Places Known For

including international


attractions in Gopeng. Eco tourism has been developed in recent years to promote Gopeng for its lush nature rain forest. My Gopeng Resort located in Ulu Geruntom, known for its packages of outdoor activities. Although remotely located from the town centre, approximately 7 kilometers away into the hill slopes, tourist continue to flock by, including international tourists. This is a place for those in love with active outdoor activities such as whitewater rafting in Sungai Kampar and jungle trekking in the hill sides. The Orang Asli also participated in this eco tourism as travel guides for hot spots in the forests. '''Gopeng Rainforest Resort''' This is another outback oriented resort for those who are in love with nature. It is located approximately 6.5 kilometers to the east of Gopeng town center surrounded by traditional Malay villages, flaunted with its virgin rainforest. It is a must see attraction for those who want the experience of jungle trekking, water rafting and many other activities. The facilities includes a multi-purpose hall, fruits orchard, car parks, electricity, piped water, clean toilets, bathroom, BBQ sets, kitchen and natural stream run through the resort. '''Nomad Adventure's Earth Camp & Mountain School''' Operated by Nomad Adventure - the only outdoor adventure company with ISO 9001: 2008 certification in Malaysia, Earth Camp is an outdoor learning centre in Kampung Chulek, Gopeng with accommodation and facilities built largely from re-purposed materials. Since 1994, Nomad Adventure has provided whitewater rafting trips, corporate team building events and adventure races. The company was the first to develop white water rafting along Sungai Kampar and is the training centre for Rescue 3 International in the region. Nearby, the Nomad Mountain School garnered Tourism Malaysia's 'Most Innovative Adventure & Nature Tour' Award in 2009. It has drawn acclaim as one of the most unique adventure ropes courses in South East Asia with rockclimbing, abseiling, high ropes, low ropes (through a cave) and the latest addition, a zip line canopy tour. '''Riverbug''' Traverse Tours Sdn Bhd or fondly known as RIVERBUG Crew, a 100% Bumiputera owned company has grown to being the leading name in its field and continues to thrive, along with the tourism industry, and is renowned as 'The White Water Rafting Specialists'. Adventure activities namely; white water rafting, kayaking, corporate training, jungle trekking, wildlife close up, Rafflesia (Rafflesia cantleyi), nature adventure and camping sites located in Kampar River (Gopeng, Perak Darul Ridzuan) which offers excellent outdoor facilities for guests convenience. RIVERBUG's crew consists of professional tourist’s river guides with more than 10 years of experience in adventure activities, with proficiency in both, Swift Water Rescue Program and White Water Safety. At present, their rafting crew consists of 50 staff which can handle 300 people in a single journey and at any given time. '''Rumah Rehat Adeline''' Rumah Rehat Adeline or Adeline Resthouse is located in Sungai Itek, Gopeng. It provides outdoor activities such as white water rafting, wet abseiling, caving, nightwalk, high rope course and river boarding. Similar to the other neighboring resorts, this is an outdoor oriented resort with most of its visitors were active weekenders from abroad and also local Malaysians, mostly from the big cities. '''Gua Tempurung''' Gua Tempurung is set up as a show cave with some large chambers and impressive formations and an underground river. There are 2 entry points to the area both from Gopeng and Gunong Mesah. There are food stalls within the compound. '''Gopeng Homestay''' The Gopeng Homestay has attracted so many tourist particularly students, both locals and internationals. The Homestay Program already recognized by the Tourism Board of Malaysia to be one of the highlighted events in Malaysian tourism calendar. Among the interest of many who came by is the Adat Berjojak which is still being practiced by the local Rao in Gopeng. Four villages namely Kampung Sungai Itek, Kampung Pintu Padang, Kampung Baru Jelintoh dan Kampung Tersusun Jelintoh collaborated with the ministry to work this program. The traditional Kelamai (popular Rao cuisine in Gopeng) also being promoted during the homestay. '''Gopeng Museum''' The most recent attraction in Gopeng is the one and only Gopeng Museum, launched on April 18, 2009. The house-turned-museum is a small unit of pre-war shophouse lot at 28, Jalan Eu Kong, at the centre of Gopeng town. It is developed by Bernard Yaw, a businessman, a Gopeng origin. A number of artifacts and pictures depicting an unseen before Gopeng are well displayed in this town museum which is now under secure supervision of Gopeng Museum Management Society, also headed by Bernard Yaw. Transportation There are daily intercity bus services. The Kinta Omnibus runs between Kampar (Kampar, Perak), Kota Baru Estate (Kota Baru, Perak), Batu Gajah, Gopeng and the Ipoh Bus Station at Medan Kidd. There is only one known public bus commuter service in Gopeng. Express bus services from various locations will generally pick and drop passengers in Gopeng, many of these express buses are en route to Kuala Lumpur, Singapore and Penang to the north. Taxi services are also available in Gopeng, they are stationed at the Gopeng Bus Station. Public health Although there are no public hospitals built in Gopeng, many of its residents depends on the smaller private clinics by various doctors, there are seven registered local medical practitioners under the National Medical Research Register of Malaysia in various part of the town including the rural settlements. * Clinic Tham, 7, High Street, Gopeng * Klinik C K Chan, 30, Jalan Eu Kong, Gopeng * Klinik Gopeng, 6, High Street, Gopeng * Klinik Rakyat, 19-D Jln Kg. Rawa, Gopeng * Klinik Thomas, 6 Taman Gopeng Baru, Gopeng * Klinik Pergigian Gopeng (Gopeng Dental Clinic) * Persatuan Kebajikan Untuk Orang Cacat Gopeng Perak, No. 8, Wayang Lane, Gopeng Demographics Gopeng is made up of a multi-cultural society with majority of Gopeng's residents are Chinese (Chinese Malaysian). It is believed that there are more than 100,000 people consisting the Semai, Melayu (Perak), Rawa, Mandiling, Chinese (Cantonese), Tamils and the Punjabis, reside in Gopeng. The once booming tin mining industry attracted many Chinese immigrants to live and work in Gopeng along with the British occupation of Tanah Melayu. The huge influx of Chinese migrants dwarfed the local Malays population. There are also significant numbers of people of Indian descent (mainly Tamil (Tamil people)), Malay (Malay people) and Orang Asli (Peninsular Malaysia's indigenous people) living in Gopeng. Gopeng is well known nationwide for its Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) community which is believed to be the center of the Rawa in Malaysia. There are a significant number of Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) descendants reside in Gopeng. From Kampung Gunung Mesah Hulu and Kampung Gunung Mesah Hilir to Kampong Rawa, Kampung Jelintoh to Kota Baru Estate, the Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) people resides here for centuries, long before the tin mines were established. Gopeng is actually the name of the town center, not the entire area. Earlier settlements such as Sungai Itik, Jahang, Kampong Pulai, Gunong Mesah, Gunong Panjang, Culik and dozens of other settlements were opened by Rawa and Mandailing settlers centuries earlier. The Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) people are sub-ethnic from the larger group of the Malay Race (bangsa Nusantara) who speaks with a noticeable different form of language from the standard Bahasa Melayu (Malay Peninsula Standard), similar to the other variations of Bahasa Melayu dialects around Malaysia like the Northern, Perakian, Sarawakian, Kelantanese and the Minang (Negeri Sembilan). The Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) dialect is well preserved in Gopeng for many of its Rawa residents is very concern for conserving the Rawa dialect. The Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) people speaks Rao Language with a certain words and dialect resembles the Negeri Sembilan's Minangkabau (Minangkabau people) community. Many would generally presumed that the Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) people is the Jawa, apparently these two community are essentially different, culturally. The Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) people and the Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) dialect are thriving in almost every Rawa settlements in Gopeng, very genuine and exclusive Rawa dialect could be found in villages neighboring the Gopeng town area. Famous cuisine associated with the Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) is Kelamai, Gulei Lomak Nangko (Gulai Nangka) and Rondang Atok (Rendang Tok) are still available in Gopeng particularly during wedding ceremonies and festive seasons. Among the best known tradition of the Rawa (Rawa (tribe)) is Adet Berjojak (Adat Berjejak). Cuisines '''Durian''' is the most anticipated fruit season in Gopeng, dozens of stalls erected in various parts of Gopeng town and numerous Malay villages around Gopeng. The rambutan, langsat and nangka are also popular during the fruit season. People will usually stop and buy these local fruits along their way from Ipoh to Kampar. Self erected fruit stalls will be visible from the trunk road along the areas from the Gopeng Exit PLUS Expressway Toll to Gunong Mesah. '''Gopeng Lai Fun''' or rice noodles is a well known dish locally, particularly among the Chinese community in Gopeng and surrounding towns. It is best served with laksa and homemade tauhu. Gopeng tauhu is distinguished with its darker top rather than ordinary tauhu which is light brown. During Aidilfitri holidays, the '''Kelamai''' becomes the highlight of the day and it became the signature cuisine of the Malays in Gopeng. The Kelamai partly resembles the Lemang but Kelamai is treated with tedious care and complicated procedures of preparing the bamboo and its contents. Above all, it tastes sweeter than Lemang with the addition of red sugar, and the Kelamai is in dark brown in colour. People will have to crack open the bamboo just like the Lemang itself to have its contents to be served for the guests. In other variations, coconut floss are also served on top of the sliced Kelamai to add the sweetness. Besides the Kelamai, '''Gulai Nangka''' is also well known as local Malay favorites, it is usually served in most of local Malay wedding ceremonies in which it became almost compulsory to distinct the Gopeng Malay wedding cuisines. Gulai, also known as Masak Lemak is a yellowish gravy cuisine with numerous variation in its contents. The Gopeng Malays used the jackfruit or Nangka (in Malay) instead of meat or vegetables. The Gulai Nangka is an all time favorite in which it sustains the popularity for an extended period of time among both the youngsters and the senior citizens. Gulai Nangka is best served hot, together with white rice, belacan and ulam. Religious congregational buildings Mosques, Madrasahs and Surau thumb 300px The Gopeng new Mosque or Masjid Baru Gopeng at Gopeng Road Weekly Friday Prayers are held here. (File:Gopengnewmosque.JPG) There are dozens of mosques in Gopeng and its outskirts, mainly in the Malay concentrated neighborhood including those remotely located. There are mosques, madrasahs and a handful of surau as well. Most of the local Muslims attend their Friday Prayers weekly at the major town mosques such as the Masjid Baru Gopeng and Masjid Ar-Rahman located in Gunung Mesah Hilir area. These mosques were also used for small community services for the local Muslims of all races. * Masjid Al-Azim Kampung Gunung Panjang * Masjid Al-Mardhiah Kampung Sungai Itek * Masjid Ar-Rahman Kampung Gunung Mesah Hilir * Masjid Jamek Gopeng * Masjid Baru Gopeng * Masjid Jamek Kota Baru Kota Baru * Masjid Kampung Changkat Legong Kota Baru * Masjid Kampung Changkat Tualang Kota Baru * Masjid Kampung Redang Sawa Kota Baru * Madrasah Ihsaniah Kampung Tersusun Kampung Pulai, Kampung Tersusun Kampung Pulai * Madrasah Al-Muttaqin Taman Gopeng Baru, Taman Gopeng Baru * Madrasah Lama Kampung Lawan Kuda, Kampung Lawan Kuda Buddhist temples thumb 300px The Kuan Yin Temple of Gopeng as seen from the opposite side of the road, next to the Chinese Opera building. (File:Gopengkuanyintemple.JPG) The Gopeng Kuan Yin Temple which is located next to the Gopeng Fire Station is believed to be 137 years old since used by the local Buddhist for prayers and religious activities. It was recently refurbished to enhance its charm and glory. There is also another one located in Kopisan. Hindu temples There are many Hindu temples in Gopeng and the most prominent located at the entrance of the Gopeng town, just to the right of the Gopeng Road uphill, next to the Sikh Temple. It is called the Sri Maha Mariamman Temple of Gopeng. There is also another Hindu temple in Kopisan which is called Arulmigu Maha Muthu Mariamman Thevasthanam. Sikh temple The Sikh Temple of Gopeng or the Gudwara Sahib Gopeng is located next to the Hindu temple at the entrance of Gopeng town centre, near to the Taman Changkat Golf and a row of shop houses. Churches The St. Jude's Church (St. Jude's Church, Gopeng) is located in Kopisan Baru, it is clearly visible from the main road uphill with a kindergarten next to it. Education thumb 300px This is the SMK Idris Shah Gopeng, one of the two secondary schools available in Gopeng. (File:Smkidrisshahgopeng.JPG) Gopeng has several schools such as: * SK Gunung Panjang, Kampung Gunung Panjang, Gopeng * SRK Gopeng Jalan Ilmu (''Sekolah Rendah Kebangsaan Gopeng Jalan Ilmu'') * SK Gopeng (''Sekolah Kebangsaan Gopeng'') * SRK Sungai Itek (''Sekolah Rendah Kebangsaan Sungai Itek'') * SRJK(C) Man Ming Gopeng (''Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan Cina Man Ming Gopeng'') * SRJK(C) New Kopisan Gopeng (''Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan Cina New Kopisan Gopeng'') * SRJK(T) Gopeng (''Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan Tamil Gopeng'') * SMK Idris Shah Gopeng (''Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Idris Shah Gopeng'') * SMK Seri Teja Gopeng (''Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Seri Teja Gopeng'') * SBPI Gopeng (''Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Intergrasi Gopeng'') There is a matriculation college, Kolej Matrikulasi Perak (KMP), located near the small town of Kota Baru Station, in the outskirt of central Gopeng. Located on a small hill in an oil palm estate, KMP is well known for its breathtaking scenery overlooking the Titiwangsa Mountains and numerous limestone hills especially on a clear day. Famous residents * Datuk Mohammad Nor Khalid, also known as Lat, is a famous Malaysian cartoonist. He was born in the small village of Kota Baru, (''not the state capital of Kelantan'') on 5 March 1951. Most of his cartoons portray the daily life of Malaysians in various perspectives and are published in mainstream newspapers such as the New Straits Times. One of his famous Kampung Boy books was published by the French. Kampung Boy was also adapted into an animated series on local and international television. * Datuk Abdul Aziz Shamsuddin (Abdul Aziz Shamsuddin) is the former Minister of Rural & Regional Development (31 March 2004 – 17 March 2008), a Rawa descendant of Gopeng, also the UMNO Gopeng Division Chief. * Amir Sofea, ex-singer rock band (Sofea) originally from Kampung Gunung Panjang. * The grandparents of the Malaysian rap trio KRU are the resident of Kampung Tersusun Kopisan Baru. Their grandfather named Abdul Wahab Fenner @ James Thomas Fenner died in 2006. * Dr Sun Yat Sen, the leader of the historic Chinese revolutionary leader, stayed in Gopeng briefly during the period 1909-1911. * Akil Hayy famous "Ustaz Rock" ex-singer for rock band (D'Riyadh) originally from Kampung Gunung Mesah Hilir. * Mr. Eu Kong Pui (1853–1892), founder of the traditional Chinese herbal medicine under the title of "Eu Yan Sang" * Rashid Maidin was born on October 10, 1917 in Kampung Gunung Mesah Hilir, Gopeng. He was one of the senior leaders in the Malayan Communist Party during the Second World War. He died at the age of 89 on September 1, 2006 in Sisakoin, Narathiwat, Thailand. * The grandfather of the champions of Akademi Fantasia, Season 8 finale concert, Shahir AF8 is the resident of Gopeng, Perak. External links '''NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY NORTHERN ROUTE (North-South Expressway Northern Route)''' Bukit Kayu Hitam Penang Kuala Lumpur T-Junctions - * Cleanup needed (updated by bot) ** 60 - ASEAN Free Trade Area, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road), Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), Australian International School, Malaysia, Bugis Street, Bukit Jambul Complex, Bukit Petaling, Bumiputra, Cambodian People's Party, Cantonese (linguistics), Carlsberg Sky Tower, Chin Peng, Chung Keng Quee, Cynopterus, East View Secondary School, Education in Singapore, Federation Regiment, Gongshang Primary School, Gopeng, Guangyang Secondary School, History of communications in Malaysia, History of modern Penang, Jelebu, Kadazan, Khmer Loeu, Lighthouse Evangelism (Singapore), List of roads in Kuala Lumpur, Malay words of Tamil origin, Malaysia Airlines, Malaysian National Service, Malaysian Standard Time, Malaysian Wildlife Law, Malaysian citizenship, Mandala (Southeast Asian history), Marie Claire, MobileOne, Orchid Park Secondary School, Penan, Politics of Singapore, RAF Kuala Lumpur, Raffles Institution, Rawang, Malaysia, Road signs in Malaysia, SAF Band, SJK(C) Taman Connaught, SMK Tinggi St David, Saint Hilda's Secondary School, Sekolah Datuk Abdul Razak, Senawang, Silat, Somdej Toh, Sulu Sultanate, TM Net, Too Phat, Trimeresurus popeiorum, True Jesus Church in Singapore, Tugu Keris, Victoria School, Walk In Selection, Yawi * Expansion needed (updated by bot)


the previous year and rural income was 3092 RMB, up 5%. Sport thumb Parc Ferme at Zhangye International Rally 2011 in front of the Wooden Pagoda (File:Zhangye International Rally 2011 Parc Ferme.JPG) Zhangye has hosted a round of the Chinese Rally Championship (CRC) since 2011. Held on specially constructed roads across the deserts north and to the south of the city. The event attracts over 100 entries regularly, including international foreign drivers. A stadium for side-by-side super special

São José dos Campos

aeroporto-de-sao-jose-dos-campos.html '''International Airport Professor Urbano Ernesto Stumpf''' . Despite being an international airport, it operates only domestic commercial flights, connecting the city to Campinas, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro. The airport is very close to the main aerospace and research centers (Embraer, CTA, Mectron, INPE) which may be convenient for business visitors. For other destinations (including international destinations), the closest airport is the Guarulhos airport in São Paulo, about 1 hour by car from São José dos Campos, although Congonhas (São Paulo) and Viracopos (Campinas) are alternatives. By bus By car * '''BR-116''' (Via Dutra) - The highway which links São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro cuts through the center of town. * '''SP-050''' (Monteiro Lobato) comes in from the area of Campos do Jordão and Santo Antônio do Pinhal * '''SP-65''' (Dom Pedro I) from the Campinas region intersects both '''BR-116''' and '''SP-70''' in neighboring Jacareí * '''SP-66''' (Geraldo Scavone) is yet another connection from Jacareí * '''SP-70''' (Carvalho Pinto) - An alternate route from neighboring Taubaté or Jacareí * '''SP-99''' (Tamoios) - Connects the city to Caraguatatuba on the coast Get around On foot The best areas to explore on foot are the Centro (Downtown) and Vila Adyana neighborhoods, southeast of the Banhado. There you can find most of the city's historical buildings, street commerce, and pleasant green areas like the Vicentina Aranha and Santos Dumont parks, plus of course the Banhado itself. By bus Buses linking downtown to the suburbs are relatively frequent, although quite crowded during peak hours. Suburb-to-suburb transport, on the other hand, is extremely limited. Many companies and research institutes are located in areas with limited or almost non-existent bus coverage, making public buses an impractical means of transport for many business tourists. Large companies, however, will typically operate private buses to and from various points in the city. By taxi Taking a cab is a practical way for visitors to move around the main district. Taxi costs R$ 4,50 + R$ 2,25 km (flag 1) or + R$2,90 km (flag 2). A tariff calculator is available online Be aware that during the month of December, flag 2 applies all day long. By car Renting a car may be more cost-effective than a taxi for long-distance travel, including going to São Francisco Xavier or exploring the areas beyond the municipality. The city grew has grown faster than its road network and public transport capacity, and as a result, São José dos Campos suffers from severe traffic during the peak hours. Navigating the main district isn't too complicated. It is crossed by two freeways that form an "X" shape: the '''Anel Viário''' (southwest to northeast) and the '''Av. Jorge Zarur Rod. Nova Tamoios''' (northwest to southeast), and most of the time you will be not too far from one of them. São José is also crossed by the '''Rod. Presidente Dutra''' (BR-116) (northwest to southeast) that inappropriately functions as one of the main avenues of the city, as it is necessary for people commuting to and from remote suburbs and various factories. To get around the districts: * '''Main district Eugênio de Melo''': Take Rod. Presidente Dutra (BR-116) towards Rio de Janeiro * '''Main district São Francisco Xavier''': From either Rod. Presidente Dutra or the Anel Viário, take '''Av. Dr. Nélson D'avila Rod. Monteiro Lobato''' (SP-050) and get to Monteiro Lobato. Afterwards take the municipal road '''Monteiro Lobato-São Francisco Xavier''' See Commons:Category:São José dos Campos WikiPedia:São José dos Campos

Montego Bay

ride down to famous Doctors Cave beach. *

Antigua Guatemala

places around town, each one with its own characteristics: ChocoMuseo is the cacao and chocolate museum (free entrance) where chocolate is made in front of you in their artisanal chocolate factory. Chocolate may also be found at Chocolalala, Fernando's Koffee, and Chocolarti. Eat Antigua has cafes and restaurants for all tastes and budgets. The town is the most touristy place in Guatemala so you will find anything you are looking for including international fast

Peace River, Alberta

competitive and recreational events throughout summer including International Defensive Pistol Association and Black Powder Cartridge Rifle Silhouette. Summer recreational activities include boating, tubing, hiking, biking, roller blading, quading and photography. In the winter, tobogganing on the valley hills, snowmobiling, and both downhill and cross-country skiing are favourite activities at Misery Mountain, and nearby trails and parks. There is drop-in basketball at the Al Boomer


are appearing among the farms. On the outskirts of Cuernavaca, there are a handful of plant nurseries (Plant nursery), specializing in the planting, growing and distribution, including international shipments, of plants, flowers and seeds. Many famous gardens around the world are supplied with flowers from the Cuernavaca region. Industry is minimal and mostly limited to micro-industries such as printing, framing, ceramics, garment-making, and the production of cleaning supplies. This employs about 28% of the population. Most of the population (67%) is employed in the retail and service industries, both dependent on tourism. Crafts from this area primarily consist of ceramics and wax products. The wax used is from bees and generally it is shaped into capricious figures. Flowerpots and clay objects from San Antón, handcrafted paper from wood chips with multicolored paintings, and wood lacquered masks are other products of the municipality. Education WikiPedia:Cuernavaca Dmoz:Regional North America Mexico States Morelos Localities Cuernavaca Commons:Category:Cuernavaca


and services. Economy of Campinas thumb right Downtown Campinas. (File:CampinasSP.jpg) The Campinas Metropolitan Region is home to many national and international high-tech industries and IT companies, including IBM (International Business Machines), Dell, Motorola, Freescale, Lucent, Nortel, Compaq, Celestica, Samsung, Alcatel, Robert Bosch GmbH


name Ekspodonbass Exhibition center alt Выставочный центр Эксподонбасс url http: email address Vul. Cheliuskintsev, 189 B lat 48.02524 long 37.80487 directions phone +380 62 3812102 hours price content One of the largest exhibition centers on Ukraine, stably working in area of organization and leadthrough of exhibitions. Annually to 20 exhibition measures pass in a center, including international. *


* Spain has an embassy in Montevideo. Spanish embassy in Montevideo (in Spanish only) * Uruguay has an embassy in Madrid and 3 consulate general (in Barcelona, Santiago de Compostela and Valencia (Valencia, Spain)) and 7 honorary consulates (in Bilbao, Palma de Majorca (Palma (Majorca)), Pamplona, Salamanca, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Seville and Vigo). * Both countries are full members of the Latin Union, of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, and of the Organization of Ibero-American States. * Spain has an embassy in Montevideo. Spanish embassy in Montevideo (in Spanish only) * Uruguay has an embassy in Madrid and three consulates general (in Barcelona, Santiago de Compostela and Valencia (Valencia, Spain)) and seven honorary consulates (in Bilbao, Palma de Majorca (Palma (Majorca)), Pamplona, Salamanca, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Seville and Vigo). * Both countries are full members of the Latin Union, of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, and of the Organization of Ibero-American States. * July 18 – Russia's Patriotic War – Battle of Klyastitsy: Kulnev defeats Oudinot but sustains a mortal wound. * July 22 – Peninsular War – Battle of Salamanca: British (United Kingdom) forces led by Lord Wellington (Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington) defeat French (France) troops near Salamanca in Spain. * August 5 – War of 1812: Tecumseh's Indian (Indigenous peoples in the United States) force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans (United States) at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat. left thumb Church window at the Convent of St Teresa. (File:TeresaAvila.jpg) In 1567, she received a patent from the Carmelite general, Rubeo de Ravenna, to establish new houses of her order, and in this effort and later visitations she made long journeys through nearly all the provinces of Spain. Of these she gives a description in her ''"Libro de las Fundaciones."'' Between 1567 and 1571, reform convents were established at Medina del Campo, Malagon, Valladolid, Toledo (Toledo, Spain), Pastrana (Pastrana, Spain), Salamanca, and Alba de Tormes. The following year (1564) he professed as a Carmelite (was promoted from novice status) and moved to Salamanca, where he studied theology and philosophy at the University and at the Colegio de San Andrés. This stay would influence all his later writings, as Fray Luis de León (Luis Ponce de León) taught biblical studies (Exegesis, Hebrew (Hebrew language) and Aramaic) at the University. León was one of the foremost experts in Biblical Studies then and had written an important and controversial translation of the Song of Songs into Spanish (Spanish language). (Translation of the Bible into the vernacular was not allowed

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