsburgs. However, the Şagunas most likely continued to practice their original religion in secret - the future Metropolitan was probably never a practising Catholic. Gojdu was born to an Aromanian (Aromanians) family that originated in Moscopole. He studied at the high school in his native town and then graduated in law in Budapest, Bratislava and Vienna, becoming both a lawyer and a politician in 1824. He was a supporter of the rights of the Romanians in Transylvania and Hungary.
by the extension of streetcar service to Dorval's eastern city limits in the interwar period. After the Second World War many middle-class families migrated to Dorval from the city of Montreal and from other parts of Canada. This migration was made possible by the widening of highway 20 (Quebec autoroute 20) and by the large-scale construction of new dwellings. This new housing consisted mostly of single family homes with some townhouses and low-rise apartment buildings, built on lands previously used for agriculture and recreational activities. The post-war period also saw the construction of Dorval Gardens shopping centre in 1954, one of Greater Montreal's first mall-style shopping centres. Today the shopping centre remains the city's principal centre of retail trade. The island named Île Dorval, settled in 1860 and located less than one kilometre offshore from Dorval, constitutes the separate city of L'Île-Dorval despite being a summer cottage community with only five permanent residents as of the Canada 2011 Census. The island is connected to the city of Dorval by a private ferry service. On January 1, 2002, as part of the 2002–2006 municipal reorganization of Montreal, Dorval was merged into the city of Montreal, being combined with L'Île-Dorval to form the Dorval–L'Île-Dorval borough of Montreal. After a change of government (Quebec general election, 2003) and a 2004 referendum (Quebec municipal referendums, 2004), Dorval was reconstituted as a city on January 1, 2006. Although Dorval had the legal status of ''cité'' prior to the merger, the reconstituted city has the status of ''ville'' (see Types of municipalities in Quebec). Nevertheless, the municipal government refers to itself as the "Cité de Dorval". Demographics known_for Television reporter home_town Dorval, Quebec spouse '''Devon Soltendieck''' (born May 8, 1985 in Montreal, Quebec) is a former MuchMusic VJ (VJ (media personality)) from the city of Dorval, on the island of Montreal. He has been an anchor and reporter on CP24 since early 2010. *Dollard-Des Ormeaux–Roxboro: Dollard-des-Ormeaux demerged, Roxboro did not and merged with Pierrefonds to form Pierrefonds-Roxboro borough. *Dorval–L'Île-Dorval dissolved to form the two municipalities of Dorval and L'Île-Dorval. *Kirkland (Kirkland, Quebec) demerged and became the municipality of Kirkland. Lachine (Lachine (AMT)) Lachine (Lachine (borough)) STM (Société de transport de Montréal) 195 (400 metres south on Sherbrooke Street (Sherbrooke Street, Lachine) ). Dorval (Dorval (AMT)) Dorval Via Rail, PET Airport (Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport), STM (Société de transport de Montréal) 173(Metro Bus),191, 195, 202, 203, 204(To and from PET Airport), 209, 211, 221(MB), 354, 356, 378 (Eastbound only), 460. Pine Beach (Pine Beach (AMT)) STM (Société de transport de Montréal) 204, 211, 221(MB), 354, 356. Air Canada Centre , ''World Airline Directory''. Flight International. March 17–23, 1999. "46. also known as La Rondelle ("The Puck" in French (French language)), is Air Canada's headquarters, "Investors Contacts." ''Air Canada''. Retrieved on May 18, 2009. located on the grounds of Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport and in Saint-Laurent. "Detailed Map of Dorval." City of Dorval (Dorval). Retrieved on November 4, 2010. Israelson, David. "Companies eye exits in case of separation." ''Toronto Star''. September 11, 1994. Retrieved on September 23, 2009. In 1990 the airline announced that it was moving its headquarters from Downtown Montreal to the airport to cut costs. "Air Canada layoffs blamed on free trade." ''Toronto Star''. October 10, 1990. A1. Retrieved on September 23, 2009. History Jaro started operations in 1991 at Aurel Vlaicu International Airport, Bucharest second airport, with one Boeing 707. In the same year, Jaro International started services to JFK International Airport, being the first Romanian airline apart TAROM to fly over the Atlantic. In July 1997 the airline introduced weekly flights between Aurel Vlaicu International Airport-Montreal-Mirabel International Airport and Aurel Vlaicu International Airport-Toronto Pearson International Airport, where they stayed until 2000, when they renounced these routes because of the high competition of Tarom which was operating at Dorval and Pearson. In September 2001, the airline declared bankruptcy and made its last long haul flight and its last one from New York. Usually, their beverage menu comes from Pepsi-QTG Canada (PepsiCo), but at locations in Dorval (the Dorval Ave. location) and Kirkland (Kirkland, Quebec), products from Coca-Cola Ltd. (The Coca-Cola Company) are served instead.