Places Known For

including prominent


'' (Palgrave, 2001). Nalchik was chosen the "second cleanest city of Russia" in 2003. On October 13, 2005, Nalchik was attacked (2005 Nalchik raid) by a large group of Yarmuk Jamaat militants led by Shamil Basayev and Anzor Astemirov. Buildings associated with the Russian security forces were targeted, killing at least 14 civilians and wounding 115. Thirty-five policemen were killed in the fighting and eighty-nine militants, including

prominent leader Ilias Gorchkhanov, were killed while another fifty-nine were arrested. Administrative and municipal status Within the framework of administrative divisions (subdivisions of Russia#Administrative divisions), it is, together with four rural localities, incorporated as the '''city of republic significance (city of federal subject significance) of Nalchik'''—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the administrative divisions of the Kabardino-Balkar

La Jolla

La Jolla, California according to San Diego Movers" , Titan Movers, May 27, 2011 La Jolla is the base for the Sundt Memorial Foundation, a national organisation aimed at discouraging youth from getting involved in drugs. Notable people * List of San Diego

Gaithersburg, Maryland

; - ! # ! Employer ! # of Employees - 1 National Institute of Standards and Technology 2,115 - 2 IBM 1,100 - 3 MedImmune 1,027 - 4 Sodexo USA 1,000 - 5 Asbury Methodist Village 867 - 6 ''The Gazette (The Gazette (Maryland))'' 428 - 7 Gene Logic (Ocimum Biosolutions) 362 - 8 BroadSoft 200 - 9 Qiagen 280 - 10 Airline Foods 185 Gaithersburg also receives significant income from its conference organization platform including

prominent conferences such as the CHI 84 (Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems) conference. Government Gaithersburg has an elected, five-member City Council, which serves as the legislative body of the city. The Mayor, who is also elected, serves as president of the council. The day-to-day administration of the City is overseen by a career City Manager. Gaithersburg is also the location of the 220th Military Police Brigade (220th Military Police Brigade (United States)) of the United States Army Reserve. The city's current mayor is Sidney A. Katz, who has held the office since 1998. On September 3, 2014, Katz submitted his conditional resignation of mayor effective November 10, 2014 pending his election as District 3 representative on the Montgomery County (Montgomery County, Maryland) Council in November’s general election. http: news press-releases 2014 09 20140903-council-to-select-mayor-from-amongst-its-membership-applicants-sought-for-anticipated-city On October 6, 2014, the Gaithersburg City Council selected City Council Member Jud Ashman to serve as mayor until the next City of Gaithersburg election in November 2015. Ashman will be sworn in as mayor on November 10, 2014. http: news press-releases 2014 10 20141006-council-member-jud-ashman-selected-as-mayor-of-gaithersburg Previous mayors include: # George W. Meem 1898–1904 # Carson Ward 1904–1906 # John W. Walker 1906–1908 # E. D. Kingsley 1908–1912 # Richard H. Miles 1912–1918 # John W. Walker 1918–1924 # Walter M. Magruder 1924–1926 # William McBain 1926–1948 # Harry C. Perry, Sr. 1948–1954 # Merton F. Duvall 1954–1966 # John W. Griffith 1966–1967 # Harold C. Morris 1967–1974 # Susan E. Nicholson, May–September 1974 # Milton M. Walker 1974–1976 # B. Daniel Walder 1976–1978 # Bruce A. Goldensohn 1978–1986 # W. Edward Bohrer, Jr. 1986–1998 # Sidney A. Katz 1998 - 2014 # Jud Ashman, November 2014 The departments of the city of Gaithersburg and their directors include: * Office of the City Manager, Tony Tomasello * Finance and Administration, Currently Vacant * Planning and Code Administration, John Schlichting * Community and Public Relations, Britta Monaco * Human Resources, Kimberly Yocklin * Information Technology, Peter Cottrell * Parks, Recreation, and Culture, Michele Potter * Chief of Police, Mark Sroka * Public Works, Michael Johnson Transportation thumb The Gaithersburg train station in January 2007 (Image:Gaithersburg train station 1.jpg) Roads The primary spine of Gaithersburg's road network is Frederick Avenue (Maryland State Highway 355), which runs generally north-south through the middle of the city and connects Gaithersburg to Frederick (Frederick, Maryland), Rockville (Rockville, Maryland) and Washington, D.C. Among the most important east-west roads are Diamond Avenue (Maryland State Highway 117) and Quince Orchard Road (Maryland State Highway 124). Interstate 270 (Interstate 270 (Maryland)), runs approximately parallel to Frederick Avenue and connects Gaithersburg with the Capital Beltway (Interstate 495 (Capital Beltway)). Interstate 370 (Interstate 370 (Maryland)) begins in Gaithersburg and is the western end of the Intercounty Connector, a toll highway which provides a direct link to Interstate 95 near Laurel (Laurel, Maryland). Transit Gaithersburg is connected to the Washington Metro via Shady Grove station (Shady Grove (Washington Metro)), which is located just outside the city limits and is the north-western terminus of the Red Line (Red Line (Washington Metro)). The Corridor Cities Transitway is a proposed bus rapid transit line that would have 8 stops in Gaithersburg, generally in the western half of the city. Maryland's MARC (MARC Train) system operates commuter rail services connecting Gaithersburg to Washington, D.C. with two stations in the city, at Old Town Gaithersburg (Gaithersburg (MARC station)) and Metropolitan Grove (Metropolitan Grove (MARC station)), and a third station — Washington Grove (Washington Grove (MARC station)) — just outside city limits. Bus service in Gaithersburg consists of Metrobus (Metrobus (Washington, D.C.)) routes operated by WMATA (Washington Metropolitan Area Transportation Authority) and Ride-On routes operated by Montgomery County (Montgomery County, Maryland), as well as paratransit service provided by MetroAccess. Other The mainline of CSX Transportation bisects Montgomery County and runs as many as 50 trains a day through the center of Gaithersburg. The MARC trains run on the CSX tracks, as do Amtrak trains, which go through Gaithersburg but do not stop. The Montgomery County Airpark (IATA airport code: '''GAI''') is a short distance outside Gaithersburg city limits. The airport is the larger of two general aviation airports in the county. For commercial airline service, Gaithersburg residents use Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Washington Dulles International Airport or Baltimore-Washington International Airport (Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport). Education thumb right float upright Gaithersburg High School in March 2010. (File:Gaithersburg High School, Maryland, March 3, 2010.JPG) Gaithersburg is served by Montgomery County Public Schools. and the road narrowing to four lanes before it reaches an intersection with Maryland Route 118 (Germantown Road). From here, the road passes more homes and a shopping center prior to crossing Maryland Route 27 (Ridge Road). According to the United States Geological Survey (w:United States Geological Survey), the tremor occurred 05:04 a.m. local time, at a depth of 5 kilometers (3.1 miles). The epicenter was located 2 kilometers at the southeast of Germantown (w:Germantown, Maryland), Maryland (w:Maryland); 4 kilometers at the northwest of Gaithersburg (w:Gaithersburg, Maryland), Maryland; 5 kilometers at the southwest of Montgomery Village (w:Montgomery Village, Maryland), Maryland; 34 kilometers at the northwest of Arlington (w:Arlington, Virginia), Virginia (w:Virginia); and 35 kilometers at the northwest of Washington, D.C.

Colonial Brazil

Sousa to give them all the support needed to Christianise the indigenous peoples. The first Jesuits, guided by Father Manuel da Nóbrega and including prominent figures like Juan de Azpilcueta Navarro, Leonardo Nunes and later José de Anchieta, established the first Jesuit missions in Salvador and in São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga, the settlement that gave rise to the city of São Paulo. Nóbrega and Anchieta were instrumental in the defeat of the French colonists of France


and Technology . The Auckland Art Gallery is considered the home of the visual arts in New Zealand with a collection of over 15,000 artworks, including prominent New Zealand and Pacific Island artists, as well as international painting, sculpture and print collections ranging in date from 1376 to the present day. In 2009 the Gallery was promised a gift


to conquer Guatemala. alt Painting of a bearded man in early 16th-century attire including prominent ruff collar, wearing a decorative breastplate, with his right hand resting on his hip and his left hand grasping a cane or riding crop. The '''Spanish conquest of Guatemala''' was a conflict that formed a part of the Spanish colonization of the Americas within the territory of what became the modern country of Guatemala in Central America

New Zealand

is quite broad, including prominent candidates for local and central government office as well as those who achieved such office. Formed in 2002, the Virginian Railway (VGN) Enthusiasts, a non-profit group of preservationists, authors, photographers, historians, modelers, and rail fans has grown to over 850 members as far from the VGN tracks as New Zealand, Australia, including U.S. troops stationed in the Middle East. A group of retired railroaders calling themselves "The Virginian Brethren" meet weekly, share tales of the VGN, and answer questions posed by members of the online group. thumb 220px right Jane Campion (File:Jane Campion.jpg) '''Jane Campion''' (born 30 April 1954) is a filmmaker screenwriter and director from New Zealand. Campion is the second of four women ever nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director. Impact and reception ''An Angel at My Table'' was the first film from New Zealand to be screened at the Venice Film Festival, where it was awarded the Grand Special Jury Prize. In addition to virtually sweeping the local New Zealand film awards, it also took home the prize for best foreign film at the Independent Spirit Awards and the International Critics' Award at the Toronto Film Festival. The film not only established Jane Campion as an emerging director and launched the career of Kerry Fox, but it also introduced a broader audience to Janet Frame's writing. Wikipedia:New Zealand Commons:Category:New Zealand Dmoz:Regional Oceania New Zealand


. Western cuisine is known for its many dairy products, including prominent '''cheeses''' such as Gouda, Edam, Leerdammer and Beemster. Being a coastal region, it has a seafood culture best represented by '''raw herring''' (''haring''), usually served with chopped onion and occasionally plopped into a bun (''broodje haring''). Northeastern cuisine is oriented on meat due to the relative lack of agriculture in this region. '''Metworst''', a dried sausage, is particularly prized for its strong taste, and '''Gelderse rookworst''', a traditional smoked sausage, became an institution for the country as a whole and is often served together with ''stamppot''. Southern cuisine is historically influenced by the Dukes of Burgundy, which ruled the Low Countries in the Middle Ages and were renowned for their splendor and great feasts. As such, it is renowned for its many rich pastries, soups, stews and vegetable dishes. It is the only Dutch region which developed an '''haute cuisine''' that forms the base of most traditional Dutch restaurants. Typical main courses are ''biefstuk'', ''varkenshaas'', and ''ossenhaas'', premium cuts of pork or beef. Dutch people are generally not proud of their cuisine, but highly praise their specialties and delicious treats. '''Dutch pancakes''' (''pannenkoeken''), which are either sweet (''zoet'') or savoury (''hartig'') come in a variety of tastes, like apple, syrup, cheese, bacon etc. '''Poffertjes''' are small slightly risen pancakes with butter and powdered sugar. Both are served in restaurants specifically dedicated to them. '''Syrup waffles''' (''stroopwafels''), two thin layers with syrup in between, are made fresh on most street markets and specialized stalls. Sandwiches are consumed for breakfast and lunch. '''Chocolate sprinkles''' (''hagelslag'') on top of buttered slices of bread are a popular Dutch start of the day. Although food habits are changing, a simple bread roll with butter and a slice of cheese or ham is still the daily lunch for the majority Dutch people. Dutch '''peanut butter''' is considerably different from the U.S. variety. As it's less common to have hot dishes for lunch, many restaurants offer a limited menu around lunch time. In smaller towns outside the main tourist spots you may even find restaurants to be closed for lunch all together. Some food traditions are seasonal. '''Pea soup''' (''erwtensoep'') is a winter dish made of green peas and a smoked sausage. It is very hearty and often eaten after ice skating. '''Oliebollen''' are traditional Dutch dumplings consumed at New Year's Eve. '''Asperges flamandes''' are white asparagus with Hollandaise sauce, ham, crumbled hard-boiled eggs and served with boiled new potatoes. Highly seasonal and usually only eaten between spring and summer. Restaurants Restaurants in the Netherlands serve good quality food and are relatively expensive compared with surrounding countries. Profit is often made from the drinks and the desert, so be careful ordering those if you are on a budget. Service fees and taxes are included in menu prices. Tipping is not mandatory and seen as a sign of appreciation, not as means to make up a tiny salary. In case you do want to tip, rounding up to the next euro is already acceptable for small bills and a 5% to 10% tip is common for larger ones. A 10% tip will typically be considered generous, especially on a dining bill. Going to a restaurant is generally seen as a special night out with friends or family, not as a quick way to eat food. As such, dining with Dutch people can take a couple of hours. Smoking is banned in all restaurants, cafes, bars, festival tents and nightclubs. Smoking is allowed only outside or in separate, enclosed, designated smoking areas in which employees are not allowed to serve. Staff may enter such smoking rooms only in emergency situations. Dutch food is not widely acclaimed, so most restaurants specialize in foreign cuisines, and the large cities offer a wide variety. '''Middle Eastern cuisine''' is readily available, even in smaller cities, and often comes at a bargain price. Popular dishes are shawarma (''shoarma''), lahmacun (often called "Turkish pizza") and falafel. Due to Dutch colonial ties with Indonesia (then known as the Dutch East Indies), most small to medium-sized towns also have a '''Chinees-Indisch restaurant''', serving Chinese and Indonesian dishes. Usually you get a lot of food for a small amount of money. Do not expect authentic Chinese or Indonesian cuisine though, as the food has been adapted for Dutch tastes. Typical dishes are fried rice (''nasi goreng''), fried bakmi (''bami goreng'') and prawn crackers (''kroepoek''). A suggestion is the famous Dutch-Indonesian ''rijsttafel'', which is a combination of several small dishes from the East Indies, not unlike the ''nasi padang'' of Indonesia. Most of these restaurants have a sit-in area and a separate counter for take-away with lower prices. Argentinian, French, Italian, Japanese, Mexican, Spanish, Surinamese and Thai cuisines are also well-represented throughout the country. Most restaurants have at least one vegetarian dish on the menu or can make you one if you ask for it. Snackbars In town centres, near public transport stations or even in more quiet quarters you can find a '''snackbar''', sometimes known as ''cafeteria''. These snackbars are pretty much the antithesis of high cuisine, but their snacks are considered typical for the country, and many Dutch ex-pats miss them the most when going abroad. Popular chain outlets have giant vending machines attached to their stores (''automatiek''). Just slot in a euro or two and take out the snack of your choice. The most popular snack is '''French fries''', known as ''patat'' in most of the country and as ''friet'' in the south. The standard way is to order them with mayonnaise (''patat met''), although the local mayo is not the same as you'd get in France or most of the rest of the world. It is firmer, sweeter and contains less fat, whilst remaining just as unhealthy. Other options are with tomato ketchup, curry ketchup (unlike regular curry, tastes more like tomato ketchup), Indonesian peanut sauce (''satésaus''), cut raw onions (''uitjes''), ''speciaal'' (mayonnaise, curry ketchup and cut raw onions) and ''oorlog'' ("war", a combination of mayonnaise, peanut sauce and cut raw onions). Other fried snacks are considered typical for the country as well. A '''croquette''' (''kroket'') is a crispy roll filled with ragout. It is served with mustard and can be ordered on bread as well. Famous are the Amsterdam croquettes of Van Dobben and Kwekkeboom. Both companies have their own cafeteria near the Rembrandtplein. A '''frikandel''' is a long, skinless and dark-colored sausage, kind of like a minced-meat hot dog. It can be ordered on bread, or ''speciaal'' (with mayonnaise, curry ketchup and cut raw onions). A ''berenklauw'' ("bear's claw") or ''berenhap'' ("bear's snack") is a sliced meatball with fried onion rings on a wooden skewer, often served with peanut sauce. Finally, a ''kaassoufflé'' is a cheese snack popular with vegetarians, and can also be served on bread. Drink Coffee and tea 250px thumbnail Koffie verkeerd (File:Koffie verkeerd cafe MP Amsterdam.jpg) Dutch people are among the largest '''coffee''' drinkers in the world, and having a cup is almost compulsory when you are going to visit people. One of the first questions when coming through the door is often "''Koffie?''". Traditionally the drink is served in small cups (a half mug) with one single cookie. However, some guests are also be treated with one of the country's typical pie-like pastries such as a ''tompouce'', ''Limburgse vlaai'' or a piece of Dutch-style apple pie. Dutch coffee is generally quite strong and heavy on the stomach. If you're from the States or Canada, you can order one cup of Dutch coffee in the morning and add water the rest of the day! If you order ''koffie verkeerd'' (which means "coffee wrong") you get a cup of more or less half milk and half coffee, like the French 'café au lait' or the Italian 'caffe latte'. The Dutch drink '''black tea''', and it comes in many different varieties, from traditional to fruit infusions etc. Luckily, if you're British, you get the teabag served with a cup of hot (but never boiling) water, so you can make your own version. Milk tea is almost unheard of and given only to children. '''Hot chocolate''' with whipped cream is a winter tradition in the Netherlands. It really fills you after a cold walk. In the summer you can also get it in every decent bar, however sometimes it's made from powder as opposed to the traditional kind (regular chocolate melted and mixed with hot milk), and doesn't taste that good. Alcoholic beverages The legal drinking age in the Netherlands is '''18''' for all alcoholic beverages. There used to be a difference between light and strong alcoholic drinks, with people as young as 16 allowed to drink light alcoholic drinks (up to 15% alcohol by volume), but no longer. The Dutch have a strong '''beer culture'''. Heineken is one of the world's most famous beers, but it is just one of many brands in the Netherlands. You can get all kinds of beers from white beer to dark beer. Popular brands are Heineken, Grolsch, Brand, Bavaria, Amstel, etc. There's a certain regional variety in the beers you'll find. Heineken or Amstel is served in the western provinces, Bavaria or Dommelsch in Brabant, Brand in Limburg, and Grolsch in Gelderland and Overijssel. Most breweries nowadays also produce a non-alcoholic variant of their beers. In addition to the usual lagers, try Dutch '''wheat beer''' (''witbier''), which is flavored with a spice mix called ''gruit'' and thus taste different from the better-known pilsener varieties. Fruit-flavored wheat beers are also available. '''Dark beers''' are brewed in monasteries in the south of the Netherlands (Brabant and Limburg). These traditional beer breweries are excellent beer-related tourist attractions, as are the microbreweries and beer shops in Amsterdam. '''Bitters''' are popular in winter. '''Dutch gin''' (''jenever'' or ''genever'') is the predecessor of English gin. It is available in two types, ''oude'' (old) and ''jonge'' (young), which have nothing to do with aging, just the distillation style. The more traditional "old-fashioned" ''oude'' is sweeter and yellowish in color, while ''jonge'' is clearer, drier and more akin to English gin. '''Beerenburg''' is made by adding herbs to jenever. It has an alcohol percentage of around 30%. The original Beerenburg was made halfway through the 19th century with a secret mixture of spices of the Amsterdam spice merchant Hendrik Beerenburg, to whom it owes its name. Despite it being "invented" in Amsterdam, it is considered typically Frisian. Most other regions also produce their local, less famous variants of a bitter. '''Orange bitter''' (''Oranjebitter'') is drunk only on King's Day (''Koningsdag''). Nightlife thumb Coffeeshop in Amsterdam (File:CoffeeShopAmsterdam.jpg) Nightlife in the Netherlands is very diverse. Amsterdam is known for its neighbourhood bars, Rotterdam has a clubbing reputation, and Groningen, Leiden and Utrecht have an active student scene. Bars cater to a wide array of music scenes, but '''dance''' is the leading style in nightclubs. Entering bars is legally allowed from the age of '''16''', but many bars and clubs have stricter policies in place and do not allow people under 18 or 21 to enter. The Netherlands is renowned for their liberal '''drug policy'''. While ''technically'' still illegal because of international treaties, '''personal use''' of (soft) drugs are regulated by the Ministry of Justice under an official policy of ''gedogen''; literally this means ''to accept'' or ''tolerate''. Legally, this is a doctrine of non-prosecution on the basis that action taken would be so highly irregular as to constitute selective prosecution. You are allowed to buy and smoke small doses (5 g or less) of cannabis or hash. You must be 18 or over to buy. For this you have to visit a '''coffeeshop''', which are abundant in most larger towns. Coffeeshops are not allowed to sell alcohol, and minors (those under 18) are not allowed inside. Coffeeshops are prohibited from explicit advertising, so many use the Rastafari red-yellow-green colours to hint at the products available inside, while others are more discreet and sometimes almost hidden away from plain view. Hallucinogenic ("magic") mushrooms, once legal, are officially banned. However, "magic truffles", which contain the same active ingredients as magic mushrooms, are still technically legal and are sold in some Amsterdam head shops. '''Prostitution''' is decriminalized, but only for those prostitutes registered at a permitted brothel. Safe sex and use of condoms is common practice, and the prostitute will usually have these available. It is illegal for sex workers to solicit customers on the street. Prostitution is most common in the capital, Amsterdam, with its red-light district, even if tourists only visit as a memento of their trip. In more rural areas, prostitution is almost non-existent. Sleep A wide range of accommodation is available, concentrated on the major tourist destinations. They include regions popular for ''internal'' tourism, such as the Veluwe. Especially campers can move anywhere. Tourists with tents, caravans or camper vans, will find a wide range of camping sites throughout the country. Camping Every traveller will be most welcome at one of the numerous camping sites, there will be always a little place for people with small tents. For caravans, camper vans or family tents especially in summer holidays it's advisable to make reservations on forehand. Most people are camping near the coast, so there tourists will find large areas with all the kinds of luxurious, entertainment and practical facilities which make a complete family holiday possible. In rural areas much smaller sites next to farms are very popular (see Stichting Vrije Recreatie (SVR) Pure natural landscapes can be vividly experienced on the so called ''' natuurkampeerterreinen''' (''terrains for nature camping''). As it comes to shopping facilities it might be possible to buy products of the place itself. Sanitary facilities depend n the kind of camping site but quality is excellent for far most of the campsites. On some camping sites the use of warm water is not included, but need to be paid at the showers. It's advisable to ask whether this is the case while checking in. Even without a tent you can enjoy staying at a camping. Many sites offer cabins called ''trekkershut'' notice: '''wild camping is not allowed''' and will be strictly regulated at least along the coast. Hotels Hotels in the Netherlands are abundant, particularly in Holland proper, and can be relatively inexpensive compared to other Western European countries. You may be able to find a decent hotel of international standards for €50 or less per night. Due to good public transportation options, even staying outside of the city centre, or even in a different town altogether, may still be a viable option for visiting a particular destination comfortably while remaining within budget limits. While there are independent properties throughout the country, there is a relatively high presence of international and local hotel chains. Some of the more popular are: * Commons:Category:Netherlands Dmoz:Regional Europe Netherlands Wikipedia:Netherlands


. Turner (p202 of Vol I) Spencer, J, ''Sri Lankan history and roots of conflict'', p. 23 Gandhi '''Gandhi''' is the clone of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the Indian activist of the Indian Revolution. He is the tritagonist. Gandhi is a hyperactive, funny, talkative, immature and rather mischievous teenager who wants to be accepted by those around him. His portrayal as a party animal enraged many in India, including prominent members of India's parliament (Parliament of India). Commons:Category:India Wikipedia:India Dmoz:Regional Asia India

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