Places Known For

historical influence


Kabwe

9 January 1933 in Broken Hill (Kabwe), Northern Rhodesia, now Kabwe, Zambia) is a best-selling novelist. His writings include 16th and 17th century tales about the founding of the southern territories of Africa and the subsequent adventures and international intrigues relevant to these settlements. His books often fall into one of three series (book series). These works of fiction draw on history and help to explain the rise and historical influence of the Dutch and English whites in southern Africa that eventually claimed this diamond and gold rich and disputed territory as home. '''Wilbur Addison Smith''' (born 9 January 1933 in Broken Hill (Kabwe), Northern Rhodesia, now Kabwe, Zambia) is a best-selling novelist. His writings include 16th and 17th century tales about the founding of the southern territories of Africa and the subsequent adventures and international intrigues relevant to these settlements. His books often fall into one of three series (book series). These works of fiction draw on history and help to explain the rise and historical influence of the Dutch and English whites in southern Africa that eventually claimed this diamond and gold rich and disputed territory as home. DATE OF BIRTH 1933-01-09 PLACE OF BIRTH Broken Hill (Kabwe), Northern Rhodesia 1 DATE OF DEATH Colonial politics Welensky settled in Broken Hill (Kabwe), Northern Rhodesia and was elected to the Northern Rhodesian Legislative Council in 1938. The Governor prevented Welensky from enlisting in the armed forces in World War II and appointed him Director of Manpower. In 1941 he formed his own party, the Northern Rhodesian Labour Party, with the aim of amalgamating the colony with Southern Rhodesia under a new constitution. Welensky (1964), p. 15 The party won all five seats it contested in its first election. After the leader of the unofficial members in the Legislative Council, Stewart Gore-Browne, resigned in 1945 and stated that Africans had lost confidence in the white settlers (due to the wish for amalgamation), Welensky was elected leader. Welensky (1964), p. 16–17 '''Kafue''' is a town in the Lusaka Province of Zambia on the north bank of the Kafue River, after which it is named. It is the southern gateway to the central Zambian plateau on which Lusaka and the mining towns of Kabwe and the Copperbelt are located. Camerapix: "Spectrum Guide to Zambia." Camerapix International Publishing, Nairobi, 1996. thumb left 250px Ndola Airport (Image:Ndola Airport.jpg) Ndola is on the Zambia Railways line with passenger and freight services running between Kitwe and Livingstone (Livingstone, Zambia) via Kabwe and Lusaka. Freight branch lines run to other Copperbelt towns and from Ndola to Lubumbashi in DR Congo via Sakania. Terracarta International Travel Maps, Vancouver Canada: "Zambia, 2nd edition", 2000 * At a police roadblock near East London (East London, South Africa), two guerrillas and a policeman are killed in a shootout * 2 - 6 July - The African National Congress hold their second national consultative conference in Kabwe, Zambia * 20 July - P. W. Botha declares a state of emergency in 36 magisterial districts. thumb left Replica of the skull (Image:Broken Hill Skull (Replica01).jpg) '''Kabwe skull''' or '''Kabwe cranium''', or '''Broken Hill 1''' is the type specimen. The cranium (Human cranium) was found in an lead and zinc mine in Broken Hill, Northern Rhodesia (now Kabwe, Zambia) in 1921 by Tom Zwiglaar, a Swiss miner (Mining). In addition to the cranium, an upper jaw from another individual, a sacrum, a tibia, and two femur fragments were also found. The skull was dubbed '''Rhodesian Man''' at the time of the find, but is now commonly referred to as the '''Broken Hill Skull''' or the '''Kabwe Cranium'''. The line reached Broken Hill (Kabwe) in 1906 and Ndola in the Copperbelt in 1909 (connecting to Sakania in the Congo), some 20 years before the first large-scale copper mines opened there. thumb left Orange-brown '''hopeite''' prisms to 3 mm on a nearly solid matrix of glassy, pastel yellow-green parahopeite (File:Hopeite-Parahopeite-142357.jpg) crystals. Locality: Kabwe Mine (Broken Hill Mine), Kabwe, Central Province (Central Province, Zambia), Zambia. Broken Hill is the type locality (type locality (geology)) for parahopeite.


Ryazan Oblast

been taken to suggest that the clade may have a very long history in that island. It is notable, however, that the distributions of Haplogroup I-M253 and Haplogroup I-M436 seem to correlate fairly well with the extent of historical influence of Germanic peoples, although the punctual presence of both haplogroups at a low frequency in the area of the historical regions of Bithynia and Galatia in Turkey rather suggests a connection with the ancient Gauls of Thrace, several


Mordovia

and the area around Russia's Ryazan Oblast and Republic of Mordovia (Mordovia) in Eastern Europe. One subclade of Haplogroup I-M436, namely I-M284, has been found almost exclusively among the population of Great Britain, which has been taken to suggest that the clade may have a very long history in that island. It is notable, however, that the distributions of Haplogroup I-M253 and Haplogroup I-M436 seem to correlate fairly well with the extent of historical influence of Germanic peoples


Anjou

taken to suggest that the clade may have a very long history in that island. It is notable, however, that the distributions of Haplogroup I-M253 and Haplogroup I-M436 seem to correlate fairly well with the extent of historical influence of Germanic peoples, although the punctual presence of both haplogroups at a low frequency in the area of the historical regions of Bithynia and Galatia in Turkey rather suggests a connection with the ancient Gauls of Thrace, several


Safavid dynasty

literati. Beginning in 1843, though, English (English language) gradually replaced Persian in importance on the subcontinent. Evidence of Persian's historical influence there can be seen in the extent of its influence on the languages of the Indian subcontinent, as well as the popularity that Persian literature still enjoys in that region. Words


Lower Saxony

exclusively among the population of Great Britain, which has been taken to suggest that the clade may have a very long history in that island. It is notable, however, that the distributions of Haplogroup I-M253 and Haplogroup I-M436 seem to correlate fairly well with the extent of historical influence of Germanic peoples, although the punctual presence of both haplogroups at a low frequency in the area of the historical regions of Bithynia and Galatia in Turkey rather suggests


Normandy

taken to suggest that the clade may have a very long history in that island. It is notable, however, that the distributions of Haplogroup I-M253 and Haplogroup I-M436 seem to correlate fairly well with the extent of historical influence of Germanic peoples, although the punctual presence of both haplogroups at a low frequency in the area of the historical regions of Bithynia and Galatia in Turkey rather suggests a connection with the ancient Gauls of Thrace, several


Slovakia

, concentrated mostly in southern Slovakia. Historic German populations were uprooted and expelled after WWII but their historical influence remains. In the eastern part of the country, there are many Romas Gypsies and some Rusnacs Rusins and Ukrainians. There are also some Czechs, Poles and still some Germans living in Slovakia. Climate Slovakia has a temperate climate with sunny hot summers and cold, cloudy, humid and snowy winters. The climate is continental, with four seasons, and while the overall climate is mild, there is a considerable temperature difference between summer and winter months. It is generally warmer in southern regions and the lowlands, where summer temperatures can climb above 30°C (86°F) on hotter days, and where rain is more common in winters than snow, which usually melts in a few days. Northern, and especially mountainous regions have a colder climate, with summer temperatures not exceeding 25°C (77°F). Especially in the mountains, snow is common in winters and it can get quite cold, with temperatures dropping as low as -20°C (-4°F). If you are planning on visiting the mountains, please note that, as in any mountainous region, the weather can change dramatically in a matter of minutes and it can rain (or snow!) even in summer. Take appropriate equipment and don't underestimate the weather. Holidays and Festivals Slovakia is a predominantly Catholic Country, so major Christian holidays are observed, as well as some other holidays. Unless indicated otherwise, these days are public holidays and banks and most amenities and shops will be closed: *''' Slovak Republic Day''' - 1 January - Conveniently, Czechoslovakia split into two on the 1st of January, so New Year's Day is a national holiday. It is traditionally celebrated by sleeping until midday. *'''Ephiphany''' - 6 January - Celebrates the arrival of the Three Magi into Betlehem. Shops and banks are closed. *'''Mardi Gras period''' ('Fasiangy') - this is not a national holiday, but rather a festival season. Some villages will hold a traditional market with food and drinks offered, and there might be a march through the city in masks, and numerous balls, dances and carnivals are held. 6 January till Ash Wednesday (February or March). *'''Easter''' - March April, dates depend on the lunar calendar. Good Friday and Easter Monday are both national holidays. There are a number of different traditions relating to Easter. The traditional food served includes eggs and special Easter Ham, with bread and horseradish. Religious people will go to mass, and it might be the only time when it is likely to see people in traditional clothing in some villages; however, this is increasingly less common. Everyone will be dressed up, though. Throughout Slovakia, ''kraslice'' are prepared, which are egg shells adorned with ornaments and painted over with colours. These, along with sweets and money, are given to boys, who visit friends' and neighbours' houses, where it is their job to make sure the women will be healthy and prosperous the following year by spraying them with water or perfume and beating them with a willow wand adorned with ribbons. It is called ''oblievacka'' and ''sibacka''. It tends to involve copious amounts of alcohol, food and wet T-shirts, and is not taken seriously by anyone. In recent years it became less popular. If you are female, do not wear clothes you like when venturing outside on Easter Monday as you might have water thrown or perfume sprayed at you. If you want to protest this clearly barbaric tradition, make sure to do so in waterproof clothing. *'''International Labour Day''' - 1 May - This is celebrated by not working. *'''Day of Victory over Fascism''' - 8 May - Celebration of the end of WWII in Europe. *'''International Children's Day''' - 1 June - Not a national holiday, but children might have time off school and various activities will be organised for them, and they usually get treats. *'''Cyril and Methodius Day''' - 5 July- feast of the arrival of the great Christian missionaries to Slovakia ( 863 ). They translated the Gospels into the slavic language spoken at the time, devised a new alphabet to write slavic specific sounds and translated the liturgical texts(like Missal and the Psalms) thus enabling slavic tongue to be the fourth liturgical language to be accepted by Rome(after hebrew, greek and latin). St. Cyril also wrote the first poem in the slavic language, Proglas, underlining the importance of a written language for every nation. *'''Slovak National Uprising Memorial Day''' - 29 August - Holiday to commemorate uprising against Nazis during WWII. *'''Constitution Day''' - 1 September - Children love this one as school starts one day later. *'''Day of Blessed Virgin Mary''' - 15 September - A patron saint of Slovakia. *'''Vinobranie''' This is not a national holiday, but a festival that celebrates the wine harvest, usually held in October in wine-making regions. Cities cooperate so it is held on different weekends in different places and you can visit several. This includes open air markets selling street food, drinks (especially young wine), and various handicrafts. *'''All Saints Day''' - 1 November - This is a day to remember those that have passed away. Halloween is not celebrated in Slovakia, and this is quite a serious religious holiday. All shops are closed and many people will go to the cemeteries to light a candle for their loved ones. *'''Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day''' - 17 November - Commemorates student demonstration that brought about the end of Communism. *'''St Nicolaus' Day''' - 6 December - This is not a national holiday, but is seen as a start of the Christmas period. Traditionally, St Nicholaus leaves some sweets (if the child was good) or coal onion (if the child misbehaved that year) in their shoe overnight (surprisingly enough, most children get sweets, not onion). Celebrations are held in towns, where someone dressed as St nicolaus (think Santa Claus) and his helpers angels devils help him distribute sweets among crowds of eager kids. Christmas markets open and Christmas lights are turned on. *'''Feast of St Lucy''' - 13 December - Not a national holiday, but many traditions are connected with this day, varying by the region. For example, you can take 13 pieces of paper, leave one blank and write names of 12 boys on the others if you are a girl. One is burned every day until Christmas Eve, what remains is a name of your future husband (blank single forever). thumb right 200px Traditional Christmas cookies (Image:Vianočné.jpg) *'''Christmas''' - Christmas Eve, Christmas Day and Boxing Day (24-26 of December) are national holidays. In Slovakia, Christmas is mainly celebrate during Christmas Eve, when a traditional family dinner is held, after which presents are opened. As Christmas Eve is meant to be a fast in Christian Calendar, no meat is eaten that day. The tradition dinner starts with a thin wafer, eaten with garlic (for health) and honey (for happiness and properity). This is followed by a soup (either mushroom or cabbage soup), and a main of fried carp and special potato salad. Many varieties of Christmas cakes (e.g. gingerbread) are also eaten. Traditions differ, however. *'''Silvester''' - 31 December - New Year's Eve is not a national holiday, but is widely celebrated, mostly by partying. At midnight, people toast the New Year with a glass of champagne. Many cities will have a firework display to celebrate New Year. Fireworks and drunk people abound. Regions thumb right 475px Map of Slovakia with regions colour-coded (Image:Slovakia Regions map.png) Commons:Category:Slovakia WikiPedia:Slovakia Dmoz:Regional Europe Slovakia eo:Slovakio


Turkey

that the clade may have a very long history in that island. It is notable, however, that the distributions of Haplogroup I-M253 and Haplogroup I-M436 seem to correlate fairly well with the extent of historical influence of Germanic peoples, although the punctual presence of both haplogroups at a low frequency in the area of the historical regions of Bithynia and Galatia in Turkey rather suggests a connection with the ancient Gauls of Thrace, several tribes of which


Norway

to correlate fairly well with the extent of historical influence of Germanic peoples, although the punctual presence of both haplogroups at a low frequency in the area of the historical regions of Bithynia and Galatia in Turkey rather suggests a connection with the ancient Gauls of Thrace, several tribes of which are recorded to have immigrated to those parts of Anatolia at the invitation of Nicomedes I of Bithynia. This suggestion is supported by recent genetic studies


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