Places Known For

huge stone


Lower Navarre

and other neolithic monuments dot the landscape, including the Tour d'Urkulu (Urkulu) high in the mountains at 1,149m—a 2,000-year-old circular platform of huge stone blocks. Lower Navarre is well delimited by mountain ranges on the west (with Mount Iparla as its highest and most iconic landmark), south (Roncevaux, Mount Urkulu and Pyrenees altogether) and the east (bounded by the western mountains of Soule). History The lands of the Lower Navarre were part of the Duchy


Staraya Ladoga

himself. Ladoga's second period of prominence came under the rule of the wealthy '''Novgorod Republic''' in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, when, in addition to being an important trading outpost, it became a major fortress town. Its huge stone '''kremlin''' was built in 1114 under the oversight of ''Posadnik'' (Governor) Pavel, and would become the first line of defense against northern assaults on the Republic, withstanding a major Swedish assault in 1164. In honor of the victory, the Republic funded the construction of the magnificent '''Church of St George the Conqueror'''. As the town continued to grow around the kremlin, more magnificent twelfth century churches were constructed: the '''Church of the Assumption''' in the north of the town, the '''Church of St Nicholas the Miracle Worker''', and the '''Church of St Clement'''—the city's main cathedral. While the Church of St Clement now lies in ruins, the churches of St George and the Assumption still stand tall and their interiors still bear exquisite, though faded, twelfth century '''frescoes''', including several by the handiwork of the early Russian master, '''Andrei Rublev'''. The town fell into a slow decline with the construction of new ''kremlins'' further west. The fortress was rebuilt in the mid-fifteenth century to accommodate the advent of firearms, and saw further battles in the Russo-Swedish Wars. In 1703, however, Tsar Peter the Great founded the town of Novaya Ladoga (''New Ladoga'') at the mouth of the Volkhov River on Lake Ladoga and stripped the original town of city status, giving it its name Staraya Ladoga (''Old Ladoga''). thumb 290px ''Kurgans'' on the Volkhov (Image:VolkhovRiverMounds.jpg) Today Staraya Ladoga remains a sleepy backwater far off the beaten tourist path. But as part of resurgent nationalist pride in the wake of the fall of the Soviet Union, the village is seeing major restoration of its important historical sights, especially of the ''kremlin'', the reconstruction of which is expected to finish sometime in 2010. The village is a natural stop for cruise lines along the Volkhov between Kizhi and Novgorod, and as such looks set to enjoy a new period of revival as a major Russian travel destination. Get in By train The closest station is in Volkhov (Volkhovstroy-1). From Saint Petersburg, you can get there by train, express train or by ''elektrichka'' (suburban train) from Ladogsky Station. Some ''elektrichkas'' (not express ones) also start for Volkhovstroy from Moskovsky station. Sitting or obshchiy seats in passazhirskiy train class will be best by price comfort combination, however you may not have such luck, because there just may not be trains with such seats. Currently (January 2011) there's no trains with sitting obshchiy seats to Volkhov at all. Platzkart seats, while comfortable, are above 400 rubles in passazhirskiy trains and above 600 rubles in firmenniy trains while suburban train will cost you only 200 rubles. Be aware however of possible discounts for some trains when kupe may be cheaper than platzkart, even on firmenniy trains. Both Ladogsky station and Volkhovstroy-1 station have computer terminals with extensive information on timetables, available seats and prices, however probably in Russian only. Volkovstroy-1 station have two different terminals for long distance and suburban trains, each in the corresponding booking office hall. Consult timetable online as well. Trains reach Volkhovstroy-1 in 2 hours. Timetable is also tricky: there's only 5 daily trains, the only morning train being firmenniy "Arktika" Moskva - Murmansk train (one of cosiest econom-class firmenniy trains in Russia), start 08:59, arrive 11:18. Other trains are either summer, or run on days only. In general, train is more convenient, if you plan to stay overnight in Volkhov or Staraya Ladoga. Trip by ''elektrichka'' will take about 2.5 hours. Express trains are a bit confusing: they are simple ''elektrichkas'', reaching Volkhovstroy-1 making no (Sankt-Peterburg - Babaevo, start 14:33, arrive 16:49, Fridays and Sundays only) or 1 stop (Sankt-Peterburg - Svir', start 18:42, arrive 20:42, daily, currently not marked as express). There's same somewhat unsightly plastic seats as in other suburban trains in Sankt-Peterburg region. However, express trains are good variant, if you want to take a look at the Volkhov GES - first GES of the GOELRO plan - from the train bridge across Volkhov river. Just took the trains off on Volkhovstroy-2 station (next after Volkhovstroy-1), and look right when crossing the river. You can also reach Volkhovstroy-1 station directly from Moscow by either "Arktika" or "Kareliya" Moskva-Petrozavodsk (also cosy econom-class firmenniy train), and unlike Moscow - Sankt-Petersburg overnights, you may even get a nice sleep. "Kareliya", however, arrives to Volkhov early at 4:49AM, you may find #23 bus soon after and enjoy dawn over calmly moving Volkhov river in Staraya Ladoga before the services will start to work. A couple of trains from Murmansk to Moscow or other destinations may also stop on Volhovstroy-2 station, though mainly summer (and rather than or) on days and usually at night. By bus thumb 200px The kremlin (Image:Staraya Ladoga kremlin in winter.jpg) From the Volkhovstroy-1 station in Volkhov, catch the bus #23, marshrutka (actually also bus, but with fixed price for the ride) #K-23, or bus #23A, which will get you there in about 50 minutes, costing about 25 rubles (2009). The bus tends to be well synced with the arrival times of the ''elektrichka'' from Saint Petersburg (you can find synced buses in the timetable site, referenced below). It's not terribly easy to tell when you have arrived in Staraya Ladoga if you haven't been there before, so it's best to ask a local to tell you when you have arrived: не подскажете мне, пожалуйста, когда мы доедем до Старой Ладоги (nyeh pod-SKAH-zhe-tyeh mnyeh, puh-ZHAHL-uh-stuh, kahg-DAH myh dо-ye-DEM dah STAH-ruy LAH-duh-gee). You can also look in window for Staraya Ladoga kremlin on the right side, on the way from Volkhov, it will be in the middle of the village, the right stop will be right after it. From the Volkhovstroy-2 station you'll have to walk from the station and cross the Volkhov river to catch on the #23 bus, as it doesn't cross the river. You can catch it on either "Il'inskiy park" stop (right beside the park after the bridge, 20 min on foot, the stop is on the further side of road from side-shows), or "Raiispolkom" (if you go by local #2 bus, first stop after the bridge, the stop to Staraya Ladoga will be on the other side of the street). You'd better find the time-table for the bus before trying this route though, because the schedule is sparse with intervals up to 2 hours, especially late in the evening, and may be not available on the stops. You might also want to hitch ride on the bus with a hand, especially if you see the bus or even better marshrutka outside the stop. Alternatively just take #2 bus to Volkhovstroy-1 station where schedule is available (you may also take any seldom other is this direction, however be aware, that bus #3 from Volkhovstroy-2 takes a side root up the Volkhov river, passing the GES, which is sightly, and #5 takes side root to Murmanskie Vorota, which is not sightly and a bit long). Or ask locals when will be the bus: Когда пойдёт 23-й автобус в Старую Ладогу? (kagh-DAH poi-DYOT dvad-tsat-TRE-tiy av-TO-bus v STAH-ru-yu LAH-duh-gu?) You may try to go by bus from Sankt-Peterburg, though it may not be as convinient. There are no direct buses to Staraya Ladoga; though some schemes may be confusing, #877 bus to Boksitogorsk does not pass the village, but go along right side of the Volkhov river via Babino. Some buses reach Volkhov, but even there are more of them to the stop "Yushkovo", which is on the cross of M18 and A115, which is passed by #23 bus as well. The trip is slightly more than 2 hours to Yushkovo, the bus may be crowdy and the road a bit bumpy after crossing Neva. It's tricky to find where the #23 bus stop in Yushkovo in the direction to Staraya Ladoga is, the stop is usually inside the ring around the "Turist" kafe, closer to river, and might be right the same, where you get out from the bus from Sankt-Peterburg, but it might change. Look for signs - they may be present, or ask locals Где останавливается 23й автобус в Старую Ладогу (Hdeh ohs-tah-NAV-lee-vah-yeh-tsya dvad-tsat-TRE-tiy av-TO-bus v STAH-ru-yu LAH-duh-guh?) There sometimes exist #800 bus Velikiy Novgorod - Petrozavodsk, which passes Staraya Ladoga, but currently it is cancelled. Last timetable was once a week, on Sundays from Novgorod and on Saturdays from Petrozavodsk. The trip was about 6 hours from Novgorod and about 7 hours from Petrozavodsk, arriving to Staraya Ladoga somewhen around 4PM-5PM. Semiupdated bus timetable can be found here. It contains local and even town Volkhov buses, however last update was about summer 2010. However is doesn't contain timetables for Staraya Ladoga and Yushkovo stops, so, for timetable of #23 buses traveling to Volhov, look in Novaya Ladoga (New Ladoga) section, add approximately 10-15 min for Yushkovo and about 25 min for Staraya Ladoga. By car Staraya Ladoga is on the A-115 between Volkhov and Novaya Ladoga, which intersects with the M-18 from Saint Petersburg (120 km), 7 km north of the village. Coming from Novgorod Moscow, take the M-10 until turning right on the A-115. From Vologda, take the A-114 to the M-18 towards Saint Petersburg, eventually making a left on A-115. By thumb A115 is good for hitch-hiking, with transit traffic from M10 to M18 to the north, though relatively empty at night. Try hitching buses off duty - may be a good choice. From Volkhov a good lighted position is right under the new automobile bridge. From Yushkovo a position is good in daylight, but somewhat limited in light at night. Get around Staraya Ladoga is a small village and is easily covered on foot via leisurely stroll. Locals often opt for bicycles, but there are no rentals available. Bus #23 actually makes three stops in the village. First from Volkhov is not far from Nikolsky Monastery, second, after Kremlin, in the small central square, the third right near Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist (and greatest sight of Volkhov river). See *


Tver Oblast

he was 4, his mother died." He reportedly "grew up in a huge stone house with never fewer than 30 servants" and "was the master of his family estate" at 17. Demens was raised by his maternal uncle Anastassy Alexandrovich Kaliteevsky, marshal of the Vesyegonsk district nobility, who became the boy's tutor and guardian of his land estates. St. Petersburg: Through The Centuries. On the map of the world: Where are our namesakes? Olga Bobrova. www.300.years.spb.ru When he was 10, Demens "was sent to St. Petersburg to study at Gymnasium No. 3 (today it is School No. 181 in Solyanoi Pereulok), which was one of the best in the city." Demens did well enough to eventually transfer "to the newly founded First Technical School in St. Petersburg." '''Bezhetsk''' ( wikipedia:Tver Oblast Commons:Category:Tver Oblast


The Dalles, Oregon

of Washougal-City of Washougal Kittitas Valley farmers brought their wheat crops to the Thorp Mill in wagons, and the grain was ground into flour, bran, or feed for livestock. Initially the grain was processed between huge stone burrs (Burr (cutter)) that had been brought laboriously via wagon from The Dalles, Oregon. In 1895, the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railroad depot enabled importation and installation of more efficient steel roller burrs


Mombasa

710906126 tollfree fax price guest rooms KES 3250 night person, the villa KES26,900 night checkin checkout content Villa Annchen consists of a guesthouse and an upscale holiday home and offers a private atmosphere. 4 guest room with king size beds and en suite bathrooms. It has a huge stone natural pool. Also weekly rates. *


Lviv

in Lviv by hetman Pavlo Teteria. Kamianka was first mentioned in 1441. It used to bear the name of Dymoszyn (refer to Kronika Dzieduszyckich p. 38) and was the property of Jerzy Strumillo. The city was named Kamianka after huge stone blocks, which are probably erratic, located in the local fields and in the neighbouring fields in the west. The Strumilowa cognomen was added to pay homage to Jerzy Strumillo, the city owner. Jerzy Strumillo, who was the city of Lviv chamberlain


Florence

of Evangelista Torricelli and worked on physics and geometry. thumb The "Palazzo Viviani" or "Palazzo dei Cartelloni" with plaques and bust dedicated by Viviani to Galilei (File:Palazzo dei Cartelloni 11 via Sant'Antonino Firenze.jpg) In Florence, Viviani had Galileo's life and achievements written in Latin (Latin Language) on the façade of his palace, on huge stone scrolls. The palace was then renamed Palazzo dei Cartelloni. Bulwer enjoyed his three years in America (United States), having been promoted to GCB (Order of the Bath) during his office, but wished to return to Europe and so was posted to Florence in 1852. His two years in Italy were largely uneventful and ill health forced him back to London in 1854. He was granted a pension a year later and it was at this time that he and his wife separated. When his health improved, Bulwer was in Eastern Europe from 1856–58, where he took part in the uniting of the provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia to form Romania. In 1858, he succeeded Lord Stratford de Redcliffe (Stratford Canning, 1st Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe) as Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire (Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to the Ottoman Empire) and his wife joined him. This was his final diplomatic post before his semi-retirement in 1865. Life and writings Jane Grigson was born in Gloucester, England and brought up in Sunderland (Sunderland, Tyne and Wear), where her father George Shipley McIntire was town clerk. Commons:Category:Florence Wikipedia:Florence Dmoz:Regional Europe Italy Regions Tuscany Localities Florence


Moscow

he was 4, his mother died." He reportedly "grew up in a huge stone house with never fewer than 30 servants" and "was the master of his family estate" at 17. Demens was raised by his maternal uncle Anastassy Alexandrovich Kaliteevsky, marshal of the Vesyegonsk district nobility, who became the boy's tutor and guardian of his land estates. St. Petersburg: Through The Centuries. On the map of the world: Where are our namesakes? Olga Bobrova. www.300.years.spb.ru When he was 10, Demens "was sent to St. Petersburg to study at Gymnasium No. 3 (today it is School No. 181 in Solyanoi Pereulok), which was one of the best in the city." Demens did well enough to eventually transfer "to the newly founded First Technical School in St. Petersburg." Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Moscow Commons:Category:Moscow Wikipedia:Moscow


Greece

for the huge stone blocks of its 'cyclopean' walls). In classical era Greece, the city of Athens built a long set of parallel stone walls called the Long Walls that reached their guarded seaport at Piraeus. In November 1944 the division was shipped to Greece to help stabilise the country after the Axis (Axis Powers) withdrawal. Holworthy was succeeded by Major-General Charles Boucher (Charles Hamilton Boucher) in January 1945 who commanded the division until the end of hostilities. Pastoral shepherds and maidens usually have Greek (Greek language) names like Corydon or Philomela, reflecting the origin of the pastoral genre. Pastoral poems are set in beautiful rural landscapes, the literary term for which is "locus amoenus" (Latin for "beautiful place"), such as Arcadia, a rural region of Greece, mythological home of the god Pan (Pan (god)), which was portrayed as a sort of Eden (Garden of Eden) by the poets. The tasks of their employment with sheep and other rustic chores is held in the fantasy to be almost wholly undemanding and is left in the background, abandoning the shepherdesses and their swains in a state of almost perfect leisure. This makes them available for embodying perpetual erotic (erotica) fantasies. The shepherds spend their time chasing pretty girls — or, at least in the Greek and Roman versions, pretty lads as well. The eroticism of Virgil's second eclogue, ''Formosum pastor Corydon ardebat Alexin'' ("The shepherd Corydon burned with passion for pretty Alexis") is entirely homosexual, although the use of that term is anachronistic due to a lack of any idea of sexual identity in the times in which Virgil was writing. A total of 747 aircraft were built (483 RAF, 98 RN; 216 exported to 13 countries, some of them from the total allotted to the RAF Mason 1964, p. 128. Spencer 2003, pp. 10, 12. ). Gladiators were sold to Belgium, China, Egypt, Finland, Free France, Greece, Iraq, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Portugal, South Africa (South African Air Force) and Sweden. St George's Cross has been adopted on the coat of arms and flags of several countries and cities which have St George as a patron saint, notably Georgia (Georgia (country)), England, Aragon, Greece, Genoa and Barcelona. For the following nine months, the warship cruised the warm waters of the Mediterranean visiting ports in Greece, France, Italy, Spain and Egypt. She entered the Atlantic on 18 June 1902 and, after stops at Cherbourg, France, and Southampton, England, rendezvoused with ''Illinois'' (Battleship No. 7) (USS Illinois (BB-7)) and protected cruiser ''Chicago'' (USS Chicago (1885)) and ''San Francisco'' (Cruiser No. 5) (USS San Francisco (C-5)) off Galloper light vessel on 12 July. She exercised with those ships until 20 July at which time she set a course for the Baltic Sea. During her sojourn in the waters of northern Europe, she visited Stockholm, Sweden; Kronstadt, Russia; and Copenhagen, Denmark. Early in September, she exited the Baltic and, after a visit to Plymouth, reentered the Mediterranean on the 12th. After almost two months of duty in the “middle sea,” ''Albany'' set a course for the western hemisphere early in November. She arrived in the West Indies later that month and ended the year in fleet tactical maneuvers which she concluded early in January 1903. On the 5th, the ship set a course for Boston. Image:OF06 Heer.png Germany: ''Brigadegeneral'' Bundeswehr Image:Army-GRE-OF-06.svg Greece: ''Ταξίαρχος'' (''Taxiarchos'') Image:17dandártábornok.png Hungary: ''Dandártábornok (Military ranks of Hungary)'' *1050 BC–771 BC: The ''Book of Song'' (which itself was written between 502 and 557 A.D.) makes the assertion that the South Pointing Chariot, which may have used a differential gear, was invented during the Western Zhou Dynasty in China. Commons:Category:Greece Wikipedia:Greece Dmoz:Regional Europe Greece


Russia

Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia


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