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international influence


might and international influence. The Western Chalukya Empire (the Chola's rival) also rose to power by the end of the century. In this century the Turkish Seljuk dynasty comes to power in the Middle East over the now fragmented Abbasid realm, while the first (First Crusade) of the Crusades were waged towards the close of the century. In Japan, the Fujiwara clan continued to dominate the affairs of state. In the Americas, the Toltec and Mixtec civilizations


accessdate 22 July 2010 publisher GhanaWeb Since the early 1990s, a number of new buildings have been built, including the multi-storey French-owned Novotel hotel. The city's National Theatre (National Theatre (Accra)) was built with Chinese assistance. In 2010, the GaWC designated Accra a Gamma-minus (Global city#GaWC study)-level world city, indicating a growing level of international influence and connectedness.


– medieval cities in Finland. Turku is the cradle of Finnish culture, since over the years it has played an important role as the gateway to Finland for international influence. Bisecting Turku city centre, the river Aura is the heart and soul of the city: this is where Turku was born and a large part of city life – museums, sights, restaurants and cafés – still concentrates around the banks of the river. The river banks, together with the island of Ruissalo with its oak forests and 19th century


during the Palo de Mayo festival in May. The Garifuna (Garifuna people) community (Afro-Indian) is known for its popular music called ''Punta (Punta (music))''. Nicaragua enjoys a variety of international influence in the music arena. Bachata (Bachata (music)), Merengue (Merengue music), Salsa (Salsa music) and Cumbia (Cumbia music) have gained prominence in cultural centers such as Managua, Leon and Granada. Cumbia dancing has grown popular with the introduction of Nicaraguan artists, including Gustavo Leyton, on Ometepe Island and in Managua. Salsa dancing has become extremely popular in Managua's nightclubs. With various influences, the form of salsa dancing varies in Nicaragua. New York style and Cuban Salsa (Salsa Casino) elements have gained popularity across the country. Bachata dancing (Bachata (dance)) has also gained popularity in Nicaragua. Combinations of styles from the Dominican Republic and the United States can be found throughout the country. The nature of the dance in Nicaragua varies depending on the region. Rural areas tend to have a stronger focus on movement of the hips and turns. Urbanized cities, on the other hand, focus primarily on more sophisticated footwork in addition to movement and turns. A considerable amount of Bachata dancing influence comes from Nicaraguans living abroad, in cities that include Miami, Los Angeles and, to a much lesser extent, New York City. Tango (Tango (dance)) has also surfaced recently in cultural cities and ballroom dance occasions. Literature


Today El Salvador experiences some of the highest murder rates in the Latin America; it is also considered an epicenter of the gang crisis, along with Guatemala and Honduras.


and lovingly". He resented the suggestion (from a man in North Carolina) that "the Light and Spirit of God ... was not in the Indians", a proposition which Fox refuted. Fox in Jones, chapter 18; Nickalls, p.642, has more complicated wording but the same meaning. Fox left no record of encountering slaves on the mainland. International influence in the 20th century In the late nineteenth century United States-based infrastructure and fruit growing companies were granted substantial land and exemptions to develop the northern regions. As a result, thousands of workers came to the north coast to work in the banana plantations (Banana production in Honduras) and the other industries that grew up around the export industry. The banana exporting companies, dominated by Cuyamel Fruit Company (until 1930), United Fruit Company, and Standard Fruit Company, built an enclave economy in northern Honduras, controlling infrastructure and creating self-sufficient, tax exempt sectors that contributed relatively little to economic growth. In addition to drawing many Central American workers to the north, the fruit companies also encouraged immigration of workers from the English-speaking Caribbean, notably Jamaica and Belize, who introduced an African descended, English speaking and largely Protestant population into the country, though many left after changes in the immigration law in 1939. Glen Chambers, ''Race Nation and West Indian Immigration to Honduras, 1890–1940'' (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010) A census of 1899 revealed that northern Honduras had been exporting bananas for several years and that over 1,000 people in the region between Puerto Cortes and La Ceiba (and inland as far as San Pedro Sula) were tending bananas, most of them small holders. Soluri, ''Banana Culture: Agriculture, Consumption, and Environmental Change in Honduras and the United States'' (Austin: University of Texas Press: 2005) The fruit companies received very large concessions of land on which to grow bananas, often forcing small holders who had been growing and exporting bananas off their land or out of business. In addition, the brought in many workers from the British West Indies, especially Jamaica and Belize, both to work on the plantations, but also as lower managers and skilled workers. The companies often favored the West Indian workers because they spoke English and were sometimes better educated than their Honduran counterparts. This perception of foreign occupation, coupled with a growing race-prejudice against the African-descended West Indians led to considerable tension, as the arrival of the West Indians drove demographic change in the region. Glen Chambers, Race Nation and West Indian Immigration to Honduras, 1890-1940 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010). The black population is mostly of West Indian (Antillean) origin, the descendants of indentured laborers brought mostly from Jamaica and Belize. The Garifuna (Garifuna people) (people of mixed Amerindian and African ancestry) live along the north coast and islands, where there are also many Afro-Hondurans. This ethnic group, estimated at 150,000 people, has it origin in the expulsion of this mixed race group from St Vincent for pro-French sympathies in 1797. Garífunas are part of Honduran identity through theatrical presentations such as Louvavagu. thumb A natural harbor in Vizhinjam (Image:930218630 a6a5d892d0 o.jpg), India A natural harbor is a landform where a part of a body of water is protected and deep enough to furnish anchorage. Many such harbors are rias. Natural harbors have long been of great strategic naval (military strategy) and economic importance, and many great cities of the world are located on them. Having a protected harbor reduces or eliminates the need for breakwaters as it will result in calmer waves inside the harbor. Some examples are Kingston Harbour in Jamaica, Subic, Zambales in the Philippines; Sydney Harbour in Australia; Pearl Harbor in Hawaii; San Francisco Bay in California; Visakhapatnam Harbour in Andhra Pradesh, India; and Halifax Harbour in Nova Scotia, Canada. The island of Cuba lies commons:Jamaica


with the headwaters of the Guaviare (Guaviare River) branch of the Orinoco, the drainage of the eastern slope of the Andes of Colombia. The Rio Negro flows into the Rio Solimões to form the Amazon River South of Manaus, Brazil. In the late 1930s this group and their students were dispersed to Turkey, France, Mexico, Venezuela, Kenya and India, adding up to a truly international influence. In India, Geocentric Construction and Architect, an ISO firm, has played




and Taiwan, and includes an orchestral score by French composer Alexandre Desplat. This merging of people, resources and expertise from the three regions and the broader Sinosphere and the world, marks the movement of Chinese-language cinema into a domain of large scale international influence. Other examples of films in this mold include ''The Promise (The Promise (2005 film))'' (2005), ''The Banquet (The Banquet (2006 film))'' (2006), ''Fearless (Fearless (2006 film))'' (2006

Republic of Ireland

of the United Nations Security Council and was the third country to develop a nuclear weapons arsenal (Nuclear weapons and the United Kingdom) (with its first atomic bomb test (Operation Hurricane) in 1952). The international spread of the English language also ensured the continuing international influence of its literature (British literature) and culture (Culture of the United Kingdom), while from the 1960s its popular culture also found influence abroad. As a result of a shortage

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